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engraven on it: And those who honour'd the Cross were in fo great numbers in the Northern Provinces, that they gave Jealousie to the Infidels. / The Christians there were call's ļsai; from the Name Jesus :- And from the Chaldee Books which were found ypon the Coasts of Malabars it appears that St. Thomas preach'd the Gospel in China, and founded many Churches there. The Passages which prove this, may be seen in Trigautius and Semedo, translated out of those Books. Nicolas de Conti I faith of the Chinese, that when they rise in the Morning, they turn their Faces to the East, and with theit Hands joined; fays. God in Trinity keep us in this Law.orage
The Gospel was preach'd in China by some who came from Judes, and seem to have been Monks, A.D. DCXXXVI, as it appears by a Marble Table erected A. D. DCCLXXXII, and found A. D. MDCXXV. This Monument.contains the principal Articles of the Christian Faith i written both in Syriack and it Chinese Chara&ters; the substance of the Inscription may be seen in Le Compte's Memoirs, and the whole is tranflated by Semedo. Hornius indeed rejects this Inscription (which was likewise produced by Kircher) as counterfeits but without any capife, that I can perceive : For if it were a frand, there is no reason to think that we should not find all the Points of Popery inserted in it. Andreas Mullerudy in his Opufcula Orientalia, haş fer. down the Original with a new Tranflation and a Paraphrafe and Comment upon it, where in he examines what Kircher had observed from this Inscription in favour of the Romis Do&rines..
Osorius writes, 4 that the Brachmans believed a Trinity in the Divine. Nature, and a God Incarnate to
4. C.. 16.
r Purch. Part II.
Le Compte's Memoirs, p. 348. Semedo, ib. • Horn, de Orig. American. l. 4. €. 15 * Hieron. Ofor. de Rebus Eman. Lusitan. Regis, 1. 2.
procure the Salvation of Mankind; and that the Church of St. Thomas was esteemed most Holy among the Saracens, and other Nations, for the report of Miracles wrought there.
The Gentiles of Indoftan - s retain fome Notion of the Trinity, and of the Incarnation of the Second Pers jon, though corrupted with fabulous Stories.
The People of Ceylon y do firinly believe the Resurrection of the Body. The' z Talapcins of Siam have their Convents and Chaplets, and there are generally both a Monks and Nuns among the Gentiles of the East-Indies. As the Fabulous Deities of other Heathen Nations were framed upon corrupt and absurd' Allufions to several Historical Truths in the Old Testament ; To the Siameses seem to have contrived their Religion by à profane Mixture of the Mysteries of Christianity with their own impious Fancies : For they b report of Theverat, that he was the Author of a 'Schism in Religion, and that for his Enmity to his Brother Sommona-codom, he is punished in Hell, by being hung upon a Cross, with ÎNails pierced thro? his Hands and Feet, and his Head crowned with Thorns.' And this is made a great Objection by their Priests against our Religion, that the Christians are the Disciples of Thevetat. e Their God Sommona-codem is faid to have been born of a Virgin, and his 4 Mother's Name in the Books written in the Balie Tongue, which contains the Mysteries of clteir Religion, is Maha Maria, which signifies the Great Mary: tho it is as often written Mania as Marië'; and these Books do likewise relare, that his Father was King of Ceylon. This
x Continuat. of Bernier's Memoirs. Tom. 3. y Capt. Knox's Hif. + Ceylon, Part 3. 7:5
? Loubere du Royaume de Siam. Tom. I. Part. 3. 6. 17. Voyage de Siam. des Peres. Jer, Vol. 1. l. 6. a Theven. Trav. Part 3. C. 36. Bernier. Memoir. Tom. 3. Voyage de Siam, ib. c Ib. 1.5. Loubere, ib. c. 24.
Inconsistency shews, that they have mixt the Christian Mysteries with Fables and Traditions of their own.
The Indians in America e worshipped a God, who, they said, was One in Three and Three in One. They Baptized ftheir Children, and used the Cross in Bape tism, having a great veneration for the Cross, and thinking it a preservative against Evil Spirits : they believed the Resurrection of the Body; they had Monasteries, Nunneries, Confeflors and Sacraments : And the Mexicans, h in their ancient Tongue, called their High-Priests Papa's, or Sovereign Bishops, as it appears by their Histories.
