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Botany Isle to the extent of the channel, in search of sandal-wood, but found none. Being informed by the natives on the east coast that a vessel had been wrecked on a reef on the west side, and that all the crew had perished I made up my mind to search the coast thoroughly, to ascertain if any of the unfortunate men were spared, being then ignorant of the facts.
“On the 1st of January, anchored in a bay where I knew some Sydney vessels had procured sandal-wood. In a short time the natives paid us a visit, and among them some from the Isle of Pines, with whom I had before been acquainted, and who seemed rather surprised that the vessel should have come round by the way of Botany Isle.
“ My first enquiry was respecting the vessel I was previously informed had been wrecked, and to my horror and surprise they told me no vessel had been wrecked ; but, that two boats' crews of the Vanguard had been cut off by a tribe, about nine miles N.W. from where we then lay, and, that the schooner had gone to sea, but not until the natives alluded to tried to cut her off. I then inquired of them the manner in which those merciless savages had cut off the crew, and from their statement it appeared the whole of the men very imprudently left their boats, and all to a man unarmed; that while each man was carrying his load, the natives pushed the boats off from the shore, and then rushed upon them with their tomahawks, and ham-strung them, severed their heads and arms from their bodies, and then made one heap of the whole, and burned them. Capt. Cunningham was the first they attacked, and not one of the party escaped.
“It may be said, and perhaps oftentimes with some truth, that surely the crew must have given some provocation ; but, in this instance, I can vouch for it, there was none given, for I particularly inquired of the friendly natives, whether the tribe who made this bloody attack, had been previously fired upon by the crew, and they replied in the negative. From the frequent opportunities, also, I have had in seeing Capt. Cunningham trade with the natives, I am satisfied he would not have allowed any one to have committed an offence against them, but always treated them with liberality and kindness.
"On the morning of the 2nd of January, the chief Agulla moved the two whale-boats belonging to the Vanguard out of my sight, to a distance of six miles, and then hauled them up in the bush, picking out a spot where the water was so shallow that we could not get our boats within musket shot; for we had been preparing to attack these merciless savages and rescue the boats, if at all practicable ; but they were too much on the alert to be taken, and took to the mountains. I am of opinion that, no ship-of-war would ever be able to punish these savages. It must be done by trading vessels, in which the crews should be under good discipline, otherwise the innocent would suffer for the guilty.
“The natives of New Caledonia are not generally hostile to Europeans, for in many parts of the island, I have, with my own boat's crew, been treated with great kindness, without the means of making them any return; and on some occasions, with as much as I could expect from my own countrymen, or perhaps, more so.
“ With respect to the Avon, had the officers obeyed the instructions of their commander, they would never have been attacked; but, I doubt not the poor fellows seeing a quantity of wood, and anxious to do the best for their employers and themselves, they were induced to run a greater risk than they would have done on ordinary occasions. No officer can succeed in the sandal-wood trade, unless he continually exposes himself to the natives. It is, therefore, his duty, for the safety of his own life, and of others under his command, to act with the greatest caution.”
When the Eleanor left Lefoo, the Spy had on board twenty-five tons of wood, and was then employed in saving what she could of the wrecks of the Sarah and Castlereagh.-Ibid.
NAUTICAL NOTICES. WEILING LIGHT VESSEL AND Herst Light.-A notice has been given by the Belgian Government, dated the 24th of October, that a light-vessel, carrying a Red Light, will be established in the Weiling Channel, near the bank, called the “ Paarde Markt," at a date to be afterwards announced, and from which the following compass bearings are given : Ville d'Ecluse, Tower
. SW.6.S. The light will be visible eight or nine miles distant. The light-vessel will be painted Red, and will have a Red Ball at her mast-head.
At the same time, Heyst Light, in lat. 51°20'22'' N., and long. 3° 14' 10" E., which is now Red, be altered to the natural colour.
A notice, dated November, has been given stating, that the foregoing measures are carried into effect.
Trinity. Hous?, Hull, October 31st, 1848. RIVER HUMBER BUOYAGE AND BEACONAGE.—Notice is hereby given, that in consequence of the recent encroachments of the sea at Kilnsea North Cliff, on the coast of Holderness, the beacon erected there a few years ago, has been removed about a quarter of a mile north, one-quarter west of its former site. The following are its present marks and bearings :
Easington Church bearing . - - N.b.W. } W.
Outer Bank Buoy . . . . S.S.E. | S. from which Easington Church is seen open about two ship-lengths to the castward of the beacon.
