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(By an F.S A. of 80 years of age.)

These won!-i a wise Physician saH:
"STOMACHS a master all should dread/
Oppose )ii- bw s—for I tatth prepsT!
Obey them—Health will trimnpii
With, grateful thanks I hoil thy ru
ENO ! and strive to irive II I
Your SALT OF FRUIT c.in bring n

And:1 'l , I , l

By f. M i wild,

Md natan without foree 01 strain:
Btrengthen heart, liver, lung; and brain;
Stake The pulse Di Ither faal nor slow,
The blood neat not too hish nor loiw.
So bringing health at liitlp cost,
Restoring what neglecl had hwl!

u fill mind may DOt forget;

With rbyme that debt in pari I pay
Experience teaching what to



"In evcry bcin^ throughout animated nature, from the tanst insignificant

lightened, inmibled. and highly-developed Nine, we

deeply-rooted fore to 1 til others, and thai i«

the possession of Live. What will not man give to preserve his life?

The value of riches, titles, honour, power, and worldly prospects are as

red with the value which every sane mini, however humble,

and even miserable, places on the preservation of his life."

Wilb each Bottle or ENO'S FRUIT SALT is wrapt a lar.
libwlng the bent means of stampinu out Infcctim

,-. If this Invaluable Information was
rried out, many forms of disease now producing sndfa havoc would
ue, Leprosy, Ae-, have done when the true canse baa
become known.

CoUHOWNK, MoRAT.8wTTSSEHLAND.Jsn JSlh. It&2.— l h'-.T Sir, — I haicjnst

, short tour through Bw-tnerland, and whilst
short pcriod at the beantiful town of Moi.it, I hsppsw an old

id patien! of mine Mho was likewise on a tour fortl
. , a, hid been smrering from gMdiness wh 1

nnd constant attacks of s1
lie informed me that he had consulted sevi. ral London and 1' 11
of not'- wit hon t receiving any lasting remedy ; he was now n!>
mo I examined him professionally, yei I own 1 wss puzzled at hi
0 be in s thoroughly liod state, and I feared he wss 1
world ; but, feeling hound to recommend something, and U'thmk-
ll1- me of the wonderful remedy my wife h«il given mi whilst I was an
invalid (suffering under somewhat similar y-1 much slighterclreumsi
I resolved me ad it to him. This remedy was ENO'S I

SALT. I procured three bottles for the poor sufferer st th
Moral (where they fortunately bad some e'mveyed there by the chenirst
iVom Paris), and than directed my patient to take two do
morning and night He did so, and positively «i the termination 1
short period he expressed himself cured. Bir, I write to yon (n« a pro'
ifesslimal man) to thank you for your great Invention, which has not onto
'^ cured myself, my patient and many other poor sufferers, but has prm-un-d
tndsontfl fee from the gratcfnl man. I now wlab to express to the


public (should yon think lit to make use of my testl nlal amoDgat so many others at I know you have) that I recommend ENO'S FRUIT SALT as a sure cure for lb

IHarrhcea ddiueas, Are., and as a uSaaaant summer drink to the 1 mlid aperient.—1 am, yours sincerely "(an M.lM

respondent writes to ask me which I consider the best medicine tor a ' eoufirmed dyspeptic snbject ' to 'indulge In' My deai Sti 01 Madam iI don't know which it is, for only initials have bean used as a signature), I am not a doctor, neither do I pnnVas to know any thing at all about the British nisrmacopoeia. When adt isod to take this nostrum for any little ailnnnt. I always quote BhekespearTa, 'Throw physio to Urn doss; 1'11 none of it," and I would say the same to my present Interlocutor. ENO VI l Hi'IT SALT Is the only tiling in the way of medicine I Indulge in ; and. though it may sound something like a putt, yet I find that it is all I require to keep tue in health, provided I e an , r St. Paul's advice to be temperate in all things."—-1 Pictorial World, February 2-th. 1

SUCCESS IN LIFE-—" Anew iuven'Jos is brought before the public and oomn of abominable imitations are immediately Introduced by the unscrupulous.

who En copying the original closely enough to deceive the public, and yet not so exactly as to infringe upon legal rights, exereise an ingenuity that, employed in an 01 channel, could not fail to secure reputation and profit."—Adams.

