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and as a root out of a dry ground : he hath no form nor comeliness :and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should defire him. He is despised and rejected of men, a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief, and we hid as it were our faces from him, he was despised and we esteemed him not. His Meekness and Patience are described, Ifai. xlii. 2, 3, 4. He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor' cause his voice to be heard in the street; a bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoaking Flax shall he not quench ; he shall bring forth judgment unto truth; he shall not fail nor. be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth, and the Isles fall wait for his Law. His Abędę was to be chiefly in Galilee, Isai. ix. 1. Matt. iv. 14. And accordingly, he was brought up at Nazareth, and dwelt at Capernaum. And those who have the greatest name among the Apostles were Galileans, , Matt. iv. 18, 21. Joh. i. 44.
His Miracles are every where inculcated by the Prophets, and this was so well understood by the Jews of that time, that many of the people believ'd in him, upon the account of his Miracles, and said, When Christ cometh, fall he do greater Miracles than these, which this man hath done? John. vii. 31. And when St. John Baptist fent two of his Disciples to enquire of our Saviour, whether he were the Christ, he gives them no other Answer, but that they should acquaint Fohn with what things they had feen and heard, how that the blind
saw, the lame walked, the lepers were cleanfed, the deaf heard, the dead were raised, to the poor the Gospel was preached, Luke vii. 22. which was the literal fulfilling of that Prophecy, Isaiah xxxv. 5, 6. and it was the very Character which all the Prophets had given of the Messias. St. John Baptift, of whom Josephus gives a high Commendation, and whom all Men look'd upon as a Prophet, Matt. xxi. 26, had before declar'd Jesus to be the Christ, though he now sent two of his Disciples to enquire of him, not for his own, but for their Satisfa&ion, that they might be
Witnesses, how the Prophecies were fulfilld in him.
But besides the Record of John, the Holy Ghost gave witness to Christ, visibly descending upon him at his Baptism, with a Voice from Heaven, pronouncing the Words prophetically deliver'd before concerning the Messias, which were always understood by the Jews to be meant of him, Matth. iii. 13. and this Voice was again repeated, tho' not so públickly as before, at his Transfiguration, Matth. xvii. 5. 2 Pet. i. 17., and at a third time there came a Voice , to him from Heaven, in the hearing of all the People; John xii. 28. By the Hosanna's of the Multitude, and even of the Children, and by his driving the Buyers and Sellers out of the Temple, several known Prophecies concerning the Messias were fulfill'd in him, Matth. xxi. 16. Joh. ii. 17.
III. The Types and Prophecies concerning the Death of the Messias, were fulfill'd in our Saviour. His Death was foretold both in the Writings of the Prophets, and by several Types or Actions which did represent and prefigure his Death, with the Manner and Circumstances of it; and this was one kind of Prophesying, by the Resemblance of Axions and Things, as well as by Descriptions in Words. Thus Abraham's offering up Isaac, was a Type of Christ's being offer'd upon the Cross; and Isaac's carrying the Wood on his Shoulders, was a Type of Christ's carrying his Cross. The lifting up the Brazen Serpent in the Wilderness, was a Type of Christ's being lifted up; and the Paschal Lamb, was a plain Type of the Sacrifice of Christ. Our Saviour Christ was facrificed upon the Cross, at the very time of the Passover, even n in the very same month, on the very same day, and at the
n Vid. Bijnop of Worcester's Chronol. Append.
Same hour; when his Type the Paschal Lamb was to be killd, the Blessed Jesus expired. A Bone of him was not broken, which was typified of him in the Paschal Lamb; the breaking of his Legs, was prevented by his voluntary giving up the Ghost, when he had so much Strength and Vigour after all his Pains, as to cry out with a loud Voice; which, by the course of Nature, a Person who had endured fo much before, and had hung bleeding and languishing for three hours at least upon the Cross, 'till he expir'd by the Force and Extremity of his Torments, could not have done; and his being dead sooner than was expected, and sooner than the Malefactors were, caused the fulfilling this prophetical Type, a Bone of him shall not be broken, Exod. xii. 46. Numb. ix. 12. • He died likewife in the Year of Jubilee, (as Dr. Lightfoot computes) by which the Release and Redemption which he purchased for Mankind was typified : But according to Archbishop Usher, the Jubilee fell upon the Year of Christ's Baptism, when he began to preach the acceptable Year of the Lord, Luke iv. 19. and that Remiffion of Sins, which was prefigur’d by the Release in the Year of Jubilee. And as the fulfilling of these feveral Types concurred in our Saviour ; fo the fulfilling of them was brought to pass by the Malice and Cruelty of his Enemies, and of those very Jews who, had ever understood these Types to relate to the Messias.
