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cation and Advancement of Cyrus, were so far from having any thing in them, that looked towards the fulfilling these Prophecies, that they all seemed extreamly to make against it, and did thereby wonderfully manifest the Divine Wisdom and Power in the Prophecies, and in the Accomplishment of them. “ For there is no Historian, (says ? Sir W. Ra5 leigh, speaking of the Conquest of Babylon,) who “ was either present at this Vi&ory of Cyrus, or « that received the Report from others truly, as it “ was, that could better leave the same to Pofterity, “ after it happen'd, than Esay hath done in many .“ places of his Prophecies, which were written two “ hundred Years' before any thing attempted. And the fame Prophet' who foretold the Empire of Cyrus the Perfan, foretold likewise, That the Kingdom of the Chaldæans should be destroyed by the Medes, Isa. xiii. 17. And it was prophesied by Jeremiah, that it should be destroyed by the Kings of the Medes, Jer, li. 11, 28. And this is the more remarkable, mbecause tho' Darius Medus conquer'd Babylon, yet he dying foon after, and Cyrus succeeding him, the Fame of Cyrus, who was, at the taking of Babylon, but General of his Army, so obscured the Name and Memory of Darius, that Historians have taken no no tice of him ; though he is found mention'd by the Scholiast, upon u Aristophanes, who says, that a Darius, who was before him that was Father of Xerxes, gave Name to the Pieces of Coin call'd Aręczon, who must be Darius Medus. So much better were Tranfa&ions known to the Prophets before-hand, than to Historians afterwards. The Judgments which were to befal divers other Nations, were also foretold by Isaiah, and described by particular Circum
I L. 3. Part 1.c.3.8.5.
m See Sir W. Raleigh, l. 3. C. 2. . 2.
stances : He prophesied of the Overthrow of Tyre by Alexander the Great ; From the land of Chittim it is revealed to them, Isa. xxiii. 1. The Land of Chittim is Macedonia, Mac. i. 1. viii. 5. And Isaiah exprefly calls Tyre an Illand, xxiii. 2, 6. and therefore must mean that Tyre which was taken by Alexander ; tho' it were not yet built, but rose out of the Ruines of Tyre on the Continent, which Nebuchadnezzar destroyed, according to Ezekieľs Prophecy. The Destruction of Nineveh was foretold by the Prophet Nahum, an hundred and fifteen Years before-hand. “ P Nineveh (that which God himself calleth that “ Great City) hath not one Stone standing, which
may give the Memory of the Being of a Town: one " English Mile from it, is a place called Mosul, a " small thing, rather to be a Witness of the other's “ Mightiness, and God's Judgment, than of any fa“ fhion of Magnificence in it felf.
The Prophet Jeremiah foretold the Conquests of Nebuchadnezzar, and the Captivity of the Jews by him, in so remarkable and solemn a manner, that it was notorious to all the neighbouring Nations: For, according to the Custom of delivering Prophecies by some visible Signs, as well as in Words, he sent Bonds and Yokes to the king of Edom, and to the king of Moab, and to the king of the Ammonites, and to the king of Tyrus, and to the king of Zidon, by the hand of the mellengers which came to Jerusalem (from these several Kings) unto Zedekiah king of Judah ; and foretold, That all these nations should serve Nebuchadnezzar, and bis son, and his sons fon, Jer. xxvii. 3, 7. And the Jews put him in Prison, for this Prophecy; where he was kept when Nebuchadnezzar took the City, and set him at liberty. And when the Chaldæans had raised the Siege,
• Joseph, Antic. l. 9. C.II. Nivo wores høaviatn a Sex õues Ο ' η Σύρων κατάλυσιν Strabo, 1. 16. Ρ. ΙΟ7Ι. P Sir Ant. Sherley's Travels into Persia, p. 21.
by by reason of Pharaoh's Army, .which was coming to the Relief of Jerusalem; Jeremiah told the Jews, That Pharaoh's Army should return into Ægpyt, without effecting any thing ; and that the Chalda ans should come again, and take the City, and burn it with fire, Jer. xxxvii.
5. He likewise prophesied against Ægypt, which the Jews made their Refuge and Sanctuary ; and pointed out the very place where Nebuchadnezzar would pitch his Tent, by taking great Stones, and hiding them in the Clay, at the entry of Pharaoh's House Tahpanhes, in the fight of the Men of Judah; declaring, That his throne should be set upon those stones, and he should spread bis royal pavilion over them, Jer. xliii. 9, 10. It is observable that Jeremiah, when he might have gone to Babylon, and lived in Safety and Honour there, chose rather to remain in his own Country, and persist in the discharge of his Office ; and when he was constrained to go into Ægypt, he still retain'd the same Zeal and Spirit of Prophecy. And the accomplishment of his Prophecy concerning Pharaoh, chap. xliv. 30. is to be seen in Herodotus.
