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* We are' authorised to give publicity George Staunton and myself, with having to the following copy of a letter which in our capacities of second and third has been addressed to the Hon. Court of commissioners planned and intended to Directors of the East-India Company, by make our escape (as it is termed) from John Hudleston, Esq.

the shore and scene of the negotiation, GENTLEMEN, — In the year 1783-4, by getting clandestinely ou board a ship wben your affairs on the Coast of Coro then in Mangalore Roads, with a view to mandel were administered by the late

secure our own personal safety, leaving Earl of Macartney, and I held the office

the rest of the persons belonging to the of Secretary to the Military and Political embassy, including the first commisDepartments, I consented, at his Jord- sioper, to their fate. Owing to various ship's earnest solicitation, to be added as circumstances and pariicularly to a long third member to a commission which had absence from home occasioned by donearly a month before been appointed to

mestic anxiety, I did not receive the proceed across the Peninsula, overland, voluine, nor become acquainted with the to the Malabar Coast, to negotiate a trea

nature of the charge until the 20th of ty of peace with the late Tippoo Sul

December last ; and the first step I took taun, who was then encamped with his was prompted by reflecting on the inarmy near Mangalore ; the other com stances of sudden death which have 0cmissioners were the late Anthony Sad curred in my family. To guard therefore lier, Esq. then second member of the against such au event, and lèst the same Madras' goveru ment, and the late Sir should happen to me that lias happeved George Staunton, Bart. then private se

to my associate in the accusation, who is cretary to the Governor. The success of no longer living to vindicate his fame, the negotiation completed the pacification I committed to writing, a short declara. of ludia, and I have for these thirty-four tion, which I shall here repeat in the years enjoyed the consciousness that if, same words, and the truth of which I iu my long career of service in India, am ready now to confirm with my oath, there was any conduct worthy of com and shall at 1.y last hour, if then sepsimendation, or from which the public in- ble, confirm with my dying lips, namely terests derived benefit, it was manifested " I do most solemuly and unequivocally in the unsought for and painful office of “ deny the charge, and declare upon my third member of the commission; and

honour, and as I shall answer at the in the humble share which I had in that “ Jast judgment if I am declaring falscnegotiation, I neither espected nor re. ly, that I am as unconscious of having ceived any other recompence. But if I

“ entertained or suggested or concurred was contented that it should prove, as it “ in the unworthy and degrading intention literally did, a thankless service to me, imputed to the two commissioners," (or, I did not, I could not auticipate from it I now add, of having ever held any conreproach or obloquy; having done nothing versation or consultation with the late Sir which the spirit of malignity itself would George Staunton or any other person, lay hold of against me. If I am believed on which such an intention was formed, in this averment, the honorable mind of or such a projec tconcerted or discussed), each and every member of your court will

as I was at the hour of my birth; vor, judge with what sensations I must have

..“ to the best of my knowledge, recolperused a book entitled

" Historical “ lection, and belief, did I ever know 66 Skctches of the South of India, by Co or lear, that such an accusation, or “ lonel Mark Wilks," (a respectable any accusation had been brought against member of that body of men of whose glo “ the said commissioners, until I heard ries I have fancied myself a partaker, and

“ of the said, volume, and read it in the among whom some of my earliest and passages alluded to." most cherished friendships were formed) ; I assure you, Gentlemer, it is not a passage in which charges the late Sir without a sense of humiliation that I ada

dress you on this occasion. It would have been more agreeable to my feelings to have

March 11.-A. Court of Direetors was followed the advice of some of my dearest

held at the East India House, when Cap

tain T. Larkins was sworn into the com. and most respected friends, by maintain..

mand of the ship Warren Hastings, con• ing an entire silence until after the en

signed to Bengal and Madras. suing general election, relying in the interval on the character which I have endeavoured to sustain, for a refutation

March 12. The dispatches were finally

closed at the East India House, and deof the only accusation that, I trust, has livered to the pursers - of the following ever been brought against it. You are ships, viz:aware of the observations made by an The Marchioness of Ely, Captain B. honorable Proprietor at the last General Kay; and Prince Regent, Captain T. H. Court, which have induced me to adopt Harris—for Madras and Bengal. the course I now pursue, in offering you

