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or milld hoopes where they shall thinke them suffitjent for their Ma's service, for water caskes, with one bundle of wooden hoopes, and another of flaggs for every one hundred men a month, and soe proportjonably for a greater or lesser number of men, and such quantity of water caskes as the shipp can convenjently stow with such further provision of hoopes and staves as shall be judged necessary.
8. That the warr's by which the sd Comm" are from time to time to issue the aforesaid provicon for the vse of their Ma's ships are to bee as followeth viz: for all victualls to bee spent at sea, the warrt of the Lord High Admirall or Comm" of the Admiralty for ye time being, or of three or more of the principall Offics and Comm" of their Ma' navy, or of a Comm' in chiefe of a fleet or squadron, or of the particular Commander of any shipp, (in case only not admitting of the time requisite for the procureing any of those before recited,) as allso the demands of the pursers of any of their Ma's shipps, tendring to the sa Commander or their agents a rec' under the hand of any other purser to whom hee had by order of his commander delivered supplies at sea, which receipts and order is to be taken up by the sa Comm's, and shall bee a suffitjent warr' vnto them, for issueing the value thereof vnto the purser that did supply the same. And for victualls to bee spent in harbour by the extra, the warrt of ye clerke of the cheque of the port, where the same is to bee issued, and for what shall be spent in harbour by the ordinary, the warr' of ye clerke of the cheque and Ma' Attend (where any is) and in the execution of every of ye gd warrt the sa Comm" are to cause to be delivered on board shipps ye full contents of ye sd warr's in kind, unless ye Comm' and Mashall under their hands certifie to ye sd Comm" the incapacity of their ship to recejve the same, in which case, (and that only) ye gd Comm" are to make good ye remainder thereof by such creddits as will be readyly answered unto them, on behalfe of their Ma' at y very next victualling port, where the same shall bee demanded, unless the shipps victualled be ordered in foreigne voyages, in which case alone the pureer shall receive from ye gd Comm" ready money for soe much of the sd victualling, and at such rates and in such manner as they best can for their Ma' service without lessening the proporcons, or goodness of victualls allowed by their Ma's to the seamen serving in their shipps, and that a distinckt acc shall bee from time to time kept by ye sa Comm" for victualling of all creddits by them soe issued, and of the time and place of answering the same to the end that vpon passing their acc' they may be able to satisfie the principal Offic's and Comm's of their Ma's navy, that the said creddits have been by them effectually made good, all which victualls as well for harbour as for sea, the sd Comm" for victualling are to take care to bee delivered on board their Ma's shipps to the respective Pursers thereof without any charge to the s' Pursers for lighterage, portage, or otherwise, and without their comeing or attendance for it, so as that each Purser shall have his warr' or demand supplied at the ships side within twenty-four hours for harbour victualls, and forty-eight hours for sea provicons, or as soon as possibly it can bee-done, and that the Ma" of the hoys, lighters or other vessells, by whom ye ga provicons shall be sent on board their Ma's ships shall deliver the same into the slings and tailes of the ship on board which the same is to bee put, and they are from time to time to informe themselves of the state of each shipps victualling to enable them the better and sooner to comply with such orders as they shall receive on that behalfe.
9. They are allso to cause to bee delivered in iron-bound casks hooped with iron hoopes of good substance, hamered and well wrought iron as aforesaid, One compleate moyetie of the proportion of beere ordd to each ship designed for the channell, or any other voyage then for Guinea, or the East or West Indjes and for each designed for Guinea, or the East or West Indjes, three-fourths of their proporcon of beere is to bee put in iron-bound caskes, hooped with iron hoopes of good substance, and well wrought iron as above.
10. The Indents to be taken by the s« Comm" of the Pursers for victualls which they shall issue to them shall bee made in ye same forme and manner as was directed, in the contract with the late contractors for victualling the navy, which indent shall bee dated in words at length, and not in figures, by the hands of the Pursers who are to signe them, before theire signeing thereof. And the provissions which are therein menconed to bee upon creddit shall bee repeated at the bottom, or on the back side of the said Indents, and against each of the sd speties the true quantity thereof which was not delivered in kind, but remains to bee made good by creddit, is to be expressed in words at length and to be attested by the persons signeing the sd Indents ; likewise the true speties delivered, and the quantities of each are to bee expressed in ye sa Indents, and not one thing for another as hath been two often practised, and moreover the sd Comm" are to demand one or more duplicates of ye ga Indents, or Rects signed by the Pursers at the time of their Indentinge, and to send the same to the Comptroller of the Victualling, viz: within seven days after its date for what shall be delivered at the ports of London, Harwich, Dover, and Portsmouth, and three days after their receiving any from remoter ports.
