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V. PROBATE, ESTABLISHMENT, $ 455 (N.Y.Sur.) The intent of a testatrix, as AND ANNULMENT.

ascertained from the entire will, must be given (A) Probate and Revocation in General. effect, though it is necessary to supply or elim8 206 (N.Y.Sur.) A will construed, and held, unusual construction. In re Correll's Will, 151

inate words, or give words a strained and that the entire instrument offered was entitled N. Y, S. 962. to be admitted to probate.-In re Griffiths' Will, 151 N. Y. S. 970.

$ 456 (N.Y.Sup.) The court, in construing a

will, must find a rational scheme of disposi(H) Evidence.

tion, though it is necessary to give words in

the will a meaning other than they ordinarily $ 289 (N.Y.Sur.) A contemporaneous attesta- have.-Seligman v: Seligman, 151 N. Y, S. 889. tion in proper form, signed by the attesting wit

8 462 (N.Y.Sup.) The court, in construing a nesses, whose signatures are proved, is in itself will, must find a rational scheme of disposithe will.-In re Reynolds' Estate, 151 N. Y. S. tion, though it is necessary to supply words 380.

and phrases.-Seligman v. Seligman, 151 N. Y.

S. 889. $ 302 (N.Y.Sur.) Testimony of the surviving witness to a will' and proof of the signature of should be determined from the entire will, not

$ 470 (N.Y.Sur.) The intent of a testatrix the deceased attesting witness, held, in addition from isolated parts thereof.-In re Correll's to the certificate of attestation, proof of execu, Will, 151 N. Y. S. 962. tion of the will.-In re Reynolds' Estate, 151 N. Y. S. 380.

$ 473 (N.Y.) Where a certain clause in a

will was contained in one paragraph, which (1) Hearing or Trial.

constituted one entire trust scheme, parts of

which were illegal under statute, the whole 8 324 (N.Y.Sup.) Whether there was proper was enforceable. -Bailey v. Buffalo Loan, Trust publication, and whether testatrix acknowledged & Safe Deposit Co., 107 N. E. 1043, 213 N. Y. the signature to her will before one of the wit- 525. nesses, who did not see her sign, held for the jury.-In re Raymond's Will, 151 'N. Y, S. 648. in a single clause of a will and to reject other

Where to retain certain valid trust provisions (M) Operation and Effect.

illegal ones would be to pervert the testator's

intention and bis attempted disposition of his 8 428 (N.Y.) Decree of Surrogate's Court in property, the entire clause must" fall.-Id. admitting will to probate and approving execu Invalidity of a trust provision in a clause of tor's accounts thereunder held not to estopa will held to invalidate the other subordinate plaintiff from asserting, as residuary legatee, trust provisions in the clause.-Id. the invalidity of the trust under the will. Where the clause of a will seeks to establish Bailey v. Buffalo Loan, Trust & Safe Deposit an invalid trust, it is not permissible to elimiCo., 107 N. E. 1043, 213 N. Y. 525.

nate any language closely intermingled with the

general plan to make and thereby create a VI. CONSTRUCTION.

valid trust.-Id. (A) General Rules.

Claim of beneficiary under will that declara

tion of trust valid as to him should be sus$ 439 (N.Y.Sur.) The court, in interpreting atained, though the general scheme was invalid, will, seeks to apply the meaning of testator.

as being repugnant to section 11 of the PerIn re Union Trust Co., 151 N. Y, S. 246.

sonal Property Law, held not to be sustained. 8 440 (N.Y.Sur.) Where testator's intention-Id. can be ascertained, the will should be so con

8 489 (N.Y.) Parol evidence held admissible strued as to carry out such intention.-In re

to explain the latent ambiguity of a will as to Clark, 151 N. Y. S. 396.