It is a remarkable Relation which Lerius gives of the People of Brafil, That when he had discoursed to them concerning Religion, and endeavoured to persuade them to become Christians; one of their ancient Men answer'd, That he had declared excelJent and wonderful things to them, which put him in mind of what they had often heard from their Forefathers ; That a long while ago, many Ages before their time, there came a Stranger into their Country, in such a Habit, and with a Beard, as they saw the French wear, (for these Americans have none) who preached to them in the same manner, and to the same effe&, as they had now heard him do; but that the People would not hearken to him. Upon which Lerius observes, that Nicephorus writes, That St. Matthew preached the Gospel to Cannibals; and he thinks it not improbable that some of the Apostles might pass into America, that the Sound of the Gospel might go into all the Earth. And it is observable, that he found many words in the Brasilian Language taken out : of the Greek Tonguç.
e Jos. A cost. Hist. 1. 5. c. 28. f Pet. Mart. Decad. 4. c. 8. & Decad. 8. c. 9. & Lerii Navigat, in Braf. c. 10,1 Acoft. l. 5. C. 14. 23, 24, 25. i Lerius Navigat. ib,
Hornius k owns, as every Man elfe must do, that considers it, that there are manifeft. Tokens of the Rites and Doctrines both of the Jewish and Christian Religion among the Americans, as of Circumcision, Baptism, the Trinity, the Lord's Supper, &c. but then he is for bringing the Jews and Christians thither his own way, and will have the Jews come in company of the Scythians; and the Christian Rites to be brought in with the Turks and Tartars, or from Japan and China : Though he likewise approves and confirms the Relation which Powel and Hackluyt give of a Colony transplanted into America, by Madoc, from Wales.
Several Usages which are observed to be among the Natives, by the Missionaries, both in the East and Weft-Indies, and to have a near resemblance to their own Rites, seem to prove that there have formerly been Christian Monks amongst them; rather than that this proceeds (as the Miffionaries imagined) from an ambition that the Devil has to Ape, as they say, what is done in God's Service; or that we may conclude, as some Protestants have done a little too hastily, that this it self is a sufficient Argument that the Devil is the Author of such Rites, because they are found amongst his Worshippers. If we consider the vast numbers of Monks, in ancient Times, in the Eastern Parts of the World, who were Men of an active and indefatigable Zeal, it may well be supposed that some of them might find the way into those Countries which have been but lately discovered to the rest of the World.
It is evident from the unanimous Testimony both of Protestants and Papists, that there are manifest Tokens, in all Parts of the World, that the Christian Religion has been preached amongst them. And it
* Horn. de Orig. Americ. 1. 3. C. 2. & 1. 4. C. 15.
must, in common Justice, be confeft, that the latter Misionaries have preached the Gospel among the Indians with great zeal and success. “A King of Ceylon I received Baptism, and was very zealous to bring over his Subjects to the Chriftian Faith; and one of their most learned Men became a Christian at the same time, but the King was deposed by his Idolatrous Subjeđs. Some of the Kings of Congo m have been converted : One n of whom, Alphonso, destroyed all the Idols, and propagared the Christian Faith with great zeal: He sent his Sons, Grandsons and Nephews to Portugal to study ; Two of them were afterwards Bishops in their own Country. The King of Monomiot apareigning A.D. MDCXXXI, was a Christian. Bernier computes the number of Christians in the Kingdom of Bengale, at between Thirty and Forty thousand. And in Japan 9 A.D. MDCXNÍ, there were Four hundred thousand Christiaris, who were all destroyed by the Persecution raised, through the Coverousness of some Dutch Merchants, and their malicious Plots and Contrivances, to engrossthe Trade of those Islands to themselves. And indeed, by the Accounts which we have of those Parts, the Lives of the Europe ans have been so scandalous, and so contrary to their Religion, that besides the guilt of the fins themselves, they have a great deal to answer, for that hindrance which they have ther_by given to the progress of Christianity among those poor People, who have generally shewn a good inclination and forwardness to be inftructed ; and in times of Persecution, both from Mahometans and Idolaters, even Chil
! Tayern. Vovages des Indes, 1. 3. C. 4.
m Varen. de diverfis Gent. Relig. Tavèrn. Voyage de Perte, C. 14. & Ofor. de rebus Einan: 1. 3; 8; 1o.
► Faria's Portug. Asia. Tom. I. Part I. c. 3. b Taverni. ibid. P Memoir. Tom. 4.
9 Ibid. Varen. de Relig, in Regno Japon. c. II.