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APPENDIX F.

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INSTRUCTIONS FOR USING THE MORTAR AND

ROCKET APPARATUS FOR SAVING LIFE. In the event of your vessel stranding within a short distance of the United Kingdom, and the lives of the crew being placed in danger, assistance will, if possible, be rendered from the shore in the following manner : namely,

1.--A rocket or shot with a thin line attached will be fired across your vessel. Get hold of this lipe as soon as you can, and when you have secured it, let one of the crew be separated from the rest, and, if in the day-time, wave his hat or his hand, or a flag or handkerchief; or, if at night, let a rocket, a blue light, or a gun be fired, or let a light be displayed over the side of the ship and be again concealed, as a signal to those on shore. 2.

When you see one of the men on shore separated from the rest, wave a Red Flag, or (if at night) show a Red Light, and then conceal it; you are to haul upon the rocket line until you get a tailed block with an endless fall rove through it.

3.- Make the tail of the block fast to the mast about 15 feet above the deck, or, if your masts are gone, to the highest secure part of the vessel. When the tail block is made fast and the rocket line unbent from the whip, let one of the crew, separated from the rest, make the signal required by article 1 above.

4.-As soon as the signal is seen on shore, a hawser will be bent to the whip line, and will be hauled off to the ship by those on shore.

5.-When the hawser is got on board, the crew should at once make it fast to the same part of the ship as the tailed block is made fast to, only, about 18 inches higher, taking care that there are no turns of the whip line round the hawser.

6.- When the hawser has been made fast on board, the signal directed to be made in Article 1 above is to be repeated.

7.--The men on shore will then pull the hawser taut, and by means of the whip line will haul off to the ship a sling, cot, or life-buoy, into which the person to be hauled ashore is to get and be made fast. When he is in and secure, one of

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the crew must be separated from the rest, and again signal to the shore as directed in Article 1 above. The people on shore will then haul the person in the sling to the shore, and when he has landed, will haul back the empty sling to the ship for others. This operation will be repeated until all persons are hauled ashore from the wrecked vessel.

8.-It may sometimes happen that the state of the weather and the condition of the ship will not admit of a hawser being set up ; in such cases, a sling or life-buoy will be hauled off instead, and the shipwrecked persons will be hauled through the surf, instead of along a hawser.

Masters and crews of stranded vessels should bear in mind that SUCCESS in landing them in a great measure DEPENDS UPON THEIR COOLNESS AND ATTEN. TION TO THE RULES HERE LAID DOWN; and that by attending to them many lives are annually saved by the Mortar and Rocket Apparatus on the Coasts of the United Kingdom.

The system of signalling must be strictly adhered to ; and all women, children, passengers, and helpless persons should be landed before the crew of the ship.

APPENDIX G.

OFFICIAL LOG BOOK, Being Pages 2 and 3, containing the Directions. 1. Masters of all British Merchant Ships (except Ships employed exclusively in trading between Ports on the Coasts of the United Kingdom) are bound by the Merchant Shipping Act, 1854, Section 280, to keep an Official Log Book in the form sanctioned by the Board of Trade ; and such official Log may, at the discretion of the Master or Owner of any Ship, either be kept distinct from the ordinary Ship's Log, or be united therewith, provided all the blanks in the Official Log are duly filled up.

2. The importance of keeping this book properly, and duly making all the entries at the proper time, and with the strictest regard to form, cannot be too strongly impressed on Ship Masters. By neglecting to do so, they subject them. selves to heavy penalties, and their Owners to serious loss and inconvenience, and they prevent discipline from being maintained, as no fine or forfeiture can be deducted, and no punishment inflicted for any offence, unless the entries are properly made and attested.

The following are the provisions of the Act which relate to Official Log Books :

3. Every entry in every Official Log shall be made as soon as possible after the occurrence to which it relates, and if not made on the same day as the occurrence to which it relates shall be made and dated so as to show the date of the occurrence and of the entry respecting it ; and in no case shall any entry therein in respect of any occurrence happening previously to the arrival of the ship at her final port of discharge be made more than twenty-four hours after such arrival.

