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appliances, as are required under the provisions of this section, or under the regulations of the Board of Supervising Inspectors, approved by the Secretary of Commerce, authorized by and made pursuant hereto, shall be fined not less than $500, nor more than $5,000, and every master of a vessel who shall fail to comply with the requirements of this section, and the regulations of the Board of Supervising Inspectors, approved by the Secretary of Commerce, authorized by and made pursuant hereto, shall upon conviction be fined not less than $50, nor more than $500. Line-carrying guns, rockets and equipment.
All ocean steam, pleasure vessels and ocean steam vessels carrying passengers, except vessels of 150 gross tons and under, shall be provided with at least three line-carrying projectiles and the means of propelling them, such as may have received the formal approval of the Board of Supervising Inspectors.
When approved rockets are used instead of guns, there shall be in every case at least three of said rockets, and all steamers that are required under the law to carry line-carrying projectiles and the means of propelling them shall be supplied auxiliary thereto with at least 800 feet of 3-inch manila line for vessels of over 150 and not over 500 gross tons and 1,500 feet of said line for steamers above 500 gross tons; and, except where approved rockets are provided, with three approved service projectile lines and three projectiles. Such auxiliary line and all other equipment shall be kept always ready for use in connection with the gun and rocket, which lines and other equipment shall not be used for any other purpose. (R. S., 4488.) Requirements for firing tests.
The test rounds required shall be fired from the gun when mounted on its own carriage, lashed as it would be in shipboard use.
The line shall be coiled, faked, or reeled in its own faking box or reel, and the gun, carriage, line box or reel, and projectiles shall all bear the same number and shall be initialed by the inspector, whose report of the test, giving number, date, and result, shall be filed in the office of the supervising inspector of the district in which the test is made.
Service lines and projectiles.
Service projectile lines hereafter approved shall be similar in size to that used by the United States Coast Guard, of not less than 1,700 feet in length, and capable of withstanding a breaking strain of 500 pounds, and the projectile end shall be so protected that line will not burn when fired from the gun.
The projectiles required to be furnished with each gun shall weigh not less than 18 pounds, smoothly turned and finished, with a windage of not more than one sixty-fourth of an inch. Drill required with line-carrying gun.
The master of every vessel equipped with a line-carrying gun shall drill his crew in the use thereof and fire said gun at least once in every three months, using one-half the usual charge of powder and any ordinary line of proper length.
It shall be the duty of the inspectors, at the annual inspection, to see that these drills are entered on the log of the vessels. Placard containing instructions for use of gun and rocket
A placard containing instructions for using the gun and rocket apparatus required by the foregoing section and as practiced by the United States Coast Guard shall be posted in the pilot house, engine room, and in the seamen's, firemen's, and steward's department of every steam vessel required by law to carry such gun or rocket apparatus. (R. S., 4405.) Storm oil.
On and after January 1, 1915, ocean vessels of more than 200 gross tons propelled by machinery and navigating the oceans or gulfs shall carry a supply of oil for the purpose of smoothing the sea or quelling the force of the waves in case of emergency or necessity in the following quantities:
Vessels of over 200 and not over 1,000 gross tons, 30 gallons. Vessels of over 1,000 and not over 3,000 gross tons, 40 gallons. Vessels of over 3,000 and not over 5,000 gross tons, 50 gallons. Vessels of over 5,000 gross tons shall carry at least 100 gallons.
This oil shall be accessible and available at all times, and the location of the supply and the means and methods of its distribution shall be determined by the master of the vessel.
Steamer's name on equipments.
All the equipments of a steamer, such as buckets, hose, axes, boats, oars, rafts, life preservers, floats, barrels, and tanks, shall be painted or branded with the name of the steamer upon which they are used. (R. S., 4405.)
Muster roll and drills.
Special duties for the event of an emergency shall be allotted to each member of the crew.
The muster list shows all these special duties, and indicates, in particular, the station to which each man must go, and the duties that he has to perform.
Before the vessel sails the muster list shall be drawn up and exhibited, and the proper authority, to be designated by the Secretary of Commerce, shall be satisfied that the muster list has been prepared for the vessel. It shall be posted in several parts of the vessel, and in particular in the crew's quarters. Muster list.
The muster list shall assign duties to the different members of the crew in connection with
(a) The closing of the water-tight doors, valves, and so forth.
(d) The general preparation of the other boats and the pontoon rafts.
(e) The muster of the passengers.
The muster list shall assign to the members of the stewards' department their several duties in relation to the passengers at a time of emergency. These duties shall include
(a) Warning the passengers.
(6) Seeing that they are dressed and have put on their life jackets in a proper manner.
(c) Assembling the passengers.
(d) Keeping order in the passages and on the stairways, and, generally, controlling the movements of the passengers.
The muster list shall specify definite alarm signals for calling all the crew to the boat and fire stations, and shall give full particulars of these signals.
Musters and drills.
Musters of the crews at their boat and fire stations, followed by boat and fire drills, respectively, shall be held at least once a week, either in port or at sea. An entry shall be made in the official log book of these drills, or of the reason why they could not be held.
Different groups of boats shall be used in turn at successive boat drills. The drills and inspections shall be so arranged that the crew thoroughly understand and are practiced in the duties they have to perform, and that all the boats and pontoon rafts on the ship with the gear appertaining to them are always ready for immediate use.
Stairways and deck room.
Every such steam-vessel carrying passengers on the main-deck shall be provided with permanent stairways and other sufficient means, convenient to the passengers, for their
to their upper deck, in case of the vessel sinking or of other accident endangering life; and in the stowage of freight upon such deck, where passengers are carried, gangways or passages, sufficiently large to allow persons to pass freely through them, shall be left open both fore and aft of the vessel, and also to and along the guards on each side. (R. S. 4484.)
The captain or mate of every such steam-vessel carrying passengers upon the main-deck shall assign to all deck-passengers, when taking passage, the space on deck they may occupy during the voyage, and such space shall not thereafter be occupied by freight nor overcrowded by other persons, nor shall freight be stowed about the boilers or machinery, in such a manner as to obstruct or prevent the engineer from readily attending to his duties. (R. S., 4485.)
For every violation of the provisions of the two preceding sections the owners of the vessel shall be punished by a fine of three hundred dollars. (R. S., 4486.)
PASSENGER ACT OF 1882
The laws governing the carriage of passengers, explosives, live stock, etc., on vessels of the American Merchant Marine are as follows: Accommodations.
Explosives; cattle. Light an air.
Boarding vessel; pasenger list. Provisions.
Death of passenger. Medical attendance.
Inspection. Discipline and cleanliness. Penalties.
Privacy of passengers. Accommodations.
It shall not be lawful for the master of any vessel whereon steerage passengers have been taken at any port or place in a foreign country or dominion (ports and places in foreign territory contiguous to the United States excepted) to bring such vessel and passengers to or take from any port or place in the United States unless the compartments, spaces, and accommodations hereinafter mentioned have been provided, allotted, maintained, and used for and by such passengers during the entire voyage, unobstructed by cargo, stores, or goods. The master of a vessel coming to a port or place in the United States in violation of any of the provisions of this section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor; and if the number of steerage passengers carried or brought in the vessel, or in any compartment, space, poop, or deck house thereof, is greater than the number allowed to be carried or brought therein, respectively, as hereinafter prescribed, the said master shall be fined fifty dollars for each and every such passenger in excess of the proper number, and may also be imprisoned not exceeding six months.
First. In computing the number of passengers carried or brought in any vessel, children under one year of age shall not be included,