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There are at present four descriptions of officers on the list more than there were in 1816, namely, naval instructors, mates second mates, and clerks; these amount to 518 persons, which added to 2605 officers less in 1848 than in 1816, will in reality make a diminution of 3123 persons receiving half-pay.
The following officers and seamen were actually employed on the 1st of January of 1838, 1840, 1842, 1844, 1845, and 1846:
1838 1840 1842 1844 1845 1846
13 13 13 14 Commodores Captains ...
530 509 524 Masters ...
133 116 131 138 Mates
433 474 Secretaries
501 53 Surgeons
149 154 Assistant-Surgeons..
198 215 Parsers ...
1051 107 128 110 123 128 Clerks ... ...
314 299 349 338 346 397 Second Masters...
149 103 89 106 Midshipmen
3811 488 569 436 456 493 Masters'- Assistants
201 Naval Cadets
302 293 302 325 Warrant-officers
669 673 721 756 746 741 Engineers ...,
311 6499 130 160 211 Schoolmasters or Naval Instructors
511 53 65 45 46 55 Petty Officers
4799 4779 6209 5969 6230 6818 Able and ordinary seamen,
landsmen and boys, (including Kroomen, Chinese, Conlies, &c.)... ...
111,694 14,620 20,451 16,047 15,439 16,219 In addition, the packets employ 843 officers and seamen; the surveying vessels, 1716; and the troop and store ships, 383; to which add, marines, 10,500; boys, 2000; and the Coast Guard, one captain, fifty-one commanders, 263 lieutenants, and ten mates.
Paid off The Victory, 104, ordinary guard ship at Portsmouth ; Excellent, gunnery ship at Portsmouth, Capt. Chads, C.B. ; Ocean, 80, ordinary guard ship at Sheerness, Capt. Superintendent Price; Agincourt, 72, Capt. Hope Johnson, flag of Rear Admiral Sir T. Cochrane, K.C.B., from the East Indies, at Devonport; William and Mary yacht, Commodore Sir J. G. Bremer, flag ship at Woolwich; America, 50, Capt. Sir T. Maitland, from the Pacific and Lisbon, at Devonport; Fisgard, 42, Capt. Duntze, from the Pacific, at Woolwich; Inconstant, 36, Capt. Wise, from the Mediterranean, at Devonport; Castor, 36, Capt. G. Graham, C.B., from New Zealand, at Chatham ; Tyne, 28, Capt. Glascock, from the Mediterranean, at Devonport; Vestal, 26, Capt. Talbot from the Pacific at Sheerness; Cleopalra, 25, Capt. Wyvill, from the Cape, at Chatham; Talbot, 28, Capt. Sir T. Thompson, Bart., from the Pacific, at Portsmouth; Iris, 26, Capt. Mundy, from China, at Chatham ; Conway, 28, Capt. Kelly, from the Cape, at Chatham ; Curaçoa, 24, Capt. Broughton, from the River Plate, at Sheerness; Daphne, 18, Capt. Onslow, from the Pacific, at Chatham; Wolf, 18, Commander, Vansittart, from China, at Devonport; Hazard, 16, Commander Egerton, from New Zealand, at Portsmouth; Pilot, 16, Commander Wilson, from China, at Devonport; Larne, 18. Capt. Brisbane, from the coast of Africa, at Chatham ; Hyacinth, 18, Commander Scott, from the West Indies, at Portsmou:h; Helena, 16, Capt. Sir C. Ricketts, Bart., from the Cape, at Portsmouth; Lily, 16, Commander Newton, from the coast of Africa, at Portsmouth; Racer, 16, Commander Reed, from the River Plate, at Devonport; Satellite, 16, Commander H. R. Rowley, from the River Plate, at Sheerness; Wolverine, 16, Commander Hay, from China, at Chatham; Frolic, 16, Capt. C. B. Hamilton, from the Pacific, at Portsmouth; Alert, 8, Commander Ellis, from the coast of Africa, at Devonport; Cruizer, 12, Commander Pierse, at Bombay ; Cygnet, 8, Commander Sommerville, from the coast of Africa, at Sheerness, Espoir, 8, Commander Hand, from the coast of Africa, at Devonport; Recruit, 12, Commander Slade, at Portsmouth; Holla, 10, Commander Ellicombe, from the coast of Africa, at Portsmouth ; Sealark, 10, Commander Wbite, from the coast of Africa, at Chatham ; Star, 8, Commander Selwin, from the coast of Africa, at Sheerness; Waterwitch, 8, Commander Birch, from the coast of Africa, at Chatham; Dolphin, 3, brigantine, Lieut.-Com. Miller, from the River Plate, at Sheerness; Pickle, schooner, Lieut.-Com. Bernard, at Bermuda ; Spider, schooner, Lieut.-Com. Pym, from the River Plate, at Devonport.
