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those men who contribute greatly to influence the character of the public mind. * * - a . The Duchess of Rutland.—She was daughter of the late Earl of Carlisle, born on the 12th of November, 1780. Three days before her death, she was gay and cheerful in the midst of her family, and busily engaged in her usual occupations. She has left seven children—three boys and four girls. In this distinguished lady were united, the attractive softness of grace and beauty, with a vigour of understanding and a clearness of intellect seldom equalled. Her taste was refined; she excelled in every elegant female accomplishment, and by her own spontaneous efforts (in the midst of gaiety and pleasure) had stored her mind with much solid knowledge. Her mind was early, imbued with a deep sense of religion, which enabled her to bear the heavy afflictions by which her early wedded life was chequered, with a resignation and patient fortitude rarely to be found in a youthful female mind, and derived only from an unbounded confidence in the wisdom and mercy of an allseeing Providence. She was the idol of that domestic circle which was the joy and pride of her heart. Unostentatious, but persevering, in her efforts to improve the country around her, she gradually and imperceptibly accomplished her well-formed plans, by a judicious application of the ample means which the indulgence of an affectionate husband placed at her disposal. By her good management his estates were improved, and the surrounding villages embellished; and while her general
views were enlarged and magnificent, she did not disdain to interest herself in the most minute details that could improve the habits or increase the comforts of the poorest cottager. She was a successful practical farmer upon a large scale; and her exertions were rewarded by several prizes and medals from the societies for the encouragement of planting and agriculture. She was particularly accurate in the economy of her farm, to make it not only an object of amusement to herself, but of beneficial example to others. To those who remember that part of the country twenty years ago, it may be said of this distinguished lady, “Si monumentum quaeris—circumspice.” While occupied in pursuits like these, and in personally superintending the education of her children, her active and capacious mind embraced a much wider, range.—Belvoir Castle will long remain a splendid monument of her taste, and there exist many of her designs and plans in progress, and in speculation, which would do credit to a professional artist. Above eight years ago, she had completed in detail very beautiful designs for an entrance at Hyde Park-corner, and for the embellishment of the parks. Her taste suggested the design for the proposed quay on the north bank of the river Thames, and she entered with ardour and enthusiasm into various plans for the improvement of London and Westminster; but above all, she had devoted much time, and taken great pains, in the formation of a plan for a royal palace, suited to a sovereign of the British empire, and which it was proposed to place in a situation uniting all the advantages of health, convenience, and magnificence. General Foy died at his residence, in the Rue Chaussée d'Antin, Paris, aged 50, on the 28th of November, of an aneurism of the heart. This officer was educated for the bar, but, on the breaking out of the revolution, he entered the artillery, in which he was rapidly promoted. From the first campaigns of the revolution to the battle of Waterloo, he was in incessant action, and frequently distinguished himself. He was wounded in Moreau's retreat, at the battle of Orthes, and at Waterloo. His activity in Spain was well known to many officers of the English army. Though his fate was bound up with the military profession, he refused, previously to the expedition to Egypt, the appointment of aide-de-camp to Bonaparte, whose views he seems to have suspected; and he also opposed Napoleon's elevation to the supreme power. It is related of the general that, after one of Bonaparte's victories, he was at a dinner of the officers; when, upon “the health of the emperor" having been given, he alone declined drinking it. In vain was he pressed on the point. “I am not thirsty,” said he. By Bonaparte's abdication he lost a marshal's baton; but his military promotion, which then ceased, was compensated by popular honours and distinctions, which he could not have attained or enjoyed under the imperial government. Since his first admission to the Chamber of Deputies in 1819, he has been one of its most prominent orators; and in the last session he was, without
