페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

gave continual :Manifestations to the World of the

Truth of their Religion . When the Ten-Tribes were carried from Samaria, and frange Nations were trantsplanted: thither in their raom, God would not luffer his Name and Worship to be quite neglected and forgotten amongst them, but they were forced to send for a Priest back again, -to teach them the fear of the Lard, 2 King.xvii.,

And after the taking of Jerzfalem by Nebuchadnez-zar, and the Death of Gedaliah, who was iset over them that were left behind in the Land of ifydab, all the People that were noti before carried to Babylon, fled into Ægyt; Jeremiah, being forced along with them, who there prophesied against Ægypt, and foretold its Destruction by the Babylonians, Jer. xliii.hand at last fuffer'd Martyrdom. Their going into Ægypt, - was indeed contrary to the Word of tho Lord by feCremiab; but the Providence of God so order'd things, that Jeremiah should be carry'd thither. with the neft, to testifie against their Wickedness and Obstinacy, and to denounce God's Judgments upon them, and upon the Ægyptians, in who they placed their

confidence, rather than in the Living God, and then tò die in testimony of the Truth of what he had delivered.?...

Cyrus and Darius desir'dtle Prayers and Sacrifices of the pows, in behalf of themselves and s their Kingdoms. Alexanderidhe Great, Ptolemæus Philadelphis, Augustus, Tiberius, and Vitellius, fent Kiềtims to be sacrificed at the Temple of iJerusalems as we learn from Philo and Josephus. The Jews constantly offer d Sacrifices and Prayers for the Kings and Emperors under whom they lived, and for their Allies and Confederates, 1 Maccab-vii-33--and xii. 11. And it was expected of them; for the omission of this, contrary to their known and approved Custom in all former Times, was the thing which haften'd their final Destruction by the Romans,

The

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

The Course of Alexander's Vi&tories was so unexpe&ted, so sudden, and every way so wonderful, thật it alarm'd the World And no Man can believe that this was design’d by Providence only to gratifie the Ambition and Vanity.of a rafh Youth, but to open a Way for a Communication

between the several Parts of the Earth, to the Benefit of Mankind, in the Improvement of all useful Knowledge; and when this Work was done, he was no longer the same Man he had been before, but soon resign’d his Conquests with His Life

It is observable, that Alexander was, exceedingly addicted to Learning, that he had Philosophers with him, and design d to introduce the Greek Tongue, by his Conquests, and establish it as the Universal Language... For when he left the Mother and Children of Darius, at Susa, he took care to appoint them Instructors in this Tongue. He h ere&ted about Şeventy Cities among the Barbarous Nations, mixing Greeks with the Natives, and order'd Thirty thousand Boys

to be educated in the Grgek Learning Which had its Effect to succeeding k Agese

| Pliny acquaints us, that. Alexander, was in judes. He is faid, by m Josephus, to have gone to the Temple at Jerusalem, and offer! Sacrifice, and to have been mightily encouragid in huis Enterprize against Persia, by the Prophecy of Daniel : He remitted the Tribute of every. Seventh Year, in which, by their

low round; which was afterwards remitted to them likewise by the Romans. He granted the Jews, who in great Numbers lifted themselves in his Army, the free Ex

MTT

TETT & Diodor. Sic. 1. 17.

i Id. in Vit. Alex. * Quid sibi volunt in Mediis Barbarorum Regionibus Græcæ urbes ? Quid inter Indos Perlasque Macedonicus fermo ? Sen. Consol. ad Helv. .1 m Jofeph. Antiq. 1. 11. c. ult.:

ercise

h Plut. de Fortun. Alex. Orat. I.

| Hift. Nat. 1. 12. C. 25.

n Ibid. 1. 14. C. 17.

[ocr errors][merged small]

ercise of their Religion, and promis'd to grant the fame to the Jews of Babylon and Media ; and those of Sanballat's Faction, who follow'd him into Ægypt, he plac'd in Thebais.

Hecatæus, who livd in Alexander's time, wrote o a Book concerning the Jews, in which he took notice of their great Zeal for their Law; which he proves by this Instance, That when Alexander repair'd the Temple of Belus at Babylon, his Soldiers, who were Fews, could by no means be brought to help forward that Work; and at last the King excus'd them. He related, that Hezechias the High-Priest of the Jews, a Venerable Man of about Sixty fix Years of Age, of great Prudence and Experience, and withal very eloquent, whom he knew and had convers'd with, was one, amongst others, who follow'd Ptolemeus Lagi, after the Battle at Gaza, in which he overcame Demetrius Poliorcetés. He mention'd likewise, that Mofollamus a Jew, marching with him, when the rest made a ftand, by reason of a Bird, the Stay or Flight where of, the Augur faid, was to be a Direction to them in their March, shot that Bird in the fight of them all, and defended what he had done, by Argument. And indeed, the Jews wanted neither Zeal, nor Wit, nor Courage, upon every Occasion, to appear in behalf of their own Religion, against the Superftitions and Idolatries of the Heathen. This Book of Hecateu's was extant in the țime of Jofephus, who refers his Reader to it, and remain'd 'till Eusebius's time, who cites a large Paflage out of it

, in which is related this Agion of Mo, follamus. And Josephus appeals to the Letters of Alex, ander the Great, and of Ptolemæus Lagi, and the Kings of Ægypt his Successors, in favour of the Jews.

