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REORGANIZATION PLANS NOS. 2, 3, AND 4 OF 1952

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REORGANIZATION PLAN. NO. 2 OF 1952-REORGANIZATIONS IN THE

POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT AND (S. RES. 317)

REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 3 OF 1952—BUREAU OF CUSTOMS,

TREASURY DEPARTMENT

REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 4 OF 1952—REORGANIZATIONS IN THE

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

MAY 14, 19, AND JUNE 4, 1952

Printed for the use of the
Committee on Government Operations

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

99820

WASHINGTON : 1952

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas, Chairman CLYDE R. HOEY, North Carolina

JOSEPH R. MCCARTHY, Wisconsin HERBERT R. O'CONOR, Maryland

KARL E. MUNDT, South Dakota HUBERT H. HUMPHREY, Minnesota MARGARET CHASE SMITH, Maine MIKE MONRONEY, Oklahoma

ANDREW F. SCHOEPPEL, Kansas THOMAS R. UNDERWOOD, Kentucky HENRY C. DWORSHAK, Idaho BLAIR MOODY, Michigan

RICHARD M. NIXON, California
WALTER L. REYNOLDS, Chief Clerk

ANN M. GRICKIS, Assistant Chief Clerk
II

CONTENTS

Pago

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Message from the President of the United States, transmitting recom-

mendations relative to three plans providing for reorganizations in the

Post Office Department, the Department of the Treasury, and the

Department of Justice (H. Doc. No. 424, 82d Cong., 2d sess.)

Message from the President of the United States, transmitting Reorganiza-

tion Plan No. 2 of 1952, prepared in accordance with the Reorganization

Act of 1949 and providing for reorganization in the Post Office Depart-

ment (H. Doc. No. 425, 82d Cong., 2d sess.)-

Message from the President of the United States, transmitting Reorgani-

zation Plan No. 3 of 1952, prepared in accordance with the Reorganiza-

tion Act of 1949 and providing for reorganizations in the Bureau of

Customs of the Department of the Treasury (H. Doc. No. 426, 82d Cong.,

2d sess.)

Message from the President of the United States, transmitting Reorgani-

zation Plan No. 4 of 1952, prepared in accordance with the Reorganiza-

tion Act of 1949 and providing for the reorganizations in the Department

of Justice (H. Doc. No. 427, 82d Cong., 2d sess.)

Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1952

Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1952

Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1952.

Senate Committee on Government Operations:

Staff memorandum No. 82–2–28 (legality of Reorganization Plans

Nos. 2, 3, and 4 of 1952), May 13, 1952..

Staff memorandum No. 82–2–29 (reorganizations in the Post Office

Department), May 12, 1952_

Appendix A–History and background of Senate confirmation of

postmasters.

Staff memorandum No. 82–2–30 (Bureau of Customs of the Depart-

ment of the Treasury), April 26, 1952.-

Staff memorandum No. 82–2–31 (Reorganizations in the Department

of Justice), May 6, 1952.-

Letter from Thomas G. Walters, operations director, Government Em-

ployees' Council of the American Federation of Labor, to Senator John L.

McClellan, May 12, 1952.
Letter from W. C. Doherty, president, National Association of Letter

Carriers, to Senator John L. McClellan, May 12, 1952.

Public Law 109 (81st Cong.)--

Senate Resolution 317, disapproving plan No. 2 of 1952

Senate Resolution 330, disapproving plan No. 4 of 1952

Senate Resolution 331, disapproving plan No. 3 of 1952

Statement of—

Andretta, S. A., Administrative Assistant, Attorney General; accom-

panied by George Miller, Assistant Chief, Accounts Branch, De-

partment of Justice (plan No. 4) -

Barnes, Albert Mac C., president, Association of the Customs Bar

(plan No. 3)

Beiter, Alfred F., national president, National Customs Service

Association, New York, N. Y. (plan No. 3).
Coates, Charles B., acting chairman of the Citizens Committee for the

Hoover Report (plans Nos. 2, 3, and 4) -
Donaldson, Jesse M., the Postmaster General; accompanied by Roy C.

Frank, Solicitor, Post Office Department (plan No. 2).
Flemming, Dr. Arthur S., representing the Citizens Committee for

the Hoover Report (plans Nos. 2, 3, and 4)--
Graham, Hon. John S., Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, accom-

panied by Hon. David Strubinger, Assistant Commissioner, Bureau
of Customs; ard W. R. Johnson, Assistant to the Commissioner,
Bureau of Customs (plan No. 3).

33

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Statement of —Continued

Page
Hallbeck, E. C., legislative representative, National Federation of
Post Office Clerks (plan No. 2)-

145
Johnston, Hon. Olin D., a United States Senator from the State of
South Carolina (plan No. 2)

131

Keating, Jerome J., secretary, National Association of Letter Carriers;

accompanied by R. B. Kremers, assistant secretary; and Frank J.

Delany, general counsel, National Association of Letter Carriers

(plan No. 2).

118, 144

Lawton, Frederick J., Director, Bureau of the Budget (plans Nos. 2, 3,

and 4).

99

Riley, George D., member, National Legislative Committee, American

Federation of Labor (plans Nos. 2, 3, and 4)...

137

Sanders, J. T., legislative counsel, the National Grange (plans Nos,

2 and 4)---

213

Walters, Thomas G., representing the Government employees Council

of the American Federation of Labor (plan No. 2)-

152

Watson, James R., executive director, National Civil Service League

(plans Nos. 2, 3, and 4).

