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H. Inglefield, “when I viewed it on a very fine day No. IV. THE NEEDLE Rocks,

was bright and distinct. The Solent seat, of a deep Amidst the vast variety of natural curiosities with azure, was studded with white sails shining like which the Isle of Wight is known to abound, there silver, and the distant hills of Hampshire melted which bear the name of THE NEEDLES. The pearly and ancient church at Christ Church, standing as it are few more striking or remarkable than the rocks into the air in the most pearly clearness." Turning

towards the sea, on the right is seen the magnificent whiteness of the chalk of which they, as well as the stupendous cliffs above them, are composed, their Purbeck cliffs, and in clear weather, those of the isle

were almost in the waters; Hengistbury Head, the detached and isolated position, and their pictu- of Portland. On the left also is sometimes seen

form effect. These rocky fragments present themselves Beachy Head, on the coast of Sussex. at the western extremity of the island, at no great land, we find that the cape shoots almost to a point,

On advancing towards the extremity of the headdistance from the mouth of the narrow channel which and here, if any where, we may easily realize that separates it from the main land. They are, in fact, the termination of the lofty chalk range, which, expressive description of our great poet. commencing on the eastern side with what are called

How fearful the Culver Cliffs, runs entirely across the island, and

And dizzy 'tis to cast one's eyes so low ! divides it into two distinct regions, the soil and strata

The crows and choughs that wing the midway air,

Show scarce so gross as beetles. of which are essentially different.

The fishermen that walk upon the beach, At a remote period, no doubt, the range


Appear like mice; and yon tall anchoring bark, in this direction much further into the sea, perhaps, Diminished to her cockg; her cock a buoy indeed, as Mr. Wyndham supposed *, as far as the

Almost too small for sight. The murmuring surge, Shingle-rock, which still appears much above the

That on th' unnumber'd idle pebbles chafes,

Cannot be heard so high. I'll look no more, water at half-ebb, and rears its dangerous head at

Lest my brain turn, and the deficient sight two or three miles' distance from the shore. At all

Topple down headlong.—King Lear. events, however far the line of land may have here stretched out in former days, the Needles are all that the terrors of such a position, the view into the bays

To those, however, whose nerves are proof against now remain of it, the sea, by continually beating the terrors of such a position, the view into the bays against it on both sides, having worn away and

on each side immediately beneath,-Alum bay on the undermined the less durable parts, leaving only these right, and Scratchell's and Freshwater bays on the left, more solid portions.

and of the majestic cliffs, which there are, as it were, It must, we think, very naturally strike spectators

left behind,-is extremely sublime. As the agitation that these rocks answer but little, in their shape, to and sound of the waves below are but little perceived, the name they possess. But this is only one of the it is scarcely possible to imagine that the vast expanse many instances in which we find the names of things which now seems stretched out in boundless repose still preserved when the original reason of the name

under the eye, is the same turbulent element which no longer exists. The origin of the name, however,

we had lately seen below, bursting with clouds of in the present case, is not, as it often happens, lost foam, and thundering on its rocky shore. As we and forgotten. It is known that near to these there approach nearer to the extreme verge, we observe formerly existed a tall, circular shaft of chalk, which, which is not indeed perpendicular, but of a very

that the head itself terminates in a thin edge of chalk, though of only a small diameter, towered to the

And in that situation the height of about one hundred and twenty feet above bold and broken outline. the sea, tapering gradually to a point towards its three Needle-rocks, which have so long defied with summit. This column, it appears, not unjustly ob- security the blasts and fury even of the equinoctial tained the title of the Needle. From this circum- storms, are seen in the midst of the bright blue stance, no doubt, the other three rocks, without waters, rearing their wedge-formed fronts and having any claim to it, came to be called by the same rugged tops, like the jagged grinders of a stupendous name with it, which name they have retained though jaw,” at some little distance from each other, but in that singular pillar has now long since yielded to the cliff beyond its present boundary, and thus conveying

a direct line, so as, in imagination, to continue the fury of the elements, and sunk into the deept. A very striking and interesting view of the Needles,

an awful impression of the stormy ages which have as may be perceived from our engraving, which is gradually devoured its enormous mass. from a sketch taken in 1830, is to be obtained from

