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5. Capt. Young left 350 robing* of rice at Kalpeni, and 164 bags and 134 robins of rice at Underoot, on his first visit; the Auckland then proceeded to Calicut for a fresh supply, and on her second visit to the Laccadives, Capt. Young delivered for the poor islanders of Underoot 400 robins of rice, with a quantity of stores such as curry stuffs, betel-nut, cocoa-nuts, &c., which were left in charge of Mr. Robinson, M.C.S. A further supply of food and comforts has been sent from Calicut, by native boats to Kalpeni, and there is no doubt the benevolent wishes of Government will be well and liberally carried through during the N.E. and fair weather monsoon. Cocoanut plants are needful, and every endeavour should be made to drain the wells from the effect of the sea-water and have them replenished.
6. Except on a small bank off Minicoy, there is no anchorage amongst the Laccadives. Capt. Young had a most anxious duty to perform on his approach to the islands, which was done by steaming close to them and then backing off. On one occasion the Auckland's boat was nearly swamped in the surf, and could not be got through it when she attempted to return: however, the natives carried the boat across the island, to where it was smooth water, and all the operations in performance of a duty grateful to every British seaman, were well and ably performed by Capt. Young and all under his command. The poor famished people so opportunely relieved, evinced every feeling of thankful gratitude for their deliverence; they will, in all probability, take up their chief abode in the neighbouring islands, as not only are trees and vegetation utterly destroyed, but their huts and dwellings were all swept away, and they were sheltered under such temporary abodes as the ruins afforded them the means of erecting.
The following islands of the Laccadive group belong to the East India Company, viz:
Kaltair, with a population of . . . 950 souls.
. . . . . . 500 “
. Total...... 3,490 souls. And the undermentioned islands are the property of Her Highness the Beebee of Cannanore, viz. :
Ashalter, with a population of . . . 1,000 souls.
. . 3,000 "
The hurricane raged with the greatest fury from the S.E., and ravaged the two unfortunate islands in that direction, but the rest of the group escaped with but little loss, and at Minicoy, the southerumost islet which Capt. Young visited, the islanders reported that the gale was not very severe. The natives of these islands are of mild and inoffensive race, and assuredly every friend to humanity must rejoice at that noble display of true generosity, which has with such marked and disinterested zeal, supplied their pressing wants, and pointed out where they may find protection under the heaviest affliction. Under these circumstances, I hope and trust Mr. Editor, that this interesting event will tend to exalt the fame of our common country, throughout British India, and convince the natives of every caste, that justice and humanity are the predominant features of our character.
EXAMINATION OF MASTERS AND MATES IN THE MERCHANT SERVICE.
We now lay before our readers a List of the Masters and Mates who have been examined, and received certificates of qualification, between the 21st of December, 1847, and the 29th of Feb. last. It is somewhat gratifying to observe, that although the voluntary system works slowly, yet that there is a progressive increase in the number of persons who have come forward for examination, and a fair hope, with the encouragement now given by the Government (in hiring vessels) in favour of those commanded by qualified officers, that it will, 'ere long, be more fully carried into effect.
Since we last adverted to this subject, Mr. Hume has succeeded in obtaining a Select Committee of the House of Commons to consider whether, in all cases of shipwreck and collision of merchant vessels, attended with loss of life, a court of inquiry, as speedily as possible after the accident, and as near as possible to the place, should be appointed to examine the attendant circumstances and causes of the shipwreck; and for the Committee to report to the House in what manner that inquiry should be conducted. The Committee, which is tolerably fairly composed, consists of the following members:-Mr. Hume, Capt. Berkeley, Mr. Milner Gibson, Admiral Bowles, Sir Thomas Birch, Viscount Ingestree, Mr McGregor, Mr. Roundell Palmer, Mr. Foster, Mr. Fitzroy, Mr. Flaherty, Mr. W. Fagan, Mr. Duncan, Mr. G. R. Robinson, and Mr. Wawn.
It is scarcely possible to conceive a more important duty than that which these gentlemen have undertaken. Former committees have been appointed with nearly a similar object in view, but, as their inquiries have ended without any legislative measure having been founded upon their reports (which, in some instances, have been confined to the mere evidence), it is not unreasonable to suppose that this committee, taking advantage of the information already collected by preceding committees, together with the evidence they will obtain, will recommend a Court of Inquiry in cases of Shipwreck; such as all parties connected with the mercantile marine must feel an interest in seeing established.
The wide field now open to our merchant shipping, and the increased and increasing amount of emigration, render it almost imperative, for the sake of humanity, that those persons who are put in command of ships, in which the lives of thousands are risked, should be men of education, and thoroughly qualified in every respect, to the efficient discharge of the duty imposed upon them. For this reason, the examiuation of mates, which has hitherto been very limited, should be more strictly enforced; so that as they rise in their profession, they may find no difficulty when the time arrives, in proving their qualifications for a command. We cannot too strongly recommend this point to the serious consideration of shipowners. There can be no excuse for a young man's not desiring to avail himself of the existing voluntary system; and in times like these, when education has made, and is still making, such strides, there ought to be no difficulty in finding youths who should feel it their interest, as well as their duty, to make themselves competent to undergo the examination required.