the identity of a legatee.-Baumann v. Stein$ 446 (N.Y.Sur.) That construction should be gester, 107 N. E. 578, 213 N. Y. 328. adopted which upholds, rather than invalidates, a will.-In re Correll's Will, 151 N. Y. S. 962. (B) Designation of Devisees and Lega§ 448 (N.Y.Sur.) The language of a residuary

tees and Their Respective Shares. clause of a will is, if possible, to be so con $ 498 (N.Y.Sur.) A child never heard to cry, strued as to avoid intestacy.-In re Correll's and who did not live, but whose heart beats were Will, 151 N. Y. S. 962.

susceptible and could be heard, though no res$ 449 (N.Y.Sur.) Where testatrix made a will piration could be induced, was born alive, and and a codicil, and named certain legatees, she was issue,” within a will.-In re Union Trust presumably did not intend to leave a portion of Co., 151 N. Y. S. 246. her estate absolutely undisposed of.-In

re

$ 523 (N.Y.Sup.) General legacies to one and Clark, 151 N. Y, S. 396.

her children, designated by name, and to “be 8 449 (N.Y.Sur.) Will construed, and held to divided among the four equally," held to them disclose an intention of testatrix

to dispose of as tenants in common, and not as a class.-Carher entire residuary estate, and not merely | ley v. Harper, 151 N. Y. S. 1056. "the interest thereof."-In re Correll's Will,

8.524 (N Y. Sup.) A bequest to each of testa151 N. Y. S. 962.

tor's grandchildren being or becoming issue of $ 450 (N.Y.Sur.) In construing å will, con a daughter vested in interest at testator's sideration must, if possible, be given to all the death.-Seligman v. Seligman, 151 N. Y. S. parts.-In re Baker, 151 N. Y. S. 954.

889. For cases in Dec. Dig. & Am. Dig. Key No. Series & Indexes see same topic and section (3) NUMBER

8 525 (N.Y.Sur.) Under a will whereby testa- the will.-In re Seymour's Estate, 151 N. Y. tor gave legacies to salaried employés of vari- S. 967. ous periods of employment, the time spent by a piece worker subsequently becoming a salaried (G) Conditions and Restrictions. employé cannot be included in fixing the term

8 658 (N.Y.Sup.) Surviving partner, accepting of employment.-In re Altman's Estate, 151 provisions of will as to carrying on business N. Y. S. 1092.

with right to the profits, except those directed $ 531 (N.Y.Sur.) The term “issue,” in a will, to be paid to the decedent's widow, held bound when used in its primary signification, means to make such payment.-Sturmwald v. Poppe, all descendants taking per capita; but a dis- 151 N. Y. S. 570. tribution per stirpes may be implied, where testator indicates a purpose to that effect.-In re (H) Estates in Trust and Powers. Union Trust Co., 151 N. Y. S. 246.

8 680 (N.Y.Sup.) Will construed, and held to The term “issue,” in a will, whereby testator create a void and separable trust in the moiety gave his residuary estate to trustees to apply of the residue of testator's estate on the death the income to two daughters for life, and on of the widow; the trust as to the other moiety the death of either without issue to the survivor being limited on the life of the widow and valid. or her issue, means all descendants per capita. -Ripley_v. Guaranty Trust Co. of New York, -Id.

151 N. Y. S. 12. (D) Description of Property.

$ 680 (N.Y.Sur.) A will construed and held,

that testatrix intended that the executors and 8 578 (N.Y.Sup.) Under Decedent Estate trustees should divide the proceeds of a sale Law, 8 14, a devise of all testatrix's “right, ti- of her property, deposit the share belonging to tle, and interest in the premises” held to pass grandchildren for their benefit, and hold the an after-acquired interest therein.-Carley v. shares belonging to each of her children for Harper, 151 N. Y, S. 1056.

