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And in the zenith of his fame subdued,
And lovers piping 'neath th' o'ershadowing rocks And now in meads of gleaming asphodel,
Laded with love the breezes as they few. The phantom pleasures of his life delude.
Still Simois wanders 'mid his voiceful reeds,
And Xanthus rolls his slender length along, Yet still 'twixt thee and Tenedos there pours
Telling the story of thy mighty deeds, Just as of old the trough of angry sea,
In lagging accents of a tearful song. And on the oozy sand still breaks and roars,
All these, O Troy,—thy streams and woody hill, As when the black keels lined the yellow lea. Thy barren beach whereon the long ships lay, And still the pines of Ida wave aloft
Thy famous isle--th' invaders haunt-are still ; Their tunesul, scented, dove-embow'ring shade ; But Priam's Ilion hath pass'd away. And ’neath them twilight broods as grey and soft, Hath pass’d, I said ; thy mem'ry ne'er can fade ! As when of yore the shepherd Paris stray'd
The muse hath won thee from the dead again ; With glad none; while their bleating flocks ! A golden glory crowns for aye thy shade ; Grazed the wild thyme bright with ambrosial Thou livest, O Troy, forever unto men ! dew ;
R. T. NICHOLL.
ROUND THE TABLE.
DRIENDS, countrymen, and alms-givers the mingling of Alippancy, irreverence, and
—especialy alms-givers !--I beseech coarseness which, in the main, passes for you to procure forth with, read, mark, and in- humour among our near neighbours, and inwardly digest, a gem of a book, entitled “The | fects our own newspapers. Confessions of an Old Alms-giver, or Three | But I am digressing as much as it is this Cheers for the Charity Organization Socie- author's habit to do, who, as he says, can ty.' Published by William Hunt, London. | ‘no more write straight than a crab can It is a gem of a book, in the first place for crawl straight,' and who, as he also says, its excellent common sense and practical contracted a curvature of the mental suggestions, some of which, indeed, will spine,' from having, 'as early as his seventh make the ordinary soft-hearted but thought- : year or thereabouts, got hold of that ramless alms-giver stare. If they will only lead bling, shambling, slanting-dicularly conhim to think, in future, before acting incon- structed volume, that crab among books, tinently on the motto 'bis dat qui cito dat,'! “Tristram Shandy."! And, partly in conthey will do a real service, both to him and ! sequence of this 'mental curvature,' and of the objects of his misplaced charity. It is the odd and unexpected turns of thought a gem of a book, too, because of the gen- to which it leads, the reader will, notwithuine, unadulterated humour which runs standing the gloomy views of human nature through it, from beginning to end, playing ' which it opens up, be beguiled into not a like iridescent light around otherwise dry few hearty laughs as he listens to the naive prosaic details, and making the little vol- 'confessions. Well ! and what about the ume so entertaining that he or she who author's practical suggestions ?' enquires takes it up is not likely to leave any of it some utilitari.n friend at the Table, who unread, from the preface to the conclusion doesn't want amusement so much as inThe unaffected quaintness and unforced formation. Let me premise, before menhumour, reminding one of the old English i tioning some of them, that the author can humourists, is a refreshing contrast to claim some reasonable right to speak with confidence on the subject, seeing that, be an average, aye, and relieved according to ing a retired officer of some fortune and the subscriber's own notions of the form leisure, he, some twenty years ago, 'deter- relief should take, which are ofttimes idenmined,' as he tells us, to 'devote myself tically those which the Society was foundsystematically to efforts among the poor, in ' ed to discourage, lo! such generous subthe way, not of a mere amiable relaxation scriber is at once brought to the conclusion to be used like a flute or a novel, but of a that the Society is a “ swindle," and that he downright vocation, whereunto I should give or she cannot conscientiously-what a myself as unreservedly as though I were many-coloured chameleon is conscientiousbound by a contract and in receipt of sal- ' ness !--subscribe to it any longer.' And ary. Such a man may clain a hearing those who know something of the suffering with some grace, when he boldly asserts caused to the deserving poor by careless or that without organization, alms-givers, dishonest rich employers, in keeping back, whether banded together or acting apart, . for their own convenience, hard-earned may soon grow to be more wholesale cor- wages, will thoroughly enjoy the castigarupters of their species than they which be tion which the author administers 'to those evil-doers by profession. He comes down my blameworthy fellow-countrymen and with all the force of his sledge-hammer of a women who pay not on the spot for what pen, on alms-giving without thorough in the poor, whether as laundresses, needlevestigation, of