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from foundering. Many a vessel and cargo, with numberless valuable lives, no doubt might have been saved, if the plan now noticed bad been used.

Capt. Allen has got the machinery strengthened and made more secure, by adding some strong blacksmith work to it at this port; and he seems to be very sanguine that a very small portion of his crew's exertions will be required at the pump, apart from this contrivance, between St. Helena and Boston.Hong-Kong Register.



Coast of Brazil. The bar of Cotinguiba river is in lat. 10° 58', or, 10° 59' S., and vessels making the port should keep well to the north of the bar, as during the shipping season from October to April there is a very strong N.E. current down the coast. Vessels may close with the land until within soundings of 5 or 6 fathoms when they will be from two to three miles distance from the bar; and they should then hoist a signal at the fore for a pilot, who will proceed on board as soon as the tide turns for the ebb.

When in sight of the signal post from the ship, the signals should be observed, as they are intended for a guide to vessels entering the port; and of their purport the following is an explanation.

1st.— The upper flag hoisted alone, is the signal that the vessel is seen from the shore.

2nd.—The lower flag, which is hoisted upon a moveable

staff, denotes that the vessel should tack, either to the north FOOD or to the south, as indicated by the direction of the sloping


3rd.—Both flags being hoisted on the central flag staff, one above the other, signifies that the vessel is in the right position off the bar, and that the tide is favourable for entering. The vessel should then steer direct for the signal--post on the beach, and the signals will remain flying even after the vessel has passed the bar.

4th.-If either one or both of the flags be hoisted and lowered again, it implies that the vessel should stand off.

If the master of a ship has never been in the port before, he should not attempt to enter without a pilot, and should avail himself of the telegraph only, in case of absolute necessity. Long before the signal post is visible, there is a chain of mountains that

may be seen in clear weather, it is called La Itabavana, and is so denominated in the English charts. Its southermost point is named from its similarity in shape, the Cardinal's Hat, and bears from the bar W.N.W.

W. Coming from the northward there may be seen a distant and solitary hill, called Aracaju, at the entrance of the river, which when the vessel is about two or three miles E.S.E. of the bar, bear, W.N.W.IN.


Coming from the southward the bearings will be nearly the same, but great care must be taken not to enter the river Vazabarris, where the signals are very similar, and which

is only 14 or 15 miles to the S.W. of the Cotinguiba bar. The bearings of the Cardinal's Hat from the Vazabarris are N.W N., and the Aracaju is not visible.

There is good anchorage to the nortward of the bar, in 6 or 7 fathoms hard firm sand; but vessels should, if possible, always remain under way, and though they make the port too late for the pilot to come off that night, still they should hoist the signal at the fore, and stand out to sea, keeping well to the northward, where they will be sure to meet the pilot outside in the morning.

Vessels coming either from foreign or Brazilian ports should be very particular in being provided with all papers required by the authorities in any Brazilian port, as the custom-house is very strict, and in default of such, the usual fine will inevitably be levied according to the custom-house regulations.

The pilot boat is a fore and aft schooner.

The depth of water in the channel on the bar is about 16 feet at spring tides, but as vessels cannot get under way from the anchorage before the ebb begins, and as a good deal of time may be lost before they reach the bar, they ought not to draw more than 11 feet. Maroim, 7th March, 1858.

(Signed) AFCHRAMM & Co.

Trinity House, London, 5th May, 1848. Bunt HEAD, IN THE GULL STREAM.—It having been ascertained that the Bunt Head, in the Gull Stream, has grown up considerably in a W.S.W. direction :- Notice is hereby given, That the Bunt Head buoy has been moved about 100 fathoms to the W.S.W. of its former station, and now lies in 4 fathoms at low water spring tides, with the following marks and compass bearings, viz.-

St. Lawrence Church in line with the north side of
Ramsgate Mill

N. W.
Waldershare Tower, in line with the south end of
the New Terrace at Deal

W. S.
North Foreland Light House . . . . N.b.E.
Gull Stream Light Vessel . . . . . N.N.E. E.
Fork Buoy

. S. W.
South Sand Head Light Vessel

. . S.S.W. Extreme Point of South Foreland . . . . S.W. W.

. W.

South Brake Buoy

:. Ondor

J. HERBERT, Secretary.

Trinity House, London, 8th May, 1848. CARDIFF GROUNDS, Bristol Channel.—The western end of the Sand in the Bristol Channel, called the Cardiff Grounds, having grown up in a SS E. direction :- Notice is hereby given, That the West Cardiff Buoy has been moved about one half-mile to the southward of its former position, and now lies in 41 fathoms, at low water spring tides, with the following marks and compass bearings, viz. :

Monkstone Beacon, in line with the New Church at Clevedon E.b.S.
The eastern side of the Steep Ilolins Island, just open westward
of the high water mark at the Flat Holins, the light house
thereon bearing

. . . Sb.E. Penarth Church

. . N. By Order, J. llerbert, Secretary.