Of the appearance of the Needles from the sea we the extremity of the cliff itself. From the shore a gladly quote the interesting account given of them steep path leads up to the lighthouse, which stands by Mr. Webster. upon the headland, and the view from thence is well

I procured a small fishing-boat to take me out to the worth the labour of the ascent. The land is ex Needles. These insulated masses of chalk, which from tremely parrow, and descends on either side with a

the island appear much less striking, proved, on approach most rapid slope, till the smooth greenwood termi-ing them, to be rocks of great magnitude. nates quite suddenly in the tremendous cliffs, on the The Pomone, a frigate of fifty guns, returning home from

My visit to them happened at an interesting juncture. very edge of which sheep are often seen quietly and Persia, after an absence of three years, had, but the day fearlessly grazing. But we should here pause for a before, struck upon the point of the western needle. The moment to take a glance at the more distant scenes chalk rocks having pierced through the bottom of the ship, which present themselves around us. As the spot is she remained immoveable; and, filling with water, instantly

The crew and passengers, elevated about 600 feet above the level of the sea, it became a complete wreck. commands a most extensive prospect on every side. amongst whom were some Persian princes, fortunately got Looking inland the prospect reaches almost round

The vessel afforded me a scale, by which to judge of the the whole island, and far beyond the opposite parts size of the Needles; and I was surprised to find that the of Hampshire. Towards the land,” observes Sir hull of the frigate did not reach one-fourth of their height.

Viewing this scene merely as picturesque, and independPicture of the Isle of Wight. by H. P. Wyndham, Esq. + It fell in the year 1764, and with such a tremendous crash, that The channel, which lies between the island and the coast os it is said the sensations caused by its fall were felt at Southampton. Hampshire on the north side, is so named. There is a view of it in Sir R. Worsley's History of the Isle of Wight. Cock-boat.


THE NEEDLES, AS SEEN FROM THE CLIFFS. ently of the feelings of regret naturally excited by the loss of so valuable a ship, it was one of the grandest I have cliffs, they gleam conspicuously many a league over

As, from the height and glaring whiteness of these ever witnessed. The view of the end of the Isle of Wight, the sea, they are often saluted by the returning from the Needles, at any time, is one of the most uncommon, and at the same time, one of the most magnificent voyager with sensations, into which absence for scenes in Great Britain; but such a wreck, on a spot so

some time from our beloved native country and extraordinary, formed a combination, which, though not friends can alone enable us fully to enter. strictly accordant with the rigid laws of picturesque com

To him, who many a night upon the main, position, yet was in nature highly sublime.

At midwatch, from the bounding vessel's side There being no chance whatever of saving the ship, it Shivering, has listened to the rocky tide, was determined to endeavour to take out the guns, and Oh! how delightful smile these views again! carry off such parts of the wreck as could be broken up. The masts were cut down, and lay overboard; and thirty

And, perhaps, these were the very feelings of many or forty cutters, gun-hoys, and other vessels, were lying amongst the home-bound crew of the Pomone. yery near, or were sailing backwards and forwards to the Little, doubtless, did they think, as after their long dock-yard at Portsmouth; whilst many spectators, in absence from England they neared the shore, what a pleasure-yachts, and other boats, attracted by this extra- melancholy fate awaited them there. So true it is ordinary occurrence, were viewing the scene. The ship's that we “know not what a day may bring forth !" boats, manned by the unfortunate sailors, lay on their oars

D. I. E. at a little distance.

The officers were seen on the wreck, giving orders to the carpenters, who were cutting down the rigging, and HISTORY OF NAVIGATION, DISCOVERY, AND whatever was about the deck. Others were lowering the

COMMERCE. guns into the vessels which conveyed them to the hoys, 111. COMMERCE OF THE PHENICIANS. TYRE AND SIDON. and the sea around was strewed with the floating fragments

COMMERCE OF THE ISRAELITES. CARTHAGE. of the ship: whilst, at a proper distance, the fishing-boats

FIRST of the island were busily employed in picking up such

VOYAGES OF DISCOVERY. COMMERCE AND DISCOVERY pieces as would otherwise have drifted to sea.

