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TIDE TABLES FOR FEBRUARY, 1880.
Also Ports of Reference for the Constants in the next Table.

WESTON
LONDON
NORTH

DEVON-
LEITH

LIVER
HULL.

LEITH.
BRIDGE

GREENIQUEENS. KINGS. LONDON BREST.
SUPER
DOVER

PORT
SHIELDS

MARE.
POOL. OCK.

TOWN TOWN. DERRY.
A.M. P.M. A.M. P.M. A.M. P.M.A.M. P.M. A.M.P.M.A.M. P.M. A.M.

P.M.A.M. P.M. A.M. P.M.A.M.

P.M.A.M. P.M. A.M. P.M. A.M.P.M.

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U. M. II. M. n. M. H. M. H. M. 1. M. H. M. H. M. u. M. I, M.H. M. H. M. H. M. 1. D. u. M. 11.Mu, M. H. M. H. 21. 11. M. u. M. II. M. I. 21. H. Mu, M. II. M. 4 57 5 15 9 28 948 6 23 0 43 5 17 5 378 37 8 53 2 3 2 23 9 47 10 2 0 2 18 2 49 3 8 1 8 201 1 12 2 12 10 51 11 12 6 42 7 2

32 5 62 10 8 10 28 7 4 7 23 5 59 6 22 9 13 9 32 2 41 3 6 10 21 10 8 2 87 2 57 3 27 8 46 8 39 8 50 2 33 2 0 11 36

13 6 37 10 50 11 17 7 48 8 16 6 46 7 11 9 54 10 18 8 25 3 47 10 57 11 19 9 19 3 411 4 7 4 30 9 19 9 41 3 18 342 0 4 0 36 8 8 8 81 6 58 7 2011 49 8 16 9 22 7 41 8 10 10 4111 15 4 12 4 39 11 47 -14 8 4 411 4 56 6 2 10 12 10 411 411 4 46 1 13 1 54 9 4 9 40 58 8 34 0 26 1 10 3 10 46 8 55. 9 39 11 50 5 10 5 46 0 20,1 05 19 6 5 6 0 6 41 11 24

10 24.11 8 0 29 1 16 6 28 7 14 1 46 2 356 55 7 427 27 8 13 0 12 0 596 46 7 29 4 4 4 43

2 2 2 46 8 0 8 40 3 22 4 8 23 9 28 58 9 37 1 46 2 27 8 11 8 49 5 17 5 40 0 46 1 21
0 17 4 28 5 0 1 30 1 59 0 21' 0 53 3 29 4 6 9 14 9 44 4 46 5 22 9 33'10 110 11 10 411 3 2 3 31 9 23 9 54 6 11 6 41 1 57 2 26
0 50 1 17 5 27 5 53 2 26 9 51 1 20 1 404 35 5 2 10 11 10 865 53 6 19 10 23 10 4811 811 83 4 2 4 27 10 20 10 40 7 6 7 30 2 51 8 13
1 43 2 7 6 15 6 38 3 12 3 3 2 9 2 305 28 5 5211 0 11 28 6 437 511 10 11 32 11 571 - 4 50 6 12 11 0 11 20 7 53 8 14 3 35' 3 50

28 2 487 0 7 20 3 54 4 12 2 50 3 9 6 14 6 31 11 45 -17 26 7 46 11 52 - 0 19 0 40 5 33 5 53 11 40 11 59 8 33 8 50 4 16 4 36 3 8 3 25 7 40 7 59 4 32 4 51 3 28 3 46 6 54, 7 12 0 6 0 27 8 5 8 23 0 12 0 31 1 0 1 20 6 12 6 311 - 0 19 7 9 21 4 55 5 13 3 45 4 2 8 17 8 31 5 10 5 28 4 4. 4 22 7 28 7 44 0 47 1 0 8 40 8 500 49 1 7 1 39 1 576 49 7 0 0 37 0 50 9 41 9 571 5 31 5 47

5 166 4 4 40 4 58 8 0 8 16 1 25 1 43 9 12 9 27 1 24 1 41 2 14 2 30 7 23 7 40 1 11 1 32 10 13 10 29 6 8 6 19

4

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4 56 5 10 9 25 9 42 6 21 6 38 5 15 5 3 8 32 8 46 2 1 2 18 9 42 9 56 1 57 2 13 2 463 7 56 8 11 1 50 2 7 10 46 11 3 6 36 653 9 5910 16 6

10 10

348 26 8 41 2 21 2 4211 221 451 7 107 27 5 59 6 1710 10 54|7 31 7 52] 6 38 6 19 9 29 9 45 3 9 3 26 10 38 10

