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O'er shields, and helms, and helmed heads he rode
Of thrones and mighty seraphim prostrate,
That wish'd the mountains now might be again
Thrown on them as a shelter from his ire.
Nor less on either side tempestuous fell
His arrows, from the fourfold visag❜d Four,
Distinct with eyes, and from the living wheels
Distinct alike with multitude of eyes;
One spirit in them rul'd, and every eye


Glar'd light'ning, and shot forth pernicious fire
Among th' accurst, that wither'd all their strength,
And of their wonted vigour left them drain'd, 851
Exhausted, spiritless, afflicted, fall'n.

Yet half his strength he put not forth, but check'd
His thunder in mid volly, for he meant
Not to destroy, but root them out of heav'n. 855
The overthrown he rais'd, and as a herd
Of goats or timorous flock together throng'd
Drove them before him thunder-struck, pursu'd
With terrors and with furies to the bounds

841 prostrate] Fairfax and Spenser accent this word on the last syllable. v. Tasso, c i. 83;

And lay his powers prostrate.' F. Qu. xii. 39. 'Before fair Britomart she fell prostráte.' Newton. 958 thunder] See Beaumont's Psyche, c. xx. st. 102. 'Down plung'd this mixed rout which almost split The greedy throat of the sulphureous deep, Loud was the noise of this great fall, but yet Far louder was their crie, who down the steep

Eternal precipice still tumbled, and

No bottom saw, to bid their ruine stand.'

And crystal wall of heav'n, which op'ning wide
Roll'd inward, and a spacious gap disclos'd
Into the wasteful deep; the monstrous sight
Struck them with horror backward; but far worse
Urg'd them behind; headlong themselves they

Down from the verge of heav'n, eternal wrath 865
Burn'd after them to the bottomless pit.

Hell heard th' unsufferable noise, hell saw
Heav'n ruining from heav'n, and would have fled
Affrighted; but strict fate had cast too deep
Her dark foundations, and too fast had bound.
Nine days they fell; confounded Chaos roar'd,
And felt tenfold confusion in their fall


Through his wild anarchy; so huge a rout
Incumber'd him with ruin: hell at last
Yawning receiv'd them whole, and on them clos'd,
Hell their fit habitation, fraught with fire
Unquenchable, the house of woe and pain.
Disburden'd heav'n rejoic'd, and soon repair'd
Her mural breach, returning whence it roll❜d.
Sole victor from th' expulsion of his foes
Messiah his triumphal chariot turn'd:
To meet him all his saints, who silent stood
Eye-witnesses of his almighty acts,


868 ruining] Falling down with ruin, from the Italian ruinando. v. Tasso's Gier. Lib. ix. 39.

'Gli alberi intorno ruinando atterra.' Thyer.

877 house] Fairfax's Tasso, ix. st. 59.

Fit house for them, the house of grief and pain.'


With jubilee advanc'd; and as they went,
Shaded with branching palm, each order bright 885
Sung triumph, and him sung victorious King,
Son, Heir, and Lord, to him dominion giv❜n,
Worthiest to reign: he celebrated rode
Triumphant through mid heav'n, into the courts
And temple of his mighty Father thron'd
On high; who into glory him receiv'd,
Where now he sits at the right hand of bliss.



Thus measuring things in heav'n by things on
At thy request, and that thou may'st beware [earth,
By what is past, to thee I have reveal'd
What might have else to human race been hid;
The discord which befell, and war in heav'n
Among th' angelic powers, and the deep fall
Of those too high aspiring, who rebell'd
With Satan, he who envies now thy state,
Who now is plotting how he may seduce
Thee also from obedience, that with him
Bereav'd of happiness thou may'st partake
His punishment, eternal misery,

Which would be all his solace and revenge,
As a despite done against the Most High,
Thee once to gain companion of his woe.
But listen not to his temptations, warn
Thy weaker; let it profit thee to have heard
By terrible example the reward

Of disobedience; firm they might have stood,
Yet fell: remember, and fear to transgress.




900 he] The construction, Bentley observes, requires him.




RAPHAEL, at the request of Adam, relates how, and wherefore, this world was first created; that GOD, after the expelling of Satan and his angels out of heaven, declared his pleasure to create another world, and other creatures to dwell therein; sends his Son with glory and attendance of angels to perform the work of creation in six days: the angels celebrate with hymns the performance thereof, and his reascension into heaven.

DESCEND from heav'n, Urania, by that name
If rightly thou art call'd, whose voice divine
Following, above th' Olympian hill I soar,
Above the flight of Pegasean wing.

The meaning, not the name, I call for thou
Nor of the Muses nine, nor on the top
Of old Olympus dwell'st, but heav'nly born,
Before the hills appear'd, or fountain flow'd,
Thou with eternal Wisdom didst converse,
Wisdom thy sister, and with her didst play



"old Olympus] 'cold.' Bentl. MS. 1. 516. 1. 428. 2.393. 7 old] Some would read 'cold,' as in book i. 516; but it is called 'old,' as being 'fam'd of old,' see book i. 420, ii. 593. Newton.

In presence of th' almighty Father, pleas'd
With thy celestial song. Up led by thee
Into the heav'n of heav'ns I have presum'd,
An earthly guest, and drawn empyreal air,
Thy temp'ring; with like safety guided down 15
Return me to my native element:

Least from this flying steed unrein'd, as once
Bellerophon, though from a lower clime,

Dismounted, on the Aleian field I fall

25. r

Erroneous, there to wander and forlorn.

Half yet remains unsung, but narrower bound,
Within the visible diurnal sphere;


Standing on earth, not rapt above the pole,
More safe I sing with mortal voice, unchang'd
To hoarse or mute, though fall'n on evil days, 25
On evil days though fall'n and evil tongues,
In darkness, and with dangers compast round,
And solitude; yet not alone, while thou
Visit'st my slumbers nightly, or when morn
Purples the east. Still govern thou my song, 30
Urania, and fit audience find, though few.
But drive far off the barbarous dissonance
Of Bacchus and his revellers, the race

Of that wild rout that tore the Thracian bard
In Rhodope, where woods and rocks had ears 35
To rapture, till the savage clamour drown'd
Both harp and voice; nor could the muse defend

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35 ears] Hor. Od. i. xii. v. 11.

'Auritas fidibus canoris

Ducere quercus.'


& share that M. recommenced writing at the 74t book after the evil days of the Restoration

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