10 years, paying each child the income thereof. $ 587 (N.Y.Sur.) Under a will and codicil, -In re Correll's Will, 151 N. Y. S. 962. held, that the one-fourth of the residuary estate 8 684 (N.Y.Sup.) A will which directs truswhich had been bequeathed to one brother tees to hold property in trust for a daughter should be distributed one-third to the other liv- and pay her about balf of the interest, and ing brother of testatrix and one-sixth to each after 10 years the whole of the interest for of four children of deceased brothers.-In re life, gives the daughter the entire income for Clark, 151 N. Y. S. 396.

life after the 10 years.-Seligman v. Seligman,

151 N. Y, S. 889. (E) Nature of Estates and Interests Cre

A bequest to trustees in trust for a grandated.

daughter, with directions to accumulate for 8 601 (N.Y.Sur.). Will construed, and held, granddaughter, held to give to the granddaugh

five years, and then pay the interest to the that testator's wife took the whole estate con

ter the entire income.-Id. templated in one paragraph of the will in fee or ownership as the nature of the property re

8 686 (N.Y.) Condition on which principal of quired.-In re Biles' Will, 151 N. Y. S. 1097.

a trust fund was to be paid over to the benefiWill construed, and held, that the interest of ciary, to wit, payment of his debts independent the testator's wife was conditional on her re

of the trust fund, held not satisfied by the benemarriage, and would remain absolute in the ab- ficiary's discharge in bankruptcy:-Hull v. sence of that event, but on her remarriage would Palmer, 107 N. E. 653, 213 N. Y. 315. be reduced to dower and to her one-third of

(1) Actions to construe wills. the personalty.-Id. 8 612 (N.Y.Sur.) An absolute bequest cannot rived from a will, must be determined in a suit

$ 695 (N.Y.Sup.) The rights of one, when debe cut down by a later provision of a will, unless such clearly appears to bave been testa. Y. S. 889.

to construe it.-Seligman v. Seligman, 151 N. tor's intention.-In re Baker, 151 N. Y. S. 954.

8 695 (N.Y.Sur.) The surrogate will not con(F) Vested or Contingent Estates and In

strue a will to determine whether it provides for terests.

an after-born child, as required by Decedent $ 634 (N.Y.Sur.) A will construed, and held; be binding 'in proceedings by the child under

Estate Law, $ 26, which construction would not that the remainder interests therein provided section 28.-In re Sauer's Estate, 151 N. Y. S. for were vested, and not contingent.-In re Tap- 465. ley's Estate, 151 N. Y. S. 951.

8 697 (N.Y.Sur.) An application by executors $ 634 (N.Y.Sur.) Will held to give testator's and trustees for directions as to how to prochildren a contingent remainder in the estate, ceed with duties imposed on them by law, not less the dower and one-third of the personalty being one for the construction of a will, within in the fund at their mother's remarriage.-In Code Civ. Proc. $2615, should be denied.-In re Biles' Will, 151 N. Y. S. 1097.

re Zitzlsperger's Estate, 151 N. Y. S. 950. 8 636 (N.Y.Sur.) The title to realty passing $ 707 (N.Y.Sup.) Under Code Civ. Proc. § 3233, under the residuary clause of a will held to vest the court had power to make an allowance to dein the residuary legatee at testator's death, fendants in addition to costs in proceedings inand to so remain until divested by execution volving the construction of a will. ---Carley y. of a power of sale given to the executors by | Harper, 151 N. Y. S. 1056.

VII. RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES OF (F) Legacies Charged on Property, EsDEVISEES AND LEGATEES.

tate, or Interest. (A) Nature of Title and Rights in Gen

8 821 (N.Y.Sup.) A bequest of bonds to a legeral.

atee, to pay the income to testator's two broth

ers is charged with the payment of the in8 728 (N.Y.Sup.) Where a legacy, payable on

come, and the gift of one-half to each brother the legatee attaining full age, was vested from for life. -Seligman v. Seligman, 151 N. Y. S. the time of testator's death, the accrued income

889. belonged to the legatee.-Seligman v. Seligman, 151 N. Y. S. 889.