AMONG THE GREEKS AND ROMANS. ALEXANDER. When the flood-tide is in, there is frequently a very

RECENT DISCOVERY IN South AMERICA. great swell at the Needles, which occasioned such an The character and situation of the PHENICIANS were as agitation amongst the various boats and vessels, as made favourable to commercial pursuits, as those of the Egyptians it almost impossible to approach the Pomone without were adverse to it. Addicted to no unsocial form of danger, but increased very much the picturesque effect of superstition, and indulging in no self-important notions the groups ; whilst the foam of the waves, almost constantly of their own superior dignity, they mingled freely and dashing over the ship, spouted to a great height, running familiarly in the society of those with whom commercial back again through her gun-ports.

or other pursuits called them to associate. Their territory Sailing round the Needles, I had a full view into was small, and not remarkable for fertility; hence comScratchell's bay. The form of the chalk-cliff, over which, merce was the only means by which they could obtain when at a sufficient distance, is seen the lighthouse, is wealth. Before them spread the Mediterranean, vast in singularly elegant; and the advancing line of these mag- extent, and almost unoccupied, as if it were inviting them nificent detached masses, the Needles, formed a whole that to enter a field in which commercial enterprise was yet to is scarcely to be equalled. The lines of flints in the chalk reap its richest rewards. It is not strange that, with all are distinctly to be seen; showing, that at the north side these motives pressing upon them and urging them the strata are nearly vertical, dipping about eighty degrees; forward, the inhabitants of Tyre and Sidon engaged in the angle lessening towards the south corner, when they commercial pursuits, with an ardour which in a short time dip about sixty degrees.

gave them the empire of the sea. The trade of these I was informed that on the first gale, the Pomone would cities was far more extensive and enterprising than that be dashed to pieces, which accordingly happened not many carried on by any of the other ancient states; they days afterwards*.

visited all the Mediterranean, the western part of which See Str H. Inglefield's Description of the Isle of Wight. w. was almost wholly unknown before their time, and explored are much indebted to this able work,

the western coasts of Spain and Africa; they probably discovered England; and by some are thought to have | Carthage, was scarcely known beyond the limits of Italy, accomplished the circumnavigation of Africa.

the fleets of the latter city were traversing every sea, where of these two famous cities, Sidon was the more ancient, there appeared a prospect that wealth might be acquired having been built, as is supposed, soon after the Flood, by by commerce, or glory attained by the discovery of Sidon, the eldest son of Canaan. Tyre, about twenty-five unknown regions. Even at the time of the first war miles south, was built about the year 1252 B. C. by a colony between Rome and Carthage, about two hundred and sixtyfrom Sidon. The fullest account that we have of the four before Christ, the Romans had scarce begun to turn commerce of Tyre is to be found in the 27th Chapter of their attention to maritime operations, and a Carthaginian Ezekiel, and from that account it appears that she traded ship, accidentally cast away on their shores, furnished with Judea, Egypt, Persia, Greece, Syria, Babylon, Arabia, them with model for the construction of those ships, Spain, and India. From the mines of Spain she procured which afterwards bore their victorious armies to the great quantities of silver, and the inhabitants of that destruction of Carthage, with the words Delenda est country being then savages, unacquainted with the precious Carthago on their banners. metals, the Tyrians easily persuaded them to sell large The Carthaginians appear to have been the first who quantities of silver for a few gaudy trinkets; thus treating undertook voyages solely for the sake of discovery. The them, as the Spaniards themselves, at a subsequent period, discoveries of the Phenicians were numerous and imtreated the inhabitants of Mexico and Peru.