SURVEYING VESSELS.—The Bonetta, Commander Brock, from the Mediter. ranean; Mastiff, Commander Thomas, at Woolwich, from the Orkneys, and her tender, the Woodlark, Lieut.-Com. Thomas ; Bramble, 10, Lieut.-Com. Yule, at Sidney.
Store Suip.—The Belvidera, Mast.-Com. Wellington, from Scotland, at Portsmouth.
ReceiviNG SHIP.—The Perseus, Lieut.-Com. Greet, at Woolwich.
STEAM V'ESSELS.—The Victoria and Albert, Capt. Lord A. Fitzclarence, G.C.H. and her tender, the Fairy, at Portsmouth ; Cyclops, Capt. Lapidge, particular service, at Sheerness; Cormorant, Commander Seymour, from the Pacific, at Portsmouth; Sphynx, Coinmander Cragg, particular service, at Portsmouth; Driver, Capt. C. O. Hayes, from New Zealand, at Woolwich; Gorgon, Commander Crouch, from the River Plate, at Woolwich; Hecate, Commander West, from the coast of Africa, at Woolwich; Hydra, Commander Morrell, from the coast of Africa, at Woolwich; Phoenix, screw, Commander Dennis, Rattler, Commander Moorman, from the Brazils, at Woolwich; Prometheus, Commander Hay, from the coast of Africa, at Woolwich ; Salamander, Cant. Hammond, from the Pacific, at Woolwich ; Spiteful, Commander Sir W. Hoste, Bart., from China, at Woulwich; Stromboli, Capt. Fisher, from the Tagus, at Woolwich; Thunderbolt, wrecked at the Cape, Commander Boyle ; Viragó, Commander Lynn, from the Mediterranean, at Woolwich ; Cuckoo, Lieut..Com. Parks, from protecting the fisheries, at Sheerness; Hermes, Lieut.Commander Bridge, from the West Indies, at Chatham ; Myrmidon, Lieut.. Com. Roberts, from the coast of Ireland, at Woolwich ; Pluto, Lieut..Com. Lowe, from the coast of Ireland, at Woolwich; Trident, Lt.-Com. Ridge, from the Mediterranean, at Woolwich ; Swallow, at Portsmouth, to be broken up.
SURVEYING STEAMERS.— The Blazer, Capt. Washington, from Harwich, and conveying provisions, at Woolwich ; Dasher, Capt. Sheringham, from conveying provisions, at Sheerness; Firefly, Capt. Beechey, froin Milford, at
Portsmouth; Lucifer, Commander Frazer, from conveying provisions, at Sheer. ness; Porcupine, Capt. Bullock, from conveying provisions, at Woolwich; Shearwater, Capt. Robinson, at Holyhead; Tartarus, Capt. Wolf, Ireland, from conveying provisions, at Woolwich.
COMMISSIONED.—The Howe, 120, Capt. Sir James Stirling, at Portsmouth, on particular service ; San Josef, three-decker, as ordinary guard-ship at Levonport, pro tem. flag of Rear Superintendent Sir John Louis, Bart., Capt, B. Mends; Victory, three-decker, Capt. Charles Eden, flag-ship of the commander-in-chief at Portsmouth; Excellent, three-decker, mounting 48 guns, gunnery sbip at Portsmouth, Capt. Superintendent Chads, c.B.; Prince Regent, 90, Capt. W. F. Martin, fitting at Sheerness; Asia, 84, Capt. R. F. Stopford, flag ship of Rear Admiral Hornby, c.B., just left Plymouth, on her passage to the Pacific; Fisgard, 42, Commodore Sir Gordon Bremer's flag-ship at Woolwich; Bellerophon, 78, Capt. Baynes, C.B. conveying troops pro tem.; Meander, 44, Capt, the Hon. H. Keppel, fitting at Chatham, for the East Indies ; Cambrian, 40, Commodore Plumridge, at Portsmouth, on her way to the East Indies; Inconstant, 36, Capt. Shepard, fitting at Devonport; Amphitrite, 26, Capt. Eden, at Portsmouth, on her way to the coast of Africa, Trincomalee, 26, Capt. Warren, on her way to the West Indies; Fly, 18, Commander Oliver, at Devonport, on her way to New Zealand ; Arab, 16, Commander Morris, at Chatbam, on her way to the Cape ; Mariner, 16, Commander Mathison, at Devonport, on her way to the coast of Africa; Alert, 10. Commander Dunlop, at Devonport, on her way to the coast of Africa ; Britomart, 10, Commander W. Chamberlain, at Devonport, for the coast of Africa ; Cygnet, 6, Commander Kenyon, at Spithead, on her way to the coast of Africa; Nerbudda, 12, Commander Pierse at Bombay; Sealark, Io, Commander Moneypenny, at Chatham; Bermuda, schooner, Lieut.-Com. Jolly, at Bermuda ; Bonetta, brigantine, Lieut.-Com. Forbes, at Chatham, for the Pacific; Dart, brigantine, Lieut.-Com. Glinn, at Sheerness, for the coast of Africa; Dolphin, brigantine, Lient.-Com. Hon. R. c. Boyle, Sheerness, on her way to the coast of Africa; Kestrel, brigantine, Lieut.Com. Baker, at Portsmouth, Rio; Spider, brigantine, Lieut.-Com. Haydon, at Devonport, on her way to the River Plate; Cockatrice, Mast.-Com. Rundle, at Sheerness, on her way to the Pacific.
