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be well if he could only be freed from wads were burnt round and near to the pain in his stomach.
navel. The patient declared himself freed His wife was referred to the Gwala from the internal pain immediately after Samdehul, who gave so satisfactory an the process, within a short time an evaaccount of the relief derived from the cuation took place, followed by a profuburning, as induced the patient to stretch sion of bilious stools. The pain did not himself on his back to undergo the ope- return, and Peerun Shah recovered. ration. The burning was continued
Perhaps there might have been more longer than with the Gwala, as the suf- difficulty in prevailing on patients in Euferer was more confident and more cou
rope to undergo an operatiou, in idea, so rageous. He declared himself immediate
severe as that of burning, but Asiatics ly freed from internal pain, and remain sometimes fire parts in certain diseases, as ed a short time at the hospital; but finding enlarged spleen and enlarged joints. And that the pain did not return, he consider an European, Mr. W. Young, formerly ed himself well, and went to his house. contractor for furnishing opium, labor.
Case 3.-Sookaree, the Buneea, who ing under the former disease, received died, was relieved only for a few hours by benefit from the actual cautery. the burning; and,
The Chinese are familiar with the use Case 4.-Huzooree experienced only
of moxa, and Sir W. Temple cured a fit temporary relief likewise : but it is a
of the gout in himself by its application. point of practice worth recording, that The moxa employed by the fornier is the during the interval of ease the bowels of cottony down of the stem of a variety of both persons were evacuated.
artemisia, extricated from the woody fiCase 5.- Sept. 23.-Peerun Shah, * 44, bres by rubbing, and used by the Nipalese a Moosulman, much respected for his as tinder. piety, was brought in the evening.
A Goorkha Brahman, who had long laPresent state. He had been ill for a
bored under severe asthma, submitted to few hours only; had no vomitting or have the actual cautery applied to his purging, but frequent eruclations and
breast by the writer, and expressed much constant hiccoughing. His pulse was less confidence on the lasting effects of the reweak than any other case, save of a few medy through the immediate relief that who applied within a short time from the followed the operation. In the present attack, and his body and extremities were instance the malignity of the disorder had warm ; his belly rather full than placid ;
been experienced so severely by the nahis strength was depressed; the eyes were tives, as to subdue their prejudices to such sunk and yellow; the countenance ex a degree as to induce several of high cast pressed the alternations of pain and of
to request the writer to visit females in resignation. A pill and a half of Ju their Zenanas. malgota was given, and followed in an
The writer expects to be subjected to hour by an ounce of castor oil.
much criticism should his paper chauce to 24th.-Had only one scanty evacuation, be noticed at all, but the authorities of which had not relieved the pain ; hic
Paulus ab Egineta, and in latter time of coughing continued ; pulse quicker and Pouteau and De Haen, might be quoted more distress in countenance.
in support of its utility. 25th.-Had a restless night-one slight The carly writers on medicine estimated bilious evacuation. Pain about navel still this means highly, and practised it fresevere; belly now sore on being pressed,
quently ; and modern writers may perhaps but not particularly full, whence it would have too hastily expunged it from their seem that he had not drank as nauch as catalogue of curative means. ordered; hiccoughing very troublesome; " Quod medicina non sanat sanatur a breathing beginning to be laborious and “ ferro ; quod non sanatur a ferro saaccompanied with frequent sighing ; pulse « natur ab igne, sed quod non sanatur ab smaller and more frequent; countenance “ igne insanabile dici potest."-Celsus. more distressed; strength sinking ; mind Facts enough have not yet been collected unembarrassed, firm and resigned. Four to form premises for safe deduction ; but * A Musulman, for whose recovery much
it may be observed that few sable-fish anxiety was manifested by the townspeople. were eaten at Chuprah, compared to the
numbers consumed at Patna; yet the dis The disorder first made its appearauce case, though greatly destructive, was in Doulut Gunj, which is situated along inuch less so in proportion to relative po that part of the bank of the river on pulation, or to numbers attacked, in the which the accumulation of putrid animal latter than in the former city.
matter was excessive, and much greater Children just weaned, and many from than elsewhere. It was observed that its two to ten years old, were affected by this attacks were most frequent, and most disorder, and neither these nor Bhuguts, violent in that quarter, and that it remainwho eat of nothing that has animal life, ed there in considerable activity, whilst and of whom several came under the wri- declining in other parts of the town. ter's care, could reasonably be supposed Those precincts of the town most disto have partaken of this species of food. tant from the river, though in the neighNew rice had not been largely received in bourhood of stagnant water, furnished Chupralı when the disease was expe the fewest instances of the disease, and rienced in its most malignant form. The the symptoms were less violent. The jail disease has been observed to have been contained about five hundred prisoners, more violent on the banks of rivers thau of whom uo more than twelve had been in villages at a distance inland.
