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19.-NEW ZEALAND.— Middle Island.- East Coast.— Banks Peninsula.-Akaroa Harbour.-Intended Light on Akaroa Head.The lighthouse is in course of erection, and it is anticipated the light will be ready for exhibition early in the year 1880. It will be a' flashing white light, showing a flash every ten seconds. Position, approximate, lat. 43° 54' 0" S., long. 173° 0" 20" E.
20.-NEW ZEALAND.—Middle Island.- South-East Coast.Intended Light on Cape Saunders.—The lighthouse is in course of erection, and it is anticipated the light will be ready for exhibition early in 1880. It will be a revolving white light, obtaining its greatest brilliancy every minute. Position, approximate, lat. 45° 53' 15" S., long. 170° 45' 40" E.
21.--New ZEALAND.-Middle Island.-West Coast.-Light at Hokitika.—This is a harbour light. It is a fixed white light, elevated 122 feet above the sea, and visible from a distance of 16 miles. The lighthouse, 18 feet high, constructed of wood and painted white, is situated on Gaol hill, 14th miles northward of the flagstaff at Hokitika river entrance. Position, approximate, lat. 42° 42' 20" S., long. 170° 59' 30" E. On the exhibition of this light, the fixed white light previously shown from the flagstaff, would be discontinued.
22.-UNITED STATES.—Pacific Coast.-Washington Territory.New Light at Point-no-Point, Puget Sound.-On and after Jan. 1, 1880, a fixed white light, lighting 270° of the horizon, will be shown from a tower recently erected on this point; elevation, 20 feet above the ground, and 27 feet above the mean sea level. The tower is painted white, the lantern and dome red. The keeper's dwelling, one-and-a-half story wooden building, painted white, stands 200 feet west of the tower. Approximate position, lat. 47° 54' 41" N., long. 122° 31' 6" W. Bearings and distances of prominent objects are as follows :-Admiralty head-light, N.W., 16 miles ; Skatchet head, N.E. by E. * E., 4 miles ; West point, S.E.S., 15 miles.
23.—South AMERICA.—Chilé.--Reported Danger South-Eastward of Mocha Island.-Information through Captain Maclear, H.M. surveying vessel Alert, respecting & sunken danger S.S.E. of Anegadiza point, southern extreme of Mocha island :--This reported
danger (Illimani reef), on which the Pacific Steam Navigation Company's vessel Illimani was said to have been totally wrecked (after striking at about 2h. 30m. a.m. of 18th July, 1879, on her passage from Magellan strait to Valparaiso), has a depth of about 9 fathoms at a distance of 3 cables eastward of it, and is stated to lie with the following bearings and distances, viz:- Anegadiza point, N.N.W., distant 27ths miles; Sunken danger westward of Illimani reef, W. by S. I S., distant 11ths mile.
Caution.—Mariners navigating in the vicinity of Mocha island, are warned that a strong north-easterly set may be experienced, for which (especially at night, or in thick weather) due allowance should be made. Variation, 17*° E.
24.-SOUTH AMERICA.— West Coast—Chilé.—North Chaneral Bay— Rocks near Bryson Point. — Information relative to two sunken rocks lying north-westward of Bryson (Barquita) point, south side of north Chaneral bay :—These rocks, on the outer of which the Pacific Steam Navigation Company's vessel Colombia is stated to have touched when entering this bay on 21st August, 1879, are reported on the authority of Mr. G. J. Sheriff, of Chaneral, to lie in a N.W. by W. } W. direction from Bryson point, åt the respective distances of about 13 and 24 cables- the outer rock has about 14 feet over it at lower water; the inner, about 8 feet. Both rocks appeared to have a smooth surface, and to be composed of soft granite.
Caution.—Vessels should not round Bryson point at a less distance than half a mile. Variation, 12° E.
25.-UNITED STATES—Florida.—Beacon in front of the Main Light Amelia Island discontinued. --On and after January 1, 1880, the beacon-light, which, with the Amelia island main light, serves as a range to the whole channel, entrance to Saint Mary's river, will be discontinued.
26.-UNITED STATES.—Georgia. Tybee Island Knoll LightShip discontinued. This light-ship at the mouth of Savannah river, will be withdrawn on January 1, 1880.
27.-UNITED STATES.- Vorth Carolina.— Re-establishment of Cape Fear Light with a Range Beacon.--Change in Colour of Oak Island Range Beacons.-On and after January 1, 1880, the light
formerly known as the Cape Fear light, on Bald head, near southern or main entrance to Cape Fear river, will be re-established, and a small beacon light will be shown in front; the two forming a range to guide through the dredged channel into the river. The main light will be displayed from the old tower, which is white and of a pyramidal form. It will be fixed white, lighting the entire horizon, elevation 101 feet above the sea, and visible about 16 miles. The beacon light will be a ship's lantern suspended from a stake placed about half a mile in front of the tower. The line connecting the two lights bears S.W. by W. 1 W. and N.E. by E. E. Approximate position of the tower, lat. 33° 52' 19" N., long. 77° 59' 49" W. Bearings and distances of prominent objects are as follows :-Oak island rear light, N.W. W., 14 mile; Fort Caswell, N.W. by N. 13 mile. After the same date, the Oak Island range beacons, marking the Western bar channel, will be shown as fixed red, instead of fixed white as at present.