8 58 9 17 3 0 3 201

7 45 8 6
6 37 6 5911 19 11 478 16 8 41 7 12 7 39 10 1 10 27 3 454 711 13 11 408 404 4 4 28 4 51 9 38 10 5 3 42 4 9 0 401

59
0 21 9 18 9 58 8 11 8 50 10 55 11 29 4 32 5 3 -- 0 1 4 33 5 14 5 19 5 51 10 39 11 19 4 41 5 19 1 51 2 34/ 9
20 8 27 9 8 0 68 1 37 10 40 11 23 9 33 10 18 091 5 39 6 21 0 54 1 39 5 58 6 48 6 34 7 19 0 41 5 58 6 39 3 16 3 58111
9 59 10 45 2 19 3 0 - 06/11 0 11 38 0 51

13 8 4 8 45 0 50 1 31 7 21 7 4 37 5 10

22 11 26 -3 39 4 14 0 45 1 18 - 0 12 2 15 2 548 21 8 57) 3 17 4 2 8 48 9 19 9 21 9 53 2 10 2 41 8 31 9 6 5 97 6 11 9 1 11 23 0 3 0 34 4 45 5 10 1 472 10 0 41 1 4 3 32 4 2 9 24 9 16 4 56 5 22 9 43 10 10 20 10 44 3 12 3 37 9 33 9 576 23 6 44 2 7 2 27 0 59 1 20 5 29 5 48 2 30 241 24. 1 43 4 27 4 50 10 6 10 26 5 43 6 6 10 21 10 39 11 411 23 8 58 4 17 10 15 10 32 7 3 7 21 2 46 3 4

1 58 6 6 6 21 3 4 3 20 2 0 2 17 5 12 5 3310 43 11 41 6 27 6 17 10 56 11 13 11 42 mid. 4 36 4 511 48 11 4 7 39 7 57 3 22 3 39 26 2 15 2 326 42 7 9 3 36 8 52 2 34 2 50 5 52 6 10 11 23 11 42 7 5 7 23 11 30 11 48 0 18 5 12 5 30/11 20 11 37| 8 13 8 29 3 56 4 13 2 48 3 4 7 18 7 36 4 8 4 26 3 6 3 22 6 28 6 46

0 7 41 7 59 0 6 0 36 0 541 5 48 6 611 54 8 45 9 14 30 4 47 3 21 8 39 7 53 8 10 4 41 5 2 3 39 857) 7 4 7 22 0 20 0 39 8 16 8 33 0 21 0 42 1 12 1 30 6 24 6 42 0 12 0 30 9 17 9 84 5 5 5 23

L

8

8

4

8

2

29 3 56 4 14 8 27 8 15 5 21 5 40 4 15 4 347 40 7 580 59 1 19 8 50 971 01 18 1 43 2 7 7 0 7 18 0 49 1 8 9 52 10 10 5 41 5 59

TIDAL CONSTANTS FOR Various BRITISH, IRISH, AND EUROPEAN PORTS. By applying the Tidal Constant of the place, according to its sign (+ add,

sub.), to the time of high water on the given day at the port of reference, you have the time of high water at the place sought.

PORT OF
PLACE. CONSTANT.

REFERENCE.

H. M. Aberdeen

-1 17 Leith Aberystwyth

-3 52 Liverpool Alderney..

+2 59 Brest Antwerp..

+5 13 Dover Arbroath

-O 42 Leith Arcachon

+0 50 Brest Arklow

-2 25 Kingstown Ayr

-O 18 Greenock Banfr

-1 49 Leith Bantry harbour -1 14 Queenstown Barnstaple bridge -0 26 Weston-s.-Mare Bayonne

-O 2 Brest Beachy head & Rye bay +0 8 Dover Beaumaris

-0 51 Liverpool Belfast

+2 42 Londonderry Berwick

-1 5 N. Shields Blyth

-O 8 N. Shields Bordeaux

+3 3 Brest Boulogne

+0 13 Dover Bridport

+0 22 Devonport Bristol & King Road +0 19 Weston-s.-Mare Cadiz

-2 2 Brest Caernarvon

-1 56 Liverpool Calais

+0 37 Dover Campbellton

-0 23 Greenock Cardiff

+0 2 Weston-s.-Mare Cardigan bar..

-4 22 Liverpool Carlingford bar

-O 10 Kingstown Chatham.

-0 47 London Cherbourg

+4 2 Brest Coleraine

-1 37 Londonderry Coquet Road..

