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-are sold for 3s., the next size for 28., and so on down to the small plans, for which 6d. is charged.
For the sale of the charts the Admiralty employ a general agent (Bate, 21, Poultry,) with a commission of 40 per cent. Sub-agents in all the ports of the United Kingdom are appointed by that house, with an allowance of 25 per cent.; and when any alterations are made in any plate, corrrect impressions are given in exchange for all the copies which the agent may have on band, and which are immediately cancelled in this office,
The several objects stated in the last clause of the order of the House of Commons would be attained by placing a competent person at the head of the hydrographic department of the East India House in London. He ought to be a seaman, in order to select the points of information required by the navigator; and he ought to be a surveyor, that he may know how to express with precision that information.
The Court of Directors have always been the patrons of useful science; they have several active and experienced officers in their Marine; and a very moderate establishment would soon give a new face to Eastern hydrography.
E. BEAUFORT, Rear-Admiral, Hydrographer. March 2, 1848.
Trinity House, London, 27th March, 1848. WRECK NEAR THE WEST BLYTH Beacon, RIVER THAME8.—Notice is hereby given, that a Green Buoy, marked with the word “ Wreck," has been placed 10 fathoms N.N.E. of a barge, sunk in 9 feet at low water spring tides, near to the above-mentioned beacon, and with the following marks and compass bearings, viz.,
Gravesend Mill, just open of the Lower Hope Point W. S.
baving two high chimnies, at Cliff . . . S.S.W. W.
. . . . . S.W.b.W. distant
I cable's length. By Order,
J. HERBERT, Secretary.
Captain Sir Edward Belcher, lately in command of the Samarang, makes the following observation, on the navigation of the Straits of Singapore. " Keeping on the northern danger line in four to six fathoms, we groped our way at night towards Singapore ; but, several times found ourselves grazing on the fishing stakes. To a lighter vessel than the Samarang, this might have proved dangerous, and I think, considering the navigation of this channel, is considerably risked by these obstructions, the authorities of Singapore should prevent their being placed in any greater depth than three fathoms : they might be made available as danger marks by day. As our work is well known at Singapore, we repeat the foregoing, and trust, the importance of the advice, as respects navigation, will not be lost on the authorities.
CORAL REEF discovered to the N.E. of the Wallis Isles by an American Whaler.—The ship Lalla Rookh, of New Bedford, Capt. Reynard Ower, discovered a coral reef, 40 miles to the N.E. of the Wallis Isles, 10 fathoms water were found on it. The ship was going at the rate of 3 knots, and was two hours in passing over the bank, running W. S.W. The captain supposed that the reef extended about two miles on each side of his course. In many parts there appeared to be less water. The latitude of this reef is 13° 2' S., and its long. 175° 38' W. of the meridian of Greenwich.
This information was given by Capt. Reynard Ower, of New Bedford, during his stay at the Wallis Isles.
CURRENTS OF THE OCEAN.
Steam Packet Office, Belfast,
March 20th, 1848. SIR.–At the request of Mr. Lewis, of the ship Ann, of London, I send you the latitude and longitude in which he dropped a bottle overboard, on the 2nd of January, off Co. Derry, with a letter in it for me. Lat. 52° 10 N., long. 12° 00' W. The bottle was washed ashore at Perlock, in the Bristol Channel, on the 12th of March last.
I remain, yours, &c.,
JOHN MONTGOMERY. To the Editor N.M.
Barque John Hutchinson, from Odessa to England, January 2nd, 1848, running before a heavy S.W. gale, with a high sea. Lat. 44° 45' N., long. by chronometer, 12° 35' w, when the bottle, containing this paper, was thrown overboard.
(Signed), R. Leighton, Master.
List OF THE Danish Men-OF-WAR NOW IN ACTIVE SERVICE. — The Galathea, 20 guns; Najaden, 20 guns; Flora, 20 guns; St. Thomas, 25 guns; Mercurius, 25 guns ; St. Croix, 25 guns ; Gefion, 46 guns; Thetis, 46 guns; Delphinen, schooner; Pilen, schooner; Neptune, cutter; Hecla, steamer, 200 horse-power, armed ; Geiser, steamer, 160 horse-power, armed; Skirner, steainer, 120 horse-power, armed; Ægir, steamer, 80 horse-power, armed. Besides a flotilla of gun-boats, armed with 2 guns, 60 and 40 pounders, each.
The Danish Government has besides, 6 line-of battle-ships, of 64 to 90 guns; 15 frigates, 5 schooners, 2 steamers, and 85 large and small gunboats, which can be put into active service in from fourteen days to three weeks. 25,000 mariners in all, in time of war, stand at the Government service.
AT THE USUAL QUARTERLY MEETING OF THE ROYAL NAVAL BENEVOLENT SOCIETY, held the 17th of April, at which Admiral Lord Radstock presided, the total receipts for this quarter amounted to £1948 8s., deducting expenditure, the balance of £973 remained. The sum of £400 was distributed among applicants, and a nomination to the Royal Naval School, was presented to the son of one of the officers who perished in the Avenger.