the lamentable effects of women, shoemakers, jobbing-tailors, or which he gives many illustrative instances ; otherwise, do for them.' In the concluon yoking together-for the promotion 'ding, or rather the penultimate chapter, Unof hypocrisy and imposture--of spiritual organized Charity is earnestly entreated to and temporal relief; and, in general, on make her will and die,' and a form of beall'unorganized charity.' Canada is, no ' quest is obligingly supplied to her, modelled doubt, not yet nearly so corrupted as Lons on the celebrated one of Don Quixote, don by this amiable but mischievous influ- to whom the said Unorganized Charity is ence, yet there are few benevolent souls not inaptly compared. among ourselves who will not be the better. In conclusion, let all our friends at the for reading the chapter on 'Overlapping,' Table possess themselves of this book, and and that on ‘Alms-giving as an Inoculator.' when they have read it themselves, let them As to the latter, the author says-and lend it to all their charitable friends. They would that lazy-benevolent people would will find in it many more pearls than in so take it to heart ! - Few alms-givers have brief a space I have been at all able to inprobably the least suspicion how rapidly dicate. Le: me, in parting, commend the they may, with the matter of the disease of following to the friend who lately discoursed pauperism, inoculate whole circles as yet ! so pathetically on the “vested interests non-pauperized, by a single act of bounty of liquor-sellers :indiscriminately performed, or, if not indis- ‘But lo, the drink-party have a vested incrimately, at least, without a sufficiently ac- : terest, to meddle with which were confiscacurate knowledge of all the facts. And tion ! But are there no vested interests the following will appeal to the experience save theirs ? Have their customers none of many who have shared the thankless in their own social and everlasting well-betask of connexion, officially, with any organ- ing? Which are of the longer duration ? ized charity. 'I would that those who are The interests of the drink-merchants ? So wonderfully au fait at pitying the sor- ' Surely not-they are but life-interests at rows of poor old men,' would reserve a lit- ! longest. But, and if the Legislature say, tle compassion for poorer committee men, . “Ah, but if people like to drink and be at least when connected with a Charity damned they must have the opportunity, Organization District Board. For example, 'tis one of the prerogatives of civil liberty some generous person gives us--say ten | with which we may not interfere”: be it so. shillings, and thereupon sends a whole | But how about the jus tertii? I am no shoal of cases, not for enquiry merely, that | teetotaller any more than the Bible. But were sensible enough, but for “relief, -yea, 1 neither am I a drink-totaller, and I cannot, and if the whole be not forthwith relieved, for my life, see why the latter class are to probably at the rate of a pound a head on have it all their own way, and claim a vest-. ed right to demoralize in this world (to say lage? I fancied I could detect a slightly nothing of damning in the next) whole snappish tone in his voice as he pointed to masses of their fellow-countrymen at my the door, but perhaps I was mistaken. expens . I say at my expense, for who, in I saw this model station-master next the long run have to pay the piper but the morning. He had put on, as it were, an ratepayer and the charitable? Why the extra coat of holiness during the night. His Bungs of England any more than the Thugs conduct with regard to giving change filled of India should be thus favoured I cannot me with admiration. He evidently regarddivine. If either have the better claim, ed his small drawerful of silver as sacred, a surely the Thug has it, for the Thug only I trust fund not to be broken into to satisfy kills the body and seizes the watch and the carnal necessities of would be passenpurse, and after that hath no more that he gers wishing to break a two dollar bill. The can do ; but the Bung, in hosts of cases, is more energetic travellers were driven to a murderer of soul, body, and estate' make fearful and complicated calculations
and exchanges between theniselves, getting -The little village of G- is a very pe into inextricable confusion over them and culiar place. In default of anything better finally retiring to glower at each other in to chat about, let me tell you of two of its silence from opposite corners, each with the local celebrities. I was trying to catch the firm conviction that the others had cheated train there one evening, and missed it by him out of fifteen cents. A large and three minutes, and being a stranger to the simple-minded party of country folks eviplace, I enquired at the station if that was dently believed they would never get off at the last train. The station-master, regard-'all. Their forlorn hope, a fat old dame, ing me with an air of sorrow not unmixed · had gone up smiling in the innocence of with pity at my ignorance, informed me her heart, and