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By the same Author.

HANNIBAL: An Historical Drama. Glasgow: Maclehose, 1873. Fcap. 8vo.

6s. 6d.

THEMISTOCLES AND OTHER POEMS. Glasgow: Maclehose, 1881. Fcap.

8vo. 6s. 6d. TABLES OF EUROPEAN LITERATURE AND HISTORY, A.D. 200-1876. Glasgow: Maclehose.

4to. 6s. 6d.

IS.

TABLES OF ANCIENT LITERATURE AND HISTORY. Glasgow: Macle

hose. 4to. 45. 6d. ENGLISH COMPOSITION PRIMER. London: Macmillan, 18mo. BYRON (“ English Men of Letters "). London: Macmillan. Fcap. 8vo. BURNS: A Summary of his Life, Character, and Genius. Edinburgh : Paterson.

8vo.

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38. 6d.

AMERICAN LITERATURE

AN HISTORICAL SKETCH

1620-1880

BY

JOHN NICHOL, LL.D.

PROFESSOR OF ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW

EDINBURGH

ADAM AND CHARLES BLACK

1882

All rights reserved.

" Much ill-natured criticism has been directed on American manners.

I do not think it is to be resented. Rather, if we are wise, we should listen and mend. Our critics will then be our best friends, though they did not mean it."-EMERSON.

Plut. Lib.

Vignaud Lib.

1-10-1925

4 quintana я,

PREFACE.

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TAE preparation of this volume has extended over a number
of years, beginning with the spring of 1861, when the
subject of American Poetry formed the last of a course of
lectures delivered to the Edinburgh Philosophical Institution;
its design dates from a visit paid to the States, then in the
first flush of their reunion, in the autumn of 1865. Shortly
after my return, I contributed to the “North British Review”
two articles, the substance of the chapters on Lowell and
Emerson, with the aim of continuing the series : but while I
was engaged on a paper on Hawthorne, circumstances led
to a postponement of the project. I was encouraged to
resume it by the reception of the outline of “ American
Literature" in the Encyclopaedia Britannica (1875), which
forms the basis of this book. In 1879 I gave a course
of six lectures on the subject at Cheltenham; and, last
year, in Edinburgh, other two on the Novelists.
my intention to have published these lectures much as
they were delivered : but, on examination, so many addi-
tions—relating to the earlier periods on the one hand, to
recent poets and novelists on the other—seemed requisite
that, with the exception of three chapters, I have recast the

56-Coll

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