.. Jofeph. contra Ap. 1. 1. p. 1048, ora, p Eufeb. Præpar. Evang. 1. 9. c. 4.

In Eusebius, be is call'da Moromamus, by a Miftake. The Hebrew Name Melhullam is in the Lxx. Mosollam, ļ Chron. ix. 7. &C

When

When Ptolemæus Lagi 9 took Yerusalem, he tranf planted the Jews in great Multitudes into Ægypt, putting many of them into his Garrisons, and

allowing them equal Privileges with the Macedonians ; by which Encouragement, many, besides those whom he transported, voluntarily went to dwell there. And the Captives of that Nation, fer at liberty by Ptoler meus Philadelphus, were 120000. And belides the fignal Favours and Honours bestow'd upon the Jews, by Ptolemeus Philadelphus (who likewise causd the Holy Scriptures to be translated into the Greek Tongue, which was an exceeding great furtherance to the Propagation of Religion) Seleucus Nicanor granted them the Freedom of Antioch, and of the Cities which he had founded in Afa, and the Lower Syria; and thefe Privileges remained to them 'till Josephus's time, after all which the Jews had done to deserve to be depriv'd of them.

Antiochus the Great sent forth his Letters and Edi&ts, which are to be seen in ? Jofephus, in favour of the Fews, more-especially in what related to their Religious Worship. And Seleucus, Son to this Antiochus, after his Father's Example, out of his own Revenues, bore the Cost belonging to the Sacrifices, 12 Mac.iü. 3. Antiochus Epiphanes himself, at laft, under the avenging Hand of God upon him, for all his impious Cruelties, acknowledg'd himself punish'd for his Sacrilege and other Mischiefs committed at Jerusalem, 1 Mac. vi. 12,13, and 2 Mac, ix. 17.

Antiochus Pius, when he befieg'd Jerusalem, * not only granted a Truce for Seven Days, during the Feast of Tabernacles, but fent rich and noble Presents for Sacrifices; and a Peace being concluded upon ho pourable Conditions, with regard particularly to Religion, Joannes Hyrcanus accompany'd Antiochus in

r Ibid. c. 3.

[ocr errors]

9 Joseph. Antiq. 1. 12. C. 1, 2,

Ibid. Ibid. 1. 13. c. 16. Plutarch. Apothegm. p. 184. Edit. Par.

his

[ocr errors]

his: Parthian Expedition; and the Feaft of Pentecost falling the Day after the Sabbath, Antiochus stopt his Army those two Days, for the sake of the Jewser poi To The Lacedemonians claim'd Kindred with the Hewsocánd are supposed to be partly descended from Abraham by Hagar or Kethuras and partly from the Canaanitesi, who fled for fear of Hofbua, and both

They and the Athenians and Ramans enterd into Leagues with them, which from time to time were continu'd and renew'd. Jofephus mentions a Pillar themftanding, at Alexandria, containing the Privilegęs y granted to the Jews by

Julius Gefara whole Death was much lamented by that People. A great part of the City beyond the Tiber was inhabited by Jews, and molt of them had, the Freedom of the City granted to them, Dio observes, that they prevaild. so far as to make Laws for themselyes. And when no other Religion was tolerated, except those establish'd by the Laws of the Empire, the Jews only had Allowance for a free Exercise of their Religion even in Rame it felf; and for this and many other Edicts and Decrees of the Senate in favour of the Jews, Jofephus c appeals to the

Tables of Brafs themextant, and preferv'd in the Ca.pitol, and other Places in which they were engraven: . Most of which Dectees are wanted in the Printed Editions of Jofepbus, but are inserted in the MSS.GO ipries, and in the Old Version, tho' very imperfecta ios

1

I Mac. viii, xii, xiv. 2 Mac. xi. 'w Ger. Voll. de Idolol. 1. I. c. 13

* Joseph. Antiq. 1. 13. c.9. 1. 14. c. 18. Justin. 1.36. c. 33 y. Jofeph. contr. Ap. 1. 231. Suet. in Jul. Cæer. 08431a Philo. de Legat. ad Caiam.

b Dio. 1. 36. - Joseph. Antiq. 1.14. C. 16. 1. 16. c. 4, 5, 10. 1.19. C. 4, 6.

Il. Voff. de Sibyll. Orac. p. 43. Ifaac Vossius had design'd to publish them: They are lately publish'd by Gronovius under this

Title; Decreta Romana & Afiatica pro Judæis ad cultum Divinum per Asiæ Minoris Urbes securè obeundum, ab. Jofepho.collecta in lib. XIV. Archäolog. fed malè interverfa & expuncta in lucem publicam utilitatemque restituta.

The

« 이전계속 »