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This being the first day oi term, the January 23.
judges of the different courts at Westmin
ter, take their seats in Westminster-hall HILARY TERM begins.
to commence business. St. Raymund of Pennafort, A. D. 1275. The engraving represents the inte
St. John the Almoner, A. D. 619. St. rior of the hall at the time when the
The shops within the hall are remark- The site of the court of Chancery is on ably curious from their situation, and in- the same side up the steps at the end of the deed the courts themselves are no less hall, and that of the court of King's Bench worthy of observation. It will be recol- level with it on the left-hand side. It lected that the court of Chancery and the is to be noted, that one judge does not court of King's Bench, at the upper end salute the serjeants before the rest of the were, until the coronation, enclosed from judges begin to salute them, but each folsight and hearing; in the print they are lows the other. Thus whilst the chancelopen. This is the print alluded to in the lor is saluting the second serjeant the lord volume on “ Ancient Mysteries,” p. 266, chief justice salutes the first, and he sawherein is cited Ned Ward's remarks re- lutes the second while the chancellor saspecting the sempstresses, by whom some lutes the third, the next judge of the King's of these shops were occupied.
Bench court saluting the first serjeant; It is of ancient custom on the first day and so the judges proceed successively, of term for the judges to breakfast with and close to each other, till all the serthe lord chancellor in Lincoln's-inn-hall, jeants have been saluted. It is further and proceed with him in their respective observable, that more extended greetings carriages to Westminster-hall. Being ar- sometimes pass between the judges and rived at the hall door in Palace-yard, and serjeants who are intimate. having alighted with their officers and In 1825, the 23d of January, whereon train bearers, they formed a procession Hilary term commences, happening on along the hall until they came opposite to a Sunday, which is a dies non, or no day the court of Common Pleas, before which in law, the courts were opened on the stood the serjeants at law, who had pre- 24th, when the judges refreshed themviously arranged themselves in their full selves in Lincoln's-inn-hall with the lord dress wigs and gowns, and awaited the chancellor, as usual, and departed at coming of the judges, who were also in half-past twelve o'clock.
On retiring, their full dress. Then the serjeants all sir Charles Abbot, as lord chief justice, bowed, and their obeisance being acknow- took precedence of lord Gifford, the ledged by the judges in like manner, the master of the rolls, though he ranks as a lord chancellor, being first, approached baron of the realm, and is deputy speaker the first serjeant in the rank, and shook of the house of lords. The court of hands with him, saying, “How d'ye do, Chancery in Westminster-hall being under brother? I wish you a good term ;" where- reparation, the chancellor remained in upon the serjeant bowed and thanked his Lincoln's-inn to keep his term there. lordship, and the chancellor bowing to For the same reason, the serjeants did him, the serjeant again bowed; and the not range themselves in the hall at Westchancellor saluted and shook hands with minster, but awaited the arrival of the the next serjeant in like manner, and so judges of the Common Pleas in their own he did with each serjeant present, and court; the carriages of the judges of the then proceeded with his officers to his King's Bench turned to the right at the court. The lord chief justice of England top of Parliament-street, and proceeded and each of the puisne judges of the court to the new Sessions' house, where the of King's Bench, saluting and shaking judges sit until the new court of King's hands with each serjeant in the same man- Bench in Westminster-hall shall be prener, followed the chancellor and went into pared. their court. In the same manner also did the It is further to be remarked, that the chief justice and puisne judges of the Side Bar in Westminster-hall stood, till court of Common Pleas, and entered their very lately, within a short space of the court at the back of the serjeants. Lastly, wall, and at a few feet on the Palace-yard the lord chief baron and the puisne barons side of the cout of Common Pleas' steps. of the Exchequer, having also so saluted Formerly, attorneys stood within this bar the serjeants, returned back and entered the every morning during term, and moved court of Exchequer, which is at the ght the judges for the common rules, called hand immediately on entering the hall; side-bar rules, as they passed to their the entrance to the court of Common courts, and by whom they were granted Pleas being about midway on the same them as of course. These motions have side of the hall, whither, on the barons been long discontinued; the rules are having retired, the serjeants withdrew 10 applied for and obtained at the rule-office commence business before the judges. as rules of course; but each rule still ex