portant; but they were made in the course of their voyages The numerous colonies planted by the Phenicians on the of commerce, rather than by ships sent out for the express shores of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, while they purpose of discovery. The Carthaginians, on the other added to the wealth and splendour of the parent state, hand, not only explored the western coasts of Europe and diffused to a greater or less extent, among their uncivilized Africa, far more thoroughly than they had ever before neighbours, the arts and improvements of civilized life. been, but pressed forward far into the Atlantic, and finally The city of Cadiz, in Spain, is supposed to have been discovered the Canary Islands, lying at the distance of one founded by one of these colonies about 1000 years before hundred and fifty miles from the nearest land on the Christ.

continent. From the disposition which they manifested The commerce of the Phenicians, however, was not to keep their discoveries private, their knowledge of geo. wholly confined to the lawful and honourable interchange of graphy, for the most part, perished with their power, and the products of their soil, or their industry, with those of was of comparatively little advantage to after-times. other nations. There is but too much evidence that some The progress of commerce and discovery among the of their

maritime operations were little better than piracy, GREEKS and Romans, though perhaps less splendid than and in Scripture they are expressly charged with seizing among the Phenicians and Carthaginians, is better ascerthe Israelites, and selling them to the Grecians for slaves. tained. The situation of Greece is peculiarly favourable Possessing such resources, and controlling the commerce to commerce; the fertility of her soil would furnish of the world, it is not strange that the Phenician cities valuable articles of export, while the intercourse which excelled all others in commercial importance and naval would naturally subsist between the different. Grecian power, and that Tyre especially, situated as she was, “at islands, would tend to give boldness and experience to the the entry of the sea," became “a merchant of the people navigator, and thus prepare him for more distant and morp isles."

for many

important voyages. Still a long time elapsed after the The ISRAELITES, though a considerable portion of their settlement of Greece, before her commerce became exterritory bordered on the sea, do not appear to have applied tensive. Even at the period of the destruction of Troy, themselves to commerce, to any considerable extent, which is placed by Sir Isaac Newton at nine hundred and before the time of Solomon. During his peaceful and four years before Christ, the art of navigation had made so prosperous reign, their commercial operations were little progress in Greece, that the voyage from that country extensive and important; and the wealth thus brought to the eastern border of the Mediterranean, where Troy into the kingdom, made Israel, in his days, the glory and was situated, was thought to be an enterprise requiring no wonder of the East. After his death, the dreadful division small degree of courage, and conferring on those by whom which took place on the accession of his son, and the it was made great and lasting glory. subsequent misfortunes which befel the Israelites, doubtless It is not till after the rise and organization of the Grecian exerted a most injurious influence on their commerce, as Republics, that we perceive any indications of that spirit of well as their other resources. In the reign of Jehoshaphat, enterprise, which ultimately gave Greece so high a rank an attempt was made, to restore the commerce of that among commercial nations; but after this period, the people to its ancient prosperity, but the attempt was in progress of commerce and navigation in that country was a great measure unsuccesful. In fact, the religious very rapid, and she soon became an important maritime character of the Jews, their worship, so different in its state. It is questionable whether ancient GREECE ever nature and objects from that of the surrounding nations, attained to so high a degree of naval skill as the cities of and the light in which they regarded the nations around | Phenicia, but her naval victories, the result of native spirit them, all tended to prevent them from taking a high rank and courage inspired by liberty, rather than any remarkamong the commercial nations of the world. Although at able skill in maritime operations, have made her naval one period their commerce was flourishing, they cannot be battles and heroes more famous perhaps than those of any reckoned among the nations who have improved navigation other ancient nation. It is very certain that until the time or extended discovery.