Ships coming from the north ward, and steering for the New Sand Light Vessel, must keep Easington Church well open to the eastward of the beacon to clear the Outer Bank.
The beacon is distant from high-water mark one hundred and sixty yards, and is eighty-seven feet above the level of the sea at high-water. N.B.—The above bearings are compass bearings.
W. M. Bunner, Secretary.
BUOY OFF PENLEE Point, PLYMOUTH.—A chequered Red and White Buoy has been moored off Penlee Point, two cables' length from it, in 51 fathoms, with the following marks :
Tor House, on with high-water mark of Redding Point; and the Breaks water Beacon on with the upper corner of the southernmost quarry at Bovisand,
Particulars of a new channel between the rivers Weser and Taher, for vessels of a moderate draught of water, arriving with a S.W., or departing with a N.E. wind.
This channels laid down with Three Red and one White Buoy; on each of the Three Red Buoys (Bojetenne), is an iron rod, with a wicker basket, differing in color and shape from those in the old channel of the Weser and Taher. The White Buoy is a customary one, but likewise with an iron rod and wicker basket. At a later period, this will be replaced by a Bojetenne. Vessels on arriving, have to keep the Red Buoys to the right; and the White one to the left.
The first Red Buoy (No. I), bears S.E. E. from the Key Buoy, 8 fathoms, at low water; from thence the bearings are as follows:
The steeple of Wangoroog W. S., and the lighthouse is to be run free to the north of the steeple ; Minser Church S S.W. & W.; Light Vessel (No. I), S.E b.E. E., at ebb tide; Red Buoy (No. II), S.E.
The second Red Buoy (No. II), lies in 5 fathoms, at low water, near the Taher Plate, which rises steeply; the bearings from these are
White Buoy (No. O), N. E.; Red Buoy (No. III), S.E. S.; steeple of Wangeroog, W. S.; Minser Church S.W. * S.; Light Vessel (No. I), S.E.D.E. * E., at ebb tide; Red Buoy (No. I), N.W.
The third Red Buoy (No. III), lies in 7 fáthoms, at low water; the bearings from thence are
Eighth Black or G Buoy, S.E.b. E.; steeple at Wangeroog W. * N.; Min. ser Church, S.W. I W.; Light Vessel (No. 1), E. $ N., at ebb tide.
The White Buoy (No. 0), lies in 44 fathoms, at low water; the bearings from thence are
Steeple at Wangeroog, W. S.; Minser Church S.W. & S.; Red Buoy (No. III), S.S.E, E.; Red Buoy (No. II), S.W.; Light Vessel (No.1), S.E. 4 E., at ebb tide.
The steering through this channel from the Key Buoy to the first Red Buoy, is S.E. | E.; and from thence S.E., till between the seventh Black or F Buoy, and the eighth Black or G Buoy. From thence in the old channel of the Weser, steering for the Mellum rather nearer to the F than to the G Buoy, where there are nearly three fathoms at low water.
The flood tide runs southerly in to the River Taher, and the ebb tide northerly. In navigating the new channel a pilot is to be recommended.
These bearings are by compass.
THE ARCTIC EXPEDITION. The following further accounts of the Arctic Expedition have been received since our last :
Ness, Stromness, October 23rd, 1848. Sir.--I take the liberty of communicating the following intelligence of the Arctic Expedition, under Sir J. C. Ross, handed me by Mr. Richard Hill, of the Hull Whaler, Lord Gambier, arrived at this port on the 21st inst.
On the 21st of July, communicated with H.M, Expedition, Capt. Sir J. C. Ross, and Bird, lying at a berg, near the “Devil's Thumb," lat. 74° 20', found all well, remained in company until the 25th, when a breeze sprung up from S.W., with thick fog, did not see the ships again. Plyed to the southward, and crossed to the west land of Davis's Straits, on the 3rd of August. found little interruption from ice, and made “Agnes Monument" on the
no. 12.-VOL. XVII.
morning of the 4th of August. Captain Hill, has no doubt the Expedition would cross to Lancaster Sound about the first week in August.
This will, in all probability, be the latest intelligence of the Arctic Expedi. tion this season, which you will oblige by communicating to my Lords Commissioners.
I have the honour to be, &c.,
Hull, November 3rd, 1848. HONORABLE SIRs.
