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REORGANIZATION PLANS NOS. 2, 3, AND 4 OF 1952

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE
COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE V 1951
EIGHTY-SECOND CONGRESS
SECOND SESSION

ON
REORGANIZATION PLAN. NO. 2 OF 1952—REORGANIZATIONS IN THE

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT AND (S. RES. 317)

EOCUMENT

REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 3 OF 1952—BUREAU OF CUSTOMS,

TREASURY DEPARTMENT

REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 4 OF 1952_REORGANIZATIONS IN THE

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

MAY 14, 19, AND JUNE 4, 1952

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Government Operations

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1952

99820

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman CLYDE R. HOEY, North Carolina

JOSEPH R. MCCARTHY, Wisconsin HERBERT R. O'CONOR, Maryland

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota

MARGARET CHASE SMITH, Maine MIKE MONRONEY, Oklahoma

ANDREW F. SCHOEPPEL, Kansas THOMAS R. UNDERWOOD, Kentucky HENRY C. DWORSHAK, Idaho BLAIR MOODY, Michigan

RICHARD M. NIXON, California
WALTER L. REYNOLDS, Chief Clerk
Ann M. GRICKIS, Assistant Chief Clerk

1

CONTENTS

Pago

Message from the President of the United States, transmitting recom-

mendations relative to three plans providing for reorganizations in the

· Post Office Department, the Department of the Treasury, and the

Department of Justice (H. Doc. No. 424, 82d Cong., 2d sess.)--------

Message from the President of the United States, transmitting Reorganiza-

tion Plan No. 2 of 1952, prepared in accordance with the Reorganization

Act of 1949 and providing for reorganization in the Post Office Depart-

ment (H. Doc. No. 425, 82d Cong., 2d sess.)----

Message from the President of the United States, transmitting Reorgani-

zation Plan No. 3 of 1952, prepared in accordance with the Reorganiza-

tion Act of 1949 and providing for reorganizations in the Bureau of

Customs of the Department of the Treasury (H. Doc. No. 426, 82d Cong.,

2d sess.)-------

Message from the President of the United States, transmitting Reorgani-

zation Plan No. 4 of 1952, prepared in accordance with the Reorganiza-

tion Act of 1949 and providing for the reorganizations in the Department

of Justice (H. Doc. No. 427, 82d Cong., 2d sess.) -

Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1952.-

Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1952.------

Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1952----

Senate Committee on Government Operations:

Staff memorandum No. 82–2–28 (legality of Reorganization Plans

Nos. 2, 3, and 4 of 1952), May 13, 1952---

Staff memorandum No. 82-2–29 (reorganizations in the Post Office

Department), May 12, 1952.---

Appendix A- History and background of Senate confirmation of

postmasters.----

Staff memorandum No. 82–2–30 (Bureau of Customs of the Depart-

iment of the Treasury), April 26, 1952----

Staff memorandum No. 82-2-31 (Reorganizations in the Department

of Justice), May 6, 1952----

Letter from Thomas G. Walters, operations director, Government Em-

ployees' Council of the American Federation of Labor, to Senator John L.

McClellan, May 12, 1952__-
Letter from W. C. Doherty, president, National Association of Letter

Carriers, to Senator John L. McClellan, May 12, 1952.-

Public Law 109 (81st Cong.)--------

Senate Resolution 317, disapproving plan No. 2 of 1952.---

Senate Resolution 330, disapproving plan No. 4 of 1952..

Senate Resolution 331, disapproving plan No. 3 of 1952.---

Statement of-

Andretta, S. A., Administrative Assistant, Attorney General; accom-

panied by George Miller, Assistant Chief, Accounts Branch, De-

partment of Justice (plan No. 4)----

Barnes, Albert Mac c., president, Association of the Customs Bar

(plan No. 3) ---

Beiter, Alfred F., national president, National Customs Service

Association, New York, N. Y. (plan No. 3) -----
Coates, Charles B., acting chairman of the Citizens Committee for the

Hoover Report (plans Nos. 2, 3, and 4) ------
Donaldson, Jesse M., the Postmaster General; accompanied by Roy C.

Frank, Solicitor, Post Office Department (plan No. 2)-----
Flemming, Dr. Arthur S., representing the Citizens Committee for

the Hoover Report (plans Nos. 2, 3, and 4)---------------------

Graham, Hon. John S., Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, accom-

panied by Hon. David Strubinger, Assistant Commissioner, Bureau

of Customs; ard W. R. Johnson, Assistant to the Commissioner,

Bureau of Customs (plan No. 3)------

36

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Statement of_Continuer

Page

Hallbeck, E. C., legislative representative, National Federation of

Post Office Clerks (plan No.2 ---

145

Johnston, Hon. Olin D., a l'nited States Senator from the State of

South Carolina (plan Vo. 2)....

I.10. 2) ----------------------------------

Keating, Jerome J., secretary, National Association of Letter Carriers;

accompanied by R. B. Kremers, assistant secretary; and Frank J.

Delany, general counsel, National Association of Letter Carriers

(plan No. 2.

--- 118, 144

Lawton, Frederick J., Director, Bureau of the Budget (plans Nos. 2, 3,

and 1).--------------------------------

99

Riley, George D., member, National Legislative Committee, American

Federation of Labor (plans Vos, 2, 3, and 4).-

137

Sanders, J. T., legislative counsel, the National Grange (plans Nos,

2 and 4)....

Walters, Thomas G., representing the Government employees Council
of the American Federation of Labor (plan No. 2).

152

Watson, James R., executive director, National Civil Service League

(plans Vos. 2, 3, and 41.