Passengers per Prince Regent-for Benthis short address, and which I shall, for

galMr. F. Currie, writer; Messrs. As

sistant Surgeons Inglis, Carruthers, and the present, conclude with repeating what Barker ; Messrs. Burrows, Graham, I most sincerely stated in answer to that Woodburn, Simpson, Thorpe, and Forbes, honorable Proprietor ; namely, that if,

cadets.--For Madras-Major Taylor and after twenty-three years of not inactive lady ; Lieut. Stewart ; Messis. Dighton,

Wyllie, Woodburn, nor unacknowledged services in India, Bury, Hamilton,

Sutton, O'Loughlin, and Thorpe, cadets. and twelve years of devotion of my best

Per Marchioness of Ely--For Bengalfaculties to their interests here, I possess

Messrs. Gifford and Beauchamp, free manot sufficient of character, to protect me riners; Mr. T. Burn; Misses Langley against this most unjust charge, I ought and Densdale ; Messrs. Fisher, Colebrook, not to be re-elected a Director ; on the Roberts, Minto, Beauchamp, and Jardine, contrary, I now add, it should be consi

cadets. --For Madras-Captain Chauval;

Miss Sewell and family; Misses Thompdered as a subject of congratulation to the

son and Neale, Mr. Cotton; Messrs. East India Company, that they have es. Rogers, Macdonald, Milford, Doveton, caped the perils to which their affairs Pullarton, Campbell, Ruddiman, and must liave been exposed, by the various Bayes, cadets. trusts which I have held both before and since the selection of me to negotiate

March 18.-A Court of Directors was with the late Tippoo Sultaun. That ini

held at the East India House, when the the event however of any being re-elected,

following commanders took leave of the I shall submit to each of my constituents, spective destinations, viz :

Court, previous to departing for their rein a statement, which I am now prepar Captain T. E. Ward, Fairlie ; and Caping, all that the lapse of thirty-four years, tain J. P. Anstice, Henry Porcher, for and the ravages of death in that interval, Bengal and Bombay, have left me to offer ju vindication of my own character, and that of my late col March 18.--A quarterly General Court league Sir George Staunton, whose name of Proprietors of East India Stock, was is included with mine in the charge ;

held at the East India House. A full repledging to them also my honor, as í port of the proceedings and debate on that

occasion, will be found in page 388 to again do, that if it shall not convince

page 401 of our present Numbei. them of the injustice of the charge, I will resign ny seat in the direction by disqua March 26.The dispatches were closed lifying. Indeed it would be no longer an at the East-India House, and delivered to object with me to retain it, after their the pursers of the two following ships, confidence should have been withdrawn.

viz. Fairlie, Captain T. E. Ward, and

Henry Porcher, Capt. J. P. Anstice, for
I have the honor to be, with the Bengal and Bombay.
Most cordial esteem and respect, Passengers per Fairlie-For Bengal
Gentlemen,

Mr. T. Galloway, free mariner; Mrs.
Your faithful humble servant,

Tiver and two children; Messrs. C. R.

Bellew, A. R. Macdonald, cadets. - For (Signed) JOHN HUDLESTON. Bombay-Messrs. J. Scott, J. Lloyd, T. To the Hon, the Court of

Lechmere, J. Thomas, cadets.
Directors, &c. &c.

Per Henry Porcher-For Bengal-Lieu

tenants Fireworker and H. Rolfe, Misses Asiatic Journ.No. 28.

VOL. V. 3 I

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J. Clark, aud A. and H. Hamilton ; does not rest at all with the Court of Messrs. R. H. Cumming, C. T. Foster, Directors. and A. Fenton, cadets.

J. F. Saunders, Esq. Agent for Lloyd's John Bebb, Esq. Chairman of the East Coffee-house at the Isle of France, has India Company, has accepted the invita been appointed by the Hon. East India tion of the freemen of Rochester to be Company their agent also at that place. come a candidate for the representation of that city on the expected dissolution.