of Alexander the Great, the commercial operations and While Tyre and Sidon were pursuing their career of geographical knowledge of the Greeks were far inferior to commercial glory, a colony founded by themselves on the those of the Phenicians. northern coast of Africa, was fast rising to distinction The genius and talents of Alexander gave a new impulse among the maritime powers of the world. That colony to the energies of Greece. His insatiable ambition led was CARTHAGE. The Carthaginians, finding the Phe- him to explore many regions previously unknown, in search nicians completely in possession of the trade with India, of conquests; and thus, under his direction, the Greeks, did not attempt to wrest any portion of that trade from though enthralled and subjected, extended their geographical them, but directed their own attention principally to the knowledge far more rapidly than they had done in the countries that lay to the west and north. Although the days of their national glory. Grecian commerce also owed Phenicians had visited these countries, and had colonized much of its importance to Alexander. The siege of Tyre, some of them, yet their commercial intercourse with them which detained him seven months in his career of victory, was not very frequent or extensive, and the local situation taught him the power and consequence, which commerce of Carthage, not far from the present site of Tunis, gave can give a nation, and the lesson thus given him he was not her much more ready access to the western countries of slow to improve. He saw that there were places in his Europe and Africa, than it was possible for the mother dominions capable of being made all, and more than all, country to have. The commercial spirit which so much that Tyre ever was, and he knew that he possessed resources distinguished the Phenicians, was no less prevalent among far greater than that proud mart could ever boast; he the Carthaginians. Influenced by this, and encouraged therefore resolved to build a city which should be called by the prospect of an extensive and lucrative commerce, after his own name, and which should become the comwhich was offered to them, they rapidly extended their mercial emporium of the world. In the selection of a site maritime operations, till the name of Carthage was known, for the contemplated city, Alexander showed the correctness and her power felt through the greater part of Europe and of his judgment, and the grandeur of his views. Situated in Africa, and while the name of Rome, afterwards the a country then rich and prosperous, at the mouth of a noble formidable rival, and at length the relentless destroyer of river, and near to both the great scenes of commercial


enterprise, Alexandria, in a short time, became the most

THE PYRAMID OF CHOLULA, important commercial city in the world, and controlled the trade both of the East and of the West; and notwithstanding the commotions which followed the death ARTIFICIAL mounds of earth in the form of Pyramids of Alexander, the trade to India continued to flow

are of frequent occurrence in many parts of Mexico : through the city which bore his name, till the discovery they were constructed by the inhabitants of those of the Cape of Good Hope, a period of more than eighteen countries before the Spanish conquest, and were hundred years. During all this time it was one of the principal commercial cities of the world, and even at this used for the purposes of worship, and as hurialday it is a place of considerable trade ; few cities, indeed, places for the kings and chief priests. The Pyramid have maintained their rank as seats of commerce for so of Cholula is considered the largest of these singular long a period as Alexandria.

structures. It was visited by Humboldt during his We have already alluded to the progress of discovery travels in South America, and the following account under Alexander. "Before his time, the regions east and is abridged from his description. north of Persia were almost wholly unknown to the Greeks; but in the course of his victorious career, he is said

The largest, the most ancient, and the most celeto have visited Samarcand, and to have explored all that brated of these pyramidal monuments is the Teocalli * part of Asia which lies south of Independent Tartary, of Cholula. It is called at present, The Mountain and west of the Indus, and a considerable portion of the made by the Hand of Man, (Monte Hecho a Mano.) rich and extensive country between the Indus and the Seeing it from a distance, we should in fact be Ganges. How much further he would have gone, had inclined to believe it a natural hill covered with his soldiers been willing to follow him, we cannot tell; but they, seeing no prospect of termination to their toils vegetation, and in this, its present, state of ruin, it is and wanderings, refused to proceed any further, and the represented in the engraving. ambitious conqueror was compelled to yield to their wishes, The vast plain of Puebla is separated from the and return. On reaching the Indus he directed Nearchus, valley of Mexico by a chain of volcanic mountains a general in whom he placed great confidence, to proceed which stretch out from Popocatepetl, towards the down to the mouth of that river, while he went on to Persia river Frio, and the peak of Telapon. This fertile by land. On reaching the mouth of the Indus, the Greeks beheld with astonishment and terror the ebb' and flow of plain, devoid, however, of trees, is rich in rememthe ocean, which are there very great. The object of brances of subjects relating to the history of Mexico; Alexander in sending Nearchus on this voyage, was to see it contains within itself the chief places of the three if a channel for the commerce of India could not be opened republics of Tlascala, Huexocingo, and Cholula. through the Euphrates.