returned crushed. Every that it was. I ventured to persist and ask , two minutes thereafter another of the party if a freight train wouldn't come along soon. ' returned to the charge, after much presHe allowed that it was possible, but, with sing, no one person daring the deadly breach an evidently growing opinion that my ignor- | twice. At last, just as the train was whisance was waxing criminal in its proportions, i tling outside, the last man succeeded in conadded that I couldn't go on it without an | vincing Rhadamanthus that he must have order from the traffic manager. He then got change enough by this time, and got appeared to dismisi 19 : from his mind, and his tickets and the hatred of the official at positively started when I ventured to ask ! the same time. him what inn I had better go to. Little But this is forestalling matters. I walked did I know my man; little did I guess the through the peculiarly winding ways of amount of Spartan firmness, of Rhadaman- | G-- and finally picked out my hostelry. .thine impartiality locked up in his manly It was a corner house ; the rooms were all breast! Oracularly he spoke, as though | lop-sided and angular, the bar being an the whole well-being of the X Railway Com- irregular pentagon, and the little back room pany depended on his conduct on this try- | where I washed my hands before tea (with ing occasion. “There are four inns in the a watering-pot for water-jug) was an acute village,' quoth he, but we never recom angled triangle. But if the house was mend one more than the others.' Admire peculiar, so was its landlord, so were its with me that regal ‘we,' indicative at once guests. They sat dumb and mumchance, of superiority to the petty grades of inn- smoking round a huge coffin-like stove. keepers, and a just desire to preserve the Once the landlord ventured the remark suffrages of all four hosts! He now regard that Pat had gone to — , and that he and ed me as extinguished, and closed his his ' delicate' team would find the roads wicket, as much as to say, the exhibition of pretty bad. This did not lead to converthe great and good is over for the evening ; sation, being apparently considered to depart, oh sinful wayfarer, in peace ! I trench too narrowly on sarcasm to be a safe could not, however, resist the temptation to subject. Suddenly, however, the springs see his manly countenance again, and once of the landlord's tongue were unloosed. A more applying my knuckles, asked, out of respectable looking man came in and was pure deviltry, which was the way to the vil- | immediately assailed by mine host. The new comer was a Grit, mine host an ardent | formerly accepted my parents' dicta that admirer of Sir John A. Their arguments story-telling and profanity are undesirable, were decidedly amusing. The innkeeper's there was a great deal in the lecture about style of persuasion was as follows : 'You the nobility of the Law, and the elevating lie. I tell you so to your face. When a influence of its study, which, although fully man lies, I always do. To whom the liar, borne out by the authorities,' sticks in my 'No, John; I don't think you would call perverse throat, as it has always done. me a liar; I may be mistaken, but- 'Ah! Circumstances have made it my fate, or but I do say you are a liar !' and so on. privilege, to hear and read much in eulogy The Grit certain!y had the best of the argu of the Law, its study and its practice. At ment, both in reasoning and in temper,but it! the feet of a professional Gamaliel, from was evident that the rest of the audience professional works, and from professional considered the landlord, with his knock friends I have sought to imbibe a spirit of down blow of you lie,' clinched the victory due reverence for it all, and to lay the flatat each stage of the battle. After ranging tering unction to my discontented soul, all over the fertile fields of scandal, and that, if not over palatable, legal lore is at making a brilliant excursus into British | any rate mentally profitable and moraily Constitutional History, which would have improving. I have failed. Avowedly, I astonished the text-writers, the visitor am not impartial. But the reasons of my knocked the ashes out of his pipe and re-failure must take their chances on their tired, pursued by a closing asseveration of merits. his mendacity, which in this case appeared Let me premise that I am not here to be the landlord's mode of construing the looking at the Law as a matter of business. old adage as to the manner in which to | It is a very fine business ; if I doubted that
“Welcome the coming, speed the parting guest.' I should not look at the Law at all. Sombre silence fell again upon the scene. It is upon the plea that its study is I am inclined to believe that that contro- | noble, elevating, or intrinsically beneficial versy goes on every evening, and that when to a man, as a rational (over and above a one of the combatants dies, the other will bread-winning and dollar-accumulating) go and smoke his pipe over the grave, and being, that unhesitatingly I join issue. not survive him long.