exception, the most powerful opponent of the ministry. Being one of the few members gifted with the talentosextemporaneous speaking, he was enabled to make or to repel attacks with promptitude and effect. The disease of which he died, and from which he had long suffered, did not prevent his following his occupations; but, for the eight days preceding, the heart had undergone so considerable an enlargement, that he was unable to breathe, except he lay on his back. On opening the body after death, the heart was found twice as voluminous as in the natural state, soft, and gorged with coagulated blood, which it had no longer strength to put into circulation. Mirabeau, it will be recollected, according to the report of Cabamis, likewise sunk under a disease of the heart, augmented by the fatigue of the tribune, and the cares and anxieties inseparable from business. The general has left a widow and five young children; but so strongly has the public feeling been excited in their favour, that a subscription, amounting to more than 20,000l., has been raised for their support. Portraits of the general have been engraved, medals have been struck in his honour, and a public monument is to be erected to his memory. His obsequies were celebrated, on the third day after his death, at Notre Dame de Loretto. An immense crowd assembled at the residence of the general; deputies, generals, and officers of all ranks thronged the apartments. When the body was brought down into the yard of the hotel, eight young persons presented themselves to carry it on their shoulders into the
Viscount Mapeth, to be Lord Lieutenant of the East Riding of York. J. N. M'Kenzie, Esq. a Lord Justiciary of Scotland. The Duke of Northumberland, to be his Majesty's Ambassador Extraordinary to the King of France, on the occasion of his Majesty's coronation. The Right Hon. Frederick Lamb, to be his Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at the Court of his Most Catholic Majesty. The Right Hon. P. C. Sydney, Viscount Strangford, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Ottoman Porte, created by patent a Baron of Great Britain and Ireland, by the title of Baron Penshurst, of Penshurst, county of Kent, to him and his heirs male. Admiral Sir Edward Thornborough, and Admiral Sir Eliab Harvey, to be Knights Grand Crosses of the Bath. Rear Admiral W. C. Fahie, to be K. C. B. Francis C. Macgregor, Esq. to be Consul in the Canary Islands. John Earl of Hopetoun to be his Majesty's Lieutenant and Sheriff Principal of the Shire of Linlithgow, vice Earl of Hopetoun, deceased. Sir Charles Montolieu Lamb, Bart. to be Knight Marshal of the Household, vice Sir J. Lamb, Bart. deceased. Charles Richard Vaughan, to be his Majesty's Envoy Extraor
dinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States of America. ''The Right Hon. James Ochoncar, Lord Forbes, to be his Majesty's High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. Lieutenant General Sir William Clinton, G.C.B. to be Lieutenant General of the Ordinance. Sir Thomas Cochrane, to be Governor of Newfoundland. Sir R. Clayton, to be the British Consul at Nantes. The Right Hon. Sir B. Bloomfield and his heirs male to be a Baron of Ireland, by the title of Baron Bloomfield of Oakhampton and Redwood in the county of Tipperary. Lieutenant-General Sir H. Turner, K.C. and K.C.H. to be Governor and Commander-inChief of the Bermudas or Somers Islands. J. H. Hudson, Esq. a Page of Honour to his Majesty in Ordinary, in the room of A. W. Torrens, Esq. promoted. Viscount Maynard, to be Lord Lieutenant of Essex. The Hon. W. Cust to be a Commissioner of the Customs. Major-General Ralp Darling, to be Governor and Commanderin-Chief of New South Wales and Van Dieman's Land. Hon. Algernon Percy, Minister Plenipotentiary to the Confederated Swiss Cantons. H. C. J.
H. C.J. Hamilton, Esq. to be Secretary to the Embassy at Paris. Hon. John Bloomfield, to be Secretary of Legation at Stutgart. E. R. Poole, Esq. to be High Bailiff of the Liberty and Franchise of the Savoy. , t Mr. H. J. Amey, to be Vice Consul at Liverpool for the King of the Two Sicilies. ... * * John Tasker Williams, Esq. to be Commissary Judge, in the room of Edward Gregory, Esq., deceased, to the Mixed Commissions at Sierra Leone. , * , William Sharp MacLeay, Esq. to be Commissioner of Arbitration, in the room of Robert Francis Jameson, Esq. to the Mixed British and Spanish Court of Commission at the Havannah. Major-General Bourk to be Lieutenant-Governor of the eastern district of the Cape of Good Hope. W. B. Brent, Esq. Steward and one of the Judges of his Majesty's Palace Court of Westminster, in the room of Burton Morice, Esq.