215

-------

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-

Andretta, S. A., Administrative Assistant Attorney General, Depart-

ment of Justice, ages of present marshals, and total years in Federal

service.---

---

Barnes, Albert Mac C., president, Association of the Customs Bar:

Appendix A-memorandum on effect of Reorganization Plan

No. 3. ---

----

Statement—C'ustoms judicial review imperiled by Reorganiza-

tion Plan No. 3. ---
Coates, Charles B., acting chairman of the Citizens Committee for

the Hoover Report, list of Senators who have endorsed recently the
concept of merit instead of political preference in appointments to
Federal non-policy-making jobs.----

----------
Delany, Frank J., counsel, National Association of Letter Carriers,

letter to Senator John L. McClellan, May 21, 1952.--

Donaldson, Jesse M., the Postmaster General:

Excerpt from act of July 2, 1836.---

Excerpt from Hoover Commission Recommendation No. 5...

Excerpts from laws enacted in 1836, 1848, and 1863, re appoint-

ment of postmasters.----

Excerpt from provisions of the act of June 25, 1938, re appoint-

ments of postmasters.---

Excerpt from report of the Commission on Organization of the

Executive Branch of the Government.----

Excerpt from task force report ------------------------------

Number of service postmasters.---

Graham, Hon. John S., Assistant Secretary of the Treasury:

Excerpt from 1937 report of the President's Committee on

Administrative Management ---

Index to functions proposed to be abolished by section 3:

General abolitions.--.

Accounting abolitions..

Letter from Hon. Lindsay C. Warren, Comptroller General of

the United States, to the Secretary of the Treasury, May 9,

1952.----

Comments of the General Accounting Office on Reorgan-

ization Plan No. 3 of 1952.

Hallbeck, E. C., legislative representative, National Federation of

Post Office Clerks, editorial from the August 1950 Union Postal

Clerk “Who Blocks Postal Reform"----

146

Johnston, Hon. Olin D., a United States Senator from the State of
South Carolina:
Excerpt from 5 United States Code 642..

133

Excerpt from Public Law 720 of the Seventy-fifth Congress-

The O'Mahoney Act ---

132

Keating, Jerome J., secretary, National Association of Letter Carriers,

excerpt from observation of Senator Calhoun of South Carolina,
February 9, 1835..

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Letters, statements, etc.—Continued

Kelley, Nicholas, president, National Civil Service League, statement-
McClellan, Hon. John L.; a United States Senator from the State of

Arkansas and chairman, Senate Government Operations Com-

mittee:

Colloquy between Postmaster General Jesse M. Donaldson and

members of the Senate Committee on Post Office and Civil

Service on S. 2212 and S. 2213------
Excerpt from testimony of former President Herbert Hoover

regarding Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1949---

Letter from Brooks & Brooks, attorneys, to Senate Committee

on Government Operations, May 28, 1952.-----

Letters from Frank B. Horne, American Law Section, Library of

Congress, to Senate Committee on Government Operations:

May 16, 1952-----

-------

June 5, 1952

Letter from Frederick J. Lawton, Director, Bureau of the Budget,
to Senator John L. McClellan, May 28, 1952.--
Letter from Joseph C. Duggan, Assistant Attorney General
of the United States, to F. J. Lawton, May 28, 1952------

Memorandum dated May 26, 1952----
Letter from Harry S. Radcliffe, executive vice president, National

Council of American Importers, Inc., to Senator John L.
McClellan, May 28, 1952-----------

Letter from John S. Graham, Acting Secretary of the Treasury,

to Senator John L. McClellan, June 9, 1952-

Memorandum from Thomas J. Lynch, general counsel,

Treasury Department, June 9, 1952---

Letter from Senator Lyndon B. Johnson, to Senator John L.
McClellan, May 20, 1952_
Letter from Fisher G. Dorsey, Houston, Tex., to Senator

Lyndon B. Johnson, May 13, 1952.-------

Letter from Senator Lyndon B. Johnson, to Walter Reynolds,

May 26, 1952.-------

Letter from Sydnor Oden, president, Chamber of Commerce,

Houston, Tex., to Senator Lyndon B. Johnson, May 23,

1952 --------

Resolution approved by Houston Chamber of Commerce

executive committee, May 20, 1952----

Letter from Senator Matthew M. Neely, to Senator John L.

McClellan, May 31, 1952.--.

Letter from Lorenz F. Broecker, president, National Customs

Service Association, Pittsburgh, Pa., to Senator Matthew

M. Neely, May 23, 1952.--.

Telegram from Tampa, Fla., Branch, National Customs

Service Association executive committee to Senator John

L. McClellan, May 28, 1952.-

Telegram from Wendell Shore, Foreign Trade Association of

Southern California, to Senator John L. McClellan, June 3,

1952.-----

-------

Letter from W. L. Sharpe, Memphis Chamber of Commerce, to

Senator Kenneth McKellar, April 22, 1952.------

Comparative statement of receipts and expenses, District of

Tennessee, for the fiscal years 1933 through March 31, 1952,

cost of collection per $100 in each fiscal year.------

Telegram from Joseph A. Sinclair, secretary, Commerce and

Industry Association of New York, Inc., to Senator John L.

McClellan, May 28, 1952.--.

Riley, George D., member, National Legislative Committee, American

Federation of Labor:

Excerpt from committee staff report...

Letter to Senator John L. McClellan, May 20, 1952.

Supplementary statement.----

Schoeppel, Hon. Andrew F., a United States Senator from the

State of Kansas, excerpt from Public Law 109---

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