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And now a bubble burst, and now a world.
Hope humbly then; with trembling pinions soar; Wait the great teacher Death, and God adore. What future bliss, he gives not thee to know, But gives that Hope to be thy blessing now. Hope springs eternal in the human breast;; Man never IS, but always To be blest; The soul, uneasy and confin'd from home, Rests and expatiates in a life to come.
Lo, the poor Indian! whose untutor'd mind Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind; His soul proud Science dever taught to stray Far as the Solar Walk, or Milky Way; Yet simple nature to his hope has given Behind the cloud-topt-hill, an humbler heav'n; Some safer world in depth of woods embrac'd , Some happier island in the wat'ry waste, Where slares once more their native land behold, No fiends torment, no Christians thirst for gold.. To BE, contents his natural desire, He asks no Angel's wing, no Seraph's fire; But thinks, admitted to that equal sky, His faithful dog shall bear him company.
Go, wiser thou ! and in thy 'scale of sense , Weigh thy opinion against providence ; Call imperfection what thou fanciest such, Say, here he gives too little, there too much: Destroy all creatures for thy sport or gust, Yet cry, if man's unhappy God's unjust; If man alone ingross not Heav'n's high care , Alone made perfect here, immortal there : Snatch from his hand the balance and the rod, Re-judge his justice , be the God of GOD. In pride, in reas'ning Pride our error lies ; All quit their sphere, and rush into the skies. Pride is still aiming at the blest abodes , Men would be Angels, Angels would be Gods. Aspiring to be Gods, if Angels fell, Aspiring to be Angels , Men rebel : And who hut wishes to invert the laws Of Order, sins against th’Eternal Cause.. Pore..
CH A P. X II I.
Dee, thro? this air, this ocean, and this earth, All matter qnick, and bursting into birth. Above , how high , progressive life may go! Around how wide! how deep extend below! Vast chain of Being! which from God began, Natures æthereal, human; angel, man! Beast, bird, fish, insect, what no eye can see, No glass can reach; from Infinite to thee From thee to nothing. On superior pow'rs Were we to press inferior might on ours; Or in the full creation leave a void, Where, one step broken, the great scale's destroy'da From Nature's chain whatever link you strike, Tenth or ten thousandth, breaks the chain alike.
And, if each system in gradation roll
What if the foot ordaind the dust to tread,
That, chang'd thro' all, and yet in all the same,
Cease then! nor Order Imperfection name :
CHA P. X I V. The Origin of Superstition and Tyranny.
W go first taught souls enslav'd, and roalms un
. done Th' enormous faith of many made for one! That proud exception to ali nature's laws, T'invert the world, and counter-work its Cause? Force first made Conquest, and that conquest, Law; Till Superstition taught the tyrant awe; Then shar'd the Tyranny', then lent it aid', And Gods of Conqu’ros, Slaves of Subjects made: She'midstthelightning's blaze,and thunder's sound, When rock'd the inountains, and when groan'd
the gronnd, She, taught the weak to bend, the proud to pray, To Pow'r unseen, and mightier far than they: She, from the rending earth and bursting skies, 8aw gods descend, and fiends infernal rise : Here fix'd the dreadful, there the blest abodes ; Fear made her Devils, and weak Hope her Gods ; Gods partial, changeful, passionate , unjust, Whose attributes were Rage, Revenge , or Lust; Such as the souls of cowards might conceive, And, form'd like tyrants, tyrants would believe.. Zeal then, not Charity, became the guide; And hell was built on Spite, and heav'n on Pride; Then sacred seem'd th'ethereal vault no more; Altars grew marble then, and reek'd with gore: Then first the Flamen tasted living food ; Next his grim idol, smear'd with human blood; With Heav'n's own thunders shook the world
And play'd the Gód an engine on his foe.
So drives Self-love, thro' just and thro unjust , To one man's pow'r, ambition, lucre, lust: . The same Self-love , in all, becomes the cause Of what restrains him, Government and Laws; For , what one likes , if others like as well, What serves one will, when many wills rebel ?: How shall he keep, what, sleeping or awake, A weaker may surprise, a stronger take; His safery must his liberty restrain : All join to guard what each desires to gain.. Fore'd iuto virtue thus by Self-defence, Ev'n kings learn'd justice and benevolence: Self-love forsook the path it first pursu'd , And found the private in the public good.
'Twas then the studious head or gen'rous mjad, Follow'r of God, or friend of human-kind, Poet or patriot, rose but to restore The Faith and Moral, Nature gave before; Re-lum'd her ancient light, nor kindled new If not God's image, yet his shadow drew.jp
Taught Pow'r's due use to People and to Kings ,
For forms of Government let fools contest;
Man, like the gen'rous vine, supported lives; The strength he gains is from th’ embrace he gives. On their own axis as the Planets run,. Yet make at once their circle round the Sun; . So two consistent motions act the Soul; And one regards Itself, and one the Whole.
Thus God and Nature link'd the gen’ral frame, And bade Self-love and Social be the same. POPB.
CH A P. X V.
On Happiness. Un Happiness ! our being's end and aiin! Good, Pleasure, Ease,Content! whate'er thy name; That something still which prompts the eternalsigh, For which we bear to live, or dare to die; Which still so near us, yet beyond us lies;