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the garden and orchard husbandry of the colony, and above all, the rearing of stalled cattle, may be pursued on an extended scale with profitable returns. It is neither necessary nor convenient that this colony should be entirely tributary to other countries for the cattle supplies requisite for the population, and the public establishments; and the experience of the last twelve months has fully borne out a remark I have made in other places, namely, that the winds and the waves are the charter of a protecting impost to the stock-farmer of Bermuda, beyond the reach of human abrogation. I coumit it to the public spirit which has ever distinguished this legislature to relieve all steam ships, carrying the public mails of the countries to which they belong, from light dues at Bermuda ; and I recommend to your judi. cious support well directed plans for encouraging the resort of strangers to these shores in search of health, business, or recreation.”
While on the subjeet of lights, and their distinct visibility, we may notice the following jeu d'esprit in the lighthouse way, a model of which was to be seen at the recent soiree of the President of the Civil Engineers Society.
TELEGRAPHIC LIGHTHOUSE." A plan with suggestions for a Telegraphic Lighthouse has lately been presented to the Government by Mr. G. Wells of the Admiralty. Mr. Wells points out the numerous accidents that vessels have encountered owing to the mistakes of mariners, as to the distance and position of the several lighthouses on our coasts, and states that the great objections to those which now exist, are, first, their unnecessary elevation; secondly, their impropriety of coloured lights, which cannot be distinguished in foggy weather; and thirdly, the general insufficiency of the light, and its similarity in appearance. To obviate these disadvantages Mr. Wells proposes that in the existing lighthouses four or more circular apertures should be cut just below the lantern, and the openings fitted with glazed sashes of ground glass, with the initial letter of the particular lighthouse painted in an opaque colour thereon, the light being so reflected as to render the unpainted glass transparent, and thus exhibiting the letter itself in bold relief. It is also suggested that in constructing new lighthouses it would be better that they should not be carried to the present altitude as the nearer the light is to the level of the eye the less probability would exist as to any mistake in the distance of it.”
We are quite ready to concede that a lighthouse may be out of its place sometimes when among the clouds, such as that at Rio Janeiro, and that at Sumburgh Head. But all seamen will desire to see a light as soon as possible, and many well know from experience the great advantage o: catching a glimpse of a light let it be ever so distant, so as to know their whereabouts, for that glimpse has been full often the means of saving a ship. We cannot compliment Mr. Wells on his proposal, and as to his distinguishing letters of light he is surely dreaming?
YACHTING INTELLIGENCE.—The Fixtures for the Ten forthcoming Regattas. 1848–July 1). Royal Mersey Yacht Club at Liverpool.
«° 18. i Yorkshire Yacht Club at Hull.
" Yorkshire Yacht Club, at Whitby.
Yacht Squadron (cutters), at Cowes,
REPORT TO THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE NORTHERN LIGHTHOUSES, relative to
the Summary Report by the Examining Commissioner on the Harbours of · Scotland.
(Continued from p. 318). The Board has thus errected 27 (about 84 miles). On the line begreat sea-lights on the coast of Scot- tween Cape Wrath and Island Glass, land, including three on the Isle of the most salient point is the Butt of Man, but exclusive of three secondary the Lewis, a high and bluff beadland, lights, besides re-building three of for which a guide is not much required, those which were first erected. They and where a light would be extremely have also for some time been engaged apt to be obscured by fog. For the in the erection of lighthouses at Noss. refuge harbour of Stornoway a light head, near Sinclair's Bay, on the coast would be most useful; and so satisfied of Caithness, at Ardnamurchan, in were the Board of this, that in 1827 Argyllsbire, at the entrance to the they gave Mr. Steward Mackenzie, Sound of Mull; and a considerable the late proprietor of the Lewis, a time before the date of Summary Re. lantern and some reflectors to enable ports, they had resolved upon, and him to complete a lighthouse which are now preparing for, the erection of he had erected on Arnish Point, but two lights in Hoy Sound, a light on which has never yet been exhibited the “Ship of Sanna," another on the to the public. The commissioners island of Devaar, one at Kyleakin, in have at various times had under con. the Sound of Skye, and another in sideration the placing of a light either Loch-in-daal, in the Island of Islay on the Trumpanhead, Biblehead, or The lights in the course of erection, Chickenhead, about 45 miles from as well as those resolved upon, are all Cape Wrath, and have also in view noticed in the Summary Report as to make the entrance to one of the being required in the precise localities natural harbours between Island Glass selected by the Board, thus affording and Barrahead, so as to complete the a confirmation of the views which the chain of lights in the passage of the Board entertain, and a testimony to Minch. As to the second line, or that their judicious choice of stations. between Cape Wrath and Kyleakin,
When the works now mentioned as which is less important for the general in progress have been completed, the trade, a light or lights may perhaps be lights will in only two instances be required for leading to the northern more than 50 miles apart, and the entrance of the Sound of Skye. Vari. great majority will be much nearer ous sites might be named; but that each other. The exceptions alluded which may be selected should, if possito will be between Cape Wrath and ble, also serve to point out some of Island Glass (about 70 miles), and the natural barbours on that line of between Cape Wrath and Kyleakin coast.