28. — UNITED STATES. — Maryland. - Light on Jane Island, entrance to Little Annamessex River.-On and after December 20, 1879, a fixed white light, lighting 315o of the horizon, will be shown from the screw-pile lighthouse recently erected on the southern end of the shoal extending from Jane island, Chesapeake bay ; elevation 40 feet above mean low-water, and visible 111 miles. The light serves as a guide into Little Annamessex river, and replaces the one destroyed by ice in January, 1879. It is about 300 feet west from the old lighthouse. The superstructure is white; roof and foundation, brown. Approximate position, lat. 37° 57' 51" N., long. 75° 55' W. During thick and foggy weather a bell will be struck by machinery every fifteen seconds.
29.-UNITED STATES. New York. — Long Island Sound.Change of Fog-Signal at Execution Rocks.- The fog-signal trumpet has been replaced by a trumpet of the first order, operated by caloric engines, which gives a blast of 7 seconds' duration, at intervals of 43 seconds.
30. — UNITED STATES. Long Island Sound, New York. Change of Characteristic of Light at Stratford Shoal.—On and after December 15, 1879, the intervals between the flashes of this light will be changed from fifteen seconds to ten seconds.
31.-UNITED STATES.-Rhode Island.-Development of Schuyler Ledge off Sakonnet Point.—Recent survey shows a dangerous ledge with a least depth of 8 feet and a general depth over its surface of 12 feet. It is about 82 yards long in an E. by N. and W. by S. direction, and 33 yards wide. From its centre the west gable of the club-house on West Island bears N. I W., distant a little over one-half mile; the north end of Cormorant rock and the cupola of the Ocean house at Newport in range bear N.W. by W.; and the eastern end of the ice-house on West island, in range with a small rocky island, to the northward of it, lying about one-fourth mile from shore, bears N. } W. The ledge, which will be named Schuyler ledge, lies in the way of vessels bound, from the vicinity of Newport, into Buzzard's bay. The course from Brenton reef light-ship to Hen and Chickens light-ship, passes one-fourth of a mile to the southward of the ledge, and the course from the red buoy on the end of Brenton reef to Hen and Chickens light-vessel passes one-eighth of a mile to the northward of it. The sea breaks over the ledge in heavy weather.
32. — UNITED STATES. Maine. Fog-Bell at Owl Head, Penobscot Bay.—A fog-bell, to be struck four times a minute, has been placed 50 feet above low water, on the edge of the bluff 100 feet north-east of the Owl Head lighthouse, west side of Penobscot Bay, off Rockland Harbour.
33.—CANADA.—Gut of Canso.- Leading Lights at Havre Bouche. -On 8th October, 1879, two leading lights were exhibited from lighthouses recently erected at Havre Bouche, south side of northern entrance to the gut of Canso. The low light is a fixed white light, elevated 37 feet above high water, and visible from a distance of about 9 miles. The lighthouse, 32 feet high, square, constructed of wood and painted white, is situated on the southwest shore of the harbour. Position, lat. 45° 41'0" N., long. 61° 31' 15" W. The high light is a fixed red light, elevated 107 feet above high water, and visible from a distance of about 9 miles ; bears S. 37° W. from the low light, distant 473 yards. This lighthouse is similar in description to the low lighthouse.
Vote. These lights kept in line indicate the dredged channel entering Havre Bouche. Variation, 24° W.
HYDROGRAPHIC NOTICES RECENTLY PUBLISHED BY THE
HYDROGRAPHIC OFFICE, ADMIRALTY, 1879. No. 24.-MEDITERRANEAN Pilot, Vol. II., Notice 1; information
relating to currents on the South Coast of France. No. 25.–AUSTRALIA DIRECTORY, Vol. I., Notice 6; information
relating to portions of the South Coast of Australia, between East Mount Barren and Eucla.
OUR OFFICIAL LOG.
OFFICIAL INQUIRIES AT HOME, 1879. (This List is completed to the 18th of each Month.) 422. Villa Franca, barque; built at Bath, U.S., 1859; owned by Mr. A. Elford, of London ; tonnage, 1,031; Tyne to Carthagena ; coals, &c. ; lost near Cromer, coast of Norfolk, October 13, 1879. Inquiry held at Greenwich, October 30, 1879, before Balguy, Stipendiary Magistrate ; White and Parfitt, N.A. Second mate to blame for taking inaccurate soundings; his certificate suspended for three months. Master in default for not taking proper steps to get the ship afloat after stranding ; his certificate suspended for six months.
423. Ella Mary, schooner; and Electric, s.s.; the former built at Ulverston, in 1871 ; owned by Mr. W. Postlethwaite, of Holborn Hill, Cumberland; tonnage, 80; Rouen to Liverpool ; sand; the latter built at Glasgow, in 1863; owned by the Belfast Steamship Company ; tonnage, 571; in collision near Formby lightship, river Mersey, October 17, 1879, whereby loss of life ensued. Inquiry held at Liverpool, October 31, 1879, before Raffles, Stipendiary Magistrate; Harris, Powell, and Wilson, N.A. Court found mate of Electric to blame for not slowing his engines when approaching so closely to another vessel. Certificate suspended for three months.
426. Albion, 8.8.; built at Partick in 1865; owned by the London and Edinburgh Shipping Company; tonnage, 143; Gibraltar to West Coast of Africa ; ballast; sustained serious damage