The little town of Cholula, which Cortez, in his After the death of Alexander, his empire, fell to pieces, letters to the Emperor Charles the Fifth, compares to and in the division of his possessions, Seleucus obtained the most populous cities of Spain, at present scarcely that part of India, which had become subject to Greece. Some exploring tours were made under his patronage, but reckons sixteen thousand inhabitants. The pyramid the reader can easily judge of the value and correctness of is found to the east of the town, on the road which the information thus obtained, from the fact that the tourists leads from Cholula to Puebla. The eastern side is stated that they met with men, who had ears so large, that in a tolerable state of preservation, and it is from they could wrap themselves in them, and that they saw

that aspect that our view is taken. The plain of ants as large as foxes, employed in digging up gold.

Cholula has the same naked appearance, which is It may not be improper here to mention recent discovery, which seems to afford strong evidence that the soil of usual in steppes of land elevated more than 7000 feet America was ouce trodden by one of Alexander's subjects. above the level of the sea. In the fore-ground of A few years since, there was found near Monte Video, in the print may be seen a few aloes and gum-dragon South America, a stone, with the following words in Greek trees; in the distance is visible the summit of the written on it. “During the reign of Alexander, the son volcano of Orizaba, covered with snow, 17,000 feet of Philip, King of Macedon, in the sixty-third Olympiad, in height. Ptolemy,"—The remainder of the inscription could not be deciphered. This stone covered an excavation, which con

The Teocalli of Cholula has four platforms of equal tained two very ancient swords, a helmet, a shield, and height, and its sides appear to have been placed with several earthern amphoræ of large capacity. On the great exactness opposite the cardinal points of the handle of one of the swords was the portrait of a man, and compass; but as the angles are not very well defined, on the helmet there was sculptured work representing it is difficult to discover with correctness their exact Achilles dragging the corpse of Hector around the walls of original direction. This pyramidal monument has a Troy.

This was a favourite picture among the Greeks. Probably this Ptolemy was overtaken by a storm in the

more extended base than any other edifice of the Great Ocean, (as the ancients termed the Atlantic,) and same description found in the old continent. I have driven on the coast of South America. The silence of measured it with care, and am satisfied that its Greek writers, in relation to this event, may easily be perpendicular height is not more than 170 feet, accounted for, by supposing that, on attempting to return but that each side of its base is nearly 1400 feet in to Greece, he was lost together with his crew, and thus no

length. account of his discovery ever reached them. After the overthrow of Grecian power in India, no

Diaz del Castillo, a common soldier in the expediEuropean nation obtained possessions in that country till tion of Cortez, amused himself in counting the near the close of the fifteenth century. The change of number of steps in the staircases, which led to the political relations, did not, however, produce any material platforms of the different Teocallis; he found 114 in effect on the commerce with India. This still continued the great temple of Tenochtitlan, 117 in that of to tlourish and to add wealth and splendour to Alexandria, Tescuco, and 120 at Cholula. The base of the by which city it was entirely possessed.

pyramid of Cholula is twice as large as that of We may do much to make and to increase our own happi- Cheops, in Egypt, but its height is very little greater ness. There are certain things which, if our minds are

than that of Mycerinus. well trained, will always give pleasure, pleasures always The pyramid of Cholula is built of unburnt bricks, at hand, go near to produce happiness. Such are acts of cemented together with layers of clay; and the beneficence to the poor, acts of kindness to those in our

Indians assured me that the interior is excavated, own station, increase of knowledge, improvement in any and that while Cortez occupied their town, their thing useful, activity, usefulness, the endeavour to make others happy; all these cannot fail to produce satisfaction, «ncestors bad concealed within it a number of warand satisfaction of the best kind. If you add to these a riors, for the purpose of attacking the Spaniards; love of Nature, and its various beauties, if you look but the materials of which the Teocalli is constructed, " through nature up to nature's God," here is a source of almost daily delight. ---Memorials of a departed Friend,

Teocallı means the house of the gods.

