The Interest of America in International Conditions
Little, Brown, 1910 - 212페이지
Four years before the outbreak of the First World War, the world famous naval historian and strategist Alfred Thayer Mahan warned of the approaching conflict. In The Interest of America in International Conditions, Mahan recognized that Germany's effort to add a strong navy to its already powerful land army threatened to upset the balance of power that had prevented a major war in Europe since 1815. He understood that American security could be endangered if Germany dominated the European continent.
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able action advantage alliance American arise army assured attitude Austria balance of power Britain British British navy called cause centuries character China colonies combination concentrated concerned constituted continued defense dependence East effective Empire equal essential Europe European exist expression external fact factor fleet followed force France future Germany give hundred illustration immediate independence individual industrial influence instance interests involved Italy Japan land less maintain markets material matter means measure ment military Monroe Doctrine mutual natural naval navy necessary North Open Door opportunity organization Pacific particular past period political population position possession possible preponderance present probable progress question reason recent recognized relations remain result Russia sense sentiment side situation Spain stand strength superior territory tion tradition United unity Western whole
9 페이지 - The evils produced by his wickedness were felt in lands where the name of Prussia was unknown ; and, in order that he might rob a neighbor whom he had promised to defend, black men fought on the coast of Coromandel, and red men scalped each other by the great lakes of North America.
42 페이지 - The old predatory instinct that he should take who has the power survives . . . and moral force is not sufficient to determine issues unless supported by physical. Governments are corporations, and corporations have no souls ; Governments, moreover, are trustees, and as such must put first the lawful interests of their wards — their own people.
162 페이지 - ... at the time, it could rightly be considered so only because the speaker was then on active duty. Captain Mahan, the spokesman for Sea Power and in more specific ways for the United States Navy, had pronounced himself several times before in the same sense, when for example in 1910 he declared that: "A German navy, supreme by the fall of Great Britain, with a supreme German Army able to spare readily a large expeditionary force for over-sea operations, is one of the possibilities of the future.
192 페이지 - The dilemma of Great Britain is that she cannot help commanding the approaches to Germany by the mere possession of the very means essential to her own existence as a state of the first order"- and, we may add, to her national independence.
8 페이지 - Congress to a newly elected colleague, "to avoid service on a fancy committee like that of foreign affairs if he wished to retain his hold upon his constituents because they cared nothing about international questions." In the Alaskan boundary dispute Canadians felt that they had been exploited by the United States and Great Britain, with results that were shown in the emphatic rejection of the reciprocity proposals of the United States in 1911.
83 페이지 - Such predominance forces a nation to seek markets, and, where possible, to control them to its own advantage by preponderant force, the ultimate expression of which is possession. . . . From this flow two results: the attempt to possess, and the organization of force by which to maintain possession already achieved.
184 페이지 - States, 1900, p. 299. the countries concerned obtain, by positions, by predominant force, by intrigue, or by the negligence of rivals, a preponderance, destroying that balance which the Open Door requires. Equilibrium will ensure quiet. Thus the Open Door, which in principle has received the adhesion of the Western community of nations, does not stand isolated, as an unrelated doctrine, but is a positive and formulated attitude affecting, however unconsciously of its range, the general policy of...
74 페이지 - The definitive aim, therefore, which Germany sets herself is not to acquire vast colonies, but to enforce such a position that German influence, German capital, German commerce, German engineering, and German intelligence can compete on equal terms with other nations in those countries and among those populations which are outside the pale of European civilization.