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RE PORT

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THE SECRETAR Y 0 F W A R.

WAR DEPARTMENT, November 15, 1883. To the PRESIDENT: I have the honor to submit the following annual report of the administration of this Department:

ExPENDITUREs, APPROPRIATIONs, AND ESTIMATEs.

The expenditures by requisition under the direction of the War Department during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1883, were as follows:

Salaries, contingent expenses, and postage......................... $2,146,005 10 Military Establishment—Army and Military Academy.............. 27,830,976 15 Public works, including river and harbor improvements............ 15,659,337 31 Miscellaneous objects---------------------------------------------- 4, 154,736 86

Total ------------------------------------------------------- 49,791,055 42

and the sum of $1,663,151.30 was credited under the act of March 3, 1879 (20 Statutes, 420), to the subsidized Pacific railroads, for transportation services rendered the War Department during the fiscal year 1883, and prior years. The appropriations for the fiscal year 1884 are as follows:

Salaries, contingent expenses, and postage--------------------------- $2,248, 121 66 Military Establishment—Army and Military Academy................ 24,951,557 50 Public works -------------------------------------------------- ..... 1,925,344 80 Miscellaneous objects, including Signal Service ...................... 2,641,928 07

Total --------------------------------------------------------- 31,766,952 03

The estimates for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1885, as revised by me, are as follows:

Salaries, contingent expenses, and postage, including one-third of the estimate of the superintendent of the State, War, and Navy Depart

ment Building ---------------------------------------------------- $2,322,078 33 Military Establishment—Army and Military Academy................ 27, 136, 152 41 Public works, including river and harbor improvements ............. 11,649,049 62 Miscellaneous objects, including Signal Service .----...----------...----- 3,278,926 42

Total ----------------------------------------------- --- - - - - - - - 44, 386,206 78

The principal items of increase of the estimates for salaries over the appropriations for the present fiscal year are for two clerks and three laborers in the office of the Secretary, fifty additional clerks in the Signal Office, four clerks in the Ordnance Office, and two clerks in the Bureau of Military Justice. An increase of compensation is again Jecommended for the chief clerk, disbursing clerk, chiefs of divisions, and stenographer in the office of the Secretary, and it is thought eminently just that these officers should receive the moderate compensation requested for the responsible and arduous duties performed by them. The two additional clerks and three laborers for the office of the Secretary of War are required for the stationary division, the division of miscellaneous supplies, and the library. A large reduction has been made in purchasing the stationery and supplies required for this office and the bureaus of the Department by making contracts with the lowest bidder upon each article. The labor necessarily involved under this system in receiving, accounting for, and delivering the supplies is great, and the Department has been inconvenienced in providing for the prompt transaction of the business. The distribution of the official records of the rebellion, devolved upon the Secretary's office by the act of August 7, 1882 (22 Statutes, 320), has also greatly increased the labor of the office, particularly of the librarian, who has been charged with the work, and an additional laborer is required therefor. During the past year he has received 176,000 volumes of these records, and has mailed to separate addresses over 30,000 volumes, keeping a record of each volume so sent.

The estimates for the support of the Army and Military Academy are based upon the actual requirements of the service, the several items of increase being explained by notes accompanying them.

The appropriations for the support of the Signal Service for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1883, have been found insufficient, and estimates will be submitted to supply the deficiencies. Some difficulty was experienced in carrying out the provisions of the act of August 7, 1882 (22 Statutes, 319), which limited the expenditures to $300,000 from appropriations for support of the Army, in addition to the specific appropriations for that service. Thirty-eight days of the fiscal year had already expired, and, although the best efforts of the Department were exercised to keep the expenditures within the limit of the appropriations, its endeavors were not completely successful.

• THE ARMY.

The report of the General of the Army has a special interest in being the last annual report that General Sherman will make. At his own request he has been relieved from the command of the Army, preparatory to his retirement from active service under the act of 1882. He has therefore thought it best to refrain from making any new

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