To the masters, also, it is due that every encouragement should be given. In our number for February last, we inserted a letter from a Correspondent at Bristol, in which he spoke of the inconvenience and expense to which the candidates belonging to that port would be exposed, from the necessity of their coming to London or going to Gloucester to be examined, owing to the Board of Trade not having established a Board of Examiners at Bristol. We now publish another letter * which we have received from him on the subject. He suggests, that the “ Society of Merchants," at Bristol, should be entrusted with the examination of Masters and Mates. We cannot, of course, give any opinion upon the propriety, or otherwise, of the proposed measure, not having any knowledge whatever of the ability or fitness of the society alluded to, to determine the qualifications of officers who are to navigate ships all over the world; but we think it right to give publicity to our correspondent's suggestion, in hope that it may attract the notice of the Board of Trade, and lead to the establishment of a court for the examination of Masters and Mates at Bristol, an important port, which certainly ought not to be left without one.
We have noticed, with much pleasure, that the Committee for Managing the Affairs of “ Lloyd's Register Book,” have, in furtherance of the object which they have so laudably promoted, advertised, that upon the production of the certificate of qualification by masters in command, they will cause the Class, for which they may have qualified, to be inserted against their names in the “ Register,” as shewn against the ships they command. This will, no doubt, prove an incalculable benefit both to shipowners and underwriters, as well as to the masters themselves.
* See page 2012
Name of Party who has received the
S. Wharton 1st 32 Adelaide, 639 tons Newcastle Dec. 31st
1848. P. B. Dahl 1st 21 Ganges, 780 tons ... 34814 Leith Jan. 3rd
(as mate) H. Kelly
3rd 26 Sophia, 376 tons .... 12175 London 1 - 3rd
(as mate) J. S. Savery 1st 31 Calypso, 369 tons ............. Liverpool Henry Peachey 2nd 27 Arabian, 391 tons... 32012 London
(as mate) E. M. Robertson 2nd 23 Stebonheath, 1013
tons (as mate)
IL (as mate)
| | 850 tons (as mate)
1 (as mate) John Sheill 2nd 25 Jane Greene, 498 tns 239586 Newcastle 11th
I (as mate) John Wicks 2nd 29 Margery, 318 tons... 65799 S. Shields 12th
(as mate) George Temple 3rd 28 Robert & Ellen, 219 12427 S. Shields 12th
I tons (as mate)
12th Henry Tillman 2nd 28 Elphinstone, 425 tons 5250 London
12th R. W. Welsh 2nd 35 Chanticleer, 288 tons 329064 London
13th (as mate) W.D. Stoddard 2nd 34 Dee, Royal Mail Pkt. 166878 Portsmouth - 14th
1450 (aschief.officer) J. B. Godfrey 1st 30 Devonshire, 302 tons ......... Plymouth – 14th
extr) W.J. S. Clark 2nd 49 Elizabeth & Henry, ......... London – 14th
536 tons T. Pattison 2nd 38 Tyrian, 226 tons ... London D. J. Cousens 2nd 31 Houghton le Spring. ....... London - 14th
1 353 tons George Read 2nd 33 Albion, 495 tons...... 31079 London
- 14th (as mate) Wm. Lillico 3rd 27 Aimwell, 192 'tons............ S. Shields
(as mate) John Stamp 2nd 33 Trusty, 366 tons ... 33203 London - 15th
(as mate) G. H. Harring-1st 28 Oriental Queen, 645 23956 London ton
| tons (as mate) C. J. Breary 2nd 30 Royal Sovereign, 446......... London – 17th
tons Geo. Case 2nd 30 John Laird, 276 tons 31341 London W, L. Mullens 2nd 44 Unicorn, 375 tons ............. London J. Tweedie 1st 40 Bangalore, 878 tons ......... Liverpool 18th R. G. Gilmore ist 25 Levenside, 273 tons ......... London
19th M. Brooks 2nd 36 Chamois, 201 tons ............. London - 19th
W. H, Thomp-2nd 37 Leonard Dobbin, 611 19516 London
| tons M. J. Howlett 2nd 31 Madras, 346 tons ... 391153 London
(as mate) F. Gray
3rd 26 Diamond, 567 tons | 29586|London
(as mate) John Scott 2nd 25 John Barry, 236 tons ......... S. Shields Wm. Pollard 3rd 30 Perseverance, 177tns 52356 S. Shields
(as mate) D. W. Stephens 2nd 30 Palmira, 602 tons ............. London John Manning 2nd 30 Elizabeth and Henry 343827 London
1 534 tons (as male) W. B. Wells 1st 29 Belle, 247 tons ................./Liverpool C. Howes 2nd 26 Arabia, 363 tons ... 30964 London
L (as mate)
2nd 42 Coromandel, 765tons ....... London J. Y. Johnson 2nd 31 Maria, 188 tons ................. S. Shields J. Killgour 3rd 44 John Dunn, 201 tons 163951 S. Shields
(as mate) T. Downward 1st 31 Berhampore,653tons 49395 Liverpool
J. Santry 2nd 36 Larkins, 701 tons ............ . London
H. H. Greaves 2nd 33 Emily, 580 tons.............. London J. C. Younghus 3rd 30 Mary Sophia, 307 ......... London band
tons T. Young
3rd 30 Amphitrite, 273 tons 14257 S. Shields
(as mate) F. Michie 2nd 42 Westminster,610 tns......... London J. Dale
2nd 30 Princess Victoria, 9680 London
1 | 272 tons (as mate) T. Hawkins 1st 51 Penang, 362 tons ... . Liverpool
extr|| H. D. Barman 2nd 30 Delhi, 342 tons ....... 15893 London
(as mate) J. B, Leith 2nd 31 Bolivar, 212 tons ... 22778 London