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lamp is lighted the number may be read at a distance of at Proviso, cars least fifty feet: Provided further, That all cars parked .

within the limits of any public highway, or permitted to
stand thereon, at any time during the period from one hour
after sunset to one hour before sunrise, shall have displayed
thereon a front and a rear light.
Am. 1919, Act 383.

The driver of an automobile who approached a pedestrian in the street on a dark and rainy night owed a duty of giving reasonable warning of his approach, and this duty was not discharged by the presence of lights on his machine, since act 318, P. A. 1909, requires an automobile to have "a suitable and adequate bell, horn or other device," for the purpose of signalling.-Jobnston v.

Cornelius, 200 / 210. Non-skidding (554) § 4813. Sec. 17. Use of non-skidding devices. No devices.

person shall operate or drive on the public highways of this state a motor vehicle on any of the wheels is a tire chain or pon-skidding contrivance or tire composed in whole or part of metal, except when such highways are wet and slippery

or covered with ice or snow. Motor vehicle

(555) § 4814. Sec. 18. A person operating a motor ve to stop on signal. hicle shall, at the request or on signal by putting up the

hand from the person riding, leading or driving a horse or horses, or other draft animals, bring such motor vehicle immediately to a stop, and if traveling in an opposite direction, remain stationary so long as may be reasonable to allow such horse or animal to pass, and if traveling in the same

direction, use reasonable caution in thereafter passing such Proviso, horse or animal: Provided, That in case such horse or motor to cease

animal appear badly frightened, or the person operating running.

such motor vehicle be requested so to do, such person shall cause the motor of such vehicle to cease running so long

as may be reasonably necessary to prevent accident and inMeeting on sure the safety of others. Whenever a person operating highway.

a motor vehicle shall meet on a highway any other person riding or driving a horse or horses or other draft animals or any other vehicle, and there being no occasion to stop as above provided, the person operating such motor vehicle shall seasonably turn the same to the right of the center of the traveled portion of the highway while the person approaching shall likewise turn from the center of the traveled portion of the highway so as to pass the motor vehicle on the op

posite side of the center of the highway to which the motor At intersec- vehicle has been turned. And any person so operating any tion,

motor vehicle shall, at the intersection of a public highway, keep to the right of the intersection of the center of such highway when turning to the right, and pass to the right of such intersection when turning to the left. When vehicles approach an intersection of two or more public highways

the vehicle approaching from the right of the driver shall Proviso, have the right of way: Provided, however, That in cities in cities.

where there is a traffic officer stationed at any intersection of highways or where traffic on specified thoroughfares is granted preference by local ordinance or regulation, such

local ordinance or regulation shall take precedence over the rule last above stated.

Am. 1919, Act 9.
See section 601.

Overtaking horses, etc.

etc.

(556) § 4815. SEC. 19. If a vehicle drawn by a horse or horses or other draft animals, or a motor vehicle, be over. taken by any motor vehicle, and the person in charge of such motor vehicle expresses a desire to pass, it shall be the duty of the driver of any such vehicle or motor vehicle so overtaken as aforesaid, to turn to the right of the center of the wrought or traveled portion of the highway, and give the person so making the request, an opportunity to pass, but in passing, the person in charge of such motor vehicle and the other male occupants thereof over the age of fifteen years Assistance, shall give such assistance as they are able, to the occupant

etc. or occupants of the vehicle they are passing, if assistance is asked, and in thus passing the chauffeur shall use all due care to avoid accidents.

(557) § 4816. Sec. 20. Accidents. In case of accidents Accidents, to person or property upon any public highway, due to the assistance, operation thereon of any motor vehicle, the person operating such motor vehicle shall stop and give such reasonable assistance as can be given, and shall, upon request of the person injured or any other person, give such person his name and address, and if not the owner, the name and address of the owner of such motor vehicle, together with the registered number thereof.

In the exercise of police power the legislature may regulate the operation of automobiles on the public highways.--Johnson v. Sergeant, 168 / 444.

(558) § 4817. Sec. 21. Rate of speed. No person shall Rate of speed. operate a motor vehicle upon a public highway at a rate of speed greater than is reasonable and proper, having regard to the traffic and use of the highway, or so as to endanger the life or limb of any person or the safety of any property; and shall not in any event while upon any highway run at a higher rate of speed than twenty-five miles an hour, and within the corporate limits of all cities and villages the rate of speed shall not be greater than ten miles an hour in the business portion of any such city or village, and not greater than fifteen miles an hour in all other portions thereof, subject, however, to the other provisions of this act. Upon ap- Approach to

intersection, proaching an intersecting highway, a bridge, dam, sharp etc. curve or steep descent, and also in traversing such intersecting highways, bridge, dam, curve or descent, a person operating a motor vehicle shall have it under control and operate it at such speed as is reasonable and proper, having regard to the traffic then on such highway and the safety of the public.

(559) § 4818. Sec. 22. Upon approaching a person walk- When to slow ing in the roadway of a public highway, or a horse or horses, give warning. or other draft animals being ridden, led or driven thereon, a

Local regulations.

person operating a motor vehicle shall slow down to a speed not exceeding ten miles an hour and give reasonable warning of its approach and use every reasonable precaution to insure the safety of such person or animal, and in case of a horse or horses or other draft animals, to prevent frightening the same.