8 821 (N.Y.Sur.) Where executors were given $ 733 (N.Y.Sur.). Under a will, held, that the not specifically devised, and the personalty was

discretionary power to dispose of all realty executrix should be required to pay to testa- insufficient to pay funeral expenses, including trix's nephew the legacy given by one paragraph, and turn over to herself as trustee the eral legacies were a charge on 'realty passing

a monument and bequests, held, that the genbequest made to her in trust for the nephew under the residuary clause.-In re Seymour's under another paragraph.-In re Baker, 151 Estate, 151 N. Y. S. 967. N. Y. S. 954.

$ 822 (N.Y.Sup.) Matters held proper to be $ 733 (N.Y.Sur.) Codicil giving executors pow. considered by the court in determining whether er to pay principal funds to testator's daugh: general legacies were charged on land not speter before the time provided in the body of cifically devised.-Carley v. Harper, 151 N. Y. the will where the right of such daughters to S. 1056. the principal of their legacies became absolute held not to subject payment of the legacies to

8 826 (N.Y.Sup.) Evidence held to show an the executors' approval in any event, but mere- intention of testatrix that general legacies ly to authorize executors to make payment be should be a charge on land not specifically defore the time set

in the will.-In re Gross' Will, vised.-Carley v. Harper, 151 N. Y. S. 1056. 151 N, Y. S. 1090.

The burden was on legatees to prove an in

tention to charge the legacies on land not spe8743 (N.Y.Sup.) An assignment, by a bene, cifically devised.-Id. ficiary in a will, of his interest to his wife and children for their support, is effectual, whether (H) Void, Lapsed, and Forfeited Devises his interest is vested or contingent.-West v.

and Bequests, and Property and Burke, 151 N. Y. S. 329.

Interests Undisposed of. An assignment, by a beneficiary under a will, of his interest thereunder to his wife and chil

$ 849 (N.Y.Sur.) Where a lapse takes place dren for their support, is sustainable in equity, in part of a residuary estate by reason of a though no legal interest passed under the as- legatee's death, the distribution takes place acsignment.--Id.

cording to law, and not as the result of testa$ 748 (N.Y.Sup.) In action by partner's widow tor's intention.-In re Clark, 151 N. Y. S. 396. against surviving partner for payments which her husband's will directed the surviving part

WITNESSES. ner to make as a condition of carrying on the business, deceased partner's representatives held See Appeal, § 203; Evidence; Trial, 88 140, not necessary parties.-Sturmwald v. Poppe, 151 210; Venue, $ 52. N. Y. S. 570. $ 749 (N.Y.Sup.) Complaint alleging will di

II. COMPETENCY. recting surviving partner to carry on business (D) Confidential Relations and Privileged and make certain payments to decedent's widow, acceptance thereof by the surviving partner, and nonpayment by his executors after his tions to her attorney relative to her will in the

$ 206 (N.Y.) Where a testatrix gave instrucdeath, held to state a cause of action.-Sturm- presence of a third person, the communicawald v. Poppe, 151 N. Y. S. 570.

tions were not confidential so as to be privileg.

ed.-Baumann v. Steingester, 107 N. E. 578, (C) Advancements, Ademption, Satisfac- 213 N. Y. 328. tion, and Lapse.

Code Civ. Proc. 88 835, 836, apply only to $ 775 (N.Y.Sup.) Will construed, and held confidential communications by a client to an that, on the death of the residuary legatee prior attorney, and not to those made in the presence to the death of testator, the residuary devise of others.-Id. did not lapse but passed to the legatee's heirs.In re Murphy, 151 N. Y. S. 529.

