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will yet recognise the fact that an extra master's certificate, with all possible endorsements, will not enable them to retain command unless accompanied by thrifty, energetic habits, a truthful estimate of duty, and a conscientious desire to make that duty a pleasure; to such I would say, do not be impatient. You may be badly placed, you may see your junior getting command before you, but depend upon it, the time is not lost that is spent in building up a valuable character; and your greater experience will go far in assisting you to make a successful start. Do not make a common mistake and imagine there is no scope for your abilities where you

However faint the impress of your “ footsteps on the sands of time,” however few there may be to trace them, let them point

ver straight in the path of duty, and you will be benefiting yourself and your brother man more as“ only mate” of the Mary Jane, of Shields, than as chief officer of the finest ocean steamer, if the latter situation should lead you to set an example of selfishness and false pride.

I hope my observations will find some sympathetic readers, who will not see merely an egotistic spirit in what I have written, for greater than my desire to see my letter in print, greater than the garrulous tendency to air my own longer experience, is my desire to help my younger brethren to (early) cultivate habits of forethought and industrious energy, the reward of which is certain, and not far distant. No ! I am not an owner. I write at sea, and am one of yourselves, although signing myself


RUSSIAN REGULATIONS RELATIVE TO PRODUCTION OF MANIFESTS OF CARGO.—Caution to Masters and Owners.—The Russian Government have determined strictly to enforce their Custom House Regulations requiring shipmasters, under a penalty of a fine, to produce manifests for the entire cargo on their arrival in port.



A Ready Reference for the Use of Shipowners, Overlookers, and

Masters. By Robert Bretland, N.A. Philip, Son and Nephew,

London and Liverpool. This is a handy little work for those connected with the building, repairing, or loading of vessels : the co-efficients are easy and accurate, and the calculations based on sound principles. But the work has not been well read for press, which can be amended in another edition. Thus, on page 15, for stky read 313°; on p. 18 the multiplier 283 is a decimal, and •3534 on p. 19 should be 3.534. Report of the Proceedings of the Second International Meteorological

Congress at Rome. 1879. Published by Authority of the

Meteorological Council. SCIENTIFIC bodies of all kinds now hold congresses to discuss what has been done in the past, and in order that the members may exchange views as to future progress : for both purposes such meetings are especially good. Mr. R. H. Scott, the head of our Meteorological Department, has always attended the International Meteorological Congresses, and given us a good report of the proceedings. The Second Congress was held at Rome in April last; and the most eminent men in Europe and America attended. Reports of high import appear to have been presented to this Congress. Sunshine and Storm in the East ; or, Cruises to Cyprus and Con

stantinople. By Mrs. Brassey. London : Longmans. 1880. Mes. BRASSEY dedicates her new book “ To the brave, true-hearted Sailors of England, of all ranks and services ; " but we fear that very, very few of our humble seafaring friends will ever be conscious of the honour done them by Mrs. Brassey, and, if they were, would not value it so much as a glass of grog or a quid of tobacco. However, Mrs. Brassey's genial good-nature, and her love of maritime associations, is expressed by her dedication, and we know that her profession of regard for the British sailor is not

an empty sentiment, but is real and practical. We admire Mrs. Brassey's book and her industry, we are charmed with the beautiful sketches and the light graceful way in which we are led from place to place, and, in effect, made one of the very pleasant party on board the Sunbeam. The book is handsomely got up, although we must say M. Gustave Doré's design much needed the explanation in the preface, for, on the face of it, it was incomprehensible.

Having said this much, we cannot but give expression to a latent feeling which strikes in with a somewhat discordant effect. Mrs. Brassey's book is so gorgeous; her narrative of the voyaging so pleasant and interesting; the air of luxurious comfort on board the Sunbeam so continually suggested, that we cannot but contrast the sea life so depicted with the actual existence of the average sailor. From the practical view of things which we are bound to take, it seems to us that the dedication to the brave, true-hearted sailors, coming as it were from the comfortable yacht, the rich surroundings, and pleasure-seeking atmosphere of the Sunbeam party, suggests a sad contrast, and perhaps would have been better left out, notwithstanding Mr. Brassey's warm-hearted feelings towards sailors.

But, nevertheless, the book will do much good. It is full of expressions of sympathy for those who live on the sea, and demonstrates how a gentleman like Mr. Thomas Brassey can qualify himself to navigate his own vessel successfully in very dangerous waters.

The book is sure to be successful, and deservedly so, but we cannot think our seamen would read it with much interest.



To the Editor of the Nautical Magazine.SIR,—Allow me to draw your readers' attention to an erratum in my Azimuth Tables, kindly communicated to me by Captain James Gordon, of the s.s. City of Mecca.

It is on page 194 under Declination 4°:

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To the Editor of the Vautical Magazine," SIR, -Having taken in your valuable journal for some years, and deriving a great deal of benefit from information found therein, I would like to contribute some items connected with a voyage from China to Australia, and back to China, which if you think worth you can publish.

We left Hong Kong on the 11th August for Sydney, New South Wales, and passing out into the Pacific Ocean north of Luzon, proceeded south to the west of the Pellew islands, and passing within eight miles of the Sequiras Isles, as marked on Imray's sheet of the Eastern Archipelago, without seeing anything of them from the masthead at sunset, although the weather was clear. The next day, the 18th August, at noon, our latitude was 6° 56' N., longitude 132° 36' E. The day very clear, and favourable for seeing a long distance; but from the masthead we could see nothing of the Johannes Isles, which are laid down on the chart about this position. Our chronometers were rated in Hong Kong before we left, and the observations were good.

We had light S.E. 1-3 winds from leaving Hong Kong till we got to 15° S., and from there to Sydney N.E, and Easterly, 3-4 fine weather; not a shower of rain.

Currents from Luzon to 6° N., half a mile an hour to S.W.; 6° N. to 21° N., one mile an hour to Eastward; 21° N. to St. John's, one and a half mile an hour to Westward. Little current in the Coral Sea, and strong southerly currents on the coast of Australia. We passed between New Ireland and the Soloman group both going and coming, and had the currents nearly alike both times, and winds also till we got to 10° north, when we had N.E. winds. We passed in sight of Mellish reef, but saw no beacon of any sort on it, so suppose it has been washed away. Squally Island, off the north coast of New Ireland, I found only to be about two miles square, instead of fifteen long and three broad, as it is in the charts I have ; it is low, but covered with trees of a good height. Some canoes came off with about 40 men in them, and we saw about 150 more inhabitants on the shore.

We passed within ten miles west of the island of Kumi (Meiaco-Sima Group), and saw no signs of broken water either to N.W. or S.W. of it, as reported and marked on charts; neither did we see anything of the Islet reported as existing in lat. 24° 9' N., long. 122° 23' E. We had clear weather and a moderately high


Found the Kuro-Sima current running 1} knot an hour as we passed Kumi. I am, dear Sir, yours very truly,

JAMES ROSS, Master. S.S. Benledi, 9th November, 1879,


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RAPID STEAM COMMUNICATION WITH AUSTRALIA via CAPE OF Good HOPE.—The s.s. Orient, of which we spoke in the December number of the Nautical Magazine, has made the passage from Plymouth to Adelaide, calling at St. Vincent and the Cape in 37 days 22 hours; and, including the time of stoppage, in 36 steaming days.

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