(560) $ 4819. SEC. 23. Local authorities. Local authorities may, notwithstanding the provisions of this act, make, enforce and maintain such reasonable ordinances, rules or regulations concerning the speed at which motor vehicles may be operated in any park or parkway within a city or incorporated village, but in no case to permit a greater speed than is provided in this act, and as a condition thereto, such local authorities must, by signs at each entrance of such park and along said parkway, conspicuously indicate the rate of speed permitted or required, and may exclude motor vehicles from any cemetery or grounds used for the burial of the dead.

VEHICLES STRUCK FROM THE REAR.

An Act to create a prima facie presumption of negligence in certain

cases where a vehicle is struck from the rear.

[Act 236, P. A. 1919.)

Prima facie negligence.

The People of the State of Michigan enact: (561) SECTION 1. In any action, in any court in this state when it is shown, by competent evidence, that a vehicle traveling in a certain direction, overtook and struck the rear end of another vehicle proceeding in the same direction, or lawfully standing upon any highway within this state, the driver or operator of such first mentioned vehicle shall be deemed prima facie guilty of negligence. This act shall apply, in appropriate cases, to the owner of such first mentioned vehicle and to the employer of its driver or operator.

(562) SEC. 2. This act may not be invoked by the owner of any vehicle, the rear of which was struck under the circumstances above mentioned, if the accident occurred between one hour after sunset and one hour before sunrise and the vehicle so struck did not, at the time, have a lighted lamp or lantern reasonably visible to the drivers of vehicles approaching from the rear.

Absence of lights.

STANDARDIZING GAUGE OF VEHICLES.

An Act to standardize the gauge of vehicles to be used on the publiu

highways of this state and to regulate the manufacture, sale and use thereof.

[Act 73, P. A. 1919.)

gauge.

The People of the State of Michigan enact: (563) SECTION 1. On and after the first day of January, Standard nineteen hundred twenty-one, the standard gauge for all vehicles to be used on the public highways of this state shall be fifty-six inches from center to center of tread and it shall thereafter be unlawful to use on any of the public highways of this state or to manufacture, sell or offer for sale, for use on any of the public highways of this state any vehicle of other than standard gauge except such vehicles as are used for extraordinary purposes. For the purposes of construing this Exceptions. act, motor trucks, moving vans, logging sleighs, with a wider draft than above standard gauge, cutters and light delivery sleighs shall be conclusively presumed to be vehicles used for extraordinary purposes: Provided, however, That nothing Proviso. in this act contained shall be construed to prohibit the use or sale of any vehicle owned in this state at the time this law goes into effect. (564) SEC. 2.

Any person, firm or corporation, violating Penalty for the provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction, shall be fined in the sum of not less than five dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars, or be confined in the county jail for not less than five days nor more than twenty-five days, or both such fine and imprisonment in the discretion of the court.

violation.

USE OF BICYCLES, ETC., ON SIDEWALKS.

An Act to prohibit the use of bicycles, motor cycles or other motor

vehicles, on sidewalks in unincorporated villages, or plat or plats not in any incorporated village or city.

[Act 38, P. A. 1917.)

The People of the State of Michigan enact: (565) SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any person or Certain use persons to operate or ride a bicycle, motor cycle or other of Kehicles

. motor driven vehicle upon that part of the street or highway where sidewalks have been regularly laid out and constructed for the use of pedestrians, not including cross walks, in any unincorporated village, or plat or plats, not in any incorporated village or city.

Penalty.

(566) SEC. 2. Any person or persons who shall violate the provisions of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine not exceeding fifty dollars, or be confined to the county jail for a period not exceeding thirty days or both in the discretion of the court.

OPERATION OF MOTOR TRUCKS ON HIGHWAYS.

An Act to regulate the operation and use of vehicles on the highways.

[Act 132, P. A. 1917.]

Maximum weight.

Maximum wheel loads.

The People of the State of Michigan enact: (567) SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful to operate any vehicle upon the public highways of this state, the gross weight of which exceeds fifteen tons.

(568) Sec. 2. It shall be unlawful to operate any vehicle, except motor driven vehicles, upon the highways of this state, the gross weight on any wheel of which exceeds that given in the schedule under section three, this act.

(569) SEC. 3.

Schedule.

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Tire gauge.

Brakes, type (570) Sec. 4. In case a vehicle is equipped with a brakof.

ing device said brakes shall be of a friction type and not of a type that will cause a deadlock of the wheels when applied.

(571) Sec. 5. No motor trucks or trailers, hereafter operating upon the public highways of the state, shall have a gauge of more than seventy-five inches measured from center of tire to center of tire, and shall not be more than ninetysix inches wide over all nor over twelve feet six inches in

height. Metal tires on (572) SEC. 6. No motor trucks or trailers, hereafter trucks, etc., when ' unlaw. operating upon the public highways of this state, shall be ful.

equipped with driving wheels the tires of which are of metal that may come in contact with the surface of the road, or which have a partial contact of the metal with the surface

of the road, except where chains or other non-skidding devices Proviso. are used : Provided, That motor trucks or trailers may be

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