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at 4h. P.m. the same day, having to pull a distance of not less than fifty miles. The mandarin was prepared for the reception, a boat having been despatched the previous day, intimating the approach of strangers. Invincibles lined the landing, the court, and audience chamber of the palace, with drawn swords and pikes.

After a little delay his Excellency appeared in considerable agitation, doubt. ing our peaceable intentions; but upon ascertaining the mission was merely to request his assistance in capturing murderers, he regained confidence, and ordered the usual luxuries of betel nut, tea, cheroots, &c.; at first he affirmed his inability to comply without reference to the king. This delay, he was made to understand, would not answer the purpose, and his reply would be forwarded to the Queen of England. This produced the desired effect. A consultation was held with his courtiers, and after some controversy it was agreed that a boat with thirty men should proceed to Pulo Oby immediately and remain to secure any convicts not taken; at the same time he would write for permission to send two or three hundred more to search the jungle. He was then requested to assist in procuring live stock, and afford shelter for the night, the men being much fatigued: the audience chamber was then pointed out as the most suitable dormitory; but this was not accepted; a small house near the boat being preferred, which he ordered immediately to be prepared, and the interview ended at 6h .P.M.

The third officer again visited him to urge fulfilment of his promise, reporting the intention of the steamer to await the arrival of his party, at the same time displaying the usual civility on leaving. Upon this occasion he was · more familiar and polite, making many inquiries, taking down the name of

the vessel, officers, &c., and expressed his regret and surprise at the short stay contemplated. Assuring him that the thirty men and stock should leave the next morning, the boat at once returned to the ship, arriving at 9h. P.M. the same evening, and next morning proceeded to the island, having been absent five days, during which time nothing had been seen of the guilty parties. Active measures were again taken; the following day every available person on board was sent on shore, formed into parties in charge of officers, to hunt, and proved their zealous exertions by taking six and viewing four others the first day; the next was not so successful, one only being seen and secured, they having again contrived to conceal themselves. The ship's time-piece was, however, discovered under a tree carefully preserved in a blanket and covered with leaves. This constant search was kept up for five days without success, when a second ruse was tried; the steamcr anchoring on the opposite side of the island, and the village being abandoned, leaving directions with the inhabitants, who expressed great alarm at our departure, should any appear, to encourage them, and despatch immediate intelligence. This suc. ceeded. The second morning information was brought that some of them had ventured down to get rice; parties were sent quietly through the jungle, and three captured, two making good their escape. In this affray one villian, in making resistance, got his left arm broken. The following day four others were reported to have shown themselves. A party of six, disguised as Cochin Chinese, secretly entered the village, with directions to secure without noise all that approached; but during two days only one appeared; he was, however, persuaded to show some of their hiding places, by which means two others were taken; thus making the number 30, including one killed.

Twelve days having now elapsed since the interview, at Camooe and no signs visible of the promised assistance, the provisions nearly exhausted and none to be procured, four officers and twenty-four of the ship's crew suffering from jungle fever, were circumstances, however unfortunate, that rendered the return of the steamer imperative. At the same time knowing four or five were left, the inhabitants having decamped to the main land the same day with the steamer, there is little chance of their escaping immediately unless they have money secreted to pay their passage in some of the trading boats, that constantly call for fresh water. This is not likely, none having been found on their persons. They might also be taken away by the piratical junks that infest the island at this season. Two very suspicious craft appeared during the stay of the steamer, but immediately decamped. The villagers report that not less than 70 trading vessels were cut off last year within sight of the island, and that they are obliged to keep all valuables buried, or they would lose

verything. Upon carefully comparing evidence, the following account ap. pears most to be depended upon. They were about seven days at sea, and arrived at Pulo Oby early in February in two boats. After sailing about the island to reconnoitre, they landed well armed at the village, and immediately took possession. The inhabitants about thirty in number, fled to the jungle; they helped themselves to everything. The largest boat in which it was supposed most of the valuables and treasure were deposited they never left without a strong guard, anchoring in deep water every night; this boat they decked over and otherwise disfigured in the night; with about twelve of their number they left, promising to send a junk for the remainder, the other boat was sunk on the appearance of the Celerity; others have also left by various opportunities. From one of them, Asee, said to be the ringleader, we learn the following result: drowned at Natunas, 15; captured by the natives, 18; gone to China in long boat, 12; to Siam in pukat, 15; gone to Singapore in pukat, 3; gone to Hainan in pukat, 3; gone to Chinchew in pukat, 2; Captured by the Phlegethon, 30; left on Pulo Oby, 5; total Chinese convicts, 93. Two having escaped from the village there is reason to suppose they gave the others information of the danger they were in by exposing themselves. In illustration, of the desperate, reckless, and determined characters now brought within the pale of justice, we need only remark that two of the number, whilst on board the steamer, were overheard inciting an attempt to take the vessel; two jumped overboard in the China Sea, one of which got struck by the paddle wheel and perished, the other was saved; a third nearly succeeded in hanging himself.