By the death of the Rev. John Rawlins,

there is a vacancy among the Company's March 4, dispatches were received chaplains at Bombay. from Admiral Sir R. King at Trincomalee, and from Admiral Plampin at St. Helena. A letter from the Cape of Good Hope, Dispatches were also received at Earl

dated December 30, says :-" The Barton, Bathurst's office, from Sir Hudson Lowe, Nelson, from Batavia, on the 13th' inst. at St. Helena.

in lat. 35. S. long. 22, E. met with a most

violent westerly gale and a tremendous Several of the daily prints have amused sea ; all her guns were thrown overboard ; the public with continual reports of the

she had all her bulwarks and her larboard return of Marquis Hastings to Europe, and quarter-gallery washed away; the ship have eren gone so far as to mention his also became very leaky, so much so, that successor ; we merely notice this vague,

it was with difficulty she gained this port. though repeated rumour, to assure our

She will be obliged to uuload. Before the readers that it is utterly destitute of foun- gale she saw two ships at a distance.” dation.

Several shipwrights and carpenters are Governor Farquhar has resigned pro

about to proceed from Portsmouth Docktempore the government of the Mauritius : yard to the Dock-yard at Trincomalee. to recruit his health, which he never thoroughly enjoyed at the island, is the

In consequence of the late disclosures object of bis return to this country. He relative to the practices of some of the will resume the government as soon as his tea-dealers adulterating their tea with health may be re-established.

sloe and ash leaves, it was understood that some notice of that circumstance would

be taken by the heads of the trade, either The following is a list of the India

at or subsequent to the usual time of Knights Commanders of the Bath, as they their meeting at the tea sales at the India now stand, shewing a vacancy of one

House, Accordingly, on Wednesday March occasioned by the death of General Sir

11, during an interval between the sales, Jolin Horsford. There is also a vacancy

Mr. Richard Twining rose and addressed among the members of Indian officers selected for Knights' Companions of the following effect :

the Chairman, Sir John Jackson, to the Order, occasioned by the death of Col. East, of the Bombay Native Infantry.

" Mr. Chairman, as the room is now 1. Lieut.-Gen, Sir John Macdonald.

most numerously attended by gentlemen of

the tea-trade, I think it a proper time to 2. Major-Gen. Sir Robert Blair.

address you, Sir, upon reports which have 3. Sir George Ward.

been circulated, not only in town, but all 4. Sir Hector Maclean.

over the kingdom, so injurious to the cha5, Sir Thomas Dallas.

racters of the tea-dealers in general, than 6. Sir John Chalmers.

whom, I will venture to affirm, there is 7. Sir Henry White.

not a more respectable body of men ex8. Sir Gabriel Martindell.

isting. I mean the report that nine-tenths 9. Sir G. S. Brawne..

of the tea-trade do adulterate their tea Sir D. Ochterlony, Bart. '- with ash, sloe, and other leaves. This il. Colonel Sir John Malcolm. 12. Sir Augustus Floyer.

report, Sir, has been circulated widely 13. Sir Robert Barclay.

through the medium of the public prints,

and if suffered to go uncontradicted, will 14. Sir Richard Jones.

cast an 'odium npon the whole body of 15. Vacant.

tea-dealers, which ought to rest solely To the many enquiries of our military upon a few obscure individuals. I am correspondents as to the principle of the satisfied that no respectable house in the selection of officers to this honour, we city of London is ģuilty of such illegal can only refer them to No. II, page 196, practices ; and therefore they ought not to No. III, p. 209, No. IV, p. 325, of our suffer an imputation of so serious a nafirst volume, where the question is dis.. ture to pass unnoticed. At first, I and cussed. We believe that, the selection other persons, the heads of the trade,

10.

thought that the falsehood of so general ing to what extent the practice of adula censure was so glaring that no person terating tea had come within the knowwould give credence to it, and therefore it ledge of the Board, what seizures had would be best not to notice so gross an been made, &c. aspersion. But I understand that the It was resolved that they meet the statement has gained belief ; and I sub same week, at the King's Head, Poultry, mit to you, Sir, whether it would not be to receive the report of the committee. proper for the tea-trade, either now or at the close of the sales, to discuss the subject, and immediately pursue suckr