CAUTION.—Examine each Bottle, and see that the Capsule U marked "ENO'S FRUIT SALT." Without it vou Have Rrss Imposed On Rv A Worthlmw Imitation

Bold by all Chemists. Price 2s- 9d- "n'l 4s- 6d.


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IT fa M a basin for culinary treatment that Browh Ami POlSON's Ooks Flouh is recommended under this bead. In the hands of an accomplished cook there is no known limit to tbe variety of delicate and palatable dishes which may be produced from ii. It readily lends itself to Ibe requirements of individual taste, and may be enriched with i variety of ingredient within the resources of lhe ruisine.

It is equally susceptible of plain and simple treatment for ordinary domestic purposes, and one of its chief recommendations is the facility with which it may be prepared. Boiled with milk, and with or without the addition of sugar and flavouring, it may be ready for the table within fifteen minutes; or, poured into a mould and cooled, it becomes in the course of an bum u Blauo-inange, which, served with fresh or preserved fruit, will be acceptable at any meal. Add sultana raisins, marmalade, or jaru of any kind, and in about the some time it is made into on excellent Baked Pndding.

To.which facts may he added just two bints: I. Take care to boil with miik, when Ro required, for not lent limn tighl minutes. 2. If time can be taken for it, the Baked Budding will be the better of being allowed to cool, and should be re. warmed when about to be served.

Scottish Provident Institution.


LONDON OFFICE—17, King William Street. E.C.

Till: llih A\M Al HHCTXKf) was lielil ou 2»ili Mnrrli last.

The following sre Extracts from the REPORT of the Business foi the year 1881 :—

New fleeted £1,063,109

New Pteminma 1besides £18,186 for Annuities) ... £38.338

Total Receipts of the year, inclnding Interest £579,032

The Accumulated Fw d during the yesi i.i £288,678, amounted to £4,201,930

The ACCUMULATED FUND has increased In the last nine years by upwards of Two Millions; and it may be noted that of a hundred Offiecs not moir thin four lull of much longer standing) have as larye a Fund

The PBEMltTM8 an Ro moderate that at most n^. £i,£50ina] be secured fnm Ike Jirai foi tin

which would generally elsewhere assure (with profits) ±1,000 only,—ike difference being equivalent to an immediate and ccrtain "Bi
to 25 percent .
The WHOLE PROFITS p olieyholdens, pquitable, and favourable to

Inmvi Invrsiiga'hon i1880), Policiesof £1,000 shsringa first tune wcre inci
from £1,180 to £1 - il the early Policies have be«u doubled.

in i-oiti- niik Mi mir\i OP vniNrii-i i ». Mi Ih- in.d u -rrHrnt1ffr,

a 'liBX W * IBON, « grr.

i' i EITCH to,irfw

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THE NORTH-WEST OF THE UNITED STATES, AND THE ANTILLES, IN THE YEARS 18I2, 1816, 1820, AND 1824. With Original Instructions for the perfect preservation of Birds, etc., for Cabinets of Natural Histcry.



IN the introductory preface to Waterton's Wanderings, the author has afforded but little account of himself, but in the volumes of his Essays, and some of his Letters, he has fortunately given a sufficieney of information to furnish a tolerably unbroken biography from his birth to his death. His was a very long life, and as he considered that life as a sacred trust, he never wasted an hour of it.

Waterton' was the representative of one of the most ancient English families, and was justly prond of his descent from Sir Thomas More. A clock which had belonged to that groat ancestor is still in existence, and occupied a place of honour on the upper landing of the central stairease of Walton Hall. It is but a little clock, and has only a single hand, but it keeps time as well as ever, and the sound of its bell is so clear, that it can be heard at a considerable distance from the house. He mentions in his own quaint way, that if his ancestors had been as careful of their family records as Arabs are of the pedigrees of their horses, he might have been able to trace his descent up to Adam and Eve.

The following account of the Waterton family is taken from the lllustrated London Nexes of June 17, 1865, and has been revised by a member of the house.