The Prophet Jeremiah was opposed and contradicted by several False Prophets, who prophesied deceitful and flattering Delufions to the People, persuading them, that no evil should come upon them ; of whom Jeremiah foretold, That Hanania should die that same Year in which he vented his false Prophecies, chap. xxviii. 16, 17. and, That Ahab the Son of Kolaiah, and Zedechiah the Son of Maasejah, should be taken Captive by Nebuchadnezzar, and slain in the fight of the People of Judah, and roasted in the fire, chap. xxix. 21, 22. And thus distinctly foretelling the Time and Manner of the Death of those False Prophets, he vindicated his own Prophecies, which were at first so unwillingly believed, beyond all contradiction.
9 Herodot. Euterp. c. 169.
But that which seemed most strange, and was most objected against in the Prophecies of Jeremiah, was his Prophecy concerning, the Death of Zedechiah ; for in this, - Hé and Ezekiel were thought to contradi& each other. Jeremiah prophesied in Jerusalem, at the same time when Ezekiel prophesied in Babylon, and concerning the same things ; and Jeremiah's Prophecy was sent to the Captives in Babylon, and Ezekiels, to the Inhabitants of Jerusalem. But Jeremiah said, Thine eyes shall behold the eyes of the king of Babylon, and he fall speak with thee mouth to mouth, and thou shalt go to Babylon. Yet hear the word of the Lord, o Zedekiah king of Judah, Thus faith the Lord of thee, Thou shalt not die by the sword; but thou shalt die in peace : and with the burnings of thy fathers, the former kings which were before thee, fo fall they burn odours for thee ; and they will lament thee, say ing, Ah Lord! for I have pronounced the word, saith the Lord, Jer. xxxiv. 3, 4, 5, But Ezekiel prophefied in these words; I will bring him to Babylon, to the land of the Chaldæans : yet fall he not see it, though he shall die there, Ezek. xii. 13. Now these two Prophets writing of the Captivity of Zedekiah, reckon
all the Circumstances of it between them, in such a manner, as that they were believed to contradict each other; and thereby the expectation and attention of the People was the more excited to observe the Fulfilling of their Prophecies. Jeremiah said, That he should see the King of Babylon, and be carried to Babylon : Ezekiel, That he should not see Babylon. Jeremiah, That he should die in Peace, and be buried after the manner of his Ancestors: Ezekiel, That he should die at Babylun. And if we compare all this with the History, nothing ever was more punQually fulfilled: For Zedekiah saw the King of Babylon, who commanded his Eyes to be put out, before he was brought to Babylon; and he died there, but died peaceably, and was suffered to have the usual Funeral Solemnities, 2 Kings xxv. 6,7._And therefore both Prophecies proved true in the Event, which seemed before to be inconsistent. And fo critical an Exactness in every minute Circumstance, in Prophecies delivered by two Persons, who were before thought to contradi& each other, was such a convi&tion to the Fews, after they had feen them so punctually fulfilled, in their Captivity, that they could no longer doubt, but that both were from God.
1 Jofeph. Antiq. I. 10. Ç. 10, Hieron. ad Ezek. C. 12,
Jeremiah foretold also, That the Kingdom of the Chaldeans should be destroyed, and that the Fews should be restored, after a Captivity of seventy Years: These nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years : And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the Lord, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldæans, Jer. xxv. II, 12. For thus faith the Lord, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon, I will visit you, and perform my good word to
in causing you to return to this place, Jer, xxix. 10. And upon this Prophecy of Jeremiah the Jews depended, under the Captivity, Dan. ix. 2. Zech. i. 12. and it was exa&ly fulfilled to them. He foretold, that the Vessels of the Temple should be brought back again at the coming of the Jews out of their Captivity in Babylon, chap. xxvii. 22. And it was the particular care of Cyrus, Darius and Artaxerxes, that they should be return'd, Ezra i. 7. vi. 5. vii. 19. He bought a Field of Hanameel his Uncle's Son, and the Evidences of the Purchase, which were subscribed in the sight of many Witnesses, were delivered to Baruck, to be preserv'd in an Earthen Veffel, as a Token of the Peoples return out of Captivity, and to be produc'd at their Return in confirmation of his Propheçies, Jer. xxxii. 9. The Generations of Nebuchad
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