- 0 29 N. Shields Cordouan Tower

.... - 10 Brest Cowes (West)

-O 27 Dover Crinan

+4 41 Greenock Cromarty

-2 21 Leith Dartmouth.

+0 33 Devonport Deal & Downs

+0 3 Dover Dieppe

+7 19 Brest Donaghadee

+0 3 Kingstown Donegal harbour +0 17 Queenstown Douglas & Ramsay -0 11 Liverpool Dublin bar

+0 2 Kingstown Dundalk ..

-O 16 Kingstown Dungeness

-O 27 Dover Dunkerque..

+0 56 Dover Exmouth

+0 38 Devonport Falmouth

-0 46 Devonport Fecamp

+6 57 Brest Ferrol

-0 47 Brest Flamborough head -1 59 Hull Fleetwood

-O 12 Liverpool Folkestone.

-O 5 Dover Fowey

-O 29 Devonport Flushing.

+1 42 Dover Galway bay

-0 26 Queenstown Gibraltar

-1 27 Brest Glasgow (Port)

+0 10 Greenock Gloucester

+2 51 Weston-s.- Mare Granville

+2 26 Brest Gravesend

-O 48 London Grimsby (Great) -O 53 Hull Guernsey (St. Peter) +2 50 Brest Hartlepool

+05 N. Shields Harwich

-1 52 London Havre

+6 4 Brest Helgoland

+0 21 Dover Holyhead

-1 12 Liverpool Holy Island harbour -O 53 N. Shields Honfleur

+5 42 Brest Inverness

-1 59 Leith

PORT Or
PLACE. CONSTANT.

REFERENCE

H. M. Jersey (St. Helier) +2 38 Brest kinsale

-0 18 Queenstown Lerwick (Shetland) -3 47 Leith Limerick..

+1 15 Queenstown Lisbon bar

--1 17 Brest Littlehampton

+0 24 Dover Llanelly bar

-O 38 Weston-s.-Mare Lowestoft

- 4 1 London Lynn & Boston Deep. -O 29 Hull Margate

-2 18 London Maryport

+0 3 Liverpool Milford Haven entr. -O 58 Weston-s.-Mare Montrose

-O 52 Leith Morlaix

+1 6 Brest Needles point

-1 26 Dover Newcastle

+0 23 X. Shields Newhaven

+C 39 Dover Newport

+0 16 Weston-s. Mare Nieuport

+1 6 Dover Nore

-1 28 London Orfordness

- 2 43 London Oporto

-1 17 Brest Ostende

+1 13 Dover Padstow

-1 41 Weston-s. Mare Peel, Isle of Man -O 15 Liverpool Pembroke Dock

- 42 Weston-s. Vare Penzance

-1 13 Devonport Peterhead

-1 43 Leith
Piel harbour, Barrow .. -0 18 Liverpool
Plymouth breakwater -O 6 Devonport
Poole

- 2 2 Dover Port Carlisle

+0 47 Liverpool Portland breakwater +1 18 Devonport Port Patrick

-O 58 Greenock Portsmouth

+0 29 Dover Ramsgate

- 2 19 London Rotterdam

+ 4 33 Dover Santander

-O 17 Brest Scarborough

+0 48 N. Shields Selsea bill

+0 33 Dover Sheerness

-1 21 London Shoreham

+022 Dover Sligo bay..

+0 17 Queenstown Southampton

-O 42 Dover Spurn point

-1 3 Hull St. Ives

- 2 10 Weston-s.-Mare St. Malo

+2 18 Brest St. Mary (Scilly) -1 16 Devonport St. Nazaire.

-O 7 Brest Stornoway

+6 S8 Greenock Stromness (Orkneys) -5 17 Leith Sunderland

-01 N. Shields Swansea bay

-O 53 Weston-s.- Jare Tay bar

-O11 Leith Tees bar

+0 22 N, Shields Tenby

-1 12 Weston-s.- Mare Thurso.

-5 49 Leith Torbay.

+0 17 Devonport Tralee bay

-O 58 Queenstown Ushant (Ouessant) -O 15 Brest Valentia harbour -1 19 Queenstown Waterford

+0 19 Queenstown Westport.

-0 4 Queenstown Wexford

+2 20 Queenstown Whitby

+0 22 X. Shields Whitehaven

-O 9 Liverpool Wick..

-2 55 Leith Wicklow

-O 41 Kingstown Workington

-O 19 Liverpool Yarmouth road

-4 49 London Youghall..

+0 13 Quee astown

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57

Bornholm-Due Odde Proposed light.

Due Odde Point Proposed light and fog-signal.