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THE PYRAMID OF CHOLULA. and the silence of contemporaneous historians on the " Before the great inundation which occurred four fact, render this assertion very improbable. It has, thousand and eight years after the creation of the however, been proved by accident, that some kind of world, the country of Anahuac was inhabited by cavities exist in its mass.

giants: all those who did not perish, were transSeven or eight years ago, the route from Puebla formed into fishes, except seven who hid themselves to Mexico, which formerly passed by the north of in caverns. When the waters had retired, one of the pyramid, was changed, and to form the new these giants, Xelhua, surnamed the builder, went to road they cut through the first platform, so that Cholula, where he constructed an artificial hill, in an eighth part of it remains isolated, like a heap commemoration of the mountain Ttaloc, which of bricks. In making this excavation, they found had served as an asylum for himself and six of his in the interior a square house, formed of stones, and brethren. He had the bricks made in the province supported by props of cypress; it contained two of Tlamanalco, at the foot of the Sierra of Cocotl, bodies, idols formed of basalt, and a great number and to carry then to Cholula, he placed a row of of vases skilfully painted and enamelled. No care men, who passed them from hand to hand. · The was taken to preserve these objects, but, it is said, gods saw with anger this edifice, the summit of which that it was ascertained that this chamber had no place was to reach the clouds : irritated at the audacity of entrance or exit.

of Xelhua, they launched fire against the pyramid, It would be interesting to excavate a gallery through many of the workmen perished, the work was disthe centre of the Teocalli of Cholula, to examine continued, and it was ultimately consecrated to the its internal construction; and it is astonishing that god of the air, Quetzal coatl." the desire to discover hidden treasures has not already caused an attempt to be made. During my travels in Peru, in visiting the vast ruins of the city LITTLE facts and circumstances, in the economy of Al of Chimù,' near Mansiche, I entered the interior of mighty God, have irresistible charms for me, and serve. the famous Huaca of Toledo, the tomb of a Peruvian tiful manner in and for which, every thing has been created.

like others more prominent, to show the perfect and beauprince, in which Garci Gutierez of Toledo discovered, In contemplating them, what a delightful lesson may we while digging a gallery, in 1576, more than the value not learn! We may find in them the strongest testiof five millions of francs, (about 28,333 pounds monies of the truth of revelation, and the superintendence sterling) in solid gold, this is proved by the accounts of an all-wise and benevolent Creator. It has been well preserved in the town-house of Truxillo.

said, that in the book of Nature is written in the plainest

characters the existence of a God, which revelation takes This pyramid formerly had upon its summit an altar for granted; of a God how full of contrivance ! how fertile dedicated to Quetzal coatl, the god of the air, the in expedients ! how benevolent in his ends! At work most mysterious of all the Mexican mythology. He every where, every where too, with equal diligence; leaving was chief-priest to Tula, the lawgiver, the chief of a nothing incomplete ; finishing "the hinge in the wing of religious sect, who introduced the custom of piercing an insect," as perfectly as if it were all he had to do; unthe ears and lips, and tattooing the body by means their dispersion, unwearied by their incessant demands on of the thorns of the aloe. We shall conclude this him, fresh as on that day when the morning-stars first account by a very singular tradition of the natives, sung together, and all nature shouted for joy.—JESSE's which has reference to the pyramid of Cholula, as it Gleanings. is another proof, in addition to many already on record, of the universal Deluge; and the reader can

LONDON: not fail to recognise the similarity of this tradition JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND. with the Mosaical account of the building of the

PUBLISHED IN WEEKLY NUMBERS, PRICE ONE PENNY, AND IN MONTHLY PARTI Tower of Babel, and the dispersion of the builders.

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