CHARTS OF THE COAST OF BRAZIL AT THE ENTRANCE OF THE RIO GRANDE. The following account of the loss of the brig Victoria of Liverpool, in consequence of the incorrectness of the charts, has been sent to us for insertion. We trust that the energetic appeal of the writer, who also appears to be the unfortunate owner of the Victoria, will not be made in vain; and that the British Government having already presented to the civilized world a survey of nearly three-fourths of the coast of South America, will not allow her Merchant Shipping to be lost by the deficiency of the remainder, which from the supineness and want of sufficient scientific resources of the Brazilians may be long looked for in vain.

"I have the painful duty to inform you of the total loss of the brig l'ictoria of Liverpool, from Cadiz to this port, (Rio Grande Brazil) on the night of Saturday last, June 3rd., under the following circumstances.

"The vessel arrived off the bar of this port on Monday May 28th, and the wind being light from the north-east came tu anchor in 6 fathoms, the tower bearing due north from the ship. The wind continuing from that point, and

there not being sufficient water on the bar for the ship, I went in the boat and proceeded to the bar to obtain a Pilot. The bar-boats came alongside, measured the ships draught of water, and gave us the proper signals to hoist and left a pilot on board. On Thursday, June 1st, the signal for sufficient water on the bar for the vessel's draught being made we got under way, and the signal from the tower being made for us to enter we proceeded to do so in tow of a steam tug, the current setting out strong to the south-west.

On arriving at the bar the vessel fell off and struck the north side of the bank, and the steam tug had not the power to bring her to the channel again, and she drifted off the bar into deep water where she came to an anchor, and remained until night, when the wind shifted, and it was deemed prudent to stand off the land. A strong breeze accompanied by a beavy swell followed, and the ship under proper sail, was kept in company with several other ships standing off and on under easy sail until half past seven o'clock on Saturday night, when standing in for the land, the pilot at the lead and the captain at the helm, the sounding 6 fathoms, the pilot ordered the ship to go about. The helm was instantly put down, but before she had time to come round she struck upon the bank to the south-west of the tower, distant about 12 miles. The ship continued to strike with tremendous force, and upon the carpenter sounding the pumps found 24 feet of water in the hold, and the pumps choked with salt. Immediately after the water increased to 6 feet in the hold, and as the ship was rapidly sinking, the windlass and part of the deck under water, the launch was got out and the hands left the ship; but before they were twenty yards from her she went down, leaving her mast heads only above water.

The gale now increased, and the boat was kept before it, and continued running to the south all night; and the next day at daylight land had disappeared, but during the day was again seen, and after several ineffectual attempts to land we at length succeeded in doing so, about 50 miles south of the tower, and having secured the boat commenced walking towards the harbour of Rio Grande. Not having anything in the boat to eat or drink, the captain, one man, and a boy, became so weak as to be unable to proceed ; the others after great suffering arrived at this place on Tuesday last, June 6th; and the men sent by your orders in quest of the crew again proceeded in search of the captain and those left behind, and they were also fortunately found, and arrived here last night, June 8th,

I have now, Sir, only to add that in my opinion the coast of Brazil near this Port is both improperly and imperfectly surveyed as to the existence of a bank like the one on which the Victoria struck, and was lost. I will prove we had on board charts of the latest date, 1817 ; but in my opinion they are more calculated to mislead than otherwise. And as the bar of this port requires from its situation a degree of boldness in approaching it, I feel assured that a proper survey of this coast is not only wanted, but actually necessary for the preservation of lives and property, and you, Sir, as the proper source will be conferring a great boon upon masters and owners of ships by representing it in as strong a light as possible to Her Majesty's government, in order to obtain a proper and complete survey of this coast by one of ller Majestys ships-of war.

I have to thank you most kindly for the great interest you have taken in endeavouring to save the lives of the captain and crew; and also to beg that you will be pleased to make known my thanks to the authorities here for the kindness we have received from the Inspector of the bar.

I am, &c.,

(Signed) W. R. WALKER, Owner. No. 11.-VOL .XVII.

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We also understand that the brig Thomas Battersby, of Belfast, John Clark Wright, master, which cleared out from Paraiba for Liverpool, on the 12th of August, with a full cargo of sugar and cotton, drawing 15 feet 6 inches, in going down the river on the 13th, was run aground upon some rocks, opposite Stewards Island, having at the time a licensed pilot on board. On the following day, they succeeded in getting her afloat ; but, as she has been severely strained, and is making much water, the master purposed putting back to discharge cargo, when it is expected, as her back is broken, she will be condemned.