215

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-

Andretta, S. A., Administrative Assistant Attorney General, Depart-

ment of Justice, ages of present marshals, and total years in Federal

service.

92

Barnes, Albert Mac C., president, Association of the Customs Bar:

Appendix A-memorandum on effect of Reorganization Plan

No. 3..

192

Statement-Customs judicial review imperiled by Reorganiza-

tion Plan No. 3.

188

Coates, Charles B., acting chairman of the Citizens Committee for

the Hoover Report, list of Senators who have endorsed recently the
concept of merit instead of political preference in appointments to
Federal non-policy-making jobs.--

186
Delany, Frank J., counsel, National Association of Letter Carriers,
letter to Senator John L. McClellan, May 21, 1952.

122

Donaldson, Jesse M., the Postmaster Ġeneral:

Excerpt from act of July 2, 1836_-

65

Excerpt from Hoover Commission Recommendation No. 5.--. 56

Excerpts from laws enacted in 1836, 1848, and 1863, re appoint-

ment of postmasters.

39-40

Excerpt from provisions of the act of June 25, 1938, re appoint-

ments of postmasters..

Excerpt from report of the Commission on Organization of the

Executive Branch of the Government.

38

Excerpt from task force report.

39

Number of service postmasters.

43

Graham, Hon. John S., Assistant Secretary of the Treasury:

Excerpt from 1937 report of the President's Committee on

Administrative Management-

70

Index to functions proposed to be abolished by section 3:

General abolitions-

76

Accounting abolitions.

76

Letter from Hon. Lindsay C. Warren, Comptroller General of

the United States, to the Secretary of the Treasury, May 9,

1952.-

78

Comments of the General Accounting Office on Reorgan-

ization Plan No. 3 of 1952_

79

Hallbeck, E. C., legislative representative, National Federation of

Post Office Clerks, editorial from the August 1950 Union Postal

Clerk “Who Blocks Postal Reform”.

116

Johnston, Hon. Olin D., a United States Senator from the State of

South Carolina:

Excerpt from 5 United States Code 642 -

133

Excerpt from Public Law 720 of the Seventy-fifth Congress-

The O'Mahoney Act--

132

Keating, Jerome J., secretary, National Association of Letter Carriers,

excerpt from observation of Senator Calhoun of South Carolina,
February 9, 1835 -

125.

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116

205

Letters, statements, etc.—Continued

Kelley, Nicholas, president, National Civil Service League, statement-

McClellan, Hon. John L., a United States Senator from the State of

Arkansas and chairman, Senate Government Operations Com-

mittee:

Colloquy between Postmaster General Jesse M. Donaldson and

members of the Senate Committee on Post Office and Civil

Service on S. 2212 and S. 2213.

Excerpt from testimony of former President Herbert Hoover

regarding Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1949.

Letter from Brooks & Brooks, attorneys, to Senate Committee

on Government Operations, May 28, 1952...

Letters from Frank B. Horne, American Law Section, Library of

Congress, to Senate Committee on Government Operations:

May 16, 1952.

June 5, 1952.

Letter from Frederick J. Lawton, Director, Bureau of the Budget,

to Senator John L. McClellan, May 28, 1952_

Letter from Joseph C. Duggan, Assistant Attorney General

of the United States, to F. J. Lawton, May 28, 1952-

Memorandum dated May 26, 1952

Letter from Harry S. Radcliffe, executive vice president, National

Council of American Importers, Inc., to Senator John L.

McClellan, May 28, 1952 -

Letter from John S. Graham, Acting Secretary of the Treasury,

to Senator John L. McClellan, June 9, 1952.

Memorandum from Thomas J. Lynch, general counsel,

Treasury Department, June 9, 1952.--

Letter from Senator Lyndon B. Johnson, to Senator John L.

McClellan, May 20, 1952.

Letter from Fisher G. Dorsey, Houston, Tex., to Senator

Lyndon B. Johnson, May 13, 1952_

Letter from Senator Lyndon B. Johnson, to Walter Reynolds,

May 26, 1952

Letter from Sydnor Oden, president, Chamber of Commerce,

Houston, Tex., to Senator Lyndon B. Johnson, May 23,

1952.

Resolution approved by Houston Chamber of Commerce

executive committee, May 20, 1952--,

Letter from Senator Matthew M. Neely, to Senator John L.

McClellan, May 31, 1952.

Letter from Lorenz F. Broecker, president, National Customs

Service Association, Pittsburgh, Pa., to Senator Matthew

M. Neely, May 23, 1952_

Telegram from Tampa, Fla., Branch, National Customs

Service Association executive committee to Senator John

L. McClellan, May 28, 1952.

Telegram from Wendell Shore, Foreign Trade Association of
Southern California, to Senator John L. McClellan, June 3,

1952.
Letter from W. L. Sharpe, Memphis Chamber of Commerce, to
Senator Kenneth McKellar, April 22, 1952.
Comparative statement of receipts and expenses, District of

Tennessee, for the fiscal years 1933 through March 31, 1952,

cost of collection per $100 in each fiscal year.
Telegram from Joseph A. Sinclair, secretary, Commerce and
Industry Association of New York, Inc., to Senator John L.

McClellan, May 28, 1952 -
Riley, George D., member, National Legislative Committee, American
Federation of Labor:

Excerpt from committee staff report -
Letter to Senator John L. McClellan, May 20, 1952
Supplementary statement-
Schoeppel, Hon. Andrew F., a United States Senator from the

State of Kansas, excerpt from Public Law 109.

212

86

86

205

138
143
141

96

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