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POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT
NOTE.-See section 30 of the Consumer Product Safety Act (P.L. 92-573) (p. 289) which transferred the functions of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act and the Poison Prevention Packaging Act of 1970 to the Consumer Product Safety Commission and transferred the functions of that Secretary, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Federal Trade Commission under the Flammable Fabrics Act to that Commission.
POISON PREVENTION PACKAGING ACT
[PUBLIC Law 91-601, APPROVED DECEMBER 30, 1970]
AN ACT To provide for special packaging to protect children
from serious personal injury or serious illness resulting from handling, using, or ingesting household substances, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
15 U.S.C. 1471
SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the "Poison Pre- Moto vention Packaging Act of 1970”.
16 0.8.0. 1471
Sec. 2. For the purpose of this Act,
(1) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare.
(2) The term "household substance” means any substance which is customarily produced or distributed for sale for consumption or use, or customarily stored, by individuals in or about the household and which is
(A) a hazardous substance as that term is defined in section 2(f) of the Federal Hazardous Substances Act (15 U.S.C. 1261 (f));
(B)' a pesticide as that term is defined in section 2a of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (7 U.S.C. 135(a));
(C) a food, drug, or cosmetic as those terms are defined in section 201 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 321); or
(D) a substance intended for use as fuel when stored in a portable container and used in the heat
ing, cooking, or refrigeration system of a house. (3) The term "package” means the immediate container or wrapping in which any household substance is contained for consumption, use, or storage by individuals in or about the household, and, for purposes of section 4(a) (2) of this Act, also means any outer container or wrapping used in the retail display of any such substance to consumers. Such term does not includes
(A) any shipping container or wrapping used solely for the transportation of any household sub
1 Reference should be to section 2(a).
stance in bulk or in quantity to manufacturers, packers, or processors, or to wholesale or retail distributors thereof, or
(B) any shipping container or outer wrapping used by retailers to ship or deliver any household substance to consumers unless it is the only such
container or wrapping. (4) The term "special packaging" means packaging that is designed or constructed to be significantly difficult for children under five years of age to open or obtain a toxic or harmful amount of the substance contained therein within a reasonable time and not difficult for normal adults to use properly, but does not mean packaging which all such children cannot open or obtain a toxic or harmful amount within a reasonable time.
(5) The term "labeling” means all labels and other written, printed, or graphic matter (A) upon any household substance or its package, or (B) accompanying such substance.
[ SPECIAL PACKAGING STANDARDS)
15 U.S.C. 1472
Sec. 3. (a) The Secretary, after consultation with the technical advisory committee provided for in section 6 of this Act, may establish in accordance with the provisions of this Act, by regulation, standards for the special packaging of any household substance if he finds that
(1) the degree or nature of the hazard to children in the availability of such substance, by reason of its packaging, is such that special packaging is required to protect childen from serious personal injury or serious illness resulting from handling, using, or ingesting such substance; and
(2) the special packaging to be required by such standard is technically feasible, practicable, and ap
propriate for such substance. (b) In establishing a standard under this section, the Secretary shall consider
(1) the reasonableness of such standard;
2) available scientific, medical, and engineering data concerning special packaging and concerning childhood accidental ingestions, illness, and injury caused by household substances;
(3) the manufacturing practices of industries affected by this Act; and
(4) the nature and use of the household substance. (c). In carrying out this Act, the Secretary shall publish his findings, his reasons therefor, and citation of the sections of statutes which authorize his action.
(d) Nothing in this Act shall authorize the Secretary to prescribe specific packaging designs, product content,
package quantity, or, with the exception of authority granted in section 4(a) (2) of this Act, labeling. In the case of a household substance for which special packaging is required pursuant to a regulation under this section, the Secretary may in such regulation prohibit the packaging of such substance in packages which he determines are unnecessarily attractive to children.
(MARKETING OF NONCOMPLYING PACKAGES)
Sec. 4. (a) For the purpose of making any household 15 U.S.C. 1478 substance which is subject to a standard established under section 3 readily available to elderly or handicapped persons unable to use such substance when packaged in compliance with such standard, the manufacturer or packer, as the case may be, may package any household substance, subject to such a standard, in packaging of a single size which does not comply with such standard if
(1) the manufacturer (or packer) also supplies such substance in packages which comply with such standard; and
(2) the packages of such substance which do not meet such standard bear conspicuous labeling stating: “This package for households without young children"; except that the Secretary may by regulation prescribe a substitute statement to the same effect for packaging too small to accommodate such
labeling. (b) In the case of a household substance which is subject to such a standard and which is dispensed pursuant to an order of a physician, dentist, or other licensed medical practitioner authorized to prescribe, such substance may be dispensed in noncomplying packages only when directed in such order or when requested by the purchaser.
(c) In the case of a household substance subject to such a standard which is packaged under subsection (a) in a noncomplying package, if the Secretary determines that such substance is not also being supplied by a manufacturer (or packer) in popular size packages which comply with such standard, he may, after giving the manufacturer (or packer) an opportunity to comply with the purposes of this Act, by order require such substance to be packaged by such manufacturer (or packer) exclusively in special packaging complying with such standard if he finds, after opportunity for hearing, that such exclusive use of special packaging is necessary to accomplish the purposes of this Act.
Sec. 5. (a) Proceedings to issue, amend, or repeal a 15 U.S.C. 1474 regulation prescribing a standard under section 3 shall be conducted in accordance with the procedures pre