Ackergill.–Summary Report, p. 41.-Sinclair Bay, from the low nature of its shores and the similarity of Noss and Duncansby Heads, has often been mistaken for the entrance of the Pentland Firth, and many wrecks have taken place in consequence; but the site for a lighthouse has now been marked out at Noss Head, which it may be hoped will be speedily erected and serve as a remedy: yet for more than a quarter of a century of profound peace, 70 miles of this coast, from Tarbet Ness to Pentland Skerries, have been left without a single light, while the traffic along it, from official returns, appears to be 4,864 loaded vessels of 706,866 tons annually.
Tobermory.-Summary Report, p. 43.-The Sound of Mull, or the strait between the island and the main, is 15 miles long, by about two miles wide, and has good depth of water throughout. Since the erection of the light at Lismore, at its southern entrance, in 1833, the traffic through it has much increased, but a light is still wanted at Ardnamurchan, at its northern entrance, and a harbour light at Tobermory, besides some buoys and beacons (particularly on the New Rock), in order to bring out the true value of this passage, and to complete the anchorage as a harbour of refuge.
The site for a lighthouse has now been marked out at Ardnamurchan Point, but hitherto the approach to Tobermory and to the Sound of Mull by night has been almost barred. In this region of rapid tides, stormy seas, and long winter nights, the nearest light in coming from the westward is at Barra Head, distance 60 nautic miles; and the nearest in coming from the northward, through the intricate navigation of the Little Minch, is at Island Glass, full 85 miles distant.
Orkney Isles.-Summary Report, p. 41.-The Orkney Islands contain numerous natural bays and harbours. Long Hope in Hoy, and Widewall in South Ronaldsha, are well known for the refuge they afford in stormy weather to vessels passing through the Pentland Firth. The tidal harbour of Stromness is especially valuable, as it is the only port north of Aberdeen where vessels can go to for repairs in case of damage, there being a patent slip laid down, capable of taking on vessels of 500 tons burthen. Here also water and supplies of all sorts may be obtained ; and it is appually visited by Greenland whalers and Hudson's Bay ships, besides 580 vessels seeking shelter, which called here during the last year. The harbour would be doubly valuable were there proper lights to lead up to the anchorage.*
Mull of Kintyre.—Summary Report, p. 45.-The fixed light at the Mull of Kintyre, at the south-western entrance of the Peninsula of Argyll, first shown in 1787, was one of the earliest, if not the first public coast-light exhibited in Scotland. It stands at an elevation ot 297 feet above the sea, and occupies a most important position as the guide into the Irish Sea by the North Channel (here only 10 miles wide), and as the turning point for vessels bound into the Clyde. From Parliamentary papers it appears that 6,463 loaded vessels, of 867,596 tons, paid dues for passing this light in 1846. It is, however, wanting in three essential conditions of a well placed light : it stands at too great an elevation above the sea, and is, therefore; often obscured; it does not cover the outer dangers, namely, Patterson's Rock, which lies some distance to the eastward of Sanda : nor is it available for vessels bound up the Clyde. To light this channel in the most useful manner, the Moll light ought to be removed to Sanda (or an additional light be placed on this island), and a compensating light erected on Rathlin Island, off the north coast of Ireland. This latter light would also be a great benefit to the traffic from Sligo and Londonderry to Glasgow. A conspicuous beacon likewise should be erected on Patterson's Rock.t
Portree.-Summary Report, p. 43.-'The sheltered and almost land-locked navigation of the Sound of Skye might be thrown open to our coasters by night, if the Kyle of Akin were lighted, as it easily might be. I
Isluy.-Summary Report, p. 45.-Off the south west point of the Island, at the Rhinns of Islay, an intermittent light was placed in 1825, at an elevation of 150 feet above the sea, visible six leagues in clear weather. It is nearly midway between the light at the Mull of Kintyre and that at Skerryvore, or about 40 miles from each. Since the erection of this lighthouse Loch-indaal is much inore frequented as a barbour of refuge by vessels using the
* It is understood that leading lights were to be erected on Græmsay.
North channel to or from the Clyde and Liverpool; but it still wants a harbour light, and buoys and beacons to mark the projecting spits off Bowmore.