III. EXAMINATION.

(A) Taking Testimony in General. (E) Abatement. 8 806 •(N.Y.Sup.) A will and surrounding cir

$ 227 (N.Y.Sup.) The admission of the uncumstances held to show intent to prefer a leg- rilutz v. Savage, 151 N. Y. S. 808.

sworn statement of a child held error.-Gav. atee, practically adopted by testator, and to provide for her support in respect of a home, so $ 243 (N.Y.Sup.) The court must permit leadthat, the estate being inadequate, it would be ing questions where a foreign born witness, tespaid to exclusion of other general legacies.- tifying through an interpreter, is so illiterate In re Gibson's Will, 151 N. Y. S. 459.

that he cannot be made to answer, except by For cases in Dec. Dig. & Am. Dig. Key No. Series & Indexes see same topic and section (8) NUMBER

leading questions.--Nicoletti v. Dieckmann, 151, on a former trial, introduce the former teetiN. Y. S. 520.

mony, either as primary evidence or to impeach

his witness. - Morton v. Smith Hoisting Co., 151 (C) Privilege of Witness.

N. Y. S. 1087. $ 293 (N.Y.) The personal privilege guaranteed by Cons art. 1, § 6, against self-incrimina

WORDS AND PHRASES. tion, cannot be asserted, unless the person to whom the privilege is given is subject to crim

Action on contract of conditional sale." - Edelinal prosecution or a forfeiture.- People v. Cas- son v. Wagman (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 10. sidy, 107 N. E. 713, 213 N. Y. 388.

"Actual malice.”-Bresslin v. Star Co. (N. Y.

Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 660. 8 304 (N.Y.) Penal Law, $ 770, provides for "Actual possession.”-French v. Wray (N. I. immunity on trial for offense against the elec

Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 1015. tive franchise, and one may be compelled to “Adjoining." - City of New York v. Alheidt (N. testify on the trial of one so charged, but his Y. Sup.) 151 Ñ. Y. S. 463. testimony cannot be used against him unless he “Adulterated milk."--People v. Martin (N. Y. has previously waived his right to immunity.- Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 69. People v. Cassidy, 107 X. £. 713, 213 N. Y. “Afterwards."--Lamoutte v. Title Guaranty & 388.

Surety Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 146. $ 304 (N.Y.Sup.) Const. art. 1, $ 6, and Code

'Agreement."-Dixey v. Al. H. Woods ProducCr. Proc. g 393, do not apply to the testimony, “Agreement in writing." -In re Holland (N.

tions Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 24. or failure to testify, of officers of a corporation accused of a crime.-People v. Hudson Valley “Arrest."--"People v. Marendi (N. Y.) 107 N.

Y. Sur.) 151 N. Y. S. 239. Const. Co., 151 N. Y. S. 314.

E. 1038, 213 N. Y. 600. $ 305 (N.Y.) The personal privilege against “Born alive.”-In re Union Trust Co. (N. Y. self-incrimination guaranteed by Const. art. 1, Sur.) 151 N. Y. S. 246. § 6, may be waived by the person offering him- “Breaking."-People v. Toland (N. Y. Sup.) 151 self as a witness, who may then be cross-ex- N. Y. S. 482. amined like any other witness.-People v. Cas- | “Breaking out.”—People v. Toland (N. Y. Sup.) sidy, 107 N. E. 713, 213 N. Y. 388.

151 N. Y. S. 482. One cannot waive his privilege against self. Building."- Mecca Realty Co.

Kellogg's incrimination guaranteed by Cunst, art. 1, § 6, Toasted Corn Flakes Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 and give testimony to his advantage, and then N. Y. S. 750. refuse at the same time to answer questions to "Burglary.”—People v. Toland (N. Y. Sup.) 151 his disadvantage.-Id.

N. Y. S. 482. One voluntarily testifying at a hearing of “Butter."-People v. Martin (N. Y. Sup.) 151 charges in connection with a nomination at a ju- N. Y. S. 69. dicial convention did not waive his right to “Change of grade."--Gas Engine & Power Co. decline to testify ou a subsequent trial of one

v. City of New York (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. indicted for an offense in connection with the Y. S. 310. nomination.--Id.

“Charitable corporation."--Brooklyn Children's

Aid Society v. Prendergast (N. Y. Sup.) 151

N. Y. S. 720. IV. CREDIBILITY, IMPEACHMENT,

"Check."-King v. Murphy (N. Y. Co. Ct.) 151 CONTRADICTION, AND COR

N. Y. S. 476.
ROBORATION.

"Cheese."-People v. Martin (N. Y. Sup.) 151 (B) Character and conduct of Witness.

