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TRENTON, N. J., October 31st, 1899. To His Excellency Hon. Foster M. Voorhees, Governor of the State of

New Jersey: SIR-I have the honor to transmit herewith the twenty-third annual report of the Board of Health of the State of New Jersey, and the report of the Bureau of Vital Statistics, for the statistical year ending June 30th, 1899.

Very respectfully,
HENRY MITCHELL,

Secretary.

SECRETARY'S REPORT.

Marriages.—The number of marriages recorded during the year ending June 30th, 1899, was 13,336. The following table shows the decrease in the number of marriages which has followed the enactment of the law of 1897, requiring that where both parties are non-residents of the State a license for the ceremony shall be procured :

RECORDED

TABLE 1.-NUMBER OF CERTIFICATES OF MARRIAGE RECEIVED AND

DURING THE TEN YEARS ENDING JUNE 30th, 1899.

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Marriage certificates recorded, . . 16,954 15,847 16,572 17,627 16,690 16,537 18,774' 18,171 13,664 13,336

Birthe.-The number of births recorded during the statistical year was 29,419. The following table shows the number of births recorded during each of the past fifteen years, and it is apparent that the sudden diminution of recorded births from 34,687 in 1898 to 29,419 in 1899 is due very largely to the inefficiency of the system employed in New Jersey for the collection of birth returns.

TABLE 2.-BIRTHS RECORDED IN NEW JERSEY FOR THE FIFTEEN YEARS ENDING

JUNE 30tb, 1899.

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Number of births recorded...... 25,189

27,382

28,016

29,084

30,407

31,770

30,023

32,726

Year

1893.

1894.

1895.

1896.

1897.

1898.

1899.

Number of births recorded.

34,639

35,108

33,198

33,006

31,595

34,687

29,409

C. D., defendant, wae, by the district court of the city of T. (or by me, E. F., justice of the peace, police jastice or recorder of the city of............or as the case may be) convicted of violating the............section of 'An act to secure in this state the certification of marriages, births and deaths and of the facts relating thereto, and to provide for the record thereof,' approved February fifteenth, one thousand eight hundred and eighty-eight, in a summary proceeding, at the suit of the board of health of the state of New Jersey (or of the local board of health of the township of A, or as the case may be); and further, that the witnesses in said proceeding who testified for the plaintiff were [name them), and the witnesses who testified for the defendant were [name them); therefore, the said court (or justice of the peare, police justice or recorder, as the case may be] doth hereby give judgment that the plaintiff recover of the defendant... ........dollars penalty, and............dollars costs of this proceeding.” And the said conviction shall be signed by the judge of the district court, justice of the peace, police jastice or recorder before whom the conviction is had.

2. This act shall take effect immediately.

Deaths.-The number of deaths which occurred in New Jersey during the year ending June 30th, 1899, was 30,999, and the estimated population is 1,855,872, thus showing a death-rate of 16.70.

The liability of error in estimating population increases with each succeeding year after the census enumerations, and this factor introduces an element of uncertainty relating to birth-rates and death-rates which can only be corrected when the next census shall have been completed.

During the past year there were 10,357 deaths of children under five years of age; 8,042 of persons over sixty, and 1,773 deaths occurred in persons over eighty.

Deaths from the Classified Causes. The following table shows that the mortality from the preventable causes of disease has been greater than it was during the previous year, except in the case of scarlet fever, measles and diphtheria :

TABLE 3 --DEATHS FROM ALL OF THE CLA881FIED CAUSES FOR THE YEAR ENDING

JUNE 30th, 1899, COMPARED WITH DEATHS FOR THE PREVIOUS YEAR. AND
COMPARED WITH THE YEARLY AVERAGE FOR TWENTY-ONE YEARS, 1879-1899.

CLASSIFIED DISEASES.

Average deaths fo)

twenty-one yearı
1879-1899.

Deaths for vear end.

ing Jope 30, 1898.

Deaths for year end

ing June 30, 1899

187

Remittent fever........
Enteric or typhoid fever ..
Small-pox
Scarlet fever.
Measles..........
Whooping cough...
Diphtheria and croup..
Erysipelas .....
Diarrbæal diseases of children.
Consumption.........
Acute lung..
Brain and nervous diseases of children.
Diseases of heart and circulation....
Renal and cystic diseases.....
Adult brain and spinal diseasee..
Adult digestive and intestinal diseases..
Cancer......
Acute rheumatism.
Puerperal.

213 82 96 572 450 486

39 0 0 471

2011 159 195 231

96 282

155 1,384 950 777

91 58 88 3,115 2,958 3,568 3,165 3,225 3,584 3,276 3,414 4,322 1,874 1,642 1,954 1,784, 2,286 2,731 1,146 1,694 1,925 2,108 2,700 2,842 1,345 1,484 1,556 622 852 946

80 55 73 262 264 267

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