SURVEYING.-Mastiff, Commander Becher, and her tender, Woodlark, Woolwich, at the Orkneys; Volage, 26, Capt, Graves, Devonport, Mediterranean; Bramble, io, Lieut.-Com. Yule, and Castlereagh, 'schooner, New South Wales; Plover, Lieut. Com. Moore, at Sheerness, for the Arctic
RECEIVING SHipe.- Perseus, off the Tower, Lieut.-Com. Greet; Hercules, store ship, Mast.-Com. Fulton, fitting at Chatham for the East Indies ; Seringapatam, Mast.-Com. M. Creight, Chatham, on her way to the Cape.
STEAM VESSELS.—The Blenheim, port guard-ship, Capt. Yates, at Portsmouth; the Avenger,* Capt. G. E. Napier, at Portsmouth; on her way to the Mediterranean; Dragon, Capt. W. H. Hall, Woolwich, Sir C. Napier's squadron; Odin, Capt. Hon. F. Pelham, Portsmouth, Mediterranean ; Acheron, Capt. J. Lort Stokes, Woolwich, now at Portsmouth, on her way to Plymouth and New Zealand, for surveying and regular service; Fury, Commander Wilcox, Portsinouth, on her way to the East Indies ; Growler, Cominander Potbury, Woolwich, West Indies, and coast of Africa ; Hydra, Commander Skipwith, fitting at Chatham; Hecate, Commander Moorman, Woolwich, Mediterranean; Kite, Commander Dumaresq, at Portsmouth, transferred to the Cuckoo, fitting at Portsmouth, for Channel Island fisheries protection; Stromboli, Commander Lord A. Beauclerk, Woolwich; Vixen, Commander Ryder, Woolwich, West
* Since lost.
Indies ; Antelope, Lieut,-Com. Smyth, Woolwich, Mediterranean ; Blazer Lieut.- Com. Smith, Woolwich, on her way to the coast of Africa; Dasher, Lieut.Com. Park, Sheerness, for protection of the fisheries, coast of Scotland ; Oberon, Lieut.-Com. Gardner, Chatham, on her way to the Mediterranean ; Porcupine, Lieut.-Com. Roberts, Woolwich, on her way to the Mediterranean ; Fire-fly, Lieut.-Com. Ponsonby, fitting at Portsmmouth, for the coast of Africa ; Tartarus, Lieute-Com. Sir Godfrey Webster, Bart., Woolwich, for the Media terranean; Undine, Mast.-Com. Allen, tender, at Portsmouth.
SURVEYING.Avon, Commander Otter, at Portsmouth.
