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learned from the history of Joseph, may be learned also from the history of Jesus. It pleased God to make even him perfect through sufferings, and to prepare the way for his exaltation, as Mediator, through a long series of humiliation and pain. There are several circumstances so similar in the cases of Joseph and of Jesus, as almost to make us consider the former as typical of the latter, and to look upon him as one of the " figures of him that was to come.” Joseph was the favoured son of his father, and a voice from heaven testified of Jesus, “ This is my beloved son in whom I am well pleased.” Joseph was hated by his brethren, and Jesus was despised and rejected by men ; the world hated him because he testified of it, that the works thereof were evil. Joseph's report of the dreams which intimated his advancement excited the yet greater enmity of his brethren, and when Jesus said of himself, « Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven,” “the High Priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy.” Joseph's
brethren spake tauntingly of him, “ behold this dreamer cometh :" so the Jews mocked Christ, and said, “ Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, who is he that smote thee ?” Joseph was sold to the Egyptians for twenty pieces of silver, and Jesus was betrayed for thirty pieces, and given up into the hands of the Romans. These and other more minute points of resemblance have already appeared so far as we have pursued the history of Joseph, and without presuming to say that such was actually the mind of the Spirit, we are at least justified in thus directing our thoughts from the son of Jacob to the son of God.
Mark from this history the dreadful effects of envy. It was this unhallowed passion which operated so strongly in the bosom of the sons of Jacob. They envied Joseph the favour of his father which he enjoyed; they envied him his coat of many colours ; they envied him the prospect of advancement above them. You have seen to what the indulgence of this hateful passion led them. It filled their hearts with hatred of their brother. It raged within until they broke through all the restraints both of natural feeling and of the law of God, and they became, virtually at least, murderers of their brother. We are all of us prone to this evil disposition. “ The spirit that is within us lusteth to envy.” We have all need therefore to be watchful against it, and carefully to restrain the first risings of it in our hearts. We should pray that God may grant us his grace to extirpate it out of our breasts, and that in its place may be planted that loveliest, and most enduring, of all the christian virtues, Charity, of which it is said among its many other excellencies, that it " envieth not." This will dispose us to think humbly of ourselves, and to rejoice in another's prosperity or gain; it will fill our hearts with love and goodwill to all our fellow-creatures, and bring us into nearer union with God. loved, let us love one another, for love is of God; and every one that loveth, is born of God, and knoweth God : he that loveth not, knoweth not God, for God is love."
to all the events of Providence. When Jacob received the bloody coat of his son, he at once concluded that he was dead, and despairingly determined to go down into the grave unto his son mourning. Joseph too experienced great anguish of soul, while he feared for his life and when he was carried away from his family and home by strangers into a strange land. And yet could they have seen into the events of a few years before them, they had uttered no lamentations: they would have seen that these events so painful to them then, were ordered by the all-wise providence of God, for their preservation and happiness. We also cannot look into futurity; and we know little of the eventual tendency of many providential dispensations. Let us learn to trust God with all our concerns, for he is the governor in all the earth. He is ever superintending and disposing the affairs of men, and while all are freely following their own volitions, and are accountable to him for all their actions, he directs and orders all things according to his own will. There may be many
incomprehensible dispensations, there may be apparent contradictions of his attributes or promises, but all this is only because we cannot see the whole. But let us assure ourselves of these few simple truths, that the providence of God does surely dispose and govern all human affairs, that he careth for the righteous, and will make all things work together for good to them that love him.Then we may be content with every circumstance; we may resign ourselves wholly to his care, and trust him with all our temporal and spiritual concerns. We shall then become only anxious to secure a part in his favour, by embracing that merciful method of salvation which he has proposed to us through the sacrifice of his son, and so we shall leave ourselves, in faith and prayer and thankfulness, to his constant protection and guidance. We shall no longer murmur or repine at any event that befalls us, but wait, in firm reliance on his wisdom and mercy, assured that the end will be happiness and peace.