4. Every master of a ship for which an Official Log Book is hereby required shall make or cause to be made therein entries of the following matters ; (that is to say) (1) Every legal conviction of any member of his crew,

and the punishment inflicted : (2) Every offence committed by any member of his crew

for which it is intended to prosecute, or to enforce a forfeiture, or to exact a fine, together with such statement concerning the reading over such entry, and concerning the reply (if any) made to the

charge, as herein-before required :* (3) Every offence for which punishmenc is inflicted on

board, and the punishment inflicted : (1) A statement of the conduct, character, and qualifica

tions, of each of his crew, or a statement that he

declines to give an opinion on such particulars : (5) Every case of illness or injury happening to any

member of the crew, with the nature thereof, and

the medical treatment adopted (if any) : (6) Every case of death happening on board, and of the (7) Every birth happening on board, with the sex of the

cause thereof :

• For a list of offences against discipline, and their punishments, see paragraph 8.

infant and the names of the parents : (8) Every marriage taking place on board, with the

names and ages of the parties : (9) The name of every seaman or apprentice who ceases

to be a member of the crew, otherwise than by death;

with the place, time, manner, and canse thereof : (10) The amount of wages due to any seaman who enters

Her Majesty's Service during the voyage : (11) The wages due to any seaman or apprentice who dies

during the voyage, and the gross amount of all

deductions to be made therefrom :t (12) The sale of the effects of any seaman or apprentice

who dies during the voyage, including & statement

of each article sold, and of the sum received for it :t (13) Every collision with any other ship, and the circum

stances under which same occurred. I 5. The entries hereby required to be made in Official Log Books shall be signed as follows; that is to say, every such entry shall be signed by the Master, and by the Mate or some other of the crew, and every entry of illness, injury, or death shall be also signed by the Surgeon or Medical Practitioner on board (if any); and every entry of wages due to or of the sale of the effects of any seaman or apprentice who dies shall be signed by the Master, and by the Mate and some other member of the crew ; and every entry of wages due to any seaman who enters Her Majesty's Service shall be signed by the master, and by the seaman, or by the officer authorised to receive the seaman into such Service.

6. The following offences in respect of Official Log Books shall be punishable as hereinafter mentioned ; that is to say, (1) If in any case an Official Log Book is not kept in the

manner hereby required, or if any entry hereby directed to be made in any such Log Book is not

+ The 196th section of the Act imposes a penalty not exceeding treble the value of the money or effects not accounted for or if such value is not ascertained, not exceeding £50, for neglecting this entry.

The 328th section of the Act imposes a specific Penalty of £20, for neglecting this entry.

made at the time and in the manner hereby directed, the Master shall for each such offence incur the specific penalty herein mentioned in respect thereof, or where there is no such specific penalty a penalty

not exceeding five pounds : (2) Every person who makes or procures to be made or

assists in making any entry in any Official Log Book, in respect of any occurrence happening previously to the arrival of the Ship at her final port of discharge, more than twenty-four hours after such arrival, shall, for each such offence incur a penalty not

exceeding thirty pounds : (3) Every person who willfully destroys or mutilates or

renders illegible any entry in any Official Log Book, or who wilfully makes or procures to be made or assists in making any false or fraudulent entry or omission in any such Log Book, shall for each such

offence be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor. 7. All entries made in any Official Log Book as hereinbefore directed shall be received in evidence in any proceeding in any Court of Justice, subject to all just exceptions.

8. Whenever any seaman who has been lawfully engaged or any apprentice to the sea service commits any of the following offences he shall be liable to be punished summarily as follows : (that is to say) (1) For desertion he shall be liable to imprisonment for

any period not exceeding twelve weeks, with or without hard labour, and also to forfeit all or any part of the clothes and effects he leaves on board, and all or any part of the wages or emoluments which he has then earned, and also, if such desertion take place abroad, at the discretion of the Court, to forfeit all or any part of the wages or emoluments he may earn in any other ship in which he may be employed until his next return to the United Kingdom and to satisfy any excess of wages paid by the Master or Owner of the ship from which he deserts to any substitute engaged in his place at a higher rate of wages than the rate stipulated to be paid to him :

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