Loss of Her MAJESTY'S BRIG, SNAKE. We have, says the United Service Gazette, been favoured with the copy of a letter, written by an officer of her Majesty's brig Snake, Commander Thomas B. Brown, describing the total loss of that vessel in the Mozambique Channel, on the 29th of August. The details contained in the letter will remove all fear respecting the safety of the officers and crew. The accident which occasioned the brig's destruction appears to have been unavoidable :
Mozambique, Sept. 10th, 1847 “Sir,—You will be sorry to hear of the total loss of her Majesty's sloop Snake, which is now lying with her side open from the port gangway down to the keel, on a coral reef about six miles to the southward of this anchorage. After visiting Zanzibar and Anjuan, or Johanna, we were returning to this port, when, on the afternoon of the 26th ultimo, if I remember correctly, we made the land somewhat to the northward. We stood off to the eastward for the night, under easy sail, and the next day found that the set had driven us upwards of fifty miles to the southward. The wind was from the southward and westward, with a tremendous set directly in the contrary direction. The latter it was that baffled our endeavours to reach the port during the next two or three days. At sunset, on the 29th, the outer (or easternmost) one of the small islands off Mozambique, was observed to bear about north. When these islands ceased to be visible, owing to the coming obscurity of the night, the Snake steered N.N.E., so as to pass a couple of points outside of all. But the tremendous set I have mentioned, together with a flood-tide driving us in towards the land, the N.N.E. course we were steering, became a N.N.W. one, in consequence of which, at 7h. 45m. P.M., we found ourselves aground, unfortunately, just at the top of high water. As the tide receded the vessel heeled over till she reached her bearings, when she settled down with her deck at an angle with the horizon, of between 30° and 35°. Being a weak vessel, her butt-ends started, when her lee, or port side, immediately filled.
"As, even then, it could scarcely be credited that the current had set us to the westward to the extent I have described, doubts began to arise as to the islands we had seen at sunset, being in reality, what we had taken them for. Hence a painful anxiety existed during the long night we had before us, for we were perfectly aware that had we to take refuge on shore, at any distance from Mozambique itself, we could only have maintained a precarious footing, by constant hostility with numerous and warlike tribes, not unprovided with fire-arms. There was some apprehension, also, lest the ship should fall over altogether on her beam ends, or the masts go by the board, neither of which could well have taken place without the loss of life to some, and severe injuries to others. But I am truly happy to be able to add, that no one has lost his life, or been hurt in any manner; indeed, we have not had a death on board since we were put in commission, now nearly twenty months ago From the inclined position of the ship, nobody can live on board, and the crew are accommodated on shore abreast of her, at the distance of about two miles, in excellent tents made with the sails and some spars. They are busy in saving stores, &c., and will, probably be removed to this place in a few days, the governor having removed the soldiers from the San Domingo barracks to make room for their reception. The French barque-corvette Voltigeur, of 20 guns, arrived here on the 7th inst. As there is no British manof-war in the Mozambique Channel, I believe that, if none arrive here before the end of the month, merchant vessels will be taken up to convey us to the Cape.
“P.S. Sept. 18th–I have nothing particular to add since the foregoing was written. The whole of the crew were removed here on Monday last, the 13th inst. I have reason to think that this will reach you before the original, as that was sent via Zanzibar. It was found impossible to get the guns out by means of the lower masts, as their inclination had already caused an immense strain on the weather rigging, the heart of which was gone ; and, owing to the surf, it was found impossible to rig a derrick on the bottom, consequently the saving of the guns is for the present given up. But a Portuguese man-of-war schooner is going out on Monday morning, manned by a por ion of our crew, to watch the breaking up of the vessel, now near at hand, and, if possible, to pick up some of the guns."
The Loss OF THE AVENGER.
At length, by the arrival of the Levant mail, full particulars of the wreck of the Avenger have arrived. The worst fears have been realised ; there is no ground to hope that more than four persons have escaped. Our Malta correspondent, dating the 5th inst., gives us the following information :
"H.M. steam sloop Hecate, arrived on the 2nd from Tunis. Previously to entering the harbour, she signalised, 'Have four of Avenger's crew on board* -rest all perished.' The Hecate cruized about the Sorelli, visited the Island of Galita, the mainland of Africa, but not a vestige of any survivors could be found, nor any particle of the ill-fated ship. She must have gone literally to pieces and every soul have perished. This loss has created a strong sensation here. Some have lost relatives, many have lost friends. The total number lost is computed at about 250. There were a number of officers, principally assistant surgeons, seamen, and boys on board, as supernumeraries for the fleet."
We have been favoured by Lieut. T. W. Langton, the Admiralty agent on board the Pasha, with the following narative of his parting intercourse with the captain of the ill-fated Avenger:
* The Pasha arrived at Gibraltar shortly after noon on the day of the 17th of December, and having landed the mail for that town, I proceeded by water to wait upon Capt. Napier, the senior officer; on my way I met him in his gig, accompanied by a military officer of rank, going to call upon the governor, Sir Robert Wilson; as I had the same duty to perform, I begged permission to accompany them. We landed at the Ragged Staff, and on our way I related all the English news I had to communicate. Capt. Napier and
* Lieut. Francis Rooke, Mr. Larkham, gunner, W. Hill, steward, J. Morley, boy.