Trinity House, London, 18th May, 1848. Notice is hereby given, That the Town Council of Dartmouth have for the present, abandoned their intention to discontinue the Harbour Light at that place, as notified in the Advertisement from this House, dated Ist March last.

By Order, J. HERBERT, Secrclary.

CURRENTS OF THE OCEAN. Jamaica, March 23rd.—A bottie, in which was a slip of paper containing the following words, was picked up on the 6th inst, off the cast end of this island about 200 yards S. E. of the Morant Bay Light-house, and is sent to us for publication :-“ 'Thrown overboard from the ship Dunburton, in lat. 18° 01 N. long 74° 43' W., J. G. Pendleton, Feb. ,6, 1873."-Shipping and Mercantile Gazette.

STEAM BETWEEN St. Thomas New York and Bermiula.- This route is to commence on the 7th of May next, between New York and Bermuda, and from the latter to St. Thomas, returning to New York via iermuda, so as to arrive at the former city on the 11th, and to leave again on the 12th, so as to be back on the 18th of every month at Bermuda. The extension of the steam route to New York will no doubt greatly facilitate intercourse, and be convenient to passengers, who may be desirous of visiting the United States via Bermuda leaving this place on the 30th of each month. They will arrive at Bermuda on the 4th of the following month, and leave Berinuda again on the 7th, and arriving at New York on the 11th. The table of a new route has also been received to be established in place of one of previous date ; this table which takes in the arrangement between New York and I ermuda, stats:

"That the steamers are to leave Bermuda on the 7th of every month at 6 PM , arrive at New York on the 11th at 6 P.M , leave again on the 12th, be back to Bermuda on the 18th, and leave on the same day for St. Thomas.

Quarantine in the St. Lawrence.--An extract of the Official Gazette contains a royal proclamation for the regulation of the Quarantine establishment at Grosse (sle, during the ensuing year. The orders are most stringent. Every vessel having more than thirteen passengers on board is to anchor at the Quarantine grouud; if there has been any disease on board during the voyage, or if the vessel has sailed fro n any port where infectious disease prevailed, the vessel is to undergo a thorough purification, and the dirty emigrants are to be landed on the island, and they and their clothing, and baggage to undergo a compulsory scrubbing The island is placed under the authority of a military commandant. It is stated that the new legal enactments respecting emigration will increase the passage money from Ireland to America to £5, at least per head. No. 6 - VUL. XVII.

2 T

Sarps Boats: with Copper or Zinc Cylinders. The attention of ship-masters is directed to the following communicatiou from the harbour-master at Auckland, in New Zealand :

Auckland, New Zealand, 15th Dec., 1847. Sir, -1 beg to trouble you with a few remarks, which may possibly be of service to some readers of the Nautical Magazine.

Several ships have lately arrived here from England, each having a boat fitted with copper or zinc cylinders, or air vessels, upon which the commanders and officers seemed to place great reliance. Being desirous of having so simple a method of ensuring safety adopted in this colony, I tried the boats belonging to most of the vessels which conveyed the Corps of Fencibles to this country, and much to my surprise, I found in every case, that being filled over the gunwales, as a sea would fill them, they were little more buoyant than ordinary boats. In one instance, a plank was knocked out to permit the water to escape, but notwithstanding, the boat would not rise to the bearing of the air-vessels, whilst the men remained in her.

I make this statement with considerable hesitation, being sensible that in this distant colony, we are without much information that one ought to have, in forming an opinion on such matters. Judging only from the trials I have made, I consider that although the plan is excellent, the air-vessels provided for such boats as have come under my notice, are not proportionately capacious; they bear up the boat, but not with the weight of the crew. I would, therefore, through your valuable publication, earnestly recommend commanders to see their so-called life-boats, fairly tried before leaving England, or, at least, before trusting to them in cases of emergency.

I remain, Sir, &c., To the Editor N.M.

David Rough, Ilarbour Master.

THE PORTUGUESE Navy.— The following list of ships, forming the Royal Navy of Portugal, has been published in the Portuguese official newspaper:

In Commission in the Tngus - Vasco de Gama, 80); Rainha, 42; Iris, 20; Joao I., 20; Oito de Julho, 20; Villa Flor, 14; Conde do Tojal, 6; Tejo, 2; Santa Isabel, 2; Andormna, 2. Steamers- Mindello, 6; Infante D. Luiz, 4; Conde do Tojai, 2; Terceira, 2.

