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HEAVY WEIGHTS. 1. How would you take ont a heavy weight ?
Rig a pair of shears over the hatchway in such a manner that one leg is at the port forward corner and the other leg at the starboard after corner. Guy these shears to the hawse-pipe forward and the quarter hawse aft. Untruss the main-yard and lash it to the mast, having mats to prevent chafe. In the gangway have another pair of shears for the main-yard to lie in, lay it in and lash altogether. With the shears over the hatch lift the weight till it is high enough to clear the rail, then put on the yard-arm tackle, ease out, and when clear of the rail, lower away. 2. If you found the shear leg giving, what would you do?
Bring the strain on the yard-arm tackle. 3. If the shear legs are all right, but the yard-arm seems to be giving ?
Haul on the shear tackle, and get preventer lifts up to the yard-arm.
NOTE.-Instead of using shears in the gangway, many use the main yard shored with a derrick, resting on a hardwood shoe, over a beam, and lashed to a stanchion.
A MAN OVERBOARD. If you hear the cry, "A man overboard,” what would you do to rescue him ?
I would send a man aloft to watch the place and to direct the boat when lowered. I would immediately have the helm put down, and bring the ship up in the wind, whether she is on the wind or free, and deaden her headway. Throw overboard instantly a life-buoy, or, if there is not one at hand, a grating, carpenter's bench, or any piece of plank or loose spars their may be about the deck, and let two or three hands clear away a quarter boat.
The best plan is :- If the vessel is on a wind, to haul the mainsail up and brace aback the after yards and raise the head sheets; then having her main yard aback she will drift nown directly towards the man. Keep the head sails full to teady her, while the after ones stop her head-way.
If the vessel is free, with studding-sails set, clew up lower studding-sail, brace up the head yards, haul forward the foretack, and keep the head yards full while you luff up to back the after ones. Lower away the boat as soon as it is safe.
THE COMMERCIAL CO] Has many advantages and facilities for signalline how the form of a Hoist will usually denote the natus
W. BY S.
Published by T
TAKING IN A MAIN YARD. Your main yard is alongside, proceed to get it on board.
Reeve a hawser from a block at the forward trestletree, and hitch it a foot or so from the midships of the yard, and stop it at the yard-arm; hoist away, cast off the stop, and lay the yard before the mast athwart ships, resting it on the two rails.
ADDITIONAL FOR MASTERS.
COMMERCIAL CODE OF SIGNALS.
1. How can you tell the Quadrants of the compass by any particular characteristic in the hoist ?
Each Quadrant of the Compass has one of the four Pennants allotted to it, thus
From N to E } N, the C pennant uppermost.
From W to NW, the G 2. What is the meaning of a Two Flag Signal, with a Pennant uppermost and the Flag W below?
It is a Meteorological (Wind) forecast. 3. What Flag in the Spelling Table is common to every syllable ?
The C (white) Pennant uppermost. 4. How is the Commercial Code applied in making Boat Signals ?
The Distance Signals are used. The Ball is represented by a bundle or hat;. the Pennant by something longer than it is broad; the Square Flag by a handkerchief, &c. These signals are made from right to left, but read from left to right.
5. What means are there for reporting ships passing along the English Coast ?
Signal Stations have been establisbed at many of the principal points of the coast; and on ships passing and making their names known by the Commercial Code Signals, the Officers in charge of the Stations forward reports to the
Shipping Gazette" for publication.
6. How are Signal Letters for the purpose of making a ship's name at sea, to be obtained for British registered ships?
By applying to a Registrar of Shipping at one of the Custom-houses, or to the Registrar General of Seamen, London, E.C.
7. What do you understand those small numbers to indicate that you see placed about the chart ?
Depth of water in fathoms, if not otherwise stated. 8. At what time of the tide ?
At low water, ordinary springs, if not otherwise stated 9. What are the requisites you should know in order that you may compare the depths obtained by your lead line on board with the depths marked on the chart ?
The time of the tide and the “ mean spring range." 10. What do the Roman numerals indicate that are occasionally seen near the coast and in harbours ?
The time of high water at that place at full and change of the moon.
11. How would you find the time of high water at any place, the Admiralty Tide Tables not being at hand, nor any other special Tables available ?
To the time of high water at full and change I would add 49 minutes for every day that has elapsed since the full and change of the moon; the sum would be the p. m. tide for the given day, approximately.
Or, to the time of the moon's meridian passage corrected for longitude, add the port establishment; the sum would be the p.m. tide for the day required.