페이지 이미지



Having then subjected the part for a few seconds to the spray of ether, which renders it insensible, a cork is placed behind to form a firm support, and the aperture made by a three-cornered steel punch. A silver or gold wire is then inserted and left for two or three days, when it is carefully oiled and moved. In a week the canal is usually healed.

No base metal should ever be worn in the ears, and no gold less than eighteen carats fine, as the substances used in the alloy of lower grades are liable to irritate and inflame the skin. Heavy rings should not be worn by girls, as the lobes are quite elastic, and may stretch out of all proportion. When from violence the lobe of the ear is torn, or when the aperture for the ring becomes inordinately large, a simple and quickly-performed operation will restore the member to its natural shape. The edges are pared, and by being held in contact soon grow together.




HE discussion whether a Grecian or straight, or a

Roman or aquiline nose, or any other particular variety, is the most becoming, is idle, and does not interest us. The important point is that the organ be symmetrical, and in harmony with the other features.

The national names we have just mentioned show how strongly this member characterizes tribes and families of our race.

We all know the thick, prominent, curved, Jewish nose, and do not admire it very much. No doubt, however, Solomon did, and thought that the more of it the better, for we find him, in his “Song of Songs,” enumerating in the catalogue of the beauties of his love, that “thy nose is as the tower of Lebanon, which looketh toward Damascus,” which, only in an extremely figurative sense indeed, would be accepted as a compliment by one of our America fair ones.

( 100 )



So far have we departed from this ancient ideal, that an unusually prominent nose is often a source of great mortification. It may even have more serious results. The wild and witty French author, Cyrano de Bergerac, was distinguished by a nose which almost deserved to be called a proboscis. Like most others similarly gifted, he was extremely sensitive on the point, and as he was as daring as a lion and an expert swordsman, it was not prudent to twit him about it. By the time he was thirty-five he had challenged for this cause six antagonists, and left every one of them dead on the field.

The artistic rule based on the Greek sculptures is to have the line of the nose straight or very nearly so, its length one-third of that of the face, and its prominence seen in profile one-third of its length. The septum, or division between the nostrils, must be exactly in the middle line of the face; the openings of the nostrils precisely similar, and horizontal in the profile. A thin and pointed, or a gross and flabby nose, is never handsome.

The pure Roman nose is admirably suited to a "stage face," and usually accompanies an energetic, clear-headed, practical, but somewhat hard and selfish character. The Greek type is more consonant with delicate sensibilities, taste, and refinement, but also uncertainty of purpose and self-indulgence. Such, also,


were the respective traits of the nations whose names they bear.

The care of the nose commences with cleanliness. While this is true, frequent wiping, sniffing, blowing, or picking should be avoided, and children especially should be hindered from so doing, as from such habits the organ readily assumes an unsightly shape. If there is much irritation of the nostrils, it is a sure sign of some internal disorder, and the physician's opinion should be taken. So, too, the discharge is never excessive in perfect health, and, when it becomes so, it is either owing to worms, dyspepsia, chronic catarrh, or some more serious disorder. Those who are subject to frequent "colds in the head” will infallibly destroy the contour of this prominent feature, and they should remove the tendency at once. This can always be done either by cold ablutions without and within the nostrils, correction of dyspeptic troubles (gastric catarrh), medicated inhalations, the nasal douche, or, lastly, change of climate.

Still more essential is it that the discharge from the nostril should be odorless. It must be called a most serious misfortune when this is not the case. The sufferer is offensive to herself, and to every one who approaches her. Her condition demands our most active and sympathizing attention. Often some local irritation produces it, often some constitutional change is taking place, and often that obstinate disease “ozæna,"

[blocks in formation]

one of the most repulsive we have to deal with, has to be encountered. Within a few months we have been consulted in several cases of the latter complaint in young ladies, whose lives it rendered miserable. Fortunately, if taken early enough in the disease to apply those remedies which medical art provides, it is curable; but it is of the utmost importance to allow no delay in obtaining proper aid.

The dirty habit of snuff-taking leads to various disorders and deformities of the nose, but as we do not ever remember to have seen an American lady cherishing this one of the many little foxes that spoil the vine of beauty, we presume it is unnecessary to detail its ugly assaults.

“Foreign bodies," as surgeons call them, meaning anything that has no business there, are frequently put up the nose by children, or thoughtless persons. They must be extracted very gently, as violence may lacerate the skin or injure the bone, causing lasting disfigurement.

Nature, who is ever careful to protect her delicate pieces of workmanship, plants for this purpose a number of soft, light-colored hairs just inside the entrance of the nostril, to catch the dust and little irritating particles. Sometimes these grow to an unnecessary length, and present a very unprepossessing appearance. In such case the longest and most bristly should be removed, care being taken not to injure in the least the

« 이전계속 »