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FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT
NOTE.—See section 30 of the Consumer Product Safety Act (P.L. 92–573) (p. 289) which transferred the functions of the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act and the Poison Prevention Packaging Act of 1970 to the Consumer Product Safety Commission and transferred the functions of that Secretary, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Federal Trade Commission under the Flammable Fabrics Act to that Commission.
FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT
commerce of articles of wearing apparel and fabrics wbich are
Be is enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress asssembled,
SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the “Flammable Fabrics Act.”
15 U.S.O. 1191
SEC. 2. As used in this Act
(a) The term “person” means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, or any other form of business enterprise.
(b) The term "commerce" means commerce among the several States or with foreign nations or in any territory of the United States or in the District of Columbia or between any such territory and another, or between any such territory and any State or foreign nation, or between the District of Columbia or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and any State or territory or foreign nation, or between the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and any State or territory or foreign nation or the District of Columbia.
(c) The term "territory” includes the insular possessions of the United States and also any territory of the United States.
(d) The term "article of wearing apparel” means any costume or article of clothing worn or intended to be worn by individuals.
(e) The term “interior furnishing” means any type of furnishing made in whole or in part of fabric or related material and intended for use or which may reasonably be expected to be used, in homes, offices, or other places of assembly or accommodation.
(f) The term “fabric” means any material (except fiber, filament, or yarn for other than retail sale) woven, knitted, felted, or otherwise produced from or in combination with any natural or synthetic fiber, film, or sub
stitute therefor which is intended for use or which may reasonably be expected to be used, in any product as de fined in subsection (h).
(g) The term “related material” means paper, plastic, rubber, synthetic film, or synthetic foam which is intended for use or which may reasonably be expected to be used in any product as defined in subsection (h).
(h) The term "product" means any article of wearing apparel or interior furnishing.
(i) The term "Commission" means the Federal Trade Commission.
(1) The term “Federal Trade Commission Act” means the Act of Congress entitled "An Act to create a Federal Trade Commission, to define its powers and duties, and for other purposes” approved September 26, 1914, as amended.
15 U.S.C. 1192
Sec. 3(a) The manufacture for sale, the sale, or the offering for sale, in commerce, or the importation into the United States, or the introduction, delivery for introduction, transportation or causing to be transported, in commerce, or the sale or delivery after a sale or shipment in commerce, of any product, fabric, or related material which fails to conform to an applicable standard or regulation issued or amended under the provisions of section 4 of this Act, shall be unlawful and shall be an unfair method of competition and an unfair and deceptive act or practice in commerce under the Federal Trade Commission Act.
(b) The manufacture for sale, the sale, or the offering for sale, of any product made of fabric or related material which fails to conform to an applicable standard or regulation issued or amended under section 4 of this Act, and which has been shipped or received in commerce shall be unlawful and shall be an unfair method of competition and an unfair and deceptive act or practice in commerce under the Federal Trade Commission Act.
REGULATION OF FLAMMABLE FABRICS
15 U.S.C. 1198
SEC. 4(a) Whenever the Secretary of Commerce finds on the basis of the investigations or research conducted pursuant to section 14 of this Act that a new or amended flammability standard or other regulation, including labeling, for a fabric, related material, or product may be needed to protect the public against unreasonable risk of the occurrence of fire leading to death or personal injury, or significant property damage, he shall institute proceedings for the determination of an appropriate flammability standard (including conditions and manner of testing) or other regulation or amendment thereto for such fabric, related material, or product.
(b) Each standard, regulation, or amendment thereto promulgated pursuant to this section shall be based on findings that such standard, regulation, or amendment thereto is needed to adequately protect the public against unreasonable risk of the occurrence of fire leading to death, injury, or significant property damage, is reasonable, technologically practicable, and appropriate, is limited to such fabrics, related materials, or products which have been determined to present such unreasonable risks, and shall be stated in objective terms. Each such standard, regulation, or amendment thereto, shall become effective twelve months from the date on which such standard, regulation, or amendment is promulgated, unless the Secretary of Commerce finds for good cause shown that an earlier or later effective date is in the public interest and publishes the reason for such finding. Each such standard or regulation or amendment thereto shall exempt fabrics, related materials, or products in inventory or with the trade as of the date on which the standard, regulation, or amendment thereto, becomes effective except that, if the Secretary finds that any such fabric, related material, or product is so highly flammable as to be dangerous when used by consumers for the purpose for which it is intended, he may under such conditions as the Secretary may prescribe, withdraw, or limit the exemption for such fabric, related material, or product.
(c) The Secretary of Commerce may obtain from any person by regulation or subpena issued pursuant thereto such information in the form of testimony, books, records, or other writings as is pertinent to the findings or determinations which he is required or authorized to make pursuant to this Act. All information reported to or otherwise obtained by the Secretary or his representative pursuant to this subsection which information contains or relates to a trade secret or other matter referred to in section 1905 of title 18 of the United States Code, shall be considered confidential for the purpose of that section, except that such information may be disclosed to other officers or employees concerned with carrying out this Act or when relevant in any proceeding under this Act. Nothing in this section shall authorize the withholding of information by the Secretary or any officer or employee under his control, from the duly authorized committees of the Congress.
(d) The provisions of sections 551 through 559 of title 5, United States Code, shall apply to the issuance of all standards or regulations or amendments thereto under this section.
(e) (1) Any person who will be adversely affected by any such standard or regulation or amendment thereto when it is effective may at any time prior to the sixtieth day after such standard or regulation or amendment thereto is issued file a petition with the United States