Here it can only be asserted, but proor
abounds, that the Law of England -and, _The other day there was a gathering consequently, the great body of Canadian of lawyers and lawyers in enbryo in one of' law-ranks as the most backward branch our cities, to hear a lecture from a shining of English intelligence. It is a system light in their profession, the title of which built up of the errors and patchings of might have led many of them to expect centuries, unwieldy, incoherent, unequal, that he would grapple fairly and earnestly and obscure. The law of real property, with some of the knotty questions of legal improved as it has been, is acknowledged morality, and to hope for some real and by all but those who profit by its intricacies, practical advice that would go down into ' to be an anachronism, a survival from the the details of their every-day work. They | days of Feudalism so utterly unfitted to listened reverently to vague generalities ! our times that it is a burden on our and irreproachable truisms, which, although
shoulders instead of a light to our feet. A they occupied some three columns in the recent writer in the Nineteenth Century says: newspaper report, may be summed up as 'Every one is aware that the law relating to inculcating that it is good to be honest, landed property is the standing disgrace of industrious, and careful in the practice of English Law. After many attempts to law, as in other branches of life, and, on simplify it, it remains as complicated as the whole, profitable. It is instructive to | ever. · The reason of this is that the outsiders, if not altogether flattering to the law relating to land is irrational in itself.” profession, to see so much amiable elo- i
Yet the Real Property Commission nibbles quence expended to meet the assumed neces- i off an excrescence here, and smooths a sity of impressing this upon them. Besides difficulty there, without once going to the these moral maxims with a slight legal | root of the matter. These are truisms as flavour, which I am glad to accept as I | regards England. Improvements have . been made in some particulars in this me the nobility appears to be in the country. How much they have left undone reformer and not in the thing he reforms. that should be done has been ably pointed Leaving the study, let me glance at its out, last month and on previous occasions, elevating influence on the student. The by a contributor to the Monthly. But, 'industrious apprentice, putting aside as allowing the utmost benefits that can accrue trivial or as a disturbing element, nearly all from these improvements in their practical interest in the great problems of our day, application, Canadian real property law, resolutely expends the best of his energy founded as it is on that of England, and and time at the important stage of his life necessitating for its comprehension an in- generally covered by his studentship—when timate acquaintance with that of England, 1 his mind is still malleable, but taking its stands or falls with it as a 'noble study.' | final ‘set '-in the acquirement of a mass Our Common Law procedure is full of of undigested and lifeless facts, facts almost dead bones of details that should be valueless in any broader connection than buried with things put away as nationally their mere professional use. He devotes childish ; ghosts of ancient fictií as that himself to learning which has been eloshould be laid, for once and for a l Why quently described as 'of a character calcuis it that this condition of things is being lated to narrow the compass of one's mind, changed so slowly? Because subtleties, I to direct it to the consideration of mere countless minutia of detail, hair-splitting technicalities, to entangle it in the meshes of distinctions, reservations, contradictions, minute verbal distinctions and mathematical utterly exasperating to the lay understand preciseness; and, generally, to contract its ing, make up arcana, by keeping jealous | sphere of sympathy with animate and inanwatch and ward over which a profession imate Nature.' The mind has to go through believes it is maintained and waxes great. a course of subjection to authority, the very It is not less than a right, and it is now not essence of law-study, just at a period when beyond hope, that Englishmen should have | it should wrench the sceptre from authority, the law of England simplified, codified, and and prove all things that are provable. written down in plain English, that he who The spirit of our age is scientific; it requires runs may read ; instead of jumbled into a us to have a better foundation for our conpatchwork puzzle, tangled, twisted, and victions than any high-handed “judgment;' wrapped up in barbarous jargon. But this is stronger proof than any oath or affidavit.
not in the interest of the profession ! or, The discipline of legal study runs in the as downright Prof. Blackie, of Edinburgh, ! very teeth of the spirit of verification ; says, speaking of a former generation, of and, while studies mould the mind, even 'the oligarchy of lawyers, who strangle the nolens volens, the consistent law student rights of the present with the fictions of the delivers himself up unreservedly to the past.' Consequently law is studied em- effects of that discipline. It leaves him pirically and unintelligently; walled up for time for little else; scarcely a breath of the professional profit, as much as possible out | mighty Zeit-Geist can penetrate to his intelof the reach of the tide of progress which is lectual prison; and he must indeed be firm carrying all else before it. Nevertheless it of will and warm at heart if he be not ieft must soon yield to the influence and become behind the age, with a fatal warp in his. a progressive science, instead of remain- mind, and his sympathy with progress ing a fossilized mystification. Already we choked amid the dust of ancient precehave giants clearing away the rubbish : Sir | dents. He has sworn fealty to dingy paper Henry Maine, Sir James F. Stephen, Shel instead of to never-fading Nature; he stores don Amos, and others, following out the up painfully details of Man's errors, selfwork well begun by Bentham and Austin. doctoring, and self-quackery, rather than
The mediæval monstrosity will die hard; but details of Nature's majestic and unswerving die it must. This is the study in which I fail laws. The only branch of Law which goes to see nobility. If the names I have just out and takes its place in the advancing mentioned be quoted against me, and it be line of scientific thought, that is, philoargued that there is nobility in it, when sophical jurisprudence, finds no place in the entered upon with the determination of regular Canadian course. It is regarded by aiding in its reform, I can only say that to the majority of Canadian lawyers much as