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Daily Prices of Stocks, from the 26th of November to the 25th of December 1817.

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97.96p 18.20p 8418419 10 of Dec. 1
97.96p 18.20p 841833

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96.94p 18.19p 83184
94.96p 19.17p 83 84 19 10 0

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965.98p 119,20p 84 84121 19 0
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100.1010 19.20p 84 845

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100.103p|19.20p 83584521 19 0 12
19.20p 33831

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100.102p 18.200 83_841

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100p 117.21p 84 841

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100.98p 17.20p 33831

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E. EYTON, Stock Broker, 2, Cornhill, and Lombard Street.

LIBRAR

CALIFORNIA

ASIATIC JOURNAL

OF THE FEBRUARY 1818/ UNIVERSITY

FOR

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal. SIR-I perceive by an essay one day whilst I was in the act of which I lately perused in one of perusing Rennell's memoir to his the volumes of the Asiatic Re- first map of India; this happened searches, and also by an article in sometime in the year 1777. I your last publication, that a ques- thought this afforded a favorable tion which I liad long since con- opportunity of endeavouring to sidered as completely settled, ascertain if he could throw any namely, the situation of the Pa- light upon a point of so much imibothra of the antients, is again portance, and I accordingly stated revived and rendered a subject of the circumstance to him at length, further doubt and controversy. from that memoir. He told me Having resided many years on the that no place under the name of very spot which had tiil now, upon Palibothra was known to him, or the authority of the late Sir Wil- mentioned in any of their books ; liain Jones, been considered the but that the present city of Patna, site of that celebrated city, it may formerly called Patalaputra; and, perhaps be satisfactory to the as he pronounced it, Pataliputhra, learned and to the public to state had once been the residence of a what I know of the subject, and dynasty of the supreme monarchs which I hope may have some of India, about the time mentioned weight in setting the question com in our authorities. This very repletely at rest. Not long after markable coincidence of names my arrival at Patna, in the year struck me so forcibly that I could 1775, I became intimately ac not but recognize this celebrated quainted with a Brahman of the city; yet one difficulty still remainname of Suboor Tewarry, who ed to be cleared up

before

my

mind was universally considered the could be completely satisfied. Palimost learned Pundit in that part bothra of ancient authors is stated to of India, and whose opinions, in have been situated at the conflux of all cases of difficulty in questions a large river with the Ganges: the of Hindoo law, were received as city of Patna does not at present oracles, and never disputed. This answer that description; it does respectable man paid me a visit not stand upon the conflux of two Asiatic Journal. – No. 26.

Vol, V. P

tivers. It is true that the Fulgoo formation I had received, I viewunites its waters with the Gangesed them with more minute attenat the town of Futwah, under the tion, and I found

iny

learned name of the Futwah Nullah, a friend's declaration corroborated little to the east of Patna, and and confirmed at every step I took : Futwal itself may be considered the former course of that river as one of its suburbs; but this is could be distinctly traced in many not a large stream even in the places, and the inhabitants of the rainy season, and in the dry season country were unanimous in the is nearly a stagnant water, having traditionary history of the fact. I little or no current. My learned had traversed the whole surface in friend then acquainted me, that all directions, for a space of not though this was not the case at less than thirty miles, for many present, yet it was otherwise in years, and the reply to my quesformer times, for that the river tions wherever I went was invaSoane, which now flows into the riably the same. There is a small Ganges at Moneer, upwards of town in that part of the country twenty miles to the westward of called Decanpoor, which in EngPatna, formerly united its waters lish means a habitation upon a with that river at the present river. This place stands upon one Bankypoor Nullah ; and he assured of those elevations I had remarked, me that it was not more than six I questioned the inhabitants how hundred years from the present they came to call their town by a time that it had deserted its former name so little adapted to its situabed and taken its present course : tion; the explanation was perfecthe also declared that both history ly satisfactory, for they all assertand tradition placed this remark- ed that the Soane had formerly able fact beyond all doubt. Here flowed directly below, and that the then we have a city coming up, hollow I saw, to which they pointboth in name and situation, to the ed, was its former bed. Palibothra of the antients, and, as traveller who has passed the city described by Pliny, standing at of Patna by water must have nothe conflux of a river of the third ticed the nature of the bank of order with the Ganges, for such is the river, which, from the suburb the Soane, which has its source in of Noongolah on the east, to the the same chain of mountains with further extremity of Bankypoor the Nerbuddah, pursuing an op on the west, an extent of six or posite direction of several hundred seven miles, consists entirely of miles. That the Soane has changed an uniform mass of bricks, broken its course is further corroborated pottery, rubbish and ruins, from by other collateral circumstances, the margin of the water to the as I shall further briefly state, and surface on which the city now which I think places the fact be- stands, an elevation of more than yond all doubt. In the course of forty feet in many places. This those hunting excursions with circumstance provęs it to have which we used to amuse ourselves been a place of great antiquity, in the cold season, in that part of -and the present abrupt state of its the country to the west of Patna,

banks likewise sufficiently proves which forms the angle between that it extended in former times a these rivers, I had frequently ob- considerable way into the present served numerous slight elevations, bed of the river, which still condepressions and occasional sandy tinues its encroachments, in detracts even at this day but thinly fiance of the various means made clothed with a stunted vegetation, use of by the inhabitants to counIn various parts of the plain form- teract the evil ; and this will naing that angle; but after the in- turally account for the breadth of