Hammar Point Proposed fog-signal.
Russia-Backofen

Particulars of light.
Windau

Alteration in harbour lights.
GOLF OF FINLAND-Paker Ort

Alteration in range of light.
BOTHNIA GULF-Finland-Rafso Fiard New light on Kallo islet.
FRANCE--West Coast-Brest

Alteration of La Vendrée shoal

buoy. Gironde River New light.

Calonge Canal

Quiberon Bay- New light on Grongue-Gues rock,

Les Grands Cardinaux
PORTUGAL-West Coast-Tagus River Particulars of leading lights for the

bar.
MEDITERRANEAN-France-Toulon New light.
Adriatic-Trieste Bay Permanent withdrawal of Grado

Light-vessel.
Saloniki Bay-Vardar New light-vessel-shortly.

Spit
Roumelia--Dédéagatch New light-shortly.
Gulf of Kos-Budrum New lights-shortly.
Karamania- Kastelo. New lights-shortly.

rigo Islet
Khios Strait-Chesmen New light.

Kezil Point
Mityleni Channel New lights.

Makaronia

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73

74

75

76

77

78

Roumelia-Cape Emineh Proposed new light.
various places.

Lights to be shortly exhibited.
NORTH ATLANTIC-Azores-St. Michael Destruction of light at breakwater.

-Ponta Delgada
AFRICA-East Coast - Zanzibar

Prohibited anchorage.
JAPAN-Kiusiu-Pallas Rocks

Position and other particulars.
Nipon-Tsugar Strait

Discovery of sunken rock.
South AUSTRALIA-Gulf of St. Vincent- New light on jetty.

Edithburgh
AUSTRALIA-Bass Strait-Currie Harbour New light.
NEW ZEALAND–Middle Island-Otago Information respecting the bar and

harbour.
UNITED STATES-Georgia-Tybee Island Alteration of buoyage.
NORTH ATLANTIC-. Bermuda--St. David Light established.

Island

79

80

81

82

83

NAUTICAL NOTICES.

34.-ENGLAND.East Coast.-- Thames River Entrance.-North Foreland Light-Intended Alteration in Character.-In May, 1880, the light will be altered to an occulting light, suddenly eclipsed once every half-minute for an interval of five seconds, and then, as suddenly, re-appearing with full power. Further notice will be given.

35.—ENGLAND.The Downs.— Alteration in Character of the N.E. Goodwin Buoy.—This is now one of Courtenay's Automatic Buoys ; position as heretofore.

36.—ENGLAND.—South Coast.Plymouth Sound.--Plymouth Breakwater Light.-Intended Alteration in Colours and Character. -In May, 1880, the colour will be changed from red to white seaward, and from white to red over the anchorage-thus, showing

[graphic]

schite between the bearings W. by N. I N. and S.W. W. on a line with the Melampus buoy, and red over the anchorage. The character will be changed from fixed to occulting, whereby the light will be suddenly eclipsed once every half-minute for an interval of three seconds, and then, as suddenly, re-appearing with full power. Further notice will be given.

37.-IRELAND.—South Coast.Queenstown Harbour.Particulars of Buoyage.—The following particulars have been issued :

HARBOUR ROCK East buoy is conical, surmounted by a cage, chequered red and white, and marked 1 on four sides.

HARBOUR ROCK WEST BUOY is conical, chequered black and white, but without cage or number.

TURBOT BANK EAST BUOY is conical, surmounted by a cage, painted red and white in vertical stripes, and marked 2 on four sides.

TURBOT BANK WEST Buoy is conical, painted black and white in vertical stripes, but without cage or number.

WITHIN THE HARBOUR, the western banks are marked by conical buoys, painted red, and marked on four sides from 3 to 8 in white figures, 16 inches long. Nos. 9 and 10 are can buoys floating on their sides, painted red and marked in white. There is no No. 11. The buoys marking the eastern banks are conical, painted black, and marked 12 to 17 in white figures on four sides. The fairway buoys are conical, painted black with white tops, and marked on. two sides F1 to F 8.

The five following buoys have been replaced in their proper positions :

No. 6 RED BUOY now lies with Black rock perch, S.E. by E. } E., distant 74 cables.

OUTER SPIT BUOY, No. 8, now lies with Spit bank lighthouse, W.N.W., distant 2 cables.

FAIRWAY BUOY, No. 1, now lies with Black rock perch, S.E. 4 E., distant 3} cables.

FAIRWAY BUOY, No. 2, now lies with Black rock perch, S. 1 W., distant 6 cables.

FAIRWAY BUOY, No. 3, now lies with Spit bank lighthouse, W. by N. I N., distant 4 cables.

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