11. And in case any of their Ma's ships shall returne from sea to bee laide up, haveing any Provicons of Victualls remaining on board, the se Comm" shall imediately vpon notice given to them by the Purser of the said shipp, send hoys, lighters, and other fitting vessells to fetch away the same, together with the caske, iron hoopes, and biskett baggs, and cause the hoyman and lighterman, or of the other vessell as reca ye sa victualls, caske, iron hoopes, and biskett baggs, to take an exact acc' of the same, and to give the Purser or his Instrument a receipt for what hee shall receive on board him, before his sailing away, or bee debarred his freight till the same is adjusted, and hee produceth a certificate of what the Purser chargeth him with, which certificate the Purser is obliged to deliver to ye said hoyman, lighterinan, &c., at the time of his loading; for wch victualls, caskes, staves, iron hoopes, and biskett baggs, so returned, the sd Comm" are as well to give a receipt to ye sa Purser, as to transmitt without faile to the Comptroller of the Victualling, within twenty dayes after laying up of each shipp, a duplicate of the said receipt together with the full charge vpon yo Purser, and an exact state of the acc' between themselves, and hiin for caske, hoopes, biskett baggs, &c., all which Provicons, caske, hoopes, biskett baggs, &c, soe returned shall bee disposed of by ye gore Commor to their Ma's best advantage, such part thereof as vpon due survey made of ye same shall be found sound, sweete, wholesome, and fitting for their Ma's service to be issued againe either for sea or harbour Victualling, for which the same shall bee found most proper, and the remainder thereof which shall be found defective, to bee sold at the best rates y may be procured for the same, and for prevention of any disputes, touching the number of staves, of which each sort of the caske shall bee reputed to consist in their returnes, which his Ma! Pursers are obliged to make thereof. It is hereby declared, that each of ye butts soe to bee returned, if shaken, shall consist of noe less than twenty-six staves, and every barrell seaventeene staves (the heading included,) whereof two pieces of each to be accounted a staffe, allways accounting each staffe about forty-five inches long for a butt staffe, each staffe of thirty-eight inches long if ye same bee of old stufe to bee reckoned for a punchion staffe, and the like for every staffe betweene thirty-eight and forty-four inches long, and each staffe above thirty-two inches long unto thirty-eight, including allso yo thirty-eight inches, if it bee a new staffe to bee reckoned to a hogshead, and each staffe under thirty-two inches lung, as low as twenty eight inches to be reckoned as a barrell staffe.
12. That the sol Comm" are allso to take care to pay all Bills of Exchaing which shall be drawne by the Command and Pursers for Victualls, provided for any of their Ma's shipps abroad in ports where noe Victualls shall have beene order'd to bee provided, when the necessity of their Ma's service shall requier the taking vp of Victualls, in the sports, as allso that they defray ye charge of the freight of all such Provicons as shall at any time bee order'd to attend their Ma! Aleete, or to bee sent to any of their Ma's ships abroad, or at home, to provide such water shipps for the service of the sel fleete, as shall bee directed to bee taken vp, to pay such bills as shall bee made out, and assigned vpon them by the Navy Board for the ballancing of any Victualling Accounts, and sattisfie all other expenses whatsoever relating to the Victualling of the Navy, that so the whole charge thereof may appeare in that Office.
13. They are to take care that no beere bee issued for Victualling their Ma's shipps in any port where a sworne guager is to be had, in other caske then what shall by such sworne guager have its contents in gallons (Winchester measure) marked on the head of it, and that all other caske of Provicons have the contents of the Provicons in each caske marked on the head thereof by the same person (that can if there shall bee occasion) testifie vpon oath that there is in the said caske the quantity marked by him on the head thereof. They are allso to take care that ye beefe and porke which they shall at any time Victuall their Ma's ships wch shall allways hold at such weight, as y' every twenty-eight pieces of beefe cut for fower pound pieces, tooke out of the caske as they rise, and the salt shaken off it shall weigh one hundred pound nett averdupoize. No. 9-VOL. XVII.
weigh of every fifty-six pieces of bacon, or salt pork, cut for two pound pieces, and tooke out of its caskc, and shaken as in ye beef, shall weigh one hundred and fower pounds nett ayerdupoize. After wch method vpon the weighing of a whole caske of the said beefe or porke, in que presence of two or more of the Warr' Offic" of the shipp, the certificate of the sd Offics such as they shall bee ready to make oath to, shall in case of shortness of weight, not only impower the Purser to make allowance to the seamen in money or victualls att the next Victualling port for such shortness, but oblige the sd Comm", their Deputies, Ministers, Assigns, to make present satisfaction to the Purser without delay in the next Victualliug port where it shall bee demanded.
** 14. They are to take care y no beefe provided and put on board their Ma' shipps shall be delivered in pieces of any other weights then of fower pounds, nor porke then of two pounds of ayerdupoize weight in, each piece, and that at no time there shall bee any unusuall pieces put vp with the other flesh, or apart for the vse of the shipps companies, such as legg bones, shins of oxen, or the cheekes of hoggs, or oxehearts, &c.