N. Y. S. 69. $ 345 (N.Y.) A verdict of guilty upon which "Clerk.”-John Mulstein Co. v. City of New no judgment was rendered could not be intro- “Commerce." --Barlow v. Lehigh Valley R. Co.

York (N. Y.) 107 N. E, 651, 213 N. Y. 308. duced to discredit accused as having been convicted before.-People v. Marendi, 107 N. E. “Consent. — In re Murphy (N. Y. Sur.) 151 N.

(N. Y.) 107 N. E. 814, 214 N. Y. 116. 1058, 213 N. Y. 600.

Y. S. 475. 8 351 (N.Y.) In cross-examining accused's “Constructive eviction."-Hyland y. Gillespie character witnesses, the state cannot, without (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 498. ascertaining whether a witness knew of a cer- "Contemplation of death."-In re Tilley's Estain person, read an affidavit by that person tate (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 79. charging accused with another offense.-i'eople “Contract of marriage."-Barker v. Barker (N. v. Marendi, 107 N. E. 1058, 213 N. Y. 600. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 811.

"Covenant of seisin.”-Hilliker v. Rueger (N. (D) Inconsistent Statements by Witness. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 234.

“Criminal intent.”—People v. Borden's Condens$ 380 (N.Y.) Where the evidence of identify

ed Milk Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 547. ing witnesses offered by the people was destroy. “Domicile."--Hanson v. Hanson (N. Y. Sup.) ed by cross-examination, the people could not

151 N. Y. S. 861. impeach them by proving that they had at “Due attestation, execution, and validity."other times and places identified accused as the

Primmer v. Primmer (N. Y. Sup.) 151 Ñ. Y. murderer.-People v. De Martini, 107 N. E. S. 1024. 501, 213 N. Y, 203.

“Duly addressed."-Century Bank of City of $ 380 (N. Y. Sup.) Plaintiff may not, on his New York v. Breitbart (City Ct. N. Y.) 151 witness testifying differently from what he did N. Y. S. 588.

"Emergency employé."_Denton . Morgan (N. 1 "Person.”—People v. Dunbar Contracting Co. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 729.

(N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 164. "Employé.”—La Chicotte v. City of New York “Place of work."-Landrigan v. Baker Smith (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N, Y. S. 566.

& Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 29. "Fellow servant."-Larson v. Nassau Electric "Promise."-Dixey v. Al, H. Woods ProducR. Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 694.

tions Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 224. "Fraud."-King v. Murphy (N. Y. Co. Ct.) 151 "Promotion.”—Murray v. Water Board of City N. Y. S. 476.

of Lockport (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 419. “Get off."--In re Szpakowski (N. Y. Sup.) 151 “Property."-In re Willcox (N. Y.) 107 N. E. N. Y. S. 211.

499, 213 N. Y. 218. “Graded street in existence."-Gas Engine & “Public officer."-Meighan v. Rohe (N. Y. Sup.)

Power Co. v. City of New York (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 785. 151 N. Y. S. 310.

“Purpresture.”—People v. Steeplechase Park Co. Guardian.”—In re Huebsch (N. Y. Sur.) 151 (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 157. N. Y. S. 377.

"Residence."-Hanson v. Hanson (N. Y. Sup.) "Heir at law."'-Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. v. 151 N. Y. S. 861. Polk (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 618.

“Resident."-Barber v. Barber (N. Y. Sup.) “Improvement."-Green v. Horn (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 1064. 151 N. Y. S. 215.

"Rule of construction."-In re Union Trust Co. "Inclosure.”—Green y. Horn (N. Y. Sup.) 151 (N. Y. Sur.) 151 N. Y. S. 246. N. Y. S. 215.

“Rule of interpretation.”—In re Union Trust "Interest."-Seligman v. Seligman (N. Y. Sup.)