affected with the disorder, and only two Chuprah is a town of little breadth, of these in a severe degree. But the jail, but extending for nearly a mile along the though not more than half a mile distant left proper bank of the Ganges, the stream from the river, was remarkably clean and of which had in August receded and left well ventilated, this bank, and a large expanse of sand, A Portuguese writer however asserted, partly bare and dry and partly spotted, that several hundreds who had applied to with shallow sheets of water. The slope him liad been cured by a table spoonful of the bank and the dry part of the bed of la drogue amere (a compound tincture of the river were soon covered with or of aloes) mixed with Madeira. There dure and animal filth in a state of putre was probably exaggeration in both.acfaction. From this extensive surface ex counts. It was not likely that he should haled a stench of the most pungent and
have had a stock of this medicine suffioffensive kind, and the writer, on the 7th
cient for the numbers said to have been September, when crossing tne river, ex benefited, and he forwarded the persons pressed his apprehension, that if the at who addressed him to the writer, as mosphere should not speedily be purified soon as he heard of his arrival. by a fall of rain, the exhalation might The town of Chuprah contains 8,700 give rise to an endemic amongst the in families, which at four individuals a fahabitants of that neighbourhood.
mily, give a population of 34,800. On the 12th he visited a mountainous With reference to the general health of country about a hundred miles to the south the natives, it is to be regretted that their of Chuprah, abounding with vegetation, large towns are not built with some reand which had received several heavy falls gard to ventilation, cleanliness and reof rain. Here ephemeral, intermitting gularity, and that in those near rivers the and bilious remittents, were extremely habitations are not further removed from common, but easily carried off when at their banks. Perhaps the authority of tacked vigorously at their first onset, but the magistrate cannot be interposed in nathere was no cholera. In the interme. tive arrangements of this nature, without diate flat country, fevers were said to be risk; but projects to improve the city of more common than in former seasons for Calcutta are every day carried into effect. many years before, but no disease pre- Amongst these, few could perhaps prove vailed in particular along the left bank of more useful than a plan which could eaSoane. The general constitution of the sily renew and purify its atmosphere, atmosphere seemed for a time to be un render conflagration less destructive, and healthy, and it appeared as if certain check the generation of those myriads of combinations of gases modified its influ- jnsects which almost constantly annoy its ence, so as to contribute to the formation inhabitants. Perhaps two steam engines of one type of disease in one place, and in different situations on the river, with a to another in a differing locality.
system of open and gun-drains beginning
at the engines, leading through the streets itself in the exeeution of the şubordinate and disemboguing into the salt-water lake, parts of the projects; and the expense, might answer all these purposes. If the however large, would speedily and abunhighest temperature of the river water be dantly be repaid by the increasing salulow enough to condense the streams suf- brity of the city, and the increased comficiently for the efficient working of the forts of its inhabitants. engines, no great difficulty would present
JOURNAL AT BETWA, &c.
The following is an extract from a let 17th.-At 4 A. M. when we marched ter of the 21st Nov. from Betwah.
from Jooee, and arrived at Rannecah at “ Long ere this gets to hand you will about 8 A. M. Distance fourteen miles. have heard of the sufferings in our camp.
18th.-Left Ravneeali at half past 4 To day we catch at the hope that the dis A. M. and after a march of about ten ease is disappearing, yet numbers are still miles, arrived Ukburpoor at 8 A. M. falling off. No officer, however, has been 19th.-Commenced our march at halftaken ill since the death of Dr. Callow and past 4 A. M. and arrived at Belhura Mow Lieutenant Coglin ; there was a report of
at about 7 A, M. Distance ten miles from Captain Tyson's death, but I hear with- Ukburpoor. out foundation. Some officers have alto 20th.--We marched at 5 A. M. and argether lost their establishments, others so rived at Sekundura, about twelve miles reduced that they were obliged to abandon from Belhura Mow, where we were joinsome parts of their property. The doc ed by all the troops intended to compose tors begin to think that the disease is the centre division of the grand army. passing away, as the greater part of to Sekundura appears from the ruins, which day's cases are of simple bowel complaints. still stand as monuments of its greatness, A letter from General Donkin's division,
to have been formerly a very populous mentions that they were next day, the town, but evidently to have suffered from 17th, tu enter the Biaria Pass, and hoped the ravages of war. At preseut, though to be in a few days at Rozah, of which in a ruinous state, it still contains a great possession will be taken. Tlie malady had
number of inhabitants. We halted here not reached them.
