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servation in all Lord Bacon's works than the fol. lowing: “ We must choose betimes such virtuous obje&ts as are proportioned to the means we “ have of pursuing them, and belong particularly " to the stations we are in, and the duties of those “ stations. We must determine and fix our minds “ in such manner upon them, that the pursuit of “them may become the business, and the attain"ment of them the end, of our whole lives, Thus

we shall imitate the great operations of nature, « and not the feeble, flow, and imperfect opera“tions of art. We must not proceed in forming “ the moral character as a statuary proceeds in “ forming a statue, who works fometimes on the

face, sometimes on one part, and sometimes on "another; but we must proceed, and it is in our

power to proceed, as nature does in forming a

flower, or any other of her productions; rudimenta partium omnium fimul parit et producit : " she throws out altogether and at once the “ whole fystem of every being, and the rudi. « ments of all the parts.”

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It is, therefore, more especially to those youthful minds who still remain susceptible of virtuous impressions, that I here pretend to point out the path which leads to true felicity. Dear and virtuous youths, into whose hands this book may chance to fall, adopt with afB 4

fectionate

if you

fectionate zeal the good it contains, and reject aH that does not touch and penetrate the heart: and

acknowledge that I have enlightened your minds, corrected your manners, and tranquillized your hearts, I shall congratulate myself on the fuccess of my design, and think my labours richly rewarded.

Believe me, all ye amiable youths from whose minds the artifices and gaieties of the world have not yet obliterated the precepts of a virtuous education ; who are not yet infected with its inglorious vanities; who, still ignorant of the tricks and blandishments of seduction, have preserved the de fire to perform some glorious action, and retained the power to accomplish it; who, in the midft of feasting, dancing, and assemblies, feel an inclination to escape from their unsatisfactory delights; SOLITUDE will afford you a safe afylum. Let the voice of experience recommend you to cultivate a fondness for domestic pleasures, to incite and fortify your souls to noble deeds, to acquire that cool judgment and intrepid spirit which enables you to form correct estimates of the characters of mankind and of the pleasures of society. But to accomplish this high end, you must turn your eyes from those trilling and insignificant examples which a degenerated race of men affords, and study the illustrious characters of the ancient Greeks, the

Romans, Romans, and the modern English. In what nation will you find more celebrated instances of human greatness? What people possess more valour, courage, firmness and knowledge? Where do the arts and sciences shine with greater splendor, or with more useful effect? But do not deceive yourselves by a belief that you will acquire the character of an Englishman by wearing a cropped head of hair : No, you must pluck the roots of vice from your minds, destroy the seeds of weakness in your bosoms, and imitate the great examples of heroic virtue which that nation so frequently affords. It is an ardent love of liberty, undaunted courage, deep penetration, elevated sentiment, and well cultivated understanding, that constitute the British character ; and not their cropped heads, half boots, and round hats. It is virtue alone, and not dress or titles, that can ennoble or adorn the human character. Dress is an object too minute and trifling wholly to occupy a rational mind; and an illustrious descent is only advantageous as it renders the real merits of its immediate poffessor more conspicuous. In tracing your genealogies, rank, ye noble youths, those only among your ancestors who have performed great and glorious actions, whose fame shines in the pages of their country's history, and whose admired characters foreign nations envy and applaud. Never, however, lose fight of this important truth, that

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no one can be truly great until he has gained a knowledge of himself; a knowledge which can only be acquired by OCCASIONAL RETIREMENT.

May the perusal of the following pages increase your inclination for a wise and active Solitude, justify your aversion from worldly pleasures, and heighten your repugnance to employ vicious MEANS in the attainment even of VIRTUOUS ENDS; for no worldly advantages purchased by dishonourable means can be either solid or lasting.

" Retir'd, we tread a smooth and open way;
Thro’ briars and brambles in THE WORLD we stray:
Stiff opposition, and perplex'd debate,
And thorny care, and rank and stinging hate,
Choak up our paffage, our career controul,
And wound the finest feelings of the soul.
O, facred SOLITUDE! divine retreat!
Choice of the prudent ! envy of THE GREAT!
By thy pure stream, or in thy waving shade,
We court fair WISDOM, that celestial maid.
The genuine offspring of her lov'd embrace,
Strangers on earth! are Innocence and Peace.
There from the ways of men laid fafe ashore,
We smile to hear the distant tempest roar :
There blest with HEALTH, with business unper-

plex'd,
This life we relish, and insure the next;
There too The Muses sport with myrtles crown'd,
While joys untainted beam on all around.

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