In Commission on Foreign Service.-Infante Regente, 20, India; Relampago, 20, Angola; Don Joao de Castro, 16, Mozambique; Mondego, 14, Angola ; Tejo, 14, Mozambique; Douro, 12, Madeira; Nimpha, 6, Angola; Boa Vista, 6, Angola ; Constituaico, 6, Angola; Principe Real, 6, Angola ; Meteoro, 4, St. Thomas's ; Cabo Verde, 4, Cape Verdes ; Duke de Terceira. 4, Cape Verdes; Conde de Thomar, 2. Coast of Algarve; Mindello, 2, Coast of Algarve; Serra do Pilar, 2, Coast of Algarve; Inveja, 2, Coast of Algarve; S. Miguel, 2, Bissan.

Not in Commission.—The following are either dismantled in the Tagus, require repairs, in course of construction, or are unserviceable hulks:

D. Joao VI, 78, requires repair; D. Fernando, 58, new and advanced ; Cabo de S. Vincente, 56, condemned; Diana, 54, requires large repair; D. Maria, 52, ready for armament; Duqueza de Braganza, 48, requires large repair; D. Pedro, 46, ditto ; Porto, 20, new, and advanced for service, in the Douro; Urania, 20, requires large repair; Isabel Maria, 20 ditto; Damao, 20, ditto; Vonga, 16, under repair; Don Pedro, 16, unfit for service ; Serra do Pilar, 14, requires repair ; Boo Ventura, 10, unfit for service; Tamega, 6, requires repair ; Faial, 6, revenue vessel ; Princeza Real, requires large repair; Maia Cardosa, unfit for service.

Building -A corvette, at Goa, to be named the Goa; a corvette, at Damao, to be named the Damao; the brig Audaz, 14 guus, far advanced towards completion.

EXAMINATION OF MASTERS AND MATES. A List of all the Masters and Mates in the Merchant Service, who have voluntarily passed an Examination, and obtained Certificates of Qualification for the Class against each assigned, under the Regulations issued by the Board of Trade, between the 28th February, and the 29th April.

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Thomas Austen 2nd 44 Eclipse, 540 tons

London John Lyall 2nd 25 Commodore, 182 tons, 98716|Dundee

(as mate) E.T. Braily 3rd 32 Cybele, 334 tons ...... 104698 London

(as mate) W. Lillico 2nd 27 Aimwell, 192 tons...... 107912 S Shields

(as mate) William Rosse 2nd 25 Thetis, 184 tons ...... 10234 S Shields L

(us mate)
John Will list 33 Ellangowan, 207 tons .......... Dundee
Anthony Van 1st 30 Marlborough, 1498 tns......... Plymouth

Dam Nooth extr . (as 2nd officer)
Daniel Charles 1st 29 H.M.S. Queen 3000 .......... Plymouth

Ol. Slaughter 1 tons (as midshipman)
Wilm. Manners 1st 28 City of Palaces, 430 390771 London

Il tons (as mate)
Elias Philip Es-2nd 28 Midas, 674 tons......... 323779 London

(as scaman)
George Cross 2nd 30 Index, 147 tons......... ......... London
E. J. Allen Ist 29 W. Botsford, 553 tons ......... Liverpool
Thomas Tinley lst 34 Nith, 643 tons ......... ......... Liverpool
F. T. Davies 2nd 32 Duke of Roxburgh,500 30875 London


tons (as mate)
F. Parker 2nd 35 Fortescue, 303 tons... 28610 London

I (as mate)
J. Middleton 2nd 57 Lord Petre, 639 tons ......... London
John Hodgson 2nd 25 Cumberland, 284 tons 69654 S Shields

(as mate)
R. H. Barnett 3rd 38 Medora, 235 tons ................. London
Henry Hamer ist 37 Sea Bird, 160 tons...... 344472 London
Henry Newbolt/2nd 39 Novelty, 328 tons ............... London
Robert Graves 2nd 29 Lee, 120 tons............ 385391 London
William Lane 2nd 41 Preussischer Adler,
560 tons ...........

Thomas Lyall 2nd 31 Preussischer Adler, | 42899 Plymouth

1 560 tons (as mate) J. 9. Hall 2nd 30 Tiger, 400 tons .................. Plymouth Thomas Brink - 3rd 23 Royal Consort, 650 391688 London worth

tons (as mate) James Lorby 2nd 36 St. Andrew, 514 tons ......... London L. Thomas 2nd 31 Commodore, 147 tons 31036 London

(as mate) George Silke 1st 30 Mary Ann Webb, 338 tons ............

Liverpool R. Davison 2nd 29 Isabella, 303 tons ....... 99641 Dundee Arthur Smith 2nd 23 Medora, 253 tons ....... 43215 London

(as mate) W. Houston ... 1st 28 Borneo, 253 tons ................ Shields

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