presses that it has been granted upon a wears; the coif is now diminished into a 6 side-bar" motion
small circular piece of black silk at the To recur to the engraving, which exhi- top of the wig, instead of the cap repre bits Westminster-hall at no distant period, sented in the engraving. The first shop, in a state very dissimilar to its more laté on the left, is occupied by a bookseller ; appearance. The original print by Mosley the next by a mathematical instrument bears the following versified inscription: maker; then there is another bookseller ; When fools fall out, for ev'ry flaw,
beyond him a dealer in articles of female They run horn mad to go to law,
consumption; beyond her a bookseller A hedge awry, a wrong plac'd gate,
again; and, last on that side, a second Will serve to spend a whole estate,
female shopkeeper. Opposite to her, Your case the lawyer says is good, on the right of the hall, stands a And justice cannot be withstood;
clock, with the hands signifying it to be By tedious process from above
about one in the afternoon; the first shop, From office they to office move ;
next from the clock, is a bookseller's; Thro' pleas, demurrers, the dev'l and all, then comes a female, who is a map and At length they bring it to the hall;
printseller; and, lastly, the girl who reThe dreadful hall by Rufus rais'd, ceives the barrister's hat into her care, For lofty Gothick arches prais'd. The FIRST OF TERM, the fatal day,
and whose line appears to sustain the Doth various images convey;
turnovers worn by the beaus of those First from the courts with clam'rous bawl
days with “ ruffles,” which, according to The criers their attorneys call;
Ned Ward, the sempstresses of WestminOne of the gown, discreet and wise, ster-hall nicely“ pleated," to the satisBy proper means his witness tries; faction of the i
young students " learned From Wreathock's gang—not right or laws in the law. H'assures his trembling client's cause ; Enough has, probably, been said of the This gnaws his handkerchief, whilst that
engraving, to obtain regard to it as an Gives the kind ogling nymph his hat;
object worth notice. Here one in love with choiristers
The first day of term is occupied, in Minds singing more than law affairs.
the common law courts, by the examiA serjeant limping on behind Shews justice lame, as well as blind.
nation of bail for persons who have been To gain new clients some dispute,
arrested, and whose opponents will not Others protract an ancient suit,
consent to the bail justifying before a Jargon and noise alone prevail,
judge at his chambers. A versified exWhile sense and reason's sure to fail ; emplification of this proceeding in the At Babel thus law terms began,
court of King's Bench, was written when And now at Westm-er go on.
lord Mansfield was chief, and Mr. Willes
a justice of the court; a person named The advocate, whose subornation of Hewitt was then cryer, Mr. Mingay, a perjury is hinted at, is in the foremost celebrated counsel, still remembered, is group; he is offering money to one of
represented as opposing the bail proposed Wreathock's gang.' This Wreathock by Mr. Baldwin, another counsel: a villainous attorney, who
KING'S-BENCH PRACTICE. cuaP. 10. ceived sentence of death for his criminal practices, and was ordered to be trans
Baldwin. Hewitt, call Taylor s bail,- for I ported for life in 1736. It is a notorious Shall no proceed to justify. fact, that many years ago wretches sold Hewitt. Where's Taylor's bail ? themselves to give any evidence, upon 1st Bail.
I cau't get in. oath, that might be required; and some
Hewitt. Make way. of these openly walked Westminster-hall Lord Mansfield.- For heaven's sake with a straw in the shoe to signify that begin.
Hewitt. But where's the other ? they wanted employment as witnesses ;
Here I such was one of the customs of the “good
stand. old times,” which some of us regret we
Mingay. I must except to both.-Comwere not born in. The “ choirister" in
mand a surplice, bearing a torch, was probably Silence,--and if your lordship crave it, one of the choir belonging to Westminster
Austen shall read our affidavit. abbey. To his right hand is the “ limp- Austen. Will. Priddle, late of Fleet-street, ing sérjeant" with a stick; his serjeantship
gent. being denoted by the coif, or cap, he Makes oath and saith, that late he went
OF JUSTIFYING BAIL.