The Prophecies, in like manner, were fulfilled in Him; not by any Design or Contrivance of his own, but by the mere Envy and Malice of his Murtherers. He was betray'd by one of his own Disciples, as it had been foretold of him, Pfal. xli. 9. John xiii. 18. The thirty pieces of Silver, for which he was betray'd, were by the Chief Priests given to buy the Potters Field ; by which was fulfilled a noted Prophecy, that
• Lightf. Harm. N. T. $ lix. p. 243.
stands recorded in the Book of Zechariah; But because Jeremiah had prophesied of the same thing before him, or for some other reason, it was better known among the Jews by the Name of Jeremiah's Prophecy ; unless, as some suppose, Feremy be put for Zachary by a mistake of the Transcriber; which was obvious enough, in transcribing the Abbreviation of the Name of Zachary, Iets for Zeis; or unless the true reading be, that which was spoken by the Prophet, without the mention of any Prophet's Name, according to the Syriac and Perfic Versions, and fome MS. Copies still extant, and others mention'd by St. Augustine. The great Antiquity of the Syriac Version, even before the Canon of Scripture was finish'd, makes this Account the most probable. Our Saviour was buffeted and spit upon, according to a Prophecy of Isaiah, Isa. 1. 6. He had Vinegar given him to drink mingled with Gall; and his Garments were parted amongst the Soldiers, by casting of Lots: both which were foretold, Psal. xxii. 18. lxix. 2 1. They pierced his Hands and his Feet, Ps. xxii. 16. by Crucifixion, a Punishment never used among the Fews ; which yet had been foretold should be inflicted on Christ so many Ages before it was known to them. This Prophecy could not have been fulfilled, unless Christ had been delivered up to the Romans, a People who had no Being in the World for divers Ages after this Prediaion : And no other Nation, as P Scaliger has observed, had this kind of Punishment, by fattning Men to a Cross with Nails thrust through their Hands and Feet. And as Judea had not been under a Procurator before the Birth of Christ, nor' 'till the Banishment of Archilaus by Augustus; so the Power of Life and Death with which the Procurator of Judea was entrusted was not commonly granted to Procurators. Als
P Scaligeran, 1. 9 Jofeph. de Bell. Jud. 1. 2. C. 11. * Annal. 12. sub fin. & Lipf. ad. loc..
which manifests an extraordinary Providence in the Accomplishment of this Prophecy. They that pass’d by, reviled him in the very words of the Pfalmist; and in his Agony he cried out in the words of the same Psalm xx. 1,7,8. His Death was voluntary ; for tho' it was in the power of his Enemies to crucifie him; yet his Life was in his own power, which he resigned in the words of another Pfalm, Psal. xxxi. 5. and he caused another Prophecy to be fulfilled, by dying at that very point of time, which, if his Death had been deferred a little longer, had not been fulfilled ;. for the Soldiers broke the Legs of the two other that were cru-, cified with him, but finding him dead, they broke not his Legs, though one of them fufpe&ing that he could not be so soon dead, pierced his side, to try whether he were really dead or not, by which that Scripture was fulfilled, which faith, they shall look.on bim, whom they pierced, John xix. 34. Zach. xii
. 10. which s Text the Ancient Jews interpreted of the Meffias. The liüi Chapter of Isaiah is a clear description of our Saviour's Passion almost in every circumftance of it. He was despised and rejected of men, & man of forrows, and acquainted with grief ; he was wounded for our Transgressions, and bruised for our Iniquities; he was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; he was brought as a Lamb to the Slaughter, and as a Sheep before her Shearers is dumb, fo be opened not bis mouth; his Silence being taken fpecial notice of by Pilate himself, and his Meekness towards Judas, his most ungrateful Disciple, is wonderful beyond all Example. He made his Grave with the Rich in his Death; though he died in that shameful manner, under the imputation of so much wickedness, yet Foseph of Arimathea, an honourable Counsellor, was suffered by Pilate to bury him, which he did in his own new Tomb, He was numbred with the Transgresors; and in that sense
s See Bp. Pearson.