"The good and amiable old Lord of Walton, Charles Waterton, better known for miles around his ancestral domain as 'the squire,' was the representative of one of our most ancient untitled aristocratic families, and, what is more deserving of record in these days, in the male line.

'' His ancestor, Reiner, the son of Norman of Normandy, who became Lord of Waterton in 1159, was of Saxon origin. The Watertons of Waterton became extinct in the male line in the fifteenth century, when their vast possessions passed away, through Cecilia, wife of Lord Welles and heiress of her brother, Sir Robert Waterton, to her four daughters and coheiresses, who married, respectively, Robert, Lord Willoughby de Eresby, Sir Thomas Dymoke, Thomas Liurence, Esq., and Sir Thomas Delaware.

"Sir John Waterton was high sheriff of Lincoln in 1101, and master of the horse to Heury V. at Agincourt. Sir Robert, his brother, whose wife was a lady of the garter, was governor of Pontefract Castle while Richard II. was confined there: he had been master of the horse to Heury IV. Sir Hugh, another brother, held high offices of state. Charles Waterton, in whom the representation of his ancient house was vested, was descended from Richard, second son of William Waterton, Lord of Waterton, who died in 1255. In 1435 John Waterton married the heiress of Sir William Ashenhull, and became Lord of Walton and Cawthorne, jure xtxoris.

"Walton formed part of the Honour of Pontefract, of which Ashenhold, a Saxon thane, was the Lord, and which was held by his son Ailrie, in the reign of S. Edward the Confessor. At the Conquest it was given by William the Norman to one of his followers, llbert de Laey, who granted it back again to Ailrie, father of Suein. Adam, the son of Suein, Lord of Brierley, Cawthorne, and Walton, was the founder of the priory of Monk Bretton, and left two daughters and co-heiresses, Amabil and Matilda. The former had Walton and Cawthorne, and became the wife of William de Nevile. They had one daughter and heiress, who married Thomas, the son of Philip do Burgh. Walton and Cawthorne remained in tho possession of the De Burghs for seven generations, and then passed with the co-heiress of Sir John de Burgh to Sir William Ashenhull, whose heiress conveyed it to John Waterton in 1435.

"Thus Mr. Waterton was twenty-seventh Lord of' Walton, and sixteenth from John Waterton, who aequired that lordship. There was a grant of free i warren at Walton in the reign of Edward I., and a license to crenellate in 1333. Without reference to ] the numerous distinguished alliances of his ancestors, it may be interesting to state that Mr. Waterton, through distinct sourees, traced his descent several times over from S. Matilda, Queen of Germany ; S. Margaret of Scotland, S. Humbert of Savoy, S. Louis of France, S. Ferdinand of Castile, and Wladimir the Great, called S. Wladimir of Russia, and Anne, called S. Anne of Russia. Through his grandmother he was ninth in descent from Sir Thomas More."

The Watertons fared but badly in the stormy times of the Reformation, and, preferring conscience to property, they retained their ancient faith, but lost heavily in this world's goods. The many coereive acts against the Roman Catholies naturally had their effect, not only on those who actually lived in the time of the Reformation, but upon their successors. A Roman Catholic could not sit in parliament, he could not hold a commission in the army, he could not be a justice of the peace, he had to pay double land-tax, and to think himself fortunate if tie had any land left on which taxes could be demanded. He was not allowed to keep a horse worth more than five pounds, and, more irritating than all, he had either to attend the parish chureh or to pay twenty pounds for every month of absence. In fact, a Roman Catholic was looked upon and treated as a wholly inferior being, and held much the same relative position to his persecutors as Jews held towards the Normans and Saxons in the times of the Crusades.

Within the memory of many now living, the worst of the oppressive acts have been repealed, and Roman Catholies are now as free to follow their own form of worship as before the days of Heury VIII. They have seats in parliament and on the bench, they hold commissions both in the army and navy, and all the petty but galling interferences with the details of their private life have been abolished.

Still, Waterloo was, during some of his best years, a personal sufferer from these acts, and they rankled too deeply in his mind to be forgotten. Hence, the repeated and mostly irrelevant allusions in his writings to Martin Luther. Heury VIII., Queen Bess, Arehbishop Cranmer, Oliver Cromwell, Charles Stuart, "Dutch William" (mostly associated with the "Hanoverian" rat and the national debt), and other personages celebrated in history.