Every

as

the modern city bearing so little late Colonel Lewis Smith, and proportion to its extreme length subsequently to Mr. now Sir from east to west, which I have George Barlow; all, long before no doubt was otherwise in antient Sir William Jones's arrival ; and times. Now, when all the above considering the importance of it circumstances come to be candidly to the learned, that it should be considered ; namely, the testimony more generally known, I took an of my learned friend, founded early opportunity of writing an upon history and tradition, of the account of it to Mr. James Harris, change of the course of the Soane; a member of council under the thé vestiges of the former bed of old government, with whom I was that river still to be distinctly in correspondence, brother-in-law traced in many parts of the sur to Major Rennell, with a request face of the country, forming the that he would make it known to angle between both rivers ; the that gentleman, and it is very universal testimony of the inhabit possible I may yet have a copy ants themselves of this remark of that letter in my possession; able circumstance, the nature of but of this I cannot speak po: the present bank of the Ganges, sitively, as I have long since des consisting entirely of artificial ma- troyed most of my India papers, terials for an extent of so many and my absence from town premiles, and the very striking simi- cludes an immediate reference : larity of its antient name however, upon my return to Engwritten and pronounced by the land, I found, upon inquiry of learned natives themselves with Major Rennell, the communication that of our authorities; I think had not been made to that gentlewe cannot fail to recognize in the man. I have no wish to wrest Pataliputra of the Brahmans, the from Sir William Jones the credit farfamed Palibothra of the antients. of this discovery ; the world will

The late Sir William Jones has be more disposed to admit it upon the credit of having first made the authority of a name of such this discovery, and I believe the celebrity, than upon any thing literary world has been disposed that can be stated by so humble to acquiesce in the authority of and obscure an individual as mythat learned man; but it will be self. In point of fact it belongs to seen that my attention was first neither of us, but to the learned : drawn to this interesting subject geoprapher exclusively, who first several years before his arrival in suggested the idea. My sole ob the country, from a perụsal of the ject is the establishment of truth, memoir to Major Rennell's excel- and should you think the above lent map of India, as I have al- statement of circumstances has ready stated.

I made no secret that tendency, and deserving a of this ; but, on the contrary, I place in your miscellany, it is communicated the circumstance to much at

your

service. many of my most intimate friends

W. Young, and I well recollect having done So to Mr. Thomas Law, the Weymouth, Dec. 13, 1817.

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To the Editor of the Asiatic Journal, Sin--fn endeavouring to trace exmot but be struck with the fact, up to their original sources the that the most important changes, moral phenomena which the histo- and circumstances the most intiries of various mations present, we mately operative upon all the feel:

P2

ings and capacities of our nature, should it also be borne out by the have been induced upon enormous

appearance of collateral evidence masses of the population of our in other systems, the nature of the globe, by causes and influences so question is in itself so important, subtle, that in many instances the that it would be sufficiently valuacotemporary witnesses of their ex- ble, were this communication to istence appear not to have compre- engage the attention of some more hended their tendency; or, as with extensive writer, who would purrespect to the majority, no unra sue the parallel and elucidate the veļling clue remains amidst the proposition at greater length. darkness of irrecoverable ages. We may venture to assert that

This indeed is not to be won. by far the most prominent feature dered at, when we reflect that laws in the mental character of man, saand measures have been adopted, vage or civilised, is a propensity, times without number, in their ac when his own powers fail, to resort tion upon society producing a re to magic: a consciousness of his sult precisely the reverse of that own weakness uniting with a strong intended, whilst in casting an at- desire to pry into futurity, produtentive eye over the e pages of his ces it almost universally. Writers tory, we discover not a few cases of every age have recorded its exin which the vastest national revo tent, philosophers have examined lutions and changes quite unlooked its origin and bearings, statesmen for in the condition of society, have have employed its influence, and been brought to pass by the pre- the most superficial narrator of the valence of opinions whose silent manners of foreign people is sure progress was unobserved for ages, to describe its modes. It will be The philosophers and statesmen better here to explain the extent were intent upon

other

systems. to which I cúnceive the word maMan being left by his creator a gic is applicable. Our standard free agent, the possessor of rea- lexicographer Johnson defines masoning faculties, cannot but dis- gic as “ the art of putting in action cover the deepest interest in the the power of spirits ;” and, as a loinvestigation of the causes of men- gical consequence, adds, “it was tal thraldom. By what arts, what supposed that both good and bad deep working machinery of delu- spirits were subject to magic.”. sion, have the minds of millions be- This definition, until some one shew come enslaved to men their fe!lows, reason to the contrary, I shall hold by the usurping assumptions of to be correct. It is very apparent, hierarchies. The elucidation of I conceive, that it applies accuevery scheme which has at any rately to every ceremonial and time been employed by more subtle other circumstance to which the minds for the erection of spiritual idea of inherent virtue is attached; masterdoms, ought certainly, if it for whatever is effected in the mohave any appearance of probabi- ral or material worlds must be eility, to claim the attention due to ther the consequence of the apthe beacon that warns from the pointed laws of Providence, in the quicksands, under which the liber, one case operating by the influence ties and happiness of ages and na of education or persuasion, and in tions lie engulphed and buried. the other by mechanical or chemi

I allow the original causes of the cal power ; or it must be the consedomination of the Brahmans to be quence of magic; every exertion a subject incapable of historic de- of which may be considered as sumonstration ; but should a few facts perseding the regular laws of excombine to illustrate each other, istence. and afford a probable foundation Pretensions to and a belief in for the accuracy of my deduction; magic have ever prodigiously been

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