THE AVENGER.-A letter dated April the 8th, from Rome says “ A portion of the wreck of the Avenger, lost on the Sorelli rocks, (Tunis) has turned up on the Roman shore, near the Torre de St. Augustine, six miles west of Civita Vecchia. Although washed on shore on the 19th of March, it was not taken to Civita Vecchia till the 5th of April, when the Vice-Consul, Mr. Lowe, discovered “Avenger, F. D. P., 1846," with the broad arrow between the initials and the year. It appears to be the lower part of a mast, or the bowsprit, twenty-six feet long, and six feet, ten inches, in circumference.
The Aurora, Scott from Liverpool to St. John's, N.B., arrived at Halifax on the 18th of March, with part of the passengers taken from the wreck of the Omega, Garrick, from Liverpool to New York; twenty of whom subsequently died of starvation.
THE COMPETITOR.- This vessel left Gravesend on the 17th June last, for Port Adelaide, was struck by lightning when near the Island of St. Paul. The occurrence is thus described by one of the passengers :-“ On the first occasion a ball of fire, apparently double the size of a man's head, came down the main rigging, and passing over from the port to the starboard side of vessel, disap peared in the water. At the first appearance of the meteor, some of the crew were working at the pumps, the first and second mates standing by, and the wind blowing what is called half a gale.' The deck was strewed with sparks, as if scattered from a fire-brand, and many persons below as well as on deck felt the shock. The two mates and four men at the pumps were not only struck down, but felt the effects for some time after, A portion of the pump was melted, as was also the leaden apron' which encompasses the mast, just above the deck; and a portion of the latter in a molten state, was carried a distance of some yards, and found embedded in the deck. On the second occasion, within a quarter of an hour afterwards, the shock was still more terride. The electric fluid struck the foremast and ran down the rigging, and simultaneously it struck the iron tanks in the half-deck, producing a noise resembling the heavy discharge of ordnance, and leaving between decks a sulphureous smoke, like that arising from gunpowder. A seaman, who had just unrigged a pump, and was removing the gear, was precipitated to the foot of a hatchway ladder." It does not appear that any injury beyond that described, has been sustained by the vessel, cargo, or anybody on board.
NAVAL APPRENTICES.—There are now on board the San Josef 200 boys, who are apprenticed to the Naval Service, and who a short time since were beating about the streets. The boys have the middle deck of the San Josef for their use, and schoolmasters have been appointed for their education. For their encouragement, a system of rewards has been established, which promotes a spirit of emulation. 'i he Nautilus brig is appropriated for their exercise as infantry. An excellent code of regulations has been drawn up by Sir Henry Leeke, setting forth the occupations of every hour, and the most minute details of duty. The system of apprenticeship, by which 600 boys are now being regularly educated for the Service in three of our naval ports, is likely to be of great benefit to the Service, and no doubt prove a nusery for good seamen. Sir J. West inspected the establishment on the 14th instant. The boys went through their various evolutions, much to the satis. faction of the admiral, who expressed himself pleased with their proficiency.
THE ROYAL POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTION was on Wednesday evening opened for a private view of the scientific wonders collected for the amusement of the public. During the recess the whole interior has been renovated, and a most important addition made in the shape of a large and well-proportioned theatre, to be dedicated to scientific recreations. The assembled visitors were amused by a lecture on the structure and functions of insects by Mr. Goadby, illustrated by a powerful oxy.hydrogen microscope; whilst in the smaller theatre Dr. Ryan dilated on the philosophic mysteries of the breakfast table. Another attraction was a series of dissolving views illustrative of scenes in the Holy Land. Various curiosities were scattered in profusion over the various departments, and the Polytechnic Institution may be fairly recommended to the notice of the sight seekers who are likely to be scattered over the metropolis during the approaching holidays.
The Barbara, Cook, from New York to Cork, with one hundred and thirty passengers, and twelve of the crew of the Omega, struck on the north point of the “Spout," near Petty Harbour, Newfoundland, fell over and sunk on the 2nd of April. Only forty persons were saved, of whom four or five died from cold and exhaustion. The Omega is stated to have been of 1277 tons burthen, belonging to Stromness, Mr, D. Carrick, Commander, left Liverpool on the 16th of January, with three hundred and fifteen emigrants for New York.
THE EXPEDITION IN SEARCH OF SIR John FRANKLIN.-The Heral:1, 26, Capt. Kellet, C.B., was at Point Chirambira, above Panama, on the 25th of February, when she was ordered to proceed to Behring's Straits in search of Sir John Franklin and party. In the first instance she was to go to Petropolski (a Russian settlement of Kampschatka). An officer of the Herald observes, “ We are particular in this (off Papama) portion of our survey, as numerous rivers debouch on this coast, which take their rise in mountains in the back ground. Similar rivers descend the eastern side, rendering a passage across the isthmus possible at this point. In fact, we have met men here who assert that, the River San Juan runs to within a quarter of a league of the Atrato, a river on the opposite side, navigable for large boats. Should this be found correct, the new road in this direction (across the isthmus) would soon supersede the one at Panama, as the anchorage at Chagres is so unsate."
