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TAN AND FRECKLES.

227

the honey. Take the pipkin off the fire, and stir constantly until it is cool, adding the scent.

Another most excellent preparation for the same purpose, which contains a portion of that valuable cosmetic, gum benzoin, is what is known in pharmacy as the benzoinated oxide of zinc ointment, with the addition of two drachms of strong spirits of camphor to the ounce. It should be applied in the same manner as the last. One or the other of these will often by a single application relieve the disagreeable sensation, and after a few nights disperse the disfiguring redness. When neither is at hand, the face should be smeared with cold cream—not the artificial but, the natural article—on retiring to bed. It often answers very well.

Some persons burn red much easier than others, and it is popularly regarded and with justice, as a sign of good health. The same difference in individuals is observable in tan. This is -the brown discoloration rapidly produced on some skins by the solar rays. Here as elsewhere, the dark hue is owing to a minute layer of carbon which is deposited on the under surface of the epidermis. There are many recipes given for removing tan. Washing the hands frequently in buttermilk is a domestic suggestion, which proves satisfactory after a day or two. Or vinegar in which fresh-grated horse-radish has been soaked, may be

rubbed over the skin. Lemon-juice, too, has its advocates.

A quicker procedure is to dissolve magnesia in clean rain water, beat it to a thick mass, spread it on the face, and let it remain for two or three minutes. Then wash it off with Castile soap and tepid soft water, and rinse thoroughly.

A thin plaster spread with tartaric acid also acts efficiently and promptly.

The solutions of corrosive sublimate, and other powerful agents, used by some persons are altogether too dangerous to form part of a lady's toilet washes under ordinary circumstances. They may fall into the hands of children, and destroy their lives. Moreover, while their cosmetic value is indisputable when judiciously employed, we have known some cases where extremely weak solutions—much milder than ordinarily used_have caused violent and painful eruptions. We leave them then among those agents only to be employed under the eye of the physician.

Freckles are likewise the marks of Apollo's kisses. Many a fine skin is spotted over with them on the first exposure to the winds of March, and its vernal sun. They remain during the summer, and nearly or quite disappear in winter. Others have them all the year. They, too, are deposits of carbon beneath the scarfskin. Place some blistering fluid over one, and the scarf-skin will come away, and the freckle with it.

APOLLO'S KISSES.

229

This is a severe method of treating them. It is paying dear for one's good looks. . In fact, as one might suppose from the number of persons disfigured with them, it is by no means easy to suggest an effectual remedy for freckles. Nearly all the means which are proposed in the books are powerful caustics, which destroy the scarf-skin. They succeed for a time, but with the return of the epidermis the freckle returns also.

A simple, harmless, and occasionally quite successful wash is a saturated solution of borax in rose-water. It should be applied five or six times a day, and allowed to dry upon the skin.

The following formula enjoys some celebrity, and can readily be compounded at home:

TakeBest English mustard in powder

a tablespoonful; Lemon juice

enough to make a thick paste; Oil of almonds

a teaspoonful. Mix them well, and apply, spread in a thin plaster, night and morning until the skin smarts. After a few days, the scarf-skin should loosen and the freckles disappear. After they have gone, the surface should be washed several times daily with a solution of borax.

After the skin has been softened by some almond paste, or a light poultice, lemon-juice will sometimes be successful in removing freckles. A freshly-cut lemon may be rubbed on the spot.

Dr. Savignac recommends strongly lotions of Vichy water, night and morning, continued for several minutes, and allowed to dry without wiping. This can certainly do no harm.

LIVER-SPOTS AND MOLES.

tion any

An ugly brown patch with distinct outlines sometimes appears on the face, and especially the forehead, at or just below the line of the hair. This is called in common language a "liver-spot.” Writers on skin diseases give it a dozen names, so it is useless to men

of them. These blotches differ in size, shape, and position, but have an aggravating similarity in being all very ruinous to beauty, and very obstinate in remaining. We have seen them much more frequently in the Mississippi valley than in the Atlantic States, and have been told by others of experience that the ladies of Chicago, Milwaukee, and St. Louis, are more liable to them than those of New York and Boston. It

may be that the greater dryness of the interior has something to do with this, if it be true.

Though called “liver-spots,” they have not always to do with the liver. They rarely show the yellow tinge which characterizes the deposits of bile. Very frequently, however, they arise from some derangement of this or some other organ, and it is useless to attempt their removal until this derangement is set

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aside. Either it is the liver that is torpid, enlarged, or diseased, or there is dyspepsia, or some malady or irregularity peculiar to women, or, what is perhaps as common a cause as any, there are internal piles.

Nothing local need be attempted until the general health is thoroughly cared for. Then, with a fair prospect of success, we may proceed to treat the spot itself. This is to be done in the following manner: Rub the whole of the spot, but none of the skin beyond its border, at night with this pomatum:

Elder-flower ointment
Sulphate of zinc

one ounce ;
twenty grains.

Leave it on till morning, then wash it away with white Castile soap and soft water, and bathe the part repeatedly with the following lotion:

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After the spot has disappeared, which, if the treatment succeeds, will be within a fortnight, the borax and glycerine, or the iodide of potash lotion, should be regularly used, so as to prevent its return.

This is as efficacious a treatment for liver-spots as can be carried out by a person not familiar with drugs. There is another, in which a strong mercurial and resin plaster is laid on the spot at night, and oxymel of squills rubbed in during the day, which has been praised by many as of certain effect (the health being

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