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SUBTITLE III-GENERAL AND INTERMODAL

PROGRAMS

CHAPTER

51. TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS MATERIAL

Sec. 5101

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55. INTERMODAL TRANSPORTATION
57. SANITARY FOOD TRANSPORTATION
59. INTERMODAL SAFE CONTAINER TRANSPORTATION

5501 5701 5901

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CHAPTER 51-TRANSPORTATION OF HAZARDOUS

MATERIAL

Sec.
5101. Purpose.
5102. Definitions.
5103. General regulatory authority.
5103a. Limitation on issuance of hazmat licenses.
5104. Representation and tampering.
5105. Transporting certain highly radioactive material.
5106. Handling criteria.
5107. Hazmat employee training requirements and grants.
5108. Registration.
5109. Motor carrier safety permits.
5110. Shipping papers and disclosure.
5111. Rail tank cars.
5112. Highway routing of hazardous material.
5113. Unsatisfactory safety rating.
5114. Air transportation of ionizing radiation material.
5115. Training curriculum for the public sector.
5116. Planning and training grants, monitoring, and review.
5117. Exemptions and exclusions.
5118. Inspectors.
5119. Uniform forms and procedures.
5120. International uniformity of standards and requirements.
5121. Administrative.
5122. Enforcement.
5123. Civil penalty.
5124. Criminal penalty.
5125. Preemption.
5126. Relationship to other laws.
5127. Authorization of appropriations.
$5101. Purpose

The purpose of this chapter is to provide adequate protection against the risks to life and property inherent in the transportation of hazardous material in commerce by improving the regulatory and enforcement authority of the Secretary of Transportation. $5102. Definitions In this chapter

(1) "commerce" means trade or transportation in the jurisdiction of the United States

(A) between a place in a State and a place outside of the State; or

(B) that affects trade or transportation between a place in a State and a place outside of the State.

(2) "hazardous material” means a substance or material the Secretary of Transportation designates under section 5103(a) of this title. (3) “hazmat employee”— (A) means an individual—

(i) employed by a hazmat employer; and

(ii) who during the course of employment directly affects hazardous material transportation safety as the Secretary decides by regulation;

(B) includes an owner-operator of a motor vehicle transporting hazardous material in commerce; and

(C) includes an individual, employed by a hazmat employer, who during the course of employment

(i) loads, unloads, or handles hazardous material;

(ii) manufactures, reconditions, or tests containers, drums, and packagings represented as qualified for use in transporting hazardous material;

(iii) prepares hazardous material for transportation;

(iv) is responsible for the safety of transporting hazardous material; or

(v) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous material. (4) "hazmat employer"

(A) means a person using at least one employee of that person in connection with

(i) transporting hazardous material in commerce;

(ii) causing hazardous material to be transported in commerce; or

(iii) manufacturing, reconditioning, or testing containers, drums, and packagings represented as qualified for use in transporting hazardous material;

(B) includes an owner-operator of a motor vehicle transporting hazardous material in commerce; and

(C) includes a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States Government, or an authority of a State, political subdivision of a State, or Indian tribe, carrying out an activity described in subclause (A)(i), (ii), or (iii) of this clause (4).

(5) "imminent hazard” means the existence of a condition that presents a substantial likelihood that death, serious illness, severe personal injury, or a substantial endangerment to health, property, or the environment may occur before the reasonably foreseeable completion date of a formal proceeding begun to lessen the risk of that death, illness, injury, or endangerment.

(6) "Indian tribe" has the same meaning given that term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).

(7) "motor carrier" means a motor carrier, motor private carrier, and freight forwarder as those terms are defined in section 13102 of this title.

(8) “national response team” means the national response team established under the national contingency plan established under section 105 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9605).

(9) "person", in addition to its meaning under section 1 of title 14

(A) includes a government, Indian tribe, or authority of a government or tribe offering hazardous material for transportation in commerce or transporting hazardous material to further a commercial enterprise; but (B) does not include

(i) the United States Postal Service; and

(ii) in sections 5123 and 5124 of this title, a department, agency, or instrumentality of the Govern

ment.
(10) "public sector employee”-

(A) means an individual employed by a State, political subdivision of a State, or Indian tribe and who during the course of employment has responsibilities related to responding to an accident or incident involving the transportation of hazardous material;

(B) includes an individual employed by a State, political subdivision of a State, or Indian tribe as a firefighter or law enforcement officer; and

(C) includes an individual who volunteers to serve as a firefighter for a State, political subdivision of a State, or Indian tribe. (11) “State” means

(A) except in section 5119 of this title, a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Guam, and any other territory or possession of the United States designated by the Secretary; and

(B) in section 5119 of this title, a State of the United States and the District of Columbia.

(12) "transports" or "transportation" means the movement of property and loading, unloading, or storage incidental to the movement.

(13) “United States” means all of the States. $ 5103. General regulatory authority

(a) DESIGNATING MATERIAL AS HAZARDOUS.-The Secretary of Transportation shall designate material (including an explosive, radioactive material, etiologic agent, flammable or combustible liquid or solid, poison, oxidizing or corrosive material, and compressed gas) or a group or class of material as hazardous when the Secretary decides that transporting the material in commerce in a particular amount and form may pose an unreasonable risk to health and safety or property.

(b) REGULATIONS FOR SAFE TRANSPORTATION.—1) The Secretary shall prescribe regulations for the safe transportation, in

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