MY FIRST BRIEF
To Duke's-place, as he was directed
learning was extensive; his abilities great; By notice, and he there expected
his application unwearied; his integrity To find both bail-but none could tell unimpeached. In religious principles he Where the first bail lived
was an Unitarian Christian and ProtestMingay.
ant; in political principles the friend of the Austen. And this deponent further says, civil liberties of mankind, and the genuine That, asking who the second was,
constitution of his country.
He died He found he'd bankrupt been, and yet Had ne'er obtained certificate.
August 4, 1787, and was buried on the When ic his house deponent went,
9th in Bunhill-fields' burying-ground, near He full four stories high was sent,
to the grave of Dr. Jebb," his tutor at And found a lodging almost bare ;
college: “ the classical hand of Dr. Parr" No furniture, but half a chair,
commemorated him by an epitaph. A table, bedstead, broken tiddle And a bureau. (Signed) William Priddle.
One of the best papers in Mr. Knight's Sworn at my chambers.
late“Quarterly Magazine,” of good artiFrancis Buller.
cles, is so suitable to this day, legally Mingay. No affidavit can be fuller. considered, that any one sufficiently inWell, friend, you've heard this affidavit, terested to sympathize with “ the cares What do you say?
and the fears” of a young lawyer, or, 2d Bail,
Sir, by your leave, it indeed, any one who dares to admit that Is all a lie.
a lawyer may have bowels, as well as an Mingay. Sir, have a care,
appetite, will suffer the Confessions of a What is your trade ?
Barrister to be recorded here. 2d Bail.
A scavenger. Mingay. And, pray, sir, were you never found
“ A lawyer,” says an old comedy Pankrupt?
which I once read at the British Museum, 2d Bail. I'm worth a thousand pound.
“ is an odd sort of fruit-first rotten Mingay; A thousand pound, friend, boldly then green-and then ripe." There is
saidIn what consisting ?
too much of truth in the homely figure. 2d Bail. Stock in trade.
The first years of a young barrister are Mingay. And, pray, friend, tell me,—do spent, or rather worn out, in anxious
leisure. His talents rust, his temper is What sum you're bail for ?
injured, his little patrimony wastes away, 2d Bail.
- Truly no. and not an attorney shows a sign of reMingay. My lords, you hear,--no oaths
He endures term after term, and have check'd him:
circuit after circuit, that greatest of all I hope your lordships will
evils—a rank above his means of supportWilles.
Reject him. Mingay. Well, friend, now tell me where ing it. He drives round the country in
a post-chaise, and marvels what Johëson Ist Bail. Sir, I have liv'd in Clerkenwell
found so exhilarating in its motion—that These ten years.
is, if he paid for it himself. He eats Mingay. Half-a-guinea dead. (Aside.)
venison, and drinks claret; but he loses My lords, if you've the notice read,
the flavour of both when he reflects that It says Duke's-place. So I desire
his wife (for the fool is married, and A little further time t'inquire.
married for love too !) has perhaps just Baldwin. Why, Mr. Mingay, all this va- dined for the third time on a cold neck
of mutton, and has not tasted wine since Willes. Take till to morrow.
their last party—an occurrence beyond Lord Mansfield.
even legal memory. He leaves the fesThe preceding pleasantry came from tive board early, and takes a solitary the pen
of the late John Baynes, Esq. a walk-returns to his lodgings in the twiYorkshire gentleman, who was born in light, and sees on his table a large white April, 1758, educated for the law at rectangular body, which for a moment he Trinity college, Cambridge, obtained supposes may be a brief-alas! it is only prizes for proficiency in philosophy and a napkin. He is vexed, and rings to classical attainments, was admitted of have it removed, when up comes his Gray's-inn, practised in his profession, clerk, who is drunk and insolent: he is and would probably have risen to its about to kick him down stairs, but stays first honours. Mr. Nichols says “his his foot on recollecting the arrears of the
Call the paper.
fellow's wages; and contents himself with tied round with the brilliant red tape,
-? The rogue knew well enough
“ for the dog squints."- ly; and I generously determined to give
walked up to