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EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SELECT COMMITTEE ON
EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY

OF THE

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-FIRST CONGRESS

SECOND SESSION

ON

EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY

PART 4-MEXICAN AMERICAN EDUCATION

WASHINGTON, D.C., AUGUST 18, 19, 20, AND 21, 1970

Printed for the use of the Select Committee on Equal Educational Opportunity
SELECT COMMITTEE ON EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

46-125

WASHINGTON : 1971

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $1

WALTER F. MONDALE, Minnesota, Chairman JOHN L. MCCLELLAN, Arkansas

ROMAN L. HRUSKA, Nebraska WARREN G. MAGNUSON, Washington JACOB JAVITS, New York JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia PETER H. DOMINICK, Colorado THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut

EDWARD W. BROOKE, Massachusetts DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii

MARK O. HATFIELD, Oregon
BIRCH BAYH, Indiana

MARLOW W. COOK, Kentucky
WILLIAM B. SPONG, JR., Virginia
HAROLD E. HUGHES, Iowa

WILLIAM C. SMITH, Staff Director and General Counsel

A. SIDNEY JOHNSON, Deputy Staff Director

(II)

CONTENTS

Page

Opening statement of the chairman,-

2517

CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF WITNESSES

TUESDAY, AUGUST 18, 1970

Sanchez, Dr. David, member, board of education, San Francisco, Calif.,

accompanied by Dr. Jose A. Cardenas, superintendent, Edgewood Inde-

pendent School District, San Antonio, Tex., and Edward Moreno, profes-

sor of Mexican-American studies, San Fernando Valley State College,

Northridge, Calif.

2389

WEDNESDAY, August 19, 1970

Uriegas, Jose V., member, Texas State Advisory Committee on Civil

Rights, and Jesus J. Rubio, Jr., research director, Mexican American

Development Corp----

2463

THURSDAY, AUGUST 20, 1970

Obledo, Mario, director, Mexican American legal defense and education

fund, San Antonio, Tex---

2517

Casso, Henry J., director, development and education department, Mex-

ican American legal defense and education fund, Los Angeles Office---- 2527

Vela, Carlos, attorney, former coordinator, Texas State office of civil

rights, HEW Office, Corpus Christi, Tex

2551

Garcia, Dr. Hector, founder, American GI Forum, and former Ambpesso or

to the U.N...

2565

FRIDAY, August 21, 1970

Rodriguez, Armando, Director, Office for Spanish-Speaking American

Affairs, U.S. Office for Education, Washington, D.C.---

2593

Carter, Thomas P., professor of education and sociology, University of

Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Tex..

2599

Statements:

Carter, Thomas P...

2599

Prepared statement.

2605

Casso, Father Henry J.

2527

Prepared statement-

2547

Garcia, Dr. Hector---

2565

Moreno, Edward V..

2389

Prepared statement-

2437

Rodriguez, Armando..

2593

Sanchez, Dr. David..

2389

Prepared statement-

2404

Uriegas, Jose V.

2463
Vela, Carlos

2551

Communications to:

Board of education members, from Jack P. Crowther..

2422

Hon. Claiborne Pell, from Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh

2625

Hon. Edward M. Kennedy, from Howard A. Glickstein.

2626

Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh, C.S.C., from Hon. Edward M. Kennedy. 2627

Rev. Theodore M. Hesburgh, from Hon. Walter F. Mondale-

2628

Stanley Pottinger, from Dr. Hector P. Garcia --

2580

Hon. Walter F. Mondale, from James Farmer, Assistant Secretary for

Administration, September 22, 1970-

2641

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Miscellaneous articles, publications, etc., entitled: “Agreement to end boycott is reached,” from the San Antonio (Tex.) Page Express, Jan. 6, 1970

2487 Cabinet Committee on Opportunity for the Spanish Speaking

2636 “HEW report sets deadline for Bishop school plan,” from the Kingsville-Bishop (Tex.) Record-News, June 17, 1970

2590 "HEW report on Uvalde schools due discussion,” from the Corpus Christi Times, Nov. 16, 1970--

2479 In the district court of the United States for the Southern District of Texas, Corpus Christi division..

2583, 2589 "In Memorium,'' from Dr. Hector P. Garcia

2557 "MAPA plans new strike for C'valde,” from the San Antonio Express/ News, Aug. 1970.

2474 “News from all South Texas-Lockhart students present demands," from the San Antonio (Tex.) Express, Aug. 13, 1970.

2489 “Parents Association of Mexican Americans Explains Objectives," from the Uvalde Leader-News (Tex.), May 10, 1970.

2488 "Schools Consider Plea by Chicanos,” from the Houston Chronicle, Aug. 16, 1970.

2560 Spanish-speaking pupils classified as educable mentally retarded. 2499 Spanish surnamed professionals.

2414 Statistics in the Corpus Christi public schools.

2581 Supreme Court of the United States, Peter Hernandez v. The State of Texas

2557 The Chasm of Conflicting Concerns..

2628 The Mexican American-The Public Speaks Out.

2640 The Mexican American quest for equality.

2541

EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY

TUESDAY, AUGUST 18, 1970

C.S. SEXATE.

SELECT COMMITTEE ON
EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY,

Washington, D.C. The select committee met at 10 a.m., pursuant to recess, in room 1315, New Senate Office Building, Senator Walter F. Mondale (chairman of the select committee) presiding.

Present: Senators Mondale and Javits.

Staff members present: William C. Smith, staff director and general counsel: Leonard P. Strickman, minority counsel; and Josué González, director of special studies.

Senator MONDALE. The committee will come to order.

This morning, we begin hearings into an area which I think has desperately needed serious attention by the Federal Government; Bamely, the situation of equal educational opportunity as it affects the second largest minority in the United States, 'the Mexican American community.

We have as our panel this morning Dr. David Sanchez, member of the Board of Education, San Francisco, Calif., Dr. Edward Moreno, professor of Mexican American studies at the San Fernando Taller State College, Northridge, Calif., and Dr. Jose A. Cardenas, superintendent, Edgewood Independent School District, San Antonio, Ter.

I understand Dr. Sanchez will lead off with the testimony. Proceed * To wish.

Would you pull the microphone closer to you, please?

STATEMENT OF DR. DAVID SANCHEZ. MEMBER, BOARD OF EDU

CATION, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF., ACCOMPANIED BY DR. JOSE A CARDENAS, SUPERINTENDENT, EDGEWOOD INDEPENDENT SCHOOL DISTRICT, SAN ANTONIO, TEX., AND EDWARD MORENO, PROFESSOR OF MEXICAN AMERICAN STUDIES, SAN FERNANDO VALLEY STATE COLLEGE, NORTHRIDGE, CALIF.

II. SANCHEZ. I have a prepared statement that I would like to ask e recorded.

Senator MOXDALE. It will be included in the record as though read. I would appreciate it, however, if you would go over it fairly fully, erause while I am sure it is quite well known to you, it is not to us. Dr. SANCHEZ. I wili bear that in mind.

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