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NAUTICAL NOTICES.

Wuterford, February 10th, 1848. SIR,—Having observed in the Nautical Magazine for November, 1817, a letter from Mr. Leighton, of the barque John Hutchinson, calling attention " to the omission on the Admiralty Chart of Penedos and the entrance of the Dardanelles, 1840) of a long spit, with two fathoms water on it, extending from the shore about a mile to the westward of Kephiz point, and requesting it might be rectified and strangers guarded against its omission."

The survey of this part of the Dardanelles having been entrusted to me by Capt. Graves, I may state, that no pains were spared in defining the extent of this shoal; which, on reference to the Chart, you will perceive is laid down, though not extending so far from the shore as Mr. Leighton supposes, or as it is represented on the Chart of the Sea of Marmora and Dardanelles, quoted by him.

The peculiar nature of the locality renders it difficult to estimate distances correctly. I think, however, that a closer examination of it on a future voyage, will enable Mr. Leighton to bear the same gratifying testimony to the fidelity of this, that he has already given to the other portions of the Chart.

I am, Sir, &c. To the Editor N.M.

R. Hoskyn (Master), R. N.

Trinity House, London, 5th February, 1848. WRECK OFF MUNDSLEY. Notice is hereby given, that a Green Buoy, marked with the word " Wreck," has been placed 5 fathoms to the N.E. of a vessel sunk in the track of shipping off Mundsley. The Buoy lies in 7 fathoms at low water spring tides, about 1 miles from the shore, and with the following compass bearings, viz. :

Mundsley Church . . . . . W.b.S.
Bacton Church .

. S.b.W. ! W.
Haisbro' Church

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By Order..

J. HERBERT, Secretary.

Trinity House, London, 8th February, 1848. The following notice having been communicated to this Corporation by direction of the Right Hon. the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, the same is reprinted by Order of this Board for general information.

J. HERBERT, Secretary.

" Hydrographic Office, 17th January, 1848. “ REVOLVING Light ON THE North Point OF CORSICA.- Communicated by the French Government.)- On the 1st of this month a Revolving Light was exhibited on the Isle of Giraglia, off the north extremity of Corsica, in lat. 43° 1' 45" N. long. 9° 24' 17" E. of Greenwich. It is elevated 72 feet above the ground, and 269 feet above the sea, and is visible at the distance of 27 miles. The eclipses take place every half minute, but do not appear total within the distance of 10 miles."

Trinity House, London, 14th February, 1848. BLYTH SAND.—The Beacon upon the western end of the Blyth Sand in the River Thames having been carried away, notice is hereby given, That a Black Buoy marked “ West Blyth," has been placed close to, and on the outside of the remains thereof, and will be kept there until the Beacon is re-instated.

The Buoy lies in 2 fathoms at low water spring tides, with the following mark and compass bearings, viz. :

Pitsey Church on the body of the Thames Haven Cottages . N N.E. & E. Eastern Blyth Beacon .

· · · · E.b.S. I S. By Order,

J. Herbert, Secretary.

Fastnet Rock LIGHT.-Coast LIGHT8.—We have the pleasure to announce that the prayer of the memorial from the Harbour Board, mercantile community, and other inhabitants of the county and city of Cork, has so far been complied with, that an officer from the Ballast Board has been sent down to Crookhaven, for the purpose of superintending the removal of the Rock Island Light, and the substitution of a light on the Fastnet for that of Cape Clear.- Cork Southern Reporter.

CAUTION TO MARINERS, --The following notice has been posted in the Liverpool Underwriters' Rooms :-" John M. Gilchrist, master of the brig Jewess, of Liverpool, reports that on his passage from Bahia, on the 1st of January, 1848, at about half-an-hour after noon, in lat. meridian altitude of the sun that day, 23° N. and long. 24° 28' 30' W., by forenoon and afternoon sights for a chronometer, which on making Madeira, and arrival at Gibraltar, proved correct, saw at about a quarter of a mile distant bearing S.E.b.S., by compass, something which at first appeared to be fish sporting in the water, but upon taking the glass and looking at it, appeared like a flat rock just awash with the water. Being on short allowance of water at the time prevented him from getting out a boat and examining. As the Josyna Rock, by some considered doubtful, but said to have been seen in 1805, is supposed to be situated somewhere thereabouts, this notice may serve to put mariners on their guard.-N.B.-A brig at a short distance, which was running, appeared to haul to wind several points for about half an hour, and then con tinued her course.