ADMIRALTY COURt.-(Before Dr. Lushington.)-The Mayflower.-Collision.—This was an action brought by the Zante packet, to recover the amount of damage sustained by reason of a collision between that vessel and the Mayflower, on the 14th of July, 1845, between the South Foreland and Dover Roads. The Trinity Masters imputed the blame solely to the Mayflower, and the learned judge condemned her in the damage, with costs.
The Isaac Allerton.—In this case an action was brought by the Liverpool and Dublin Steam Packet Company, to recover the amount of damage inflicted upon the steamer Queen Victoria, by reason of a collision with the Isaac Allerton, on the 10th of November last, a few miles from the Skerries Light. The Trinity Masters attributed the collision entirely to the Isaac Allerton. The Court pronounced for the damage and costs.
NavAL FORCE OF GREAT BRITAIN. --The following is the official return of the present Naval Force of the United Kingdom :-Flag Officers.Admiral of the Fleet, Sir J. H. Whitshed, Bart., G.C.B. Admirals. Of the Red, 10; of the White, J0; of the Blue, 10; total 30. Vice-Admirals.Of the Red, 15; of the White, 15; of the Blue, 15; total 45. Rear Admirals. Of the Red, 25; of the White, 25 ; of the Blue, 25; total 75. To consist of 150 Flag-Officers; viz., 30 Admirals, or 10 of each squadron ; 45 Vice-Admirals, or 15 of each squadron ; and 75 Rear-Admirals, or 25 of each squadron. Retired Rear-Admirals, 47; to be reduced to 25; on the pay of £1 per diem, 96 : ditto 36, at 18s. per diem; 132, to be reduced to 100. Captains for service, 544; to be reduced to 500; retired under Her Majesty's Order in Council, August 10th, 1840, 50, Commanders for service, 869; retired under His Majesty's Order in Council, January 30, 1816, 97; retired under His Majesty's Order in Council November 1st, 1830, 208; retired from the Masters' List, under Her Majesty's Order in Council, May 18th, 1846, 39. Naval-Knights of Windsor (Lieutenants), 7; Lieutenants for service, 2,339. Masters for service, 435. Mates, 49. Second Masters, 160. Chaplains retired or entitled to half pay, 55; 51 not entitled to halfpay, but holding civil appointments.
Medical Officers.—Director-General of the Medical Department of the Navy, Sir William Burnett, Knt., M.D., K.C.1., F.R.S.; Inspectors of Hospitals and Fleets, 6; retired, 6; Deputy-Inspectors, 12; retired, 6; Physicians, 2; Surgeons for service, 354; Assistant-surgeons, 243 ; acting assistant-surgeons, 63 ; Surgeons retired, 26; on a commuted allowance, 35; unfit for further sea service, 222; Assistant-surgeons, 43; Dispensers of Hospitals, 4, ; Paymasters and Pursers for service, 456; retired under Her Majesty's Order in Council, January 10th, 1843, 38; Clerks qualified for Paymaster and Purser, 237; Naval Aides-de-Camp to Her Majesty, 11; Marine Aides. de-Camp, 2.
The Naval Force of Great Britain consists of 678 ships-of-war, (carrying from 1 to 120 guns each, of different calibre), either in commission, ordinary, or building; of these 165 are armed steamers, many of them built of iron, and propelled by the screw. This immense fleet employs, in time of peace, 45,000 able-bodied seamen, 2,000 stout lads, and 14,000 Royal Marines, consisting of 100 companies, thus divided :-Head-quarters, Chatham, Ist division, 24 companies ; Portsmouth, 2nd division, 28 companies; Plymouth, 3rd division, 24 companies; Woolwich, 4th division, 24 companies. Royal Marine Artillery, 10 companies, head-quarters, Portsmouth. Besides the above, are the embodied dockyard battalions of Deptford, Woolwich, Sheerness, Chatham, Portsmouth, Plymouth, Devonport, and Pembroke ; all of whom are instructed in gunnery and battery defence, and are always ready in case of emergency.–Nautical Standard.
DISCOVERIES IN AUSTRALIA.—The Adelaide Observer has the following: “ The New South Wales exploration party, under Mr. Deputy-Surveyor Burnett, has traced down the Boyne to lat. 24° 53' 50", where it was strongly influenced by the tide, and beyond which points the party could not usefully prosecute the desired explorations; but they had arrived sufficiently near the coast to be quite certain that the outlet of the Boyne was in Hervey s Bay, most probably at the spot where Flinders noticed two shallow inlets, but which he did not examine. Mr. Burnett has no doubt the Boyne will be found navigable for steamers and sailing craft to a considerable extent, and until very extensive means of road communication shall be found connected with the head of navigation." NO. 5.-VOL.XVII.