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Her oss, and other pleasures all abjure.
When out of hope, behold her, not far off,
Such as I saw her in my dream, adorn'd
With what all earth or heaven could bestow
To make her amiable: on she came,
Led by her heav'nly Maker, though unseen,
And guided by his voice, nor uninform❜d
Of nuptial sanctity and marriage rites:
Grace was in all her steps, heav'n in her eye,
In every gesture dignity and love.

I overjoy'd could not forbear aloud.





This turn hath made amends; thou hast fulfill'd Thy words, Creator bounteous and benign, Giver of all things fair, but fairest this Of all thy gifts, nor enviest. I now see Bone of my bone, flesh of my flesh, my self Before me; woman is her name, of man Extracted; for this cause he shall forego Father and mother, and to his wife adhere; And they shall be one flesh, one heart, one soul. She heard me thus, and though divinely brought, Yet innocence and virgin modesty,

Her virtue and the conscience of her worth,


That would be woo'd, and not unsought be won, Not obvious, not obtrusive, but retir'd,

498 heav'n] Fletcher's Philaster, act iii. scene 1. 'How Heaven is in your eyes.'


502 conscience] For consciousness. So Cic. de Senectute: 'Conscientia bene actæ vitæ jucundissima est,' and in the English version of the Bible, Heb. x. 2. Should have no more conscience of sins.' Pearce.

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Nature herself, though pure of sinful thought,
Wrought in her so, that seeing me she turn'd;
I follow'd her, she what was honour knew,
And with obsequious majesty approv'd
My pleaded reason. To the nuptial bow'r
I led her blushing like the morn: all heav'n,
And happy constellations on that hour
Shed their selectest influence; the earth
Gave sign of gratulation, and each hill;



Joyous the birds; fresh gales and gentle airs 515
Whisper'd it to the woods, and from their wings
Flung rose, flung odours from the spicy shrub,
Disporting, till the amorous bird of night
Sung spousal, and bid haste the ev'ning star
On his hill top to light the bridal lamp.


Thus I have told thee all my state, and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss, Which I enjoy, and must confess to find In all things else delight indeed, but such As, us'd or not, works in the mind no change, 525 Nor vehement desire; these delicacies I mean of taste, sight, smell, herbs, fruits, and Walks, and the melody of birds: but here Far otherwise, transported I behold,


Transported touch; here passion first I felt, 530

511 blushing] Fletcher's F. Shepherd, act. i. scene 1. 'O you are fairer far

Than the chaste blushing morn.'


315 birds] Herds. Bentl. MS.

Commotion strange, in all enjoyments else
Superior and unmov'd, here only weak
Against the charm of beauty's powerful glance.
Or nature fail'd in me, and left some part
Not proof enough such object to sustain,
Or from my side subducting took perhaps
More than enough; at least on her bestow'd
Too much of ornament, in outward show
Elaborate, of inward less exact.

For well I understand in the prime end
Of nature her th' inferior, in the mind
And inward faculties, which most excel,
In outward also her resembling less.



His image who made both, and less expressing
The character of that dominion giv'n


O'er other creatures: yet when I approach

Her loveliness, so absolute she seems
And in her self complete, so well to know
Her own, that what she wills to do or say
Seems wisest, virtuousest, discreetest, best:
All higher knowledge in her presence falls
Degraded, wisdom in discourse with her
Loses discountenanc'd, and like folly shows:
Authority and reason on her wait,
As one intended first, not after made
Occasionally; and, to consummate all,
Greatness of mind and nobleness their seat
Build in her loveliest, and create an awe
About her, as a guard angelic plac'd.



553 Loses discountenanc'd] Looks disconcerted.' Bentl. MS.


To whom the angel with contracted brow. Accuse not nature, she hath done her part; Do thou but thine, and be not diffident Of wisdom she deserts thee not, if thou Dismiss not her, when most thou need'st her nigh, By attributing overmuch to things


Less excellent, as thou thyself perceiv'st.
For what admir'st thou, what transports thee so?
An outside? fair no doubt, and worthy well
Thy cherishing, thy honouring, and thy love,
Not thy subjection: weigh with her thyself; 570
Then value: oft times nothing profits more
Than self esteem, grounded on just and right
Well manag'd: of that skill the more thou know'st,
The more she will acknowledge thee her head,
And to realities yield all her shows;

Made so adorn for thy delight the more,


So awful, that with honour thou may'st love
Thy mate, who sees when thou art seen least wise.
But if the sense of touch whereby mankind
Is propagated seem such dear delight

Beyond all other, think the same vouchsaf'd
To cattel and each beast; which would not be

560 contracted brow]

To whom the angel, whose severer brow

Sent forth a frown.'


See Quarles' Divine Poems, p. 250; and Shepherd's Oracle,

P. 60.

676 adorn] v. Spens. F. Qu. iii. xii. 20.

'Without adorne of gold, or silver bright.' Bowle


To them made common and divulg'd, if aught
Therein enjoy'd were worthy to subdue
The soul of man, or passion in him move.
What higher in her society thou find'st
Attractive, human, rational, love still:
In loving thou dost well, in passion not,
Wherein true love consists not: love refines
The thoughts, and heart enlarges; hath his seat
In reason, and is judicious; is the scale


By which to heav'nly love thou may'st ascend,
Not sunk in carnal pleasure; for which cause
Among the beasts no mate for thee was found.
To whom thus half abash'd Adam reply'd. 595
Neither her outside form'd so fair, nor aught
In procreation common to all kinds,
Though higher of the genial bed by far
And with mysterious reverence I deem,

So much delights me, as those graceful acts, 600
Those thousand decencies that daily flow
From all her words and actions, mix'd with love
And sweet compliance, which declare unfeign'd
Union of mind, or in us both one soul;
Harmony to behold in wedded pair


More grateful than harmonious sound to the ear.
Yet these subject not; I to thee disclose
What inward thence I feel, not therefore foil'd,
Who meet with various objects, from the sense

508 genial bed] Genialis Lectuli.' Arnob. lib. iv. c. 20. Apuleius de Asino. Foedus thori genialis. v. Orellium ad Arnob. vol. ii. p. 219.

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