NOTICE FROM THE CONSULATE OF HAYTI.—The following intimation has been issued by the Consul in London for the Haytian Republic, and is posted at the North and South American Coffeehouse:-“Notice is hereby given that, according to instructions received from the government of the Republic of Hayti, ali manifests, certificates, &c., &c., of every ship, vessel, or steamer bound for any port of Hayti, will have to be presented at the office of the Consul here, to be viséd, with a copy of the same attached, to be left, and that, should the above regulations not be complied with, such ship, vessel, or steamer will be made liable on arrival, and subject to a fine."

RBPORT OF THE BARQUE BELLHAVEN, GILKISON.--Sand-bank at the entrance of the China Sea.-"I beg leave to forward an extract from the Bellhaven's log of the 3rd of October, concerning the position of a sand-bank at the entrance of the China Sea, not laid down in Norie's charts, nor mentioned in Horsburgh's Directory. It is not in the fairway either for the Caramatta passage, or Gaspar's Straits ; still vessels may be carried near it, as we were, with light variable winds and uncertain currents :-“ October 3, A.M.-Squally weather with variable winds, much lightning, thunder and heavy rain. 9 A.M. calm, with drizzling rain; finding the current setting westward, at the rate of a knot per hour, brought up with kedge in 20 fathoms. At 11 A M. the weather cleared up, when we saw a low sand-bank bearing west by north, distant about two miles, extending about a cable's length north and south, which is probably covered at high tide. We made it in lat, 2° 35' S., long. 108° 19' E. At noon a breeze sprung up at south, with which we stood away for the Caramatta passage.--August 13.-H.M.S. Espiegle was at Woosung on her way to buoy the north sands at entrance of Yangtsae Keang.".

Trinity · House, London February 9th, 1848. Harwich HARBOUR.—Notice is hereby given, that, with the object of facilitating the entrance of vessels into “ Harwich Harbour," in the night time, lights, as hereinfter described, will on and after the evening of this date be exhibited from the lower part of the High Light-house.

Masters of vessels, and other persons, who may be desirous of entering - Harwich Harbour" in the night time, are, therefore, to observe, that having reached the Rolling Grounds with the High Light open to the westward of the Low Light, as heretofore, a Red Light will become visible in the lower part of the High Light-house, and will so continue until the course between the Beach End and Cliff Foot Buoys is open to them, when the said light will become bright and without colour, bearing by compass N.N.W. & W., and being kept in sight, will lead through the said entrance, until they have passed Languard Fort, when the usual change of course to the northward and eastward for the anchorage will be requisite.

The Light will also appear Red immediately after vessels have passed to the south-westward of the White Light, so that by tacking whenever the Red Light on either hand comes into view, they may readily and with certainty maintain their proper course in by the White Light, until they have passed Laudguard Fort, as before stated.

The toregoing is to be regarded as a temporary arrangement only, pending the adoption of such further measures as circumstances may hereinafter render advisable.

By order,

J. HERBERT, Secretary.

British Consulate, Granville, February 1s, 1848. SIR.-I have the honour to inform you that, it has been represented to me, in this Consulate, particularly at Cherbourg, that various British merchant vessels have arrived without a manifest : which, with cargo, they ought to bave signed by the captain, and if in ballast, make a return of provisions on board on their arrival.

In consequence of which omission, or of not specifying any merchandise on board, therein, they have been seized by the French Custom house, become liable to have the goods seized not so enumerated therein, and a

NO. 3.- VOL. XVII.

fine, which may amount to one thousand francs, independent of delay.

Fishing boats should have a license, specifying the description, tonnage, names of the owner and master.

I have to request you will be pleased to cause owners and masters of British vessels, to be warned of the penalty they incur, by entering into a French port, or even approaching the French coast, within four leagues, without such manifest or fishing license, as the French Custom-house have notified their intention of henceforth enforcing the law on this point.

(Signed)

JOHN TURNBULL,

British Consul and Lloyd's Agent. To W. Dobson, Esq., Secretary, Lloyd's.

Los Roques.-Information has been received from Her Majesty's Consul at La Guayra, that the Columbian Government intend to erect a light-house on the “ Los Roques," about seventy-two miles N.N.E. of La Guayra, respecting which, notice will hereafter be given.

TIDAL HARBOURS.