* 15. The said Comm" may, if they find it for their Maus service, issue to the seamen serving on board their Mats ships in Ordinary, three pounds of beefe in liew of two pounds of porke for the months of May, June, July, and August.
16. The said Comm" nor any of them, nor any other person or persons on their, or any of their behalfes, either directly or indirectly, are not any manner of way to be interested or concerned in selling of victualls, or any stores, necessaries, or utensils whatsover, for ye service of the Victualling, or in any benefitt or advantage wh may arrise thereby, as they will answer the contrary at their perrills.
17. They are to manage the service to the best advantage of their Ma" in all the particulars thereof, according to their best skill, judg. ment and direction, and to stand accomptable to their Ma's as well for the provideing of good, sound, and wholesome Provicons for the health and sattisfaction of the seamen serving in their Ma's shipps and fleete as that the whole service shall be managed with all possible frugallity, and good husbandry, on their Ma“ behalfes.
THE ANTIQUITY OF Wigs.
We have to day devoted a larger space than we are accustomed to allow such things, to some papers read before the Bombay branch of the Royal Asiatic Society a week since, and trust that the interest of the subjects discussed by them will excuse us for what we have done. The discoveries of Brunoff and Rawlinson, are only second in interest and importance to those of Young and Champellion; and the reliefs on the Nimroud marbles do more than those on the Egyptian monuments themselves, so far as they extend, to illustrate the manners and customs of the extraordinary people to whom they respectively refer The luxury of the court of Persia, in the times of Darius Hystaspes, has long been proverbial: it was the wonder of the writers of the most luxurious nations of antiquity; and here we have before us delineations of the costumes, and pictures of the men who went to war, with
divisions of cooks, cup-bearers, and garland-makers, considered indispensable in the army, as fresh after the lapse of twenty-five centuries, as if not a twelvemonth from the sculptor's bands,
On the present occasion, we, of Bombay, have the good fortune to have specimens or casts of some of the most interesting of the relics referred to amongst us; and, as all the remainder, which will be sent to England, are likely to pass our way, and will, we trust, be copied in their passage, we shall have the means of procuring subjects of study of the utmost interest and attractiveness ; and such as few out of London enjoy. 'i he subject of the paper adverted to, is the Nimroud Obelisk, lately sent homne by the brig Jumnu, which, containing upwards of 150 neatly sculptured figures, furnished a sort of collection in itself, in miniature, of much of what is detailed on the larger stones. It is well known, though it is not the less a very remarkable fact in history, that the greatest national improvements have generally been borrowed by conquerors from those they conquered. Taste and elegance were first introduced into Roman eloquence and architecture from the Greeks they had subjugated; and the barbarians, who overran the empire, benefited more from Roman improvements than did the communities the Romans had conquered.
The introduction of Saracenic or Gothic architecture and art, were the only things we gained by the Crusades: and here, we have before us a case ot gathering instruction from a vanquished enemy, more striking, perhaps, than any the history of the world records. Cambyses, the son of Cyrus the Great, overran Egypt in the year 530, before Christ. He killed the god Aphis, and destroyed their temples; when desirous of capturing the Pelusium he placed cats and dogs at the head of his army, knowing that the Egyptians would not injúre those they considered divinities. A large number of cap. tives were carried away by the army of the conquerer, who, though spurning the divinities, and violating the temples of the conquered, seems to have bene. fited by their learning, and to have copied their customs, and even their dress. Few things could more have astonished the world than the discovery a few years since, of full-bottomed wigs in the catacombs, and yet specimens of these are preserved, both in the British and Berlin Museums. such as would have required little at the hands of a Caxon to make them fit for the head of an Oldbuck. But it is now found out that if wigs be now rarities in Egypt, they had, at one time, been common enough, and that the natives, almost universally, not only adorned their heads, but their chins, with artificial hair. The Egyptians were the inost persevering of shavers ; they left not a hair either on crown or chin, and they despised and abhorred the Greeks, who neglected the razor; but they adorned the parts denuded with far richer crinal ornaments than those they removed, and replaced them by kuotted wigs and beards, with depending tails and peaks, such as Nature never could have supplied.
This brings us back to the Nimroud Sculptures, in which, nearly all the figures are provided with wigs and beards, obviously artificial, to which those of thé Egyptians, from whom they were borrowed, were as nothing in size and gorgeousness. The beard of the king was in Egypt sometimes four inches long, and was square at the extremity: the beards of all the Assyrian marbles are from eight to fourteen inches in length. It must be remembered that, nearly all the Nimroud marbles refer to the reign of Darius Hystaspes, the immediate successor of Cambyses, celebrated in classic history for his defeat at Marathon ; and that the evidence that the bead-gear referred to was borrowed from the Egyptians, rests, first on its perfect identity, and second, on the absence from all drawings and sculptures of early date, out of Egypt, of any representations of such things as these, and the silence of