The Lord Gambier, Capt. Richard Hill, having arrived from Davis's Straits last evening, I beg to inform you that, on the 21st of July, he made fast to the same iceberg as Capt Sir James Ross, and the other discovery ship, and was on board of them both on that day, and they were all well, and in good spirits, and hoped soon to get a north passage; this was off Cape Shackleton. On the 25th of July, he parted company in thick weather (just before the “Devil's Thumb,” bore S. distance 9 leagues). He got across into the west water in about 70° 40', and was alone on the west side, and as far north as Cape Bowen, on the 2nd of September, but saw nothing or any signs of Sir John Franklin, or his expedition.
I regret I have no more favourable news to communicate; but, having scen Sir James Ross, probably the last, thought it advisable to inform you of it.
I remain, yours, &c.,
Managing Owner. We have frequently had occasion to record in these pages the account of bottles being found, and have thereby arrived at a fair illustration of the surface currents of the ocean, as the bottle chart in our volume for will testify; and, it is a remarkable fact that, it is to a similar means of obtaining information that we are now placed in possession of the latest accounts of the Arctic Expedition, gone in search of Sir John Franklin. By the kind attention of the chief of the Record Office, in the Admiralty.. we have been enabled to preserve a complete record of the intelligence which has been received of the progress of this expedition, to which we pow add the following account, transcribed from the original document; and, as some time must now elapse before we have any further accounts of the expedition, we may allude with some degree of satisfaction to this true seaman-fashion of turning to good account the currents of the ocean. By this account we find that the ships had fairly gained the entrance of Lancaster Sound, in time we hope to find their way into snug winter quarters.
Stromness, Orkney, November 7th, 1848. SIR.-We have the honor to forward the enclosed letter, picked up by Mr. i homas Lee, of the Hull whaler, Prince of Wales, off Cape Hooper, Davis Straits, in lat. 68° 10 N., long. 64° 30' W., on the 1st of October.
The Prince of Wales arrived here last evening, and we beg you will lay these before the Lords of the Admiralty.
We have the honor to be, &c.,
Davidson & SINCLAIR, Agents. Secretary of the Admiralty, London.
. John Barrow, Esq., who has contributed: several papers of professional interest to the pages of this work.
The following is a copy of the paper alluded to :“ H.M. ships Enterprize and Investigator, cleared the main pack in Melville Bay on the 20th of August, and after examining Ponds Bay on the 23rd, passed to the northward in search of the expedition under the command of Capt. Sir John Franklin.
“The cask which contains this paper was thrown from H.M.S. Investigator, on the 28th of August, 1848, in lat. 73° 50' N., and long. 78° 6' 30" W., all well, Enterprize in company.
"Whoever may find this paper is requested to forward it to the Secretary of the Admiralty, London; with a note of the date, latitude and longitude in which the cask was found.
“Edward BiRd, Captain.”
BOTTLE PAPERS. While on the subject of the currents of the ocean, we shall here place on record the following bottle papers which have reached us; the first is commu. nicated in the following letter from Lieut. Drew, R.N.:
Coast Guard Station, Shoreham, Sussex,
August 3rd, 1848. SIR.-I beg leave to inform you that, about 12h. 30m. P.M., this day, a black bottle was picked up on the beach, containing the paper enclosed, which appears to have been thrown overboard from the Agnus Sophia. The paper was wet and torn, but I make it out to be
"Thrown overboard froin the Agnus Sophia, of Padstow, in lat. 47° 53' N., and long. 7° 34' W., from Lisbon ten days, bound for London - June 8th, 1848. – William Jenkin."
I am, Sir, &c.,
FREDERICK DREW, Lieut., R.N. To Cupt. G. S. Reynolds, R.N.,
Inspecting Commander, Rotting dean. We have numbered this 3 b. It has taken the usual course up the English Channel, and has travelled 350 miles in 56 days, or about 6 miles a day, N.E.b.E. The next is from Lloyd's agent at Maranham.
Maranham, September 12th, 1848. SIR.-I beg to transmit to you the enclosed paper, thrown from the ship Thomas Brocklebank. It was found in a bottle in the Bay of Cucacoevia, to leeward of this port, on the 2nd of June last.
I am, Sr, &c.,
Andrew Neilson, Lloyd's Agent. To the Editor N.M.
April 16th, 1848. “Thomas Brocklebank, from Liverpool, towards Calcutta, lat. 6° 58' S., long 28° 7' W., wind S.E.
“ Henry PONSONDY, Commander." To the Editor N.M.
This bottle we have called No 40 b on the Bottle Chart. It has taken the usual track W.N.W., making good 1050 miles in 53 days, or about 20 niles a day. The next is from Grenada.