House of Lords, March 5.-The Lord course as will expose the real practisci's Chancellor informed their lordships that of such an abominable fraud. I am satis

he had received a letter from the Marquis fied that it is the interest not only of the

of Hastings, in answer to one wherein tea-trade but of the country, which gains

he had coinmunicated to the noble Marsuch an enormous revenue by the sale of quis the thanks of the house, for his able tea, that the subject be taken into con

administration in the war of Nepaul. sideration. I therefore move that now,

The letter was then read : it was in or at the close of the sales, as the Chair

substance as follows: man shall think most fit, the reports

“ Cawnpore, Sept. 19, 1817. which have been circulated against the

“ My Lord - At this place I have just tea-trade, which may in their conse received your lordship's letter, communiquences prove highly injurious to them as cating the thanks of the House of Lords a respectable body, be taken into consi. for my arrangements during the late war deration, and a committee appointed with in Nepaul. Generosity, my lord, is the power to act as shall be best for the in more exemplary, when the reward overterests of the tea-trade.”

rates the service; but so far as an earnest Mr. Richard Shaw rose and addressed zeal and unwearied activity can entitle the Chairman :-"I second the inotion their possessor to their lordships' favour, of Mr. Twining, because I am certain the

I

may venture to assert my pretensions to trade will be injured by such reports. In

it. My exercions have been earnestly, and fact, I know au instance where my own

I trust not unsuccessfully directed towards business suffered. A gentleman, whose

the confirmation of the British empire in family I have for many years served with

India ; and in pursuing this object I contea and every article of grocery, in his

ceive that I have best promoted the intecustomary order last week omitted tea; rests of humanity. I cannot, my lord, and, as a reason, said, that he should conclude this letter, without expressing leave off taking tea until he could procure

to your lordship my sincere acknowledgit genuine, which he could not then ob ments for the very flattering manner in tain from the tea-dealers. I told the gen

which you were pleased to express your tleman that the statement, if it were

sentiments towards me on this occasion, meant to apply to the great body of tea

" I have the honor to be, &c. dealers, was a most infamous falsehood :

“ HASTINGS." to wuich he replied, “ that the tea-trade had suffered it to go uncontradicted, and Paris, March 11.-The ship Chander. that he thought was a sufficient ground

nagore, of one thousand tons, from Benfor his supposing it to be true." I there- gal, cast anchor on the 3d of this month fore hope that the trade will give their at Cherburg. Her cargo is valued at concurrence to Mr. Twining's 'motion." several millions.

It consists of sugar, The whole of the gentlemen present coffee, indigo, cotton, saltpetre, pepper, gave immediately their sapction to Mr. ginger, and other precious articles, par. Twining's motion.

ticularly two boxes containing Indian anThe Chairman thought it would be best tiquities, This vessel is destined for for the tea-trade to have a meetivg after Havre. the sales, and they could then proceed in the business without interruption.

Amsterdam, March 17.-His Majesty's At the close of the sales a meeting was

ship the Amsterdam, of 74 guns, bound accordingly held, and a committee. ap froin Batavia to Holland, with a cargo of pointed : Mr. Twining was called to the

coffee, sugar, &c. having put into the bay chair. Committee.-Mr. Fry, Mr. Sanderson, with the loss of lier masts, went entirely

of Algoa, near the Cape of Good Hope, Mr. Twining, Mr. Palmer, Mr. Stringer, to pieces at the end of December. Mr. Antrobus, Mr. Simpson, Mr. Fincliam, Mr. Abbey, Mr. Garratt, Mr. Sharp, Mr. Sparrow, and Mr. Yockney.

Sussex Lent Assizes.-Charge of Bigamy. The committee being appointed, they Horsham, March 19.-This morning agreed to meet on the following day, when the court was excessively crowded with a deputation was chosen to wait upon the ladies and gentlemen, to hear an inteBoard of Excise for the purpose of learn.. teresting trial. Before eight o'clock, Ma

soner.

ria Walton, alias Maria Wilkins, was put as to her person. This was further corin the prisoner's box : she was dressed in roborated from the conversation he held white, with a light coloured pelisse, and with the prisoner at that time, when she wore a round black hat with feathers, recognized him. There were no subscriband a black veil. Her countenance was ing witnesses to the marriage at Bombay, exceedingly prepossessivg, notwithstand which was by license. ing the natural anxiety of her feelings Mr. Winter, the parish clerk of St. upon the situation in which she was

Peter's, Lewes, produced the register of placed.

the marriage at that parislı church, nameA few minutes after eight, Mr. Baron ly, “ Robert Baron Walton, of the parish Grahain entered the court, and Mr. Gur- of Brighton, and Maria Cox, of the parish ney (special counsel), and Mr. Bolland, of Lewes, by license, 28th May 1816.” both for the prosecution ; as also Mr, No. The witness was present at the solemnizalan and Mr. Chitty, counsel for the pri- tion.