PASSED MASTERS AND MATES.

London, 5th October, 1848. SIR,-In your last number, appears a statement of the per centage of first-class certificates, awarded to ship-masters in two months ; perhaps the following statement, wbich shows the proportion that first-class certificates bear to the whole number issued, from the commencement of examining masters, may prove more interesting to your readers. The total number of masters passed up to the 16th ult. is 950, viz. :In London .... 616 whereof 76 obtained 1st class Certit., or 12 per cent. Liverpool .... 54

52 Dundee ......

291 Leith ... ..... 16 , 16

100
Gt. Yarmouth
Portsmouth.
Plymouth ... 30

20
not
Glasgow ...... 13

6 South Shields 143

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Newcastle ...

663

100

Hull............

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Total 950 total 206 first class certificates, or 213 per cent. In the above number of first class certificates are included 27 first class extra, viz., 1 issued in London, 19 in Liverpool, 4 in Leith, 1 in Portsmouth, 2 in Plymouth.

I am, &c,

C. B. To the Editor N.M.

Alexandria, September 12th, 1848. MR. EDITOR,-May I request you to rectify an error in your No. 6, for June, 1848, page 323, where you have entered my name, (Henry Newbolt, of the Novelty,) as having received a second class certificate, whereas I hold in my possession a first class certificate, signed by Captains Pixley, Trobyn, and Foord.

If there is any advantage in having one's name inserted in a printed list of passed masters, I believe it is the only one which a first class has over a second or third; to be deprived of this miserable privilege through any gratuitous publication of one's name, is, to say the least of it, not pleasant.

As I am one of those holding the rank, if rank it may be called, of that class of persons which the different consuls have thought proper to stigma tize in such unmeasured terms in B.C.'s article on British Merchant Ships, page 309, in Nautical Magazine for June, 1848, I think it a further reason, Mr. Editor, to impress on you the necessity of being careful that masters' names should be printed in your list with their proper cla 8.

In conclusion, I will just remark, that were similar enquiries as those alluded to by B. C. made as to the general fitness of British Consuls for their office, it might possibly be discovered that a little previous training, and even an examination would be found most desirable in many cases.

I am, &c.,

H, NEWBOLT. P.S.-I beg leave to remark that I have been seven years a subscriber to your valuable Magazine.

To the Editor N.N.

PANAMA.

26th July, 1848. Panama is indeed a city of ruins, and a feeling of melancholy is excited on contrasting it with what it once was. It stands on an area of about twelve acres, entirely surrounded by fortifications, the sea wall of which is in the best state, but even that in many places fallen away. Only in one part on the land side to the north-west have I seen any symptoms of repairing. The ditch and walls luxuriant with weeds, and grass not uncommon in the streets. On the south-east bastion there are a few beautiful brass guns, three only mounted, but the carriages in such a state that I doubt much their standing a couple of rounds. Should a war ever take place (which God forbid) Panama would certainly be a place worth having, (even if only in trust for the present possessors,) from its being the key to the Pacific. The country around is beautiful and capable of producing everything: that is as far as I am capable of judging, and comparing the soil with other countries well known as fertile.

On the morning of the 24th, I saw a sight which certainly raised feelings of pride at being an Englishman, and knowing that all before me was going to my home. Before the house of the British Consulate were upwards of one hundred and twenty mules loading with upwards of half a million of treasure, which had been landed the day before from the steamer just arrived from the ports between Valparaiso and this. It is to be shipped at Chagres on board the Royal Mail steamer for England, which I certainly think the best and quickest mode of transmitting specie, instead of by Cape Horn, and when steam boats from the northward are running more will go this way. The quantity has been gradually increasing, commencing about sixteen months ago with 16,000 dollars.

When the merchants can get over the idea, that the way and means of transit are attended without risk, our ships of war on the station will get but little. As far as I have seen and can learn from others, the arrangements are perfect, and now only want the road between Cruces and Panama widened and repaired. At present it is in a terrible state; but still nothing to prevent a good mule travelling with a load of specie, which is packed in boxes or bars in hide or canvass, two of which are a load, when each weigh from from one hundred and twenty to one hundred and forty lbs. The treasure is landed here in large canoes, certainly I cannot accuse their crews of smartness, but for trustworthiness I do not think there can be better men; nor was a fraction ever known short of what they have had charge. It left on the 24th, with a guard of sixteen soldiers, thirty-five muleteers, and three gentlemen, aud will arrive at Cruces, distant twenty miles about the middle of the 26th ; it is then put in the Royal Mail Company's fire proof store, and before embarked in the canoes every package buoyed and will arrive at

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