Co. (N. Y. Sur.) 151 N. Y. S. 246. 151 N. Y. S. 889.

“Scaffolding."-Loesch v. Long Island R. Co. “Interested.”-People ex rel. Crowe v. Peck

(N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 499. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 835. “Interference or restraint of a legal authority.” “Special proceeding.”John Mulstein Co. v. -Rice v. Miner (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S.

City of New York (N. Y.) 107 N. E. 651, 213

N. Y. 308. 983. "Interstate commerce.”—Barlow v. Lehigh Val- | “Stock certificate."-Sohmer v. Herden (N. Y.

ley R. Co. (N. Y.) 107 N. E. 814, 214 N. Y. “Structure." -Loesch v. Long Island R. Co. (N.

116. “Issue.”-In re Union Trust Co. (N. Y. Sur.)

Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 499. 151 N. Y. S. 246.

“Subcontractor."-Curry v. Addoms (N. Y. “Jeopardy." -- People ex rel. Bullock y Hayes “Thereafter." --- Lamoutte v. Title Guaranty &

Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 1017. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 1075. “Jus accrescendi.”—In re Capria's Estate (N. “To hunt.”—People v. Jacobs (N. Y. Sup.) 151

Surety Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 148. Y. Sur.) 151 N. Y. S. 385.

N. Y. S. 522. “Kindred.”-Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. v. Polk (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 618.

“Undue influence.”—In re Williams' Will (N. "Lawfully terminated.”-Shufelt v. Boyles (N.

Y. Sur.) 151 N. Y. S. 467. Y. Co. Ct.) 151 N. Y. S. 783.

“Use."-Green v. Horn (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. “Legal malice.”—Bresslin v. Star Co. (N. Y.

S. 215. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 660.

"Vice principal."-Larson v. Nassau Electric "Legal title."—William P. Bonbright & Co. v.

R. Co. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 694. State (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 35.

“Warehouse."-Leavitt V. National Fire Ins. "Legatee or distributee."-In re Holzworth (N. Co. of Hartford, Conn. (N. Y. Sup.) 151 Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 1072.

N. Y. S. 71. "Lien."

Benedict v. Higgins (N. Y. Sup.) 151 “Waste."-Rogers v. Atlantic, G. & P. Co. (N. N. Y. S. 42.

Y.) 107 N. E. 661, 213 N. Y. 246. “Liquidation."-Lafayette Trust Co. v. Beggs “Waste or improper application.”—In re Dos(N. Y.) 107 N. E. 644, 213 N. Y. 280.

cher (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 76. “Marked ballot."-In re Murphy (N. Y. Sup.) “Willful injury."-Cohn v. Melancon (N. Y. 151 N. Y. S. 267.

Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 39. “Marketable title."—Hennig v. Smith (N. Y.

Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 444. "Murder in first degree.”—People v. Marendi

WORK AND LABOR. (N. Y.) 107 N. E. 1058, 213 N. Y. 600. "Occupation."--Green v. Horn (N. Y. Sup.) 151 See Municipal Corporations, 8 374.

N. Y. S. 215. "Officer.”—La Chicotte v. City of New York

810 (N.Y.Sup.) Contract implied by law to (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 566.

pay what services were reasonably worth held "Or otherwise."-In re Willcox (N. Y. Sup.) promise of defendant's testatrix to pay, which

to give plaintiff cause of action, where express 151 N. Y. S. 141. "Pavements.”—Uvalde Asphalt Paving Co. v.

had induced plaintiff to remain in service, was City of New York (N. Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y.

too indefinite for enforcement.-Plattenburg v. S. 927.

Briggs, 151 N. Y. S. 925. "Peacemaker's court."— Terrance v. Gray (N. $ 28 (N.Y.Sup.) In action to recover amount Y. Sup.) 151 N. Y. S. 136.

due for personal services, evidence held insufFor cases in Dec. Dig. & Am. Dig. Key No. Series & Indexes see same topic and section (3) NUMBER

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