till the morning of the 25th. On the “ This is a very fine country and now a
morning of the 22d, lis lordship inspectperfect garden. The natives, however, ed the whole of the troops of the division, (amongst whom fortunately the complaint which were drawn out on the plain in one is not known) will not come near us if single column. they can avoid it. How are we to account
25th.-Left Sekundura at 4 A. M. and for their escaping sickness ?"
after a march of about eight miles, arThe following intelligence, contained in rived at Shergurh at 8 A.M.-Here we a letter of the 23d, is peculiarly delightful found a pukka tank of excellent fresh and gratifying.
water, and houses of accommodation for • Yesterday and to-day have produced travellers, with compartments for bathing such material alteration in the health of in, both for men and wemen, each difthe camp, that we may look on the disease ferently constructed. To the top of the as extinguished. All is now cheerfulness arched building intended for the reception among the people.”
of travellers, we were led by a narrow
step, which conducted us to a terrace, Journal of the Centre Division of the having arched domes raised on pedestals, Army from Cawnpore.
one on each corner of it, which we as. 16th October 1817.-Left Cawnpore at cended by steps, and from thence had a about 4 A, M. when a severe shock of an very extensive view of the country around earthquake was felt in five distinct vibra us. The country through which we marchtions, which lasted above a minute and ed from Cawnpore to this place is one ten seconds.
extensive plain, covered with brushwood,
chiefly consistiŋg of a species of dwarf famous for its produce of the best cotton zyzyphus jujubes, caparis, and buck-thorn, wool. Cotton seems to be the staple arwith here and there an insulated spot ticle of these markets; for it is cultivated cultivated with holcus spicata and sorgum,
all over the tract of country that we have sesamum, cicer arietinum, gossypium, passed, more largely than even grain : and phaseolus aconitifolius, &c, but the great we scarcely observed a field where cotton er part of these lands seemed to have been was not sown intermixed with corn. The just brought into state of cultivation, soil throughout seemed to be marl mixed and the produce in general was not pro with clay, which is called by the Tirboot mising ; this, however, may be ascribed peasantry,
“ Bangur.” to the season of drought which they have 31st.-Halted. of late experienced.
1st November.-The Nana of Kulpee, 26th. Left Shergurh at 3 A. M, and Govind Rao paid a visit to his lordship had to march on a very narrow road lead this day, and brought presents of valuable ing through deep ravines, the sides of elephants and horses, which were receiv. which were lined with high craggy rocks, ed, and an equivalent return made to him and at six A. M. we passed over the bridge by his lordship, in khelats, &c. &c. of boats thrown across the river Jumna, 2d. We marched from Jalon at 5 A, M. and arrived at Suukerpoor, on the west and arrived at Danoura at A.M. after a bank, at 7 A.M. after a march of eight march of twelve miles. On our progress miles, where we halted till the morning passed by three very neat small mud forts. of the 29th, making arrangements for This proved a fast day with most of us, the security of the bridge, by throwing an in consequence of our tents not reaching abatis at the tête-du-pont, mounting the ground till very late, during all which
time we were under the necessity of ta29th.-Marched fourteen miles to Lo. king shelter under a few bubbool trees, haree, where martial law was proclaimed. (mimosa arabica,) in the vicinity.
