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NEW ZEALAND PAH. "The New Zealander has a fixed and settled habitation: he resides either in his pah, which is a fortified stockare; or in a kainga maori, or native settlement, which is not enclosed, where the houses are scattered about as in a Tilage. In times of warfare the whole tribe seeks refuge within the pah, which is often erected on the summit of a steep hill, or on an island, or along the bank of a river. The pah is surrounded with a strong, high fence, or stockade; and the interior is divided, by lower fencings, into numerous court-yards, which communicate with each other by means of stiles ; in each court stands the house and cook-house of one or more families, and also the patuka, or store-house for food. The dwelling-house, and fre. quently the store-house, are ornamented with grotesque carving, and colored with kokowai, or red ochre. The cook-house is merely a shed, built of posts or slabs of wood placed several inches apart, so as to admit the air and winil, and roofed with beams, over which is a thatchwork of y. in these houses the domestic operations of cook ing food, corn, &c., take place during wet

times they are carried on in the open a.

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THE

YOUTHS' MAGAZINE;

OR,

EVANGELICAL MISCELLANY.

APRIL, 1848.

NEW ZEALAND PAH.

“THE New Zealander has a fixed and settled habitation : he resides either in his pah, which is a fortified stockade; or in a kainga maori, or native settlement, which is not enclosed, where the houses are scattered about as in a village. In times of warfare the whole tribe seeks refuge within the pah, which is often erected on the summit of a steep hill, or on an island, or along the bank of a river. The pah is surrounded with a strong, high fence, or stockade; and the interior is divided, by lower fencings, into numerous court-yards, which communicate with each other by means of stiles; in each court stands the house and cook-house of one or more families, and also the patuka, or store-house for food. The dwelling-house, and frequently the store-house, are ornamented with grotesque carving, and colored with kokowai, or red ochre. The cook-house is merely a shed, built of posts or slabs of wood placed several inches apart, so as to admit the air and wind, and roofed with beams, over which is a thatchwork of raupo: in these houses the domestic operations of cooking and preparing food, corn, &c., take place during wet weather ; at other times they are carried on in the open air. The

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"THE New Zealander has a fixed and settled habitation : he resides either in his pah, which is a fortified stockade; or in a kainga maori, or native settlement, which is not enclosed, where the houses are scattered about as in a village. In times of warfare the whole tribe seeks refuge within the pah, which is often erected on the summit of a steep hill, or on an island, or along the bank of a river. The pah is surrounded with a strong, high fence, or stockade; and the interior is divided, by lower fencings, into numerous court-yards, which communicate with each other by means of stiles; in each court stands the house and cook-house of one or more families, and also the patuka, or store-house for food. The dwelling-house, and frequently the store-house, are ornamented with grotesque carving, and colored with kokowai, or red ochre. The cook-house is merely a shed, built of posts or slabs of wood placed several inches apart, so as to admit the air and wind, and roofed with beams, over which is a thatchwork of raupo: in these houses the domestic operations of cooking and preparing food, corn, &c., take place during wet weather ; at other times they are carried on in the open air. The

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