Hebrides -Summary Report, p. 43.—This group of islands, comprising the Lewis, Harris, Uist, Berbecula, and Barra, and reaching 112 miles from north-east to south-west, forms the western limit of the passage known by the name of the Great and Little Minch, a track much frequented by shipping, 2,887 loaded vessels, of 364,001 tons having passed through it during the last year. This extent of coast from Cape Wrath to Barra, a distance of 140 miles, has only one intervening light at Island Glass, erected as early as 1789. Barra Head Light, at the southern end of the group, at a distance of 75 miles from the latter, has the undesirable distinction of standing at a greater elevation than any other light in the United Kingdom, namely, at 680 feet above the level of the sea. It was first lighted in 1833.
Stornoway.-Summary Report, p. 43.—There is a grant want of a harbour light.
Loss Of The Brig Mary of LIVERPOOL. Extract of a letter from H.M.
Schooner Bramble.— By Lieut.-Commander C. B. Yule. At 5h. 30m. P.M., we tacked off Double Island Point, and whilst standing out our masthead man observed a boat making for the land. Having no doubt the crew were in distress, I shortened sail and shaped a course to pick the boat up. There was rather a heavy sea running. We however succeeded in getting the people and a few damaged stores out of the boat, and then took her in tow.
The boat appeared to have belonged to the late brig Mary of Liverpool, commanded by Mr. John Beel, who with his wife, mate, and seven seamen were received on board the Bramble after having been ten days in the boat.
It appears from the master's statement, that the Mary sailed from Sydney on the 19th November, 1847, bound to Manila with a small general cargo. Everything was going on prosperously until the 2nd of December. In the forenpon of that day sights were taken, and at 11h. 30m. A.m., land was seen, bearing E.N.E., about eight or ten leagues distant. At noon a meridian altitude of the sun was observed. The vessel's position being then in latitude 20° 01' S., and longitude 163° 05' E., a course was then shaped N.W.b.N., up to 6h. P. M. with a fresh breeze from the eastward which then fell light; the course was again altered to N.W., no land being then in sight. At 8h. P.M. having gone N.W., W., about ten leagues, the water being perfectly smooth and the wind light, the vessel grounded, but so imperceptibly as not to be felt, until it was found she had become stationary. The sails were then furled, the long boat got out, the stream anchor and hawser laid out astern, and every exertion made to get the vessel off until 2h. A.M. on the 3rd, at which time the wind had increased so much as to create a heavy sea, when the hawser parted, supposed to have been chafed by the coral. "Mr. Beel and his crew finding that the utmost endeavours failed in saving the brig, they could afford to lose no time in making preparations for their personal safety. The long boat and jolly boat were then got in readiness as well as their distressed circumstances would permit. Having saved about three hundred weight of biscuit, a puncheon of water, the chronometer, ship's log and papers, together with the mails and a few personal effects, they reluctantly abandoned the vessel at 4h. AM., at which time she laboured so much as to lead them to fear the masts would roll over the side and destroy the boats. The master, his wife, and flve seamen embarked in the long boat, the mate and three seamen left in the jolly boat, when the two boats in company shaped a course for Moreton Bay, it being the nearest civilised part of Australia that Mr. Beel could hope to reach. During each night a small line was passed between the two boats to prevent their parting company, in which manner they went on very well until the 6th, when the wind blew very strong with a heavy sea running, so much so that he was induced at about 10 or 11 p.m., to try the effect of some oil being thrown overboard, but before the oil spread so far astern as the jolly boat, some heavy seas struck her and turned her over two or three times; the long boat's sails were immediately lowered and the small boat hauled up, when three out of the four men were saved, one unfortunate man being lost. Although the oil had a most beneficial effect on the surface of the water, the sea ran so heavily at one time as to fill the long boat nearly up to the thwarts, which required the united exertions of three men to bale out and keep the boat dry. The jolly boat as a matter of course was abandoned, the three men saved from her being taken into the long boats, in which crowded state the perilous voyage was pursued, the wind continued strong with a heavy sea, but fortunately from a favourable direction : at about midnight on the 11th, breakers were seen both ahead and to leeward, but as any attempt to weather them under sail or pulling would be utterly useless, the sails were lowered and recourse had again to oil. The boat passed through the breakers over the reef, she struck two or three times by which she sustained so much damage as to require blankets to be nailed on, which to a certain extent succeeded; two men were however constantly employed to keep the boat clear of water by baling. Nothing important occurred from this time until the 13th, when land was observed, which proved to be Great Sandy Island, near Wide Bay; the Bramble was first seen by them at about 1 P.M., from which hour until about half-past four every exertion was made to obtain assistance, which at last terminated successfully
I certainly felt rejoiced at having sailed that morning, which enabled me to render that assistance and protection these unfortunate people felt so much in need of. Mrs. Beel's sufferings must have been truly pitiable, having been wet through and exposed to the searching influence of the sun for ten days, and from constantly lying in the same position she suffered much pain.
The positions mentioned below I made by observations (which I have taken much pains with) to differ considerably from those laid down in our latest Admiralty charts, and also given in Horsburgh's directory.