30th.--Left Loharee at half past 3 A.M. 3d. Left Danoura at 5 A.M. and after and arrived at 9 A. M. at Jalon, about a march of twelve miles through ploughfourteen miles from Loharee. Jalon is ed fields, (prepared for the rubbee crop,) a populous town, situated on a gently ri arrived at Sekundurpoor. sing ground in the midst of a plain, and
REMARKS AND OCCURRENCES IN A
JOURNEY FROM ALEPPO TO BASSORA,
BY THE WAY OF THE DESERT, IN 1745, BY W. BEAwes, Esq. HAVING resolved upon passing from guard where the passes are dangerous ; Aleppo to Bassora, and meeting with an secondly, the water carriages from Mosul agreeable companion in a Mr. Robert
to Bagdat being only supported by skins Golightly, of the same intention, we so. swelled by the induction of air, soinelicited advice from the gentlemen of our times burst, and several accidents have factory and several itinerant merchants happened. of the country, concerning the various
2d. From Aleppo to Bir only four days routes, and were informed : 1st, from journey, where a sort of boats are proAleppo with a caravan to Mosul, and curable, and will cost each from Bir thence down the Tigris to Bagdat and Bas down the Euphrates to Hilla about sixty sora, is the common route of merchants and dollars, and at Hilla are found very travellers; but has these inconveniences : commodious vessels for proceeding to first, the journey to Mosul is often te Bussora ; though it should be remarked dious, the caravan loitering at places on that if a traveller chuses to see Bagdat the road, either to procure the vent of in his way, he must land some leagues merchandize and fresh freight, or to avoid bigher than Hilla, at a place only half the Gordeens, who frequently plunder, a day's journey over to that city, being a and thus oblige them to the expense of a very narrow pass between the two rivers.
This passage from Bir to Bussora is utility to future travellers, I shall here performed in about twenty days, and set down the necessary provisions for such would be the pleasantest and most com a journey ; and first, I think whoever modious of any, and according to what by necessity or curiosity uses a large Tarseveral inhabitants of those places have taravan (or litter), with the improvement assured me, this way should be particu- of a double cieling, will render his passage larly the choice of a traveller, for ancient easy, the carriage here being the princimedals are so common it seems at Arach- pal consideration, for as to other inconba, and some other places on the river, veniences it is supposed that they who that in default of curious purchasers undertake to travel to any parts of the (who exceedingly rarely pass that way), east are informed that long stages, a slow the women adopt them for ornaments, pace, coarse fare, and a warm sun, are to as elsewhere chequins, and few are
be the common trials of their patience without them; likewise antique stones
and constitution. are here daily found, and sold for little. In the next place, be careful with what However, botlı merchants and travellers Arab you engage for the camels, as are deterred from steering this course, choice and recommendations as much being liable every where to impositions, concern your welfare in the desert as and in some places to being plundered, the difference of commanders at sea ; in though I have known Armenians who the third place, visit the principal shaik have gone that way without any such with a small present, as a vest of cloth, grievous impediments, and who gave me
or the like. a different character of these people in In the fourth place, agree with the general.
shaikh and procure from him in writing, 3d. Some travellers have chosen to di what you are to pay each camel for rect their course from Aleppo to Geboul, desert dues, whereby disputes are avoided. a small village upon the edge of the desert, at the journey's end. one easy day's journey.
5th. Concerning water, it is customary From Geboul to Jaiba, a town in ruins, for travellers to agree with their conductwo days' journey into the desert; from tor for supplying them throughout the Jaiba to Arachba, a town bigger than journey, and we paid for ourselves and Aleppo, and standing on the river Eu two servants one and a half camel load, phrates, one and a half day's journey ;
which they reckon six loaders or small from Arachba to Ana, upon the river's skins, and these they oblige themselves side, three days' journey ; from Ana to to keep replenished as they find water in Haditha one day's journey; from Hadi
the desert; and if travellers are careful tha to Juba, ditto; from Juba to Heyt, and do not regard the expence of carrying ditto.
a few more loads than usual, they may When arrived at Heyt, both danger driuk what is wholesome the greater part and difficulty are over, for from hence to of the way, by seeing in person the loaders Bagdat is not above two days and a half filled where the water is best, and strictly journey ; and though sometimes mere charging their own servants to be watchful chants with goods are disturbed by the of it, which we imprudently trusted to Arabs in crossing from river to river, 'I the Arabs and were served accordingly, never heard that European travellers were
for notwithstanding the provision we molested ; and if their curiosity will ex
made was extraordinary, I question if cuse the sight of that city, the passage
two skins were ever employed for our from Heyt down the Euphrates to Bussora particular use, or that we fared a whit the is quite secure.
better for such precaution. 4th way with the Arabian caravans,
6th. Concerning the other provisions, à of which there are two from Aleppo, one
person setting out for Aleppo may proto Bassora and the other to Bagdat, and cure a variety of articles that will endure often set out together, keeping company the journey, but the grand articles aro till they arrive at a place called Cobiesie, rice, bread, coffee, and country butter, which is a poor village within four hours of which a large store should be provided, of Heyt. This latter route we preferred ; as all the Arabs that attend the loads and that our experience may be of some expect to partake thereof and indeed de.