Mrs. Brierly, of the Pelham-Arms, After the indictinent had been read, Lewes, was also present at the marriage. the prisoner pleaded Not Guilty, and

Mr. Bampfield, surgeon, of Bedfordwas allowed the privilege of a seat.

street, Covent Garden, knew the prisoner Mr. Gurney opened the proceedings by and her deceased husband, Mr. Cox, in stating, that the prisoner was the daugh- Bombay, and subsequently her second ter of a respectable tradesman, and was

husband, Mr. Wilkins, who introduced married very young to a Mr. Cox, who

the prisoner to him as his wife. They lived at Bozbay, in India, where he died resided at Bombay till June 1809, wben in 1806. The following year she was they sailed for England. Witness left In. married to Mr. Wilkins at Bombay, when dia in the same fleet, and since their arthey shortly afterwards returned to Eng- rival in England, witness often correland. For a considerable time the pri- sponded with Mr. Wilkins, and who was soner lived at Brighton, upon their sepa now at Horsham. ration, where Mr. Walton became ac

Mr. Yates, clerk to Mr. Evans, soliciquainted with the prisoner, and was so captivated with her person, that he fell ledgment of the prisoner, that she was

tor to the prosecution, proved the acknowin love with her, and they were married

married to .Mr. Walton whilst Mr. Wilat Lewes, in 1816. Mr. Walton had been

kins was living. thrown into gaol, in consequence of debts contracted before marriage. He was a

Mr. Nolan addressed the court, and

urged a variety of objections as to the vayoung man of military fame, and had acquired glory by his bravery in the memo.

lidity of the marriage with Mr. Wilkins, rable battle of Waterloo. He would call

and contended that the record on the in

dictment did not give a value to the prewitnesses to substantiate the fact of the

ceding contract of marriage in India, as bigamy. The prosecution was carried on by the mother of Mr. Walton.

the jury could not try it in a civil or crimiMr. Maitland, clerk of the Secretary's indictment could not be sustained.

nal capacity, and upon these grounds the office at the India House, produced the book of registers of marriages, births, and

Mr. Chitty followed in a similar course deaths, at Bombay, commencing the 14th

of argument. of Jąuuary to the 19th of December 1810,

The learned judge overruled these ob The Rev. Mr. Burroughs stated, that jections, but at the same time reserving he was a resident chaplain at Bombay his opinion for a further argument before forty-two years : every marriage is regis

the bench of judges, if the counsel for tered at the church, and copies are regu

the defendant thought fit. larly transmitted to England, after they The prisoner, in her defence, stated that are compared from the original register she was married to Mr. Wilkins in India, book, signed by the clergyman. The and that on their arrival in England he prisoner was married to James Thomas became involved in his circumstances. Hacket Wilkins, by him, on the 26th of separation ensued with 'mutual consent, January 1810. They left Bombay soon and an agreement to that effect was enafterwards. Witness had not seen the tered into; that when Mr. Walton paid prisoner until he had an interview with his addresses to her, she told him of her her in Bristol gaol, where she was con circumstances, and also, that by the fined for want of sureties to keep the opinion of her professional advisers, she peace against Mr. Walton's mother. This was repeatedly told that her marriage was about three weeks ago. He knew the with Mr. Wilkins was illegal, owing to prisoner well at this interview, notwith there being no witnesses present at the standing the length of time which had solemnization. She declared her innoelapsed since the marriage at Bombay, cence of having inveigled her second husowing to the celebrity of her character, band to a marriage, and for a long tinje and the observation he made at the time resisted his importunities,

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