Deeply as he felt the indignities to which he and his family and co-religionists had been subjected, and frequently as he referred to them, both in writing and conversation, he never used a worse weapon than irony, and even that was tempered by an underlying current of humour. He had felt the wounds, but he could jest at the scars.

On principle he refused to qualify as DeputyLientenan' and magistrate, because he had been debarred ficm doiny so previously to the Emancipation Act. His son, however, serves both offices.

Born in 1782, he spent his childish years in the old mansion and grounds of the family, and at a very early age displayed those powers of observation, love of nature and enterprise, which enabled him to earn a place among the first order of practical naturalists both at home and abroad.

At ten years of age he was placed under the Rev. A. Strong's care, in a school just founded at Tndhoe, a village near Durham. From Waterton's reminiscences, his instructor seems to have inclined to the severe order of discipline, and to have been rather liberal of the bireh, of which instrument Waterton had his full share. His account of storming the larder for the support of hungry inmates; of

the anxious glances which he cast in the morning to jndge by the master's wig of the state of his temper; and of being captured in the very act of getting through a barred window, is exceedingly humorous.

He also relates two anecdotes, both telling against himself, and both prospective, as it were, of the celebrated fact of ridmg on the back of a cayman and of his shipwreck. He was " dared " by his comrades to get on the back of a cow, which he did, bnt less fortunate than in his cayman adventure, was ignominiously thrown over her horns. He also took it into his head to get into a washing-tub, and take a cruise in the horse-pond ; but lost his balance at the sndden appearance of the master, and was overturned into the mnddy water.

The whole of the account of his Tndhoe school experiences is given in a collected volume of his Essays and Lettcrs (F. Warne & Co,), edited by Mr. N. Moore, who had the sad privilege of being with him when he met with his fatal accident, and by his sofa when he died, about thirty-eight hours afterwards.

Tndhoe then being only a preliminary school, though it has since developed into lTshaw College, Waterton was removed at fourteen years of age to Stonyhurst, where he was one of the first pupils. This establishment, then a comparatively small one, was conducted by the English Jesuits who had been driven from their home at Liege. Of them Waterton always spoke with reverence and affection, and his life at Stonyhurst was a singularly happy one.

At first, his ingrained propensity for enterprise led him into trouble, and one adventure is too good not to be narrated in his own words. His account of it is another example of the way in which he enjoyed telling an anecdote against himself.

"At Stonyhurst there are boundaries marked ont to the stndents, which they are not allowed to pass; and there are prefects always pacing to and fro within the lines to prevent any unlucky boy from straying on the other side of them.

"Notwithstanding the vigilance of the lynx-eyed guardians, I would now and then manage to escape, and would bolt into a very extensive labvrinth of yew and holly-trees close at hand. It was the chosen place for animated nature. Birds, in particular, used to frequent the spacious enclosure, both to obtain food and enjoy security. Many a time have I hunted the foumart and the squirrel. I once took a cut through it to a neighbouring wood, where I knew of a carrion-crow's nest. The prefect missed me ; and jndging that I had gone into the labyrinth, he gave chase without loss of time. After elnding him in cover for nearly half an hour, being hard pressed, I took away down a hedgerow,

"ilere (as I learned afterwards) he got a distant sight of me ; bnt it was not sufficiently distinct for him to know to a certainty that I wis the fugitive. I luckily succeeded in reaching the outbuildings which abutted on the college, and lay at a considerable distance from the place where I had first started. I had just time to enter the postern gate of a pigsty, when, most opportunely, I found old Joe Bowren, the brewer, brmging stra'v into the sty. He was more attached to me than to any other boy, for I had known him when I was at school in the North, and had made him a present of a very fine terrier.

"' I've just saved myself, Joe,' said 1; 'cover me up with litter.'

"He had hardly complied with my request, when in bounced the prefect by the same gate through which I had entered.

"' Have you seen Charles Waterton!' said he, quite out of breath.

"My trusty guardian answered, in a tone of voice which would have deceived anybody, 'Sir, I have

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