The following important communication from the Admiralty to the Conservators of the River Tyne was read on Wednesday last, at the Quarterly Meeting of the Town Council of Newcastle:

Admiralty, January 18th, 1848. “ SIR,---I arn commanded, by the Lords Commissioners for executing the office of Lord High Admiral, to acquaint you that their lordships have taken into consideration the importance of a more accurate supervision of the harbours of this country, with a view to their preservation and improvement, and have seen fit to establish a department of the Admiralty through which it is intended that all matters which regard the tidal waters and navigable rivers of the United Kingdom, shall be brought to the notice of their lordships, and placed upon record, for the purpose of assisting their lordships in the exercise of that jurisdiction which they hold, for the public benefit, over these waters and rivers.

“ Their lordships are persuaded that, in the pursuit of this object, they will meet with cordial and cheerful co-operation on the part of the commissioners, trustees, or other authorities, to whom the local jurisdiction of the several har bours may have been confided; and they have desired me to address you for the purpose of obtaining the advantage of such co-operation.

“ The first step proposed to themselves by their lordships is that of procuring an accurate report of the present condition of each harbour; good charts of its waters; accounts of its tide and approaches, and of its commerce; of the dues and other sources of income raised; of the expense of maintenance, and of the works in progress, or in contemplation; abstracts of the acts and charters by which it is governed, and the constitution of the governing body; and any statistical or other interesting information which may regard it.

“ Secondly, Their lordships desire to trace back the history of each harbour, and of the changes which have taken place, by physical causes, or by encroachments or improvements; and to be put into possession of copies of any ancient maps or charts which bear upon these changes.

“Thirdly, They wish to be apprised of any changes or improvements which are contemplated, or of any encroachments or danger of injury which may be apprehended. They hold it to be of very great importance that, for every harbour, lines of embankment and limits of the areas of waters should be exactly laid down, beyond which no encroachment should, on any account, be permitted, and up to which every improvement should be advanced.

" It is most desirable that such prospective plans should be upon record, and that from year to year, some means of supervision should be established, by which the Admiralty may be kept informed of the progress of any change that may be caused by physical or artificial means; and as the influence and authority of the Admiralty will readily be exercised to prevent injury and to promote improvement, so they look for the co-operation and assistance of the governing bodies, in procuring for the present, and in carrying on for the future, that information of which, for the public good, it seems to be so essential that records and registers should be kept.

" It will be for their lordships to consider, later, whether it may not be necessary to apply to parliament for extended powers for the attainment of these objects. For the present they would merely request from you a reply to this circular, and information as to the extent to which the local authorities may be able, as my lords are assured that they will be willing, to forward its objects.

“I am, Sir, your obedient servant,

“H, G. WARD. To the Secretary of the Harbour Trust,

at Newcastle-upon-Tyne.-Gateshead Observer.

THE CASE OF BURON v. DENMAN.

This remarkable case, which has been depending for a considerable period, commenced in the Court of Exchequer on Monday last, and terminated on Wednesday. The declaration stated that M. Buron, not being an English subject, was possessed of certain slaves, goods, effects, bills of exchange, &c., and that the defendant, Capt. Denman, whilst the chattels, &c., above enumerated, were out of the dominions of this kingdom, seized, took, and carried them away. The second count alleged that Capt. Denman burnt, damaged, and destroyed articles and goods similar to those mentioned in the former count, but did not represent them to be out of the kingdom. The damages were laid at £180,000. Capt. Denman pleaded Not Guilty; and a trial at bar was demanded, the Crown thereby taking the defence upon itself.

The Gallinas are a group of islands, at the mouth of a river of the same name, and at a distance of about 160 miles from Sierra Leone. Those islands are governed by King Siacca, who is assisted in his regal functions by his son Prince Mauna, and by a native family of “ Goat Men," bearing the common name of Rogers.

In the year 1840, it came to the ears of Sir R. Doherty, governor of Sierra Leone, that Prince Mauna had detained, for a pretended debt, a woman named Try Norinan, and her child, both subjects of the Queen of England. The fact was thus conveyed in an official letter to King Siacca :

“ Your son Mauna has seized a woman named Try Norman, whom he formerly knew as a servant to Mrs. John Grey, in Freetown, and keeps her and her child, who was born in this colony (Sierra Leone), prisoners, and says, he will not give them up unless he gets a debt paid, which he says Mrs. Grey owes him. Now, he must give them up at once to Capt. Denman, and you must order, and cause him to do 80 ; because, if you do not, the governor has written to Capt. Denman, to ask him to assist this government in taking them by force; and you must know what the consequences will be then. In fact, it will simply be this, that the Governor and Captain will level to the ground every town and house you have, and every establishment in the Gallinas."

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