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Conclusive presumptions, or “presumptiones juris et de jure"
formerly too numerous
useful when restrained within proper limits
division of presumptions of fact into violent, probable
, and slight 37
effect of, in civil and criminal cases
artificial presumptions formerly carried too far
presumptions against vice and immorality
presumption of marriage from cohabitation
presumption of the legitimacy of children
examples of application of the rule
execution of wills
signing by testator
attestation by witnesses .
collateral facts presumed to give validity to instruments
construction of instruments
interlineations and erasures
as also the subsequent practice
Presumptions derived from the Course of Nature.