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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1958

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIXES

EIGHTY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

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"RTMENT

AND COMMENT

SUBCOMMITTEE ON DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND STATED

AGENCIES APPROPRIATIONS

JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Chairman
FRED MARSHALL, Minnesota

H. CARL ANDERSEN, Minnesota
WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky WALT HORAN, Washington
JAMES B. BOWLER, Illinois

CHARLES W. VURSELL, Illinois
Ross P. POPE, Staff Assistant to the Subcommittee

PART 4
AGRICULTURAL CONSERVATION PROGRAM
COMMODITY STABILIZATION SERVICE
GREAT PLAINS PROGRAM
LANGUAGE CHANGES AND GENERAL PROVISIONS
SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE
SOIL BANK PROGRAM
SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE

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COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman GERNON MAHON, Texas

JOHN TABER, New York ARRO R. SHEPARD, California

RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, Massachusetts ALBERT THOMAS, Texas

BEN F. JENSEN, Iowa MICHAEL J. KIRWAN, Ohio

H. CARL ANDERSEN, Minnesota W. F. NORRELL, Arkansas

WALT HORAN, Washington JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi

GORDON CANFIELD, New Jersey GEORGE W. ANDREWS, Alabama

IVOR D. FENTON, Pennsylvania JOHN J. ROONEY, New York

ERRETT P. SCRIVNER, Kansas J. VAUGHAN GARÉ, Virginia

FREDERIC R. COUDERT, JR., New York JOHN E. FOGARTY, Phode Island

CLIFF CLEVENGER, Ohio ROBERT L. F. SÄKES, Florida

EARL WILSON, Indiana PRINCE H. PRESYON, Georgia

BENJAMIN F. JAMES, Pennsylvania OTTO E. PAŠMAN, Louisiana

GERALD R. FORD, JR., Michigan DOUIS C. RADAUT, Michigan

EDWARD T. MILLER, Maryland SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois

CHARLES W. VURSELL, Illinois FRED MARSHALL, Minnesota

HAROLD C. OSTERTAG, New York JOHN J. RILEY, South Carolina

FRANK T. BOW, Ohio ALFRED D. SIEMINSKI, New Jersey HAMER H. BUDGE, Idaho JOE L. EVINS, Tennessee

CHARLES RAPER JONAS, North Carolina HENDERSON LANHAM, Georgia

MELVIN R. LAIRD, Wisconsin
JOHN F. SHELLEY, California
EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts
DON MAGNUSON, Washington
WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky
DANIEL J. FLOOD, Pennsylvania
WINFIELD K. DENTON, Indiana
TOM STEED, Oklahoma
HUGH Q. ALEXANDER, North Carolina
JAMES B. BOWLER, Illinois

KENNETH SPRANKLE, Clerk and Staff Director

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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE APPROPRIATIONS

FOR 1958

TUESDAY, APRIL 16, 1957. STATEMENT OF THE SECRETARY

WITNESSES HON. EZRA TAFT BENSON, SECRETARY EARL L. BUTZ, ASSISTANT SECRETARY ERVIN L. PETERSON, ASSISTANT SECRETARY MARVIN L. McLAIN, ASSISTANT SECRETARY KENNETH L. SCOTT, DIRECTOR, AGRICULTURAL CREDIT SERVICES RALPA S. ROBERTS. ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT SECRETARY R. L. FARRINGTON, GENERAL COUNSEL DON PAARLBERG, ASSISTANT TO THE SECRETARY JOSEPH C. WHEELER, DIRECTOR OF FINANCE AND BUDGET OFFICER

Mr. WHITTEN. The committee will come to order.

We are pleased to have with us today the Secretary of Agriculture. We are glad to have you, Mr. Benson, as well as your associates.

Secretary BENSON. Thank you,, Mr. Chairman. I am pleased to be here with my associates. I would like to express appreciation for the fine cooperation we have had from this committee as it has been reported to me from many members of our staff who have been here before you at the hearings.

Mr. WHITTEN. Thank you. We have had very good cooperation from them and we are appreciative of that.

The reason, I might say, Mr. Secretary, for having your appearance so late in our hearings is because we wanted to have your opinions on several new programs. There have been various new programs such as the soil bank and the Great Plains program started in the past year and we thought that at this time you would be in a little better shape to know what the situation is and also might be more helpful to the committee. So that is the reason we delayed your appearance until this late point in the proceedings.

Secretary BENSON. Thank you. Shall I proceed with my prepared statement ? Mr. WHITTEN. We will be glad to have you do so.

Secretary BENSON. And then we will try to answer later any questions you may have. Mr. WHITTEN. Thank you. Will you proceed?

GENERAL STATEMENT Secretary BENSON. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, in response to your invitation, I am pleased to again discuss with you the progress of agriculture.

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