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After Sailing,Survey. Potest

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Dead Freight. Bu of Eschenre.
50. You bere leta part

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Muster the cren at, and senis is -2, (if any) to my owners and to the Shoang 6:2

51. You have bond yourself to make the cor way to your port of linsebarge, may

the LTO course?

Yes: to avoid an enemy: inne po

obtain
ITU breaking out amongst the cren.

52. Suppose you enter a fareig de

I should enter with the man
proper officer would board me, ma
man and the whole of the
nothing infectious world partner
to my Consul and get permintaan
hospital, then land him. I am
articles on shore to the Comms
for the man, and whateres
demand for the man's
any, will be returned to
man to fill the
afterwards sail with the

53. Suppose you best
bulwarks gone, wc,
sul and note a protes.

54. What next?

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58. What should the Surveyors put in their report ?

“Lost, damaged, or destroyed." 59. Suppose the Surveyors order you to discharge, and your repairs will take some time, what would you do with the cargo ?

Hire another ship to take it on. 60. You cannot get another ship?

If a perishable cargo, sell it ; if not, warehouse it. I should telegraph or write home to my owners, informing them what I had done. 61. In all cases, what should you do before breaking bulk?

Call a survey on my hatches. 62. Whom would you call ?

Two shipmasters. 63. Upon discharging cargo you find some damaged, what would you do?

Call a survey on it ? 64. Whom would you call ?

Two merchants, who are acquainted with the kind

of cargo.

65. What would they report upon ?

Whether the cargo was properly stowed and dunnaged, and the amount of damage. 66. What would you do after receiving their report ?

Extend the protest. 67. In extending a protest, what must you be

very

careful about ?

To see that nothing is put in it that cannot be proved by the ship's log.

68. If you were in a steamer and had gone in with machinery damaged, whom would you call on the survey ?

A shipmaster and an engineer. 69. Suppose you had no money to pay for the repairs, how would you set about getting it ?

Telegraph or write to my owners, if I could do so. 70. Suppose you are too far off to do so in a reasonable time, what would you try next?

To raise the money by a bill upon my owners.

71. You cannot succeed in so raising it ; what next?

Try to get it upon a bottomry bond. 72. What is a bottomry bond ?

Raising money for the necessary repairs of the ship upon the ship as security.

73. What is the difference between a bottomry bond and a mortgage ?

A bottomry bond is entered into by the master. The money so raised must be spent upon the necessary repairs of the ship only, and be repaid with interest on the completion

of the voyage.

A mortgage is entered into by the owner. The money raised may be spent as he likes, and the interest and principal paid at the times stated in the deed. 74. How would yori proceed to get a bottomry bond ?

I would advertise, and accept that offer which was for the lowest interest.

75. How many bottomry bonds may a ship have on one

voyage ?

to carry

As many as may

be
necessary

her to her final port of discharge.

76. Shew what you mean ?

Ship gets a bottomry bond at port A, and then sails. She again meets with bad weather, is damaged, and calls at port B, where she gets a second bond, and after repairs sails again. She again meets bad weather, is damaged, goes into port C, gets a third bond, repairs, sails, and reaches her final port of discharge. 77. How are these bonds paid ?

The last first, and so backwards ; C, B, and last, A. 78. Supposing the ship had been lost after leaving

port C.

Then the principal and interest of all the bonds would have been lost.

79. Suppose you could not raise money by a bottomry bond, what could you do?

Try to raise it on the cargo. If I could not get it by that means, then I would be obliged to sell sufficient of the cargo to raise the necessary money.

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80. What is this called ?

Respondentia. 81. What is meant by respondentia ?

The pledging or selling sufficient of the cargo to pay for the necessary repairs of the ship, when the money cannot be obtained by any other means. 82. Your repairs are completed, what would you do?

Call a survey upon the repairs, so as to have a voucher that they are properly done. 83. Why is this necessary ?

To satisfy the Insurance Company. 84. And then ?

Make the best of my way to the port of discharge. 85. Is there any precaution that you, as a careful shipmaster, could take for your owner's interest before sailing ?

Yes : I would make out a list of all my disbursements upon ship and crew while at the port, and send it to my owners by post, with copies of the necessary vouchers. 86. On arrival at your port of discharge, what would you do?

Report myself to the port authorities and to my Consul and note a protest ; then look up my consignee. 87. To whom would you deliver the cargo ?

To the legal holder of the bill of lading. 88. How would you know that the Consignee legally held the bill of lading ?

By the endorsement. 89. Whose name would be on the back ?

The original Shipper's name. 90. What difference is there between the Bill of Lading as it left your hand at signing it, and when you see it again in the Consignee's hand ?

It will now bear the endorsement of the original shipper.

91. Supposing you could not find the consignee, what would you do ?

Advertise for him. 92. How long would you advertise ?

During my lay days.

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93. What would you do with the cargo ?

Discharge it into a warehouse. If the consignee turned up, he could get it upon paying the charges; if he were still not to be found at the end of the lay-days, then, if it were a perishable cargo, I would sell it; but if it were not, I should get some responsible person to advance the freight and charges, he holding the cargo as a security till the consigeee appeared, or instructions could arrive from the original shipper.

94. In the last case, would you not be obliged to lay the demurrage days?

No. 95. In all cases of dispute, detention, or difficulty, what should you do?

Write home to my owners a full account of the case, with copies of any documents.

96. What precautions should you take with reference to bills, vouchers, protests, &c., before leaving port ?

I would enclose verified copies in a letter to my owners. 97. Suppose a merchant has stipulated to supply a full cargo, but finds he cannot, what would you do ?

Have the unfilled space measured, calculate the freight I should earn upon that space, and claim the amount from the merchant as " dead freight.'

98. Suppose he refuses to pay, have you any lien upon the cargo already in for this " dead freight.”

No. 99. How can you recover the money then ?

Only by going to law to enforce the penalty clause in the charter-party.

100. Describe how you would act if left thus, with only & part of the promised cargo ?

As before stated, I should measure the unfilled space and calculate what freight I could earn on it; then I should try to find another freight for the space; and if the rate of freight is against me, I should claim